Donald Trump

Image of Donald Trump by Michael Vadon [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.

Donald Trump

Credentials

Background

Donald J. Trump, 45th president of the United States, is an American businessman, real-estate developer, and reality television personality. Trump announced his candidacy for president of the United States in 2015, and became the official Republican candidate for president on July 19, 2016.2Donald Trump Biography,” Encyclopedia of World Biography. Archived November 18, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hcFk2 Forbes listed Donald Trump’s net worth at $2.5 billion as of October, 2020 (down from $3.7 billion in 2016 and $4.1 billion in 2015).3#405 Donald Trump,” Forbes. Archived June 20, 2016.

Trump, who has called climate change a “hoax” perpetrated by the Chinese, has picked a range of advisors with links to the fossil fuel industry.

His former Chief Strategist was Steve Bannon, former head of Breitbart News, a network that hosts such columnists as James Delingpole who called climate change “the biggest scam in the history of the world.” Bannon was removed from his role in August 2017 after a series of missteps including an interview with American Prospect in which he undercut Trump’s policy on North Korea.4Louis Jacobson. “Yes, Donald Trump did call climate change a Chinese hoax,” Politifact, June 3, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/s8YXn 5James Delingpole. “Climate Change: The Greatest-Ever Conspiracy Against The Taxpayer,” Breitbart, March 28, 2016. Archived September 26, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/LHmOH 6Steve Bannon: The Trump-whisperer’s rapid fall from grace,” BBC News, August 20, 2020. Archived October 20, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/IOucS

Scott Pruitt, who was Trump’s pick to lead the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), had a long history of suing the agency he went on to lead.7Ken Kimmell. “The Man Who Sued the EPA Is Now Running It,” EcoWatch, February 17, 2017. Archived February 18, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CgKe6 Pruitt resigned in July 2018 in the wake of multiple ongoing investigations into alleged misuse of office and misuse of public funds.8Scott Pruitt Quits As Head of US Environment Agency,” BBC News, July 6, 2018. Archived October 20, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/fEsb5 

He was replaced by Andrew Wheeler, a former lobbyist for Murray Energy,9Lobbying Report – Faegre Baker Daniels Consulting,” Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived October 20, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. the US’ largest privately owned coal company. Wheeler was a previous President of the now-defunct Washington Coal Club,10Full text of ‘Form 990-EZ’ for fiscal year ending Dec. 2016,” ProPublica. Accessed July 10, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. a group made up of individuals with “mutual interests” in the industry and sponsored by the likes of Arch Coal and the National Mining Association.11Meredith Shiner. “Inhofe slams Gore on climate ‘hoax’,” Politico, March 15, 2010. Archived October 23, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/oulMy From 1995 – 1997, he worked as Chief Counsel to Senator James Inhofe. Inhofe is one of US politics’ most vocal climate science deniers and, since 1989, has received over $2 million in political contributions from the oil and gas industry.12James M. Inhofe,” OpenSecrets.org profile. Accessed October, 2020. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Gqe2X

Trump also pledged to do away with the United States’ ratification of the Paris Agreement on Climate change, which President Barack Obama hailed as “the moment that we finally decided to save our planet.”13Emily Flitter and Steve Holland. “Exclusive: Skeptical Trump says would renegotiate global climate deal,” Reuters, May 18, 2016. Archived November 17, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/1ahVF On June 1, 2017, Trump announced his decision to withdraw from the Paris Accord by 2020 and on November 4, 2019 he served the United Nations with formal notice of the decision, kick-starting the year-long process of withdrawal.14“’The moment we finally decided to save our planet’: US and China ratify Paris climate deal,” The Telegraph, September 3, 2016. Archived November 20, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/yXEDX 15Sharon Kelly. “Trump Abandons Paris Climate Deal At Bidding of Fossil Fuel Interests,” DeSmog, June 1, 2017. 16Paris Climate Accords: US Notifies UN of Intention to Withdraw,” BBC News, November 5, 2020. Archived October 20, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/XpL6p 

When asked what departments or services he would cut, Trump pointed to environmental protection which he called a “disgrace.” When asked who would protect the environment, Trump replied “we’ll be fine with the environment.” Prominent climate change denier Myron Ebell was picked by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie to lead Trump’s transition team for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 17Mat Hope. “UK Climate Science Denying GWPF Hosts Trump’s Fossil Fuelled ‘Environment Advisor’ Myron Ebell to Deliver Message to Britain,” DeSmog UK, January 30, 2017. 18Full Interview and Transcript: Donald Trump on ‘FOX News Sunday’ With Chris Wallace,” RealClear Politics, October 18, 2015. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/umZl0

Trump’s Energy Plan vowed to “Rescind all job-destroying Obama executive actions” and “eliminate all barriers” to energy production through strategies such as increasing oil and gas drilling on federal lands, opening up the Atlantic to offshore drilling, and repealing the Clean Power Plan.19An America First Energy Plan,” DonaldJTrump.com. Archived November 17, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. 20Trump choosing leaders to roll back environmental, energy policies,” CBC News, November 14, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/8kCjO

Energy Policy

Trump’s “Energy Independence” plan, published in 2016, promised to do away with many regulations on the fossil fuel industry, open up offshore drilling and drilling on federal lands, and “refocus the EPA”:21Energy Independence,” GreatAgain.gov. Archived November 17, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/xXBbj

“Rather than continuing the current path to undermine and block America’s fossil fuel producers, the Trump Administration will encourage the production of these resources by opening onshore and offshore leasing on federal lands and waters. We will streamline the permitting process for all energy projects, including the billions of dollars in projects held up by President Obama, and rescind the job-destroying executive actions under his Administration.  We will end the war on coal, and rescind the coal mining lease moratorium, the excessive Interior Department stream rule, and conduct a top-down review of all anti-coal regulations issued by the Obama Administration.  We will eliminate the highly invasive ‘Waters of the US‘ rule, and scrap the $5 trillion dollar Obama-Clinton Climate Action Plan and the Clean Power Plan and prevent these unilateral plans from increasing monthly electric bills by double-digits without any measurable effect on Earth’s climate.  Energy is the lifeblood of modern society. It is the industry that fuels all other industries.  We will lift the restrictions on American energy, and allow this wealth to pour into our communities. […]”

Between his inauguration in January 2017 and October 2020, Trump succeeded in scaling back or eliminating over 72 environmental environmental rules and regulations, with a further 27 rollbacks in progress as of October 2020, according to a New York Times analysis of data from Harvard Law School, Columbia Law School and others.22Nadja Popovich, Livia Albeck-Ripka and Kendra Pierre-Louis. “The Trump Administration is reversing nearly 100 environmental rules,” The New York Times. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

The EPA carried out the bulk of these rollbacks, which included revoking Obama’s Clean Power Plan and replacing it with the much weaker Affordable Energy Rule; weakening Obama-era limits on emissions from cars and trucks; eliminating a duty for oil and gas companies to report on methane emissions; relaxing air pollution regulations for plants that burn waste coal for electricity; and scrapping a proposed rule that required mines to prove they could pay to clean up for future pollution.23Nadja Popovich, Livia Albeck-Ripka and Kendra Pierre-Louis. “The Trump Administration is reversing nearly 100 environmental rules,” The New York Times. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Trump Leadership Council Membership Revealed

In the summer of 2016, presidential candidate Trump assembled a group of industry representatives to advise him on key issues such as energy, manufacturing, and defense, among others.24Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

In 2019, Rolling Stone obtained the first official membership list of the Trump Leadership Council. Membership by industry sector is as follows:25Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

Aerospace and Defense26Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

  • Dave Melcher, President and Chief Executive Officer, Aerospace Industries Association
  • John Bonsell, Vice President, Government Affairs, SAIC
  • General Leo Brooks, Vice President, Government Operations, Boeing Company
  • Steven Cortese, Executive Vice President, Washington Operations, DRS Technologies
  • Dr. Mark Esper, Vice President, Government Relations, Raytheon
  • Blake Larson, Chief Operating Officer, Orbital ATK
  • David Manke, Vice President, International Government Relations, United Technologies
  • Robert Rangel, Senior Vice President, Washington Operations, Lockheed Martin
  • Michael Strianese, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, L3
  • Mitch Waldman, Corporate Vice President, Government and Customer Relations, Huntington Ingalls

Banking, Tech, Trade, and Commerce27Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

  • Tim Pawlenty, President and Chief Executive Officer, Financial Services Roundtable
  • Scott Asplundh, Chief Executive Officer, Asplundh Tree Expert
  • Ted Austell, Vice President, Government Operations, Boeing Company
  • Roy Bailey, Chief Executive Officer, Giuliani Deason Capital Interests
  • Steve Brooks, President and Chief Executive Officer, Phoenix American Insurance
  • Group
  • Jerry Howard, Chief Executive Officer, National Association of Home Builders
  • Larry Kudlow, Senior Contributor, CNBC
  • Art Laffer, Founder and Chairman, Laffer Associates
  • Hu Meena, President and Chief Executive Officer, C Spire
  • Rob Stien, Vice President, Government Relations and Regulatory Affairs, InterDigital Transportation

Transportation28Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

  • Jim Haslam, Founder, Pilot Corporation
  • David Grzebinski, President and Chief Executive Officer, Kirby Corporation
  • Christopher Lofgren, President and Chief Executive Officer, Schneider National
  • Tonn Ostergard, President and Chief Executive Officer, Crete Carriers
  • Manufacturing
  • Jay Timmons, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Association of Manufacturers
  • Dan Dimicco, Chairman Emeritus, Nucor Steel
  • Roddey Dowd, Chief Executive Officer, Charlotte Pipe & Foundry Company
  • Alan Landes, President and Chief Operating Officer, Herzog Contracting

Health Care29Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

  • John Lechleiter, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Eli Lilly
  • Kathleen Harrington, Division Chair, Government Relations, Mayo Clinic
  • Kelby Krabbenhoft, President and Chief Executive Officer, Sanford Health
  • Kristen Morris, Chief Government and Community Relations Officer, Cleveland Clinic
  • Tom Price, U.S. House of Representatives, Georgia
  • Marshall Snipes, Managing Director, Triton Value Partners Southwest

Agriculture/Energy30Andy Kroll. “The Shadow Cabinet: How a Group of Powerful Business Leaders Drove Trump’s Agenda,” Rolling Stone, June 19, 2019. Archived June 19, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/WcNzC

  • Harold Hamm, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Continental Resources
  • Meredith Allen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Staplcotn Marketing Cooperative
  • Chuck Conner, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Council of Farmers Cooperatives
  • Joe Craft, President, Chief Executive Officer and Director, Alliance Resources
  • Martin Craighead, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Baker Hughes
  • Dr. Howard Hill, Veterinarian, National Pork Producers Council
  • Donald Hoffman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Excel Services
  • Steve Moore, Distinguished Visiting Fellow, The Heritage Foundation
  • Bob Murray, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Murray Energy Corporation
  • Gene Nicholas, Director, Northern Plains Capital
  • Larry Nichols, Co-Founder and Executive Chairman, Devon Energy
  • Ron Offutt, Founder and Chairman, R. D. Offutt Company
  • Ryan Weston, Executive Vice President, Florida, Texas and Hawaii Sugar Cane Growers
  • Bill Wilson, Distinguished University Professor, North Dakota State University

Donald Trump on Climate Change

June 5, 2019

In an interview on Good Morning Britain on the occasion of his state visit to the United Kingdom, Trump spoke about his conversation with Prince Charles regarding climate change. When asked if he believed in climate change, Trump responded:

I believe that there’s a change in weather and I think it changes both ways.”31Donald Trump was ‘moved’ by Prince Charles’ stance on climate change,” Good Morning Britain, June 5, 2019. Archived June 5, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wq5f4

January 29, 2019

Trump tweeted:

In the beautiful Midwest, windchill temperatures are reaching minus 60 degrees, the coldest ever recorded. In the coming days, it is expected to get even colder. People can’t last outside even for minutes. What the hell is going on with Global Warming? Please come back fast, we need you!32 Donald Trump, “In the beautiful Midwest, windchill temperatures are reaching minus 60 degrees, the coldest ever recorded. In the coming days, it is expected to get even colder. People can’t last outside even for minutes. What the hell is going on with Global Warming? Please come back fast, we need you!” tweet by @realdonaldtrump on January 29, 2019. Retrieved from twitter.com. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/4NbBL

October 14, 2018

Trump sat down for an interview with 60 Minutes’ Lesley Stahl where he discussed climate change, among other issues.33On 60 Minutes Trump Says: ‘I’m Not Denying Climate Change’,” DeSmog, October 17, 2018. View the full transcript here.34Lesley Stahl. “President Trump on Christine Blasey Ford, his relationships with Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong Un and more,” CBS News, October 16, 2018. Archived October 22, 2018. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/tLtRk

Lesley Stahl: “Do you still think that climate change is a hoax?”

President Donald Trump: “I think something’s happening. Something’s changing and it’ll change back again. I don’t think it’s a hoax, I think there’s probably a difference. But I don’t know that it’s manmade. I will say this. I don’t wanna give trillions and trillions of dollars. I don’t wanna lose millions and millions of jobs. I don’t wanna be put at a disadvantage.”

Lesley Stahl: “I wish you could go to Greenland, watch these huge chunks of ice just falling into the ocean, raising the sea levels.”

President Donald Trump: “And you don’t know whether or not that would have happened with or without man. You don’t know.”

Lesley Stahl: “Well, your scientists, your scientists–”

President Donald Trump: “No, we have–”

Lesley Stahl: “At NOAA and NASA–”

President Donald Trump: “We have scientists that disagree with that.”

Lesley Stahl: “You know, I– I was thinking what if he said, ‘No, I’ve seen the hurricane situations, I’ve changed my mind. There really is climate change.’ And I thought, ‘Wow, what an impact.’”

President Donald Trump: “Well– I’m not denying.”

Lesley Stahl: “What an impact that would make.”

President Donald Trump: “I’m not denying climate change. But it could very well go back. You know, we’re talkin’ about over a millions–”

Lesley Stahl: “But that’s denying it.”

President Donald Trump:  –of years. They say that we had hurricanes that were far worse than what we just had with Michael.”

Lesley Stahl: “Who says that? ‘They say’?”

President Donald Trump: “People say. People say that in the–”

Lesley Stahl:” Yeah, but what about the scientists who say it’s worse than ever?”

President Donald Trump: “You’d have to show me the scientists because they have a very big political agenda, Lesley.”

Lesley Stahl: “I can’t bring them in.”

President Donald Trump: “Look, scientists also have a political agenda.”

December 28, 2017

President Trump went to Twitter to suggest the country could use some global warming during the cold snap:35In the East, it could be the COLDEST New Year’s Eve on record […]” Twitter post by use @realDonaldTrump, December 28, 2017. Archived .png on file at DeSmog.

In the East, it could be the COLDEST New Year’s Eve on record,” Trump tweeted. “Perhaps we could use a little bit of that good old Global Warming that our Country, but not other countries, was going to pay TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS to protect against. Bundle up!”

Trump’s tweet was ridiculed by climate experts, The Guardian reported.36Trump’s call for some ‘good old global warming’ ridiculed by climate experts,” The Guardian, December 29, 2017. Archived January 14, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/y6551

November 22, 2016

In an interview that The New York Times said demonstrated his “eagerness to please his audience and his tendency to speak in generalities,” Donald Trump did not repeat his promise to abandon the Paris climate accord. Trump said “I’m looking at it very closely.” But he said “I have an open mind to it.”37Michael D. Shear, Julie Hirschfeld, and Maggie Haberman. “Donald Trump Seems to Retreat on Some Promises,” The New York Times, November 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/JcJz3

When asked about the link between human activity and climate change, he said “I think there is some connectivity. Some, something. It depends on how much.”38Donald Trump disavows his alt-right and neo-Nazi supporters in meeting with New York Times,” The Independent, November 22, 2016. Archived November 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/D7Ukd

In an interview on Fox News Sunday, Trump’s chief of staff Reince Priebus explained that Trump’s “major flips on policy this week in an interview with the New York Times,” as host Chris Wallace put it. As ThinkProgress reports, Trump had not been entirely forthright with the Times. Priebus told Wallace:39Joe Romm. “Priebus confirms that climate denial will be the official policy of Trump’s administration,” ThinkProgress, November 28, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lq9fE

“As far as this issue on climate change — the only thing he [Trump] was saying after being asked a few questions about it is, look, he’ll have an open mind about it but he has his default position, which most of it is a bunch of bunk, but he’ll have an open mind and listen to people.”

July 26, 2016

On Fox News, Bill O’Reilly asked Trump if it was “true” that he had “called climate change a hoax.” Trump replied that he “might have” done so following the release of the ClimateGate emails. “Yeah, I probably did,” he added. “I see what’s going on.” Trump then said fossil fuels “could have a minor impact” on the climate but “nothing [compared] to what they’re talking about.”40Jeremy Schulman. “Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming,” Mother Jones, December 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ph8Dw 41Trump talks DNC, minimum wage, climate change and NATO,” Fox News.com.

March 21, 2016

The following is from an interview between Donald Trump and the Washington Post’s editorial board:

FRED HIATT: “Last one: You think climate change is a real thing? Is there human-caused climate change?”

TRUMP: “I think there’s a change in weather. I am not a great believer in man-made climate change. I’m not a great believer. There is certainly a change in weather that goes – if you look, they had global cooling in the 1920s and now they have global warming, although now they don’t know if they have global warming. They call it all sorts of different things; now they’re using “extreme weather” I guess more than any other phrase. I am not – I know it hurts me with this room, and I know it’s probably a killer with this room – but I am not a believer. Perhaps there’s a minor effect, but I’m not a big believer in man-made climate change.”42A transcript of Donald Trump’s meeting with The Washington Post editorial board,” The Washington Post, March 21, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/3oWdu

December 30, 2015

Trump said that President Obama was worrying too much about “the carbon footprint” and climate change, which he then erroneously attributed to the ozone layer:43Transcript of Donald Trump’s Dec. 30 speech in Hilton Head, S.C.,” The Kansas City Star, January 20, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/mCMoF 

“I want to use hair spray,” complained Trump. “They say, ‘Don’t use hair spray, it’s bad for the ozone.’ So I’m sitting in this concealed apartment, this concealed unit…It’s sealed, it’s beautiful. I don’t think anything gets out. And I’m not supposed to be using hair spray?”

He continued, “So Obama’s talking about all of this with the global warming and the—a lot of it’s a hoax, it’s a hoax. I mean, it’s a money-making industry, okay? It’s a hoax, a lot of it.”

December 1, 2015

Donald Trump criticized President Obama for pursuing the Paris climate agreement. He posted to Instagram:44Tim McDonnell. “Donald Trump Just Gave the Dumbest Rebuttal to Obama’s Big Paris Speech,” Mother Jones, December 1, 2015. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/PfB2t

“While the world is in turmoil and falling apart in so many different ways—especially with ISIS—our president is worried about global warming,” he said. “What a ridiculous situation.”

Mother Jones notes that “It remains unclear how those things are contradictory.”45Tim McDonnell. “Donald Trump Just Gave the Dumbest Rebuttal to Obama’s Big Paris Speech,” Mother Jones, December 1, 2015. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/PfB2t

September 21, 2015

Donald Trump appeared on Hugh Hewitt’s radio show:46Donald Trump Returns,” HughHewitt, September 21, 2015. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/jPhT2

“I’m not a believer in man-made global warming. It could be warming, and it’s going to start to cool at some point. And you know, in the early, in the 1920s, people talked about global cooling…They thought the Earth was cooling. Now, it’s global warming…But the problem we have, and if you look at our energy costs, and all of the things that we’re doing to solve a problem that I don’t think in any major fashion exists.”

September 2015

“I don’t believe in climate change.”47Donald Trump: ‘I Don’t Believe in Climate Change’,” The Wall Street Journal, September 24, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qZ7ZN

June 17, 2015

Mother Jones reports that The day after announcing his candidacy for the GOP presidential nomination, Trump appeared on Sean Hannity’s Fox News show, where he said he was “not a believer in man-made” warming. He added, “When I hear Obama saying that climate change is the No. 1 problem, it is just madness.”48Jeremy Schulman. “Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming,” Mother Jones, December 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ph8Dw

2015

Donald Trump dismissed global warming on the premier of Celebrity Apprentice in early 2016. Video below, via Internet Archive:49Donald Trump Discusses Global Warming on Celebrity Apprentice,” YouTube Video uploaded by user Climate Desk on November 29, 2016. Archived September 22, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

Despite this statement, Trump had also donated $5,000 of his foundation’s money to Protect Our Winters, a group dedicated to combating climate change. According to the New York Daily News, Trump had made the donation at the request of Olympic snowboarding gold medalist Jamie Anderson, who was one of the contestants on Trump’s Celebrity Apprentice reality show.50Nathaniel Vinton. “Donald Trump, who calls climate change a ‘hoax’, gave $5K donation to Protect Our Winters in 2014,” New York Daily News, March 15, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lcrsb 512014 990-PF form, The Donald J. Trump Foundation. PDF archived at DeSmog.

January 29, 2014

“Snowing in Texas and Louisiana, record setting freezing temperatures throughout the country and beyond. Global warming is an expensive hoax!” – Via Twitter.52Louis Jacobson. “Yes, Donald Trump did call climate change a Chinese hoax,” Politifact, June 3, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/s8YXn

“Give me clean, beautiful and healthy air – not the same old climate change (global warming) bullshit! I am tired of hearing this nonsense.” — Later that day, via Twitter.53Louis Jacobson. “Yes, Donald Trump did call climate change a Chinese hoax,” Politifact, June 3, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/s8YXn

Below are additional quotes Trump wrote on twitter, from January 1 to 28, calling global warming a “Hoax”:54Jeremy Schulman. “Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming,” Mother Jones, December 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ph8Dw

January 6, 2014

On an episode of Fox News’s Fox & Friends, Donald Trump called global warming a “hoax,” and attributes it to scientists “having a lot of fun.” Trump also said restrictions on fossil fuel use were making America less competitive. Video below:55Fox Regular Donald Trump Decries Climate Change ‘Hoax’,” Media Matters, January 6, 2014. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

November 6, 2012

“The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.” — Via Twitter.56Louis Jacobson. “Yes, Donald Trump did call climate change a Chinese hoax,” Politifact, June 3, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/s8YXn

Note that Trump later said this was a “joke.” When Hillary Clinton brought it up during the first presidential debate on September 26, 2016, Trump denied that he had said it:57Rebecca Harrington. “President-elect Donald Trump doesn’t believe in climate change. Here’s his platform on the environment,” Business Insider, November 9, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/3Kbki

CLINTON: “Some country is going to be the clean- energy superpower of the 21st century. Donald thinks that climate change is a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese. I think it’s real.”

TRUMP: “I did not. I did not. I do not say that.”

CLINTON: ” I think science is real.”

TRUMP:” I do not say that.”

February 16, 2010

Mother Jones notes that while discussing the so-called “ClimateGate scandal,” in which climate scientists were wrongly accused by climate change deniers of forming a conspiracy to fabricate global warming, Trump said on Fox News that there was an email “sent a couple months ago by one of the leaders of global warming, the initiative…almost saying—I guess they’re saying it’s a con.” He added that “in Washington, where I’m building a big development, nobody can move because we have 48 inches of snow.” Video below.58Jeremy Schulman. “Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming,” Mother Jones, December 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ph8Dw 59Kate Sheppard. “Climategate: What Really Happened?” Mother Jones, April 21, 2011. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/8pxIB

February 14, 2010

In one of Trump’s first flip-flops on climate change, he mentioned that Al Gore should be stripped of the Nobel Prize because it was cold outside:

“With the coldest winter ever recorded, with snow setting record levels up and down the coast, the Nobel committee should take the Nobel Prize back from Al Gore…Gore wants us to clean up our factories and plants in order to protect us from global warming, when China and other countries couldn’t care less. It would make us totally noncompetitive in the manufacturing world, and China, Japan and India are laughing at America’s stupidity,” Trump told members of the Trump National Golf Club in Westchester. Mother Jones notes that Trump would later say he was joking about rescinding the Nobel Prize.60Trump cool to global warning,” PageSix.com, February 14, 2010. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/QxOJb 61Jeremy Schulman. “Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming,” Mother Jones, December 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ph8Dw

December 2009

As reported at Grist, contrary to his more recent statements on global warming, Donald Trump was once a signatory to a full-page New York Times ad calling for climate action:62Ben Adler and Rebecca Leber. “Donald Trump once backed urgent climate action. Wait, what?” Grist, June 8, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wh2D1

If we fail to act now, it is scientifically irrefutable that there will be catastrophic and irreversible consequences for humanity and our planet,” the letter declared.63Ben Adler and Rebecca Leber. “Donald Trump once backed urgent climate action. Wait, what?” Grist, June 8, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wh2D1

The letter, also signed by Trump’s three children, called for passing U.S. climate legislation, and green energy investment:64Ben Adler and Rebecca Leber. “Donald Trump once backed urgent climate action. Wait, what?” Grist, June 8, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wh2D1

 “We support your effort to ensure meaningful and effective measures to control climate change, an immediate challenge facing the United States and the world today,” the letter reads. “Please allow us, the United States of America, to serve in modeling the change necessary to protect humanity and our planet.”65Ben Adler and Rebecca Leber. “Donald Trump once backed urgent climate action. Wait, what?” Grist, June 8, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wh2D1

Key Quotes

February 26, 2022

At the 2022 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), former President Trump commented on sea level rise:66Former President Trump Speaks at Conservative Political Action Conference,” C-SPAN, February 26, 2022. Archived April 17, 2023. Archived .mp4 in file at DeSmog.

“We have a world that is ready to blow up and disintegrate over energy and [John Kerry] is talking about global warming, the oceans may rise over the next 300 years one 100th of an inch, giving you slightly more seafront property, and this is his problem. […]”

October 23, 2020

In the third round of presidential debates with rival Joe Biden, Trump did not deny a claim that windfarms caused cancer, telling Biden that “I know more about wind than you do.” He added that windmills “kill all the birds,” adding “the fumes coming up, if you’re a believer in carbon emission…for these massive windmills is more than anything we’re talking about with natural gas which is very clean.”67Louise Boyle. “‘Beware the fumes from scary windmills!’ Trump mocked for ludicrous climate change remarks in debate,” The Independent, October 23, 2020. Archived October 23, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/Ebsli

His remarks about wind power were mocked by Democratic opponents, with Biden retorting “Find me a scientist who will say that.” As noted by FactCheck.org, the American Cancer Society has previously said it is “unaware of any credible evidence linking the noise from windmills to cancer.”68Louise Boyle. “‘Beware the fumes from scary windmills!’ Trump mocked for ludicrous climate change remarks in debate,” The Independent, October 23, 2020. Archived October 23, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/Ebsli

October 16, 2020

The New York Times reported that Trump refused to acknowledge the role played by climate change in causing a series of wildfires in California, instead attributing the problem to poor forest management. Trump stated that “when trees fall down after a short period of time, they become very dry — really like a matchstick,” Mr. Trump said. “And they can explode. Also leaves. When you have dried leaves on the ground, it’s just fuel for the fires.”69Peter Baker, Lisa Friedman, Thomas Kaplan. “As Trump Again Rejects Science, Biden Calls Him a ‘Climate Arsonist”, The New York Times, October 16, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

September 30, 2020

During a Presidential debate with rival Joe Biden, when asked about the science of climate change, Trump repeatedly dodged the question, instead characterising the Paris Agreement as a “disaster from our standpoint.”70Trump & Biden Discuss Climate Change at 2020 Presidential Debate | NowThis”, YouTube video uploaded by user NowThis News on September 30, 2020. Archived .mp4 on desmog

When asked “if you believe in the science of climate change, why have you rolled back the Obama clean power plan which limited carbon emissions in power plants? Why have you relaxed fuel economy standards that are going to create more pollution from cars and trucks?” Trump responded by saying Obama’s plan was “driving energy prices through the sky.”71Trump & Biden Discuss Climate Change at 2020 Presidential Debate | NowThis”, YouTube video uploaded by user NowThis News on September 30, 2020. Archived .mp4 on DeSmog.

Referring to the implications of the Green New Deal, Trump stated that, “he (Biden) is talking about the Green New Deal, and it’s not two billion, or twenty billion as you said, it’s one hundred trillion dollars, where they want to rip down the building and rebuild the building, it’s the dumbest thing. Where aeroplanes are out of business, where two car systems are out, where they want to take out the cows, too.”72Trump & Biden Discuss Climate Change at 2020 Presidential Debate | NowThis”, YouTube video uploaded by user NowThis News on September 30, 2020. Archived .mp4 on DeSmog.

Trump then stated that the Green New Deal would “destroy our country.”73Trump & Biden Discuss Climate Change at 2020 Presidential Debate | NowThis”, YouTube video uploaded by user NowThis News on September 30, 2020. Archived .mp4 on DeSmog.

September 8, 2020

Addressing an audience in Florida, Trump stated “my administration is proving every day that we can improve our environment while creating millions of high-paying jobs. This is a really sharp contrast to the extreme, radical left that you’ve had to deal with. And what you’re doing right now is a lot better than anything you’ve ever been accustomed to, I will tell you that.”

Trump also criticised his Presidential rival Joe Biden’s climate plan, arguing that,

Joe Biden’s plan would destroy America’s middle class while giving a free pass to the world’s worst foreign polluters like China, Russia, India, and many others. They don’t have to clean up their lands, but we have to clean up ours.”

The left’s agenda isn’t about protecting the environment, it’s about punishing America, and that’s true. Instead of focusing on radical ideology, my administration is focused on delivering real results, and that’s what we have. And we right now have the cleanest air we’ve ever had in this country, let’s say over the last 40 years — (applause) — because I assume 200 years ago is probably better. What do you think? I would say that. What do you think, fellas?”

The approach of Joe Biden and the radical left is exactly the opposite. Their policies will destroy jobs; cause energy prices to double and triple and quadruple, to skyrocket beyond belief; and the environment will be badly hurt. If you go by that, badly, badly hurt. It’ll be injured and permanently injured. And very importantly, they’ll take away our energy independence, and they’ll do it quickly, and they won’t even know what happened to them. We’re dealing with some smart customers; they know exactly what to do. And they don’t like it when we’re energy independent. They don’t like it at all.”

Trump suggested that environmentalism could act as a smokescreen for the implementation of socialist policies, stating:

To our political opponents, environmental policy is just an excuse to advance a socialist platform that will impose trillions and trillions of dollars in new taxes, and send our jobs overseas, making it impossible to open up new companies and to live less expensively. Your energy costs would be four, five — sometimes even under scenarios, 10 times more expensive. And really, you wouldn’t even have energy.” “To my administration, environmental protection is a sacred obligation, and so it is our duty to fight for the dreams and livelihoods of the citizens we serve — and to the citizens of Florida that I know so well and that I love. This is my home. This is my home.”

Trump also appeared to downplay the causal link between fracking and climate change, stating that

 “….with fracking, the shale revolution, and the tremendous surge in American energy production, we’re showing that we can create jobs, safeguard the environment, and keep energy prices low for America and low for our citizens. And you see that. And you also see it when you pump the gas into your car and you’re paying sometimes a lot less than 2 dollars lately, right? So we’re doing well.”74White House Briefings, “Remarks by President Trump on Environmental Accomplishments for the People of Florida | Jupiter, FL”, The White House, September 8, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archive URL: https://archive.fo/fyFVG

September 14, 2020

During a meeting with California state officials discussing solutions to a series of wildfires that had taken place across the region, Trump told California Natural Resources Secretary Wade Crowfoot: “It’ll start getting cooler, you just watch.” When informed that this was at odds with climate science, Trump responded: “I don’t think science knows, actually.”75President Trump: “I don’t think science knows, actually.” Youtube video uploaded by user C-SPAN on September 14, 2020. Archived .mp4 on DeSmog

June 5, 2019

In an interview on Good Morning Britain on the occasion of his state visit to the United Kingdom, Trump spoke about his conversation with Prince Charles regarding climate change.76Donald Trump was ‘moved’ by Prince Charles’ stance on climate change,” Good Morning Britain, June 5, 2019. Archived June 5, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wq5f4

Asked by Piers Morgan if the future king was able to persuade him on the issue, Trump responded:

Well the United States right now has among the cleanest climates there are, based on all statistics, and it’s even getting better.”77Donald Trump was ‘moved’ by Prince Charles’ stance on climate change,” Good Morning Britain, June 5, 2019. Archived June 5, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wq5f4

March 12, 2019

In a Tweet, Trump quoted climate change denier Patrick Moore in an appearance Moore made on Fox and Friends. Greenpeace responded to the tweet, as Trump had incorrectly repeating the introduction that Moore was “co-founder of Greenpeace.”78Patrick Moore, co-founder of Greenpeace: “The whole climate crisis is not only Fake News, it’s Fake Science. There is no climate crisis, there’s weather and climate all around the world, and in fact carbon dioxide is the main building block of all life.” @foxandfriends  Wow!” Tweet by @realDonaldTrump, March 12, 2019. Archived .png on file at DeSmog.

2018

Trump was quoted in Trumponomics—a book that that New York magazine described as an unintentionally “damning exposé” written by Larry Kudlow, Stephen Moore, and Arthur Laffer. In the book, the authors describe a meeting where an energy industry executive suggested that natural gas, coal, and nuclear power should each have 30 percent of the power grid:79Jonathan Chait. “An Insider Book Tries to Praise Trump, But Instead Exposes His Corruption,” New York, November 28, 2018. Archived November 30, 2018. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/Fa7sn

“That sounds about right,” Trump replied, “except for the ten percent for renewable energy.”

October 17, 2017

President Donald Trump spoke at the conservative Heritage Foundation‘s annual President Club’s Meeting, where declared:80Watch President Trump’s address to conservatives live here,” The Heritage Foundation. Archived October 26, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ihpGH

“We have taken action to repeal the EPA‘s so-called ‘Clean Power Plan’ and we have ended, finally, the war on clean, beautiful coal.” [12:26]

June 1, 2017

Trump announced the U.S. would withdraw from the Paris climate agreement:81Statement by President Trump on the Paris Climate Accord,” The White House: Office of the Press Secretary, June 2, 2017. Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iXqob

“Thus, as of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris Accord and the draconian financial and economic burdens the agreement imposes on our country.  This includes ending the implementation of the nationally determined contribution and, very importantly, the Green Climate Fund which is costing the United States a vast fortune,” Trump announced in his speech at the White House Rose Garden.

“Staying in the agreement could also pose serious obstacles for the United States as we begin the process of unlocking the restrictions on America’s abundant energy reserves, which we have started very strongly.”

October 2016

In a 2015 Fox News Sunday interview with Chris Wallace, Trump responds to the question of which departments or services he would cut:82Full Interview and Transcript: Donald Trump on ‘FOX News Sunday’ With Chris Wallace,” RealClear Politics, October 18, 2015. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/umZl0

“Environmental protection, what they do is a disgrace. Every week they come out with new regulations. They’re making it impossible…”

Wallace interjected, “Who’s going to protect the environment?”

“They — we’ll be fine with the environment,” Trump replied. “We can leave a little bit, but you can’t destroy businesses.”

Trump also noted that “I may cut Department of Education. I believe Common Core is a very bad thing.”83Trump Says He Will Cut The EPA As Prez: ‘We’ll Be Fine With The Environment’,” Talking Points Memo, October 18, 2015. Archived November 17, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aWqQL

May 2016

At a Charleston rally, Trump pointed to signs in the crowd:84Ashton Marra. “‘Trump Digs Coal’ at Charleston Rally,” W Public Broadcasting, May 5, 2016. Archived May 5, 2016. Archived .mp3 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/dquuo

“I see over here: ‘Trump digs coal,’” he said. “That’s true. I do.” He went on to promise an increase in coal mining jobs by repealing Obama’s “ridiculous rules and regulations.”

March 29, 2016

Donald Trump responded in an American Energy Alliance (AEA) Questionnaire:85“DONALD J. TRUMP FOR PRESIDENT, INC. RESPONSE TO AMERICAN ENERGY ALLIANCE QUESTIONNAIRE”” (PDF), American Energy Alliance.

“Under my administration, all EPA rules will be reviewed. Any regulation that imposes undue costs on business enterprises will be eliminated.”

1997

As reported by Mother JonesTrump believed in an anti-asbestos conspiracy as he wrote in his 1997 book, The Art of Comeback:86The Trump Files: Donald Thinks Asbestos Fears Are a Mob Conspiracy,” Mother Jones, June 9, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YahP4

“I believe that the movement against asbestos was led by the mob, because it was often mob-related companies that would do the asbestos removal. Great pressure was put on politicians, and as usual, the politicians relented. Millions of truckloads of this incredible fire-proofing material were taken to special ‘dump sites’ and asbestos was replaced by materials that were supposedly safe but couldn’t hold a candle to asbestos in limiting the ravages of fire.”

Trump also claimed that asbestos is ”100 percent safe, once applied,” and that it just “got a bad rap.”87The Trump Files: Donald Thinks Asbestos Fears Are a Mob Conspiracy,” Mother Jones, June 9, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YahP4

“A lot of people could say if the World Trade Center had asbestos, it wouldn’t have burned down. It wouldn’t have melted. Ok. A lot of people in my industry think asbestos is the greatest fireproofing material ever made.”88The Trump Files: Donald Thinks Asbestos Fears Are a Mob Conspiracy,” Mother Jones, June 9, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YahP4

Key Deeds

September 30, 2020

Associated Press reported that during a Presidential debate with former Vice President Joe Biden, Trump acknowledged that the role played by human activity in causing climate change. In response to the question, “You believe that human pollution, gas, greenhouse gas emissions contribute to the global warming of this planet?” Trump stated, ““I think a lot of things do, but I think to an extent, yes.”89Ellen Knickmayer and Seth Borenstein, ‘Getting warmer: Trump concedes human role in climate changeAssociated Press. September 30, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/H9J6o 

However, during the same debate, Trump repeatedly dodged questions relating to climate science, refusing to acknowledge the environmental harm caused by burning oil, gas and coal.90Ellen Knickmayer and Seth Borenstein, ‘Getting warmer: Trump concedes human role in climate changeAssociated Press. September 30, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/H9J6o 

September 26, 2020

Trump announced his nomination of the conservative academic and Appeals Court judge, Amy Coney Barrett, to the US Supreme Court following the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. The nomination raised fears about the Court’s approach to deciding future cases of environmental legislation.91Amy Coney Barrett: Trump nominates favourite for Supreme Court,’ BBC News, September 27, 2020. Archived October 23, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/Hbi7B

Barrett has said her “judicial philosophy” is the same as that of her mentor, the deceased Justice Antonin Scalia92Emma Newburger, “Amy Coney Barrett pays homage to conservative mentor Antonin Scalia – ‘His judicial philosophy is mine too.’” CNBC, September 26, 2020. Archived October 23, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. who has been described as the “greatest environmental skeptic on the court,” and who ruled against environmental protections in cases such as Lucas v. South Carolina Coast Council, and Nollan v. California Coastal Commission. Scalia was also behind the influential ruling that environmental groups didn’t have legal standing to contest issues not directly causing injury to them in Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife (1992).93Richard Lazarus. “Legacy of an Environmental Skeptic,” The Environmental Forum, May/June 2016. Archived October 23, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

At her confirmation hearing, Barret refused to answer whether she believed in human-caused global warming, saying climate change was “a very contentious matter of public debate” and “politically controversial.”94Jeff Berardelli. “I’m certainly not a scientist”: Amy Coney Barrett’s views on climate change – and why it matters.” CBS News, October 16, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/Z3cre

August 17, 2020

The New York Times reported that Trump finalised a plan to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska to drilling in a move that would encourage companies to seek oil and gas permits.95Brad Plumer and Henry Fountain. “Trump Administration Finalizes Plan to Open Arctic Refuge to Drilling,” The New York Times, August 17, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

The decision was criticised by environmentalist and indigeneous groups, such as Kristen Monsell, a senior attorney with the environmentalist group Center for Biological Diversity. Monsell stated “there’s no good time to open up America’s largest wildlife refuge to drilling and fracking, but it’s absolutely bonkers to endanger this beautiful place during a worldwide oil glut.”96Brad Plumer and Henry Fountain. “Trump Administration Finalizes Plan to Open Arctic Refuge to Drilling,” The New York Times, August 17, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

August 4, 2020

Trump unilaterally weakened the National Environmental Policy Act, rolling back 100 rules protecting clean air and water and eliminating requirements for agencies to assess the environmental implications of infrastructural projects. According to the New York Times, Trump stated that “mountains and mountains of red tape” had held up infrastructural development and would be removed.97Lisa Friedman. “Trump Weakens Major Conservation Law to Speed Construction Permits,” The New York Times, August 4, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

The decision was criticised by environmental campaigners including Kerene N. Tayloe,  director of federal environmental affairs at advocacy group ‘WE ACT for Environmental Justice’, who stated that, “one new refinery in ‘cancer alley’ might not emit much alone, but combined, that cumulative effect would pose an unacceptable health risk,” adding “if we aren’t looking at legacy pollution, if we aren’t looking at long pattern of environmental degradation, we’re only going to harm communities even more.”98Lisa Friedman. “Trump Weakens Major Conservation Law to Speed Construction Permits,” The New York Times, August 4, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

August 1, 2020

Trump reportedly committed to no drilling in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. In an interview with Spectrum News 1:99Exclusive: President Trump Talks COVID-19, the Economy, Hurricane Isaias and More,” Spectrum News 1, August 1, 2020. Archived August 7, 2020.  Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/YJwLo

Holly Gregory: “And you know how important our coast is and tourism. Would you be willing to commit to no drilling in the eastern Gulf? You know the situation with that.”100Exclusive: President Trump Talks COVID-19, the Economy, Hurricane Isaias and More,” Spectrum News 1, August 1, 2020. Archived August 7, 2020.  Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/YJwLo

President Trump: “Well, we’re not gonna be drilling, and I’ve already put out that order – actually quite a while ago. But we can’t do that. And the people of Florida just don’t want it. You know, there are some states that don’t mind it, but Florida does. And I live here too, and I vote here. And I will tell you that’s not going to be happening.”101Exclusive: President Trump Talks COVID-19, the Economy, Hurricane Isaias and More,” Spectrum News 1, August 1, 2020. Archived August 7, 2020.  Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/YJwLo

The Trump Administration’s support for a drilling ban has come into question after Politico reported the Interior Department was putting together an offshore drilling plan that would include the eastern Gulf for after the November election.102Ben Lefebvre. “Interior to push drilling in Florida waters after November election,” Politico, June 10, 2020. Archived August 7, 2020. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/U2fwQ

May 1, 2020

The Guardian reported that fossil fuel companies had received $50 million in subsidies as part of Trump’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Among the recipients were Hallador Coal, which hired Trump’s former Environment chief, Scott Pruitt, as a lobbyist, Rhino Resources, which was formerly run by Trump’s Mine Safety and Health Administration head, David Zatezalo, and Ramaco Resources. Randy Atkins, CEO of Ramaco, had served on the Energy Department’s National Coal Council.103Emily Holden, Fossil fuel firms linked to Trump get millions in coronavirus small business aidThe Guardian, May 1, 2020, Archived October 19, 2020. Archive URL: https://archive.fo/fza07

December 16, 2019

President Trump pressured lawmakers to eliminate the electric vehicle tax credit from a must-pass spending package, threatening to kill the bill if it did not include a cancellation of the EV credit.104Ari Netter. “Trump Helped Nix Electric Car Tax Measure Sought by Tesla, GM,” Bloomberg.com, December 16, 2019. Archived January 7, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/DQq90

A bi-partisan coalition of senators had proposed extending a $7,000 tax credit to automakers over the initial 200,000 vehicle cap, up to 400,000 vehicles.105Ari Netter. “Trump Helped Nix Electric Car Tax Measure Sought by Tesla, GM,” Bloomberg.com, December 16, 2019. Archived January 7, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/DQq90

American Energy Alliance President Tom Pyle praised Trump’s position:106Ari Netter. “Trump Helped Nix Electric Car Tax Measure Sought by Tesla, GM,” Bloomberg.com, December 16, 2019. Archived January 7, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/DQq90

President Trump is fighting to protect middle class taxpayers by opposing this welfare program for the wealthy. The Senate Republican leadership would be wise to follow his lead.”107Ari Netter. “Trump Helped Nix Electric Car Tax Measure Sought by Tesla, GM,” Bloomberg.com, December 16, 2019. Archived January 7, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/wip/DQq90

November 2018

Donald Trump cast doubt on a climate change report released by his own government that concluded climate change could cost the U.S. economy hundreds of billions of dollars. “I don’t believe it,” Trump said of the Fourth National Climate Assessment report.108Trump on climate change report: ‘I don’t believe it’,” BBC News, November 26, 2018. Archived November 30, 2018. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/A4Bac

July 31, 2018

As Politico reported, Trump went to Twitter to criticize the Koch Brothers who he said “have become a total joke in real Republican circles” after they had criticized Trump and his trade policies. In a Colorado Springs meeting about a week prior, the Kochs presented a video warning of the dangers of Trump’s anti-free-trade sentiments.109President Donald Trump Participates In ‘Generation Next’ White House Summit | NBC News,” YouTube video streamed live March 22, 2018. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. 110Maggie Severns. “Trump tariffs assailed at Koch network gathering,” Politico, July 28, 2018. Archived July 31, 2018. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/X5PTD

In the video, Charles Koch warns that the current “rise in protectionism” represents “a natural tendency, but it’s a destructive one.”

March 22, 2018

Charlie Kirk interviewed President Donald Trump in the “Generation Next” White House Summit:111President Donald Trump Participates In ‘Generation Next’ White House Summit | NBC News,” YouTube video streamed live March 22, 2018. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

Kirk Tweeted:

Today it was a great honor to interview @realDonaldTrump about student issues and the amazing success of this administration

The accomplishments are historic, fixed the trajectory of America, and are beginning the process of turning this country around! #MAGA pic.twitter.com/Rhlf8bVim7

— Charlie Kirk (@charliekirk11) March 22, 2018

Partial transcript:

Charlie Kirk: “One of the things you’ve done so successfully during your campaign and presidency is crush political correctness, and what the college network that we represent—I represent a network on 1200 college campuses—is, it’s harder than ever to espouse support of your presidency and the ideas that you’re fighting for. 

So thank you for what you’re doing to give us the courage of our convictions to fight against political correctness. But what advice do you have for young patriots and Conservatives on campus that support your agenda but are being ridiculed and silenced because of administrators that clamps own one see speech?”

Trump: “So that’s a great question. I think the numbers are actually much different than people think. I think we have a lot of support. If they have one campus or two campuses and we know what they are it gets all the publicity. We have campuses where you have a vast majority of people that are perhaps like many of the people in this room: You could call it Conservative, you could call it whatever you want, but they’re people that want free speech.

If you look at what’s going on with free speech, with the super left, with ANTIFA, with all of these characters. I’ll tell you what, they get a lot of publicity, but you go to the real campuses and you go all over the country, you go out to the real campus and you go all over the country… you go out to the Middle West you go out to even to the coast in many cases. We have tremendous support. I would say we have majority support. I think it’s highly overblown. Highly overblown.”

Kirk: “I totally agree, and we see it on the ground. And so people say, hey I’m a Trump supporter, I’m just not allowed to say it because of the culture that’s been created by the administrators and the professors. 

And kind of piggybacking off of that, what you see on college campuses and the speakers being disinvited and you know the assault on these ideas, I think it’s so important what your administration is doing for the Department of Justice to support these lawsuits to help advance, you know, this free speech movement on campus.

So, kind of talking generationally in general, this is something I’m quite curious about and lot of people ask me: I consider you to be one of the most successful businesspeople in American history and your successful presidential run is something that all people, young people included, should look up to. What advice would you give to the 25-year-old Donald Trump knowing what you know today?

Trump: “Don’t run for president.” Laughter and applause. 

Kirk: “But we’re glad you did.”

Trump:“Well, I was talking to Mercedes and Sarah walking off for just a… you know the Oval Office is right across the street… and I said, all my life I’ve gotten really—you know look, every one in a while we all get a knock—but I got the greatest publicity. I was getting such great… until I ran for office. And it’s been… but people get it. People really do get it. [12:07]

There is a lot of fake news out there. Nobody had any idea, and I’m actually proud of the fact I exposed it to a large extent because we exposed it. That’s something… that’s an achievement.” […] 

March 2018

The Executive Office released a report of “Science & Technology Highlights” in the first year of the Trump Administration. In a section on “Energy Dominance,” the report includes comments that Trump made at a June 30, 2017 “Unleashing American Energy” event:112“Science & Technology Highlights in the First Year of the Trump Administration” (PDF)Executive Office of the President of the United States. Document created March 6, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog

“The truth is that we have near limitless supplies of energy in our country. Powered by new innovation and technology, we are now on the cusp of a true energy revolution,” Trump had said at the event.113“Science & Technology Highlights in the First Year of the Trump Administration” (PDF)Executive Office of the President of the United States. Document created March 6, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog

According to the report, Trump had also called for a “complete review of U.S. nuclear energy policy” at the event, including what the report describes as “a focus on restoring U.S. nuclear R&D capabilities and enabling innovation in the development and deployment of new reactors.”114“Science & Technology Highlights in the First Year of the Trump Administration” (PDF)Executive Office of the President of the United States. Document created March 6, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog

The report also noted that domestic nuclear test facilities would resume operations: “For the first time in 23 years, the U.S. Department of Energy has resumed operations at the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT).”115“Science & Technology Highlights in the First Year of the Trump Administration” (PDF)Executive Office of the President of the United States. Document created March 6, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog

January 28, 2018

Piers Morgan interviewed Donald Trump. While some headlines following the interview suggested that Trump had made a dramatic reversal on his position on the UN Paris Climate Agreement (“Would I go back in? Yeah, I’d go back in,” said Trump, after repeating claims that the pact was a “horrible deal” for the U.S.), DeSmog notes that this was not a U-turn of Trump’s views and that Trump’s views are the same as he held when announcing his withdrawal from the Agreement in June 2017.116Graham Readfearn. “Trump’s Piers Morgan Interview Pushes the Same Climate Denial Backed by his Mercer Family Benefactors,” DeSmog, January 28, 2018.

According to the interview transcript:117The biggest moments from Donald Trump’s interview with Piers Morgan,” Metro, January 28, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/2oecB

PM: “Do you believe in climate change? Do you believe it exists?”

DT: “There is a cooling and there is a heating and I mean, look – it used to not be climate change. It used to be global warming. Right?”

PM: “Right.”

DT: “That wasn’t working too well, because it was getting too cold all over the place. The ice caps were going to melt, they were going to be gone by now, but now they’re setting records, so OK, they’re at a record level. There were so many thing happening, Piers. I’ll tell you what I believe in. I believe in clear air. I believe in crystal clear beautiful water. I believe in just having good cleanliness in all. Now, that being said, if somebody said go back into the Paris Accord, if we could go back into the Paris Accord, it would have to be a completely different deal because we had a horrible deal, As usual, they took advantage of the United States. We were in a terrible deal. Would I go back in? Yeah, I’d go back in. I like, as you know, I like Emmanuel… No, no, I like Emmanuel, I would love to, but it’s got to be a good deal for the United States.”

January 17, 2018

In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, Trump’s EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt outlined his plans to remake the EPA in 2018. His goals include rewriting rules for power plant emissions made under the Obama administration, and speeding the permit review process under the EPA.118Eli Stokols and Timothy Puko. “Scott Pruitt Aims to Accelerate His Efforts to Remake the EPA,” Wall Street Journal, January 17, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zOVuZ

Pruitt emphasized he wanted to move fast. “There’s tremendous opportunity to show really significant results to the American people in a really short time frame,” Pruitt said.119Eli Stokols and Timothy Puko. “Scott Pruitt Aims to Accelerate His Efforts to Remake the EPA,” Wall Street Journal, January 17, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zOVuZ

WSJ author Timothy Puko notes that Pruitt had memorialized the moment that Trump announced the exit from the Paris climate agreement by hanging a framed photo of the two of them in the Rose Garden with an autograph of Pruitt’s prepared remarks, along with the comment “Scott—Great Job!”120Eli Stokols and Timothy Puko. “Scott Pruitt Aims to Accelerate His Efforts to Remake the EPA,” Wall Street Journal, January 17, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zOVuZ

One of Pruitt’s goals is to begin weekly performance assessments for ever EPA office, and to get the permitting process to under six months. Former EPA administrator Gina McCarthy commented on Pruitt’s shift of focus for the EPA away from climate change.121Eli Stokols and Timothy Puko. “Scott Pruitt Aims to Accelerate His Efforts to Remake the EPA,” Wall Street Journal, January 17, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zOVuZ

Everything the agency does is to protect public health and the public from future risks,” said McCarthy.  “You don’t stop smoking because it kills you when you smoke the cigarette; it’s because it kills you later. It’s the same argument with climate change. You take action today to protect health today and in the future.”122Eli Stokols and Timothy Puko. “Scott Pruitt Aims to Accelerate His Efforts to Remake the EPA,” Wall Street Journal, January 17, 2018. Archived January 31, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zOVuZ

January 2018

Following the release of the book Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House by Michael Wolff, Trump released a statement excoriating former chief strategist Steve Bannon for statements that appeared in the book where Bannon reportedly said that Trump’s his son-in-law Jared Kushner’s meeting with a Russian lawyer was “treasonous” and “unpatriotic.”123Jeremy Diamond. “Trump unloads on former top aide Bannon: ‘He lost his mind’,” CNN, January 4, 2018. Archived January 14, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/34rTn 124Read Trump’s official statement about Steve Bannon,” CNN, January 3, 2018. Archived January 14, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/JSVb5

“Steve Bannon has nothing to do with me or my Presidency. When he was fired, he not only lost his job, he lost his mind. Steve was a staffer who worked for me after I had already won the nomination by defeating 17 candidates, often described as the most talented field ever assembled in the Republican party,” Trump said in the statement.125Read Trump’s official statement about Steve Bannon,” CNN, January 3, 2018. Archived January 14, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/JSVb5

Following Fire and Fury‘s publishing, mega donor Rebekah Mercer publicly rebuked Bannon for his reported statements about the president, and Bannon announced that he would step down from Breitbart News.126Rosalind S. Helderman. “Mercer issues rare public rebuke of former ally Bannon,” The Washington Post, January 4, 2018. Archived January 10, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Kj734 127Jeremy W. Peters. “Steve Bannon Steps Down From Breitbart Post,” The New York Times, January 9, 2018. Archived January 10, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5IUcM

October 17, 2017

President Donald Trump spoke at the conservative Heritage Foundation‘s annual President Club’s Meeting, where he encouraged Heritage to push for antiregulation policy. Trump promoted his tax plan, which he described as a “once-in-a-generation opportunity to revitalize our economy.”128Watch President Trump’s address to conservatives live here,” The Heritage Foundation. Archived October 26, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ihpGH 129Jeremy . B. White. “Donald Trump speech: President preaches ‘once-in-a-generation’ tax plan to choir at Heritage Foundation,” Independent, October 18, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Otrez

“Lower taxes mean bigger paychecks, more jobs, and stronger growth,” he said, describing existing corporate taxes as a “giant self-inflicted economic wound.” [17:47] 130Jeremy . B. White. “Donald Trump speech: President preaches ‘once-in-a-generation’ tax plan to choir at Heritage Foundation,” Independent, October 18, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Otrez

 View the full 34-minute video of his speech below: Some notable quotes below (emphasis added):131Watch President Trump’s address to conservatives live here,” The Heritage Foundation. Archived October 26, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ihpGH

“We believe we should preserve our history, not tear it down. Now they’re even trying to destroy statues of Christopher Columbus. What’s next? It has to be stopped. It’s heritage.” [7:19]

“We believe that strong nations must have strong borders and that our most important job is to serve the needs of America and the American people. That includes common-sense reforms like cracking down on sanctuary cities, ending catch-and-release, and very importantly ending chain migration.” [8:12]

“This is the message I delivered in my address to the United Nations. I told the leaders in that hall […] that just like I expect them to put the needs of their countries first, I will always put the needs of our country first. That is why we are withdrawing from one-sided international deals like the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Paris Climate Accord.” [9:09]

Noting increases in defense spending, Trump said “As Ronald Reagan said, we believe in peace through strength.”[10:17]

“We have taken action to repeal the EPA‘s so-called ‘Clean Power Plan’ and we have ended, finally, the war on clean, beautiful coal. People going back two work. They’re going back to work.” [12:26]

October 12, 2017

President Donald Trump appointed climate change denier Kathleen Hartnett-White as chair of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), pending approval via a U.S. Senate confirmation hearing process, where she will likely face questions regarding her history of promoting fossil fuels and denying climate change.132Steve Horn. “Trump Names Climate Denier Kathleen Hartnett-White to Head White House Environmental Council,” DeSmog, October 13, 2017.

Hartnett-White has a history of representing fossil fuel interests. During her tenure as chair of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), appointed by then-governor Rick Perry, the TCEQ was found to “not consistently ensure violators are held accountable.” According to a 2003 Texas State Audit, polluters “often have economic benefits that exceed their penalties, which could reduce their incentive to comply.”133“An Audit Report on The Commission on Environmental Quality’s Enforcement and Permitting Functions for Selected Programs” (PDF), State Auditor’s Office, December 2003.

As head of the CEQ, Hartnett-White would be in charge of coordinating interagency science, climate, and environmental policy and oversee things such as the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) review process and agency compliance with that law.134Steve Horn. “Trump Names Climate Denier Kathleen Hartnett-White to Head White House Environmental Council,” DeSmog, October 13, 2017.

Though CEQ oversees the NEPA process, it remains unclear how seriously Hartnett-White will take the NEPA review process, for decades seen as a bedrock of U.S. environmental regulation since NEPA became law in 1970,” DeSmog’s Steve Horn reported.135Steve Horn. “Trump Names Climate Denier Kathleen Hartnett-White to Head White House Environmental Council,” DeSmog, October 13, 2017.

The Environmental Working Group (EWG) released a press statement critical of Hartnett-White’s appointment:

At least Butch and Sundance had to put some effort into robbing banks and trains,” Ken Cook, EWG‘s president, said in a press statement. “If Hartnett-White joins Administrator Pruitt, polluters will stroll through the front doors of both the EPA and the White House, no questions asked, as the rampant looting of environmental and public health protection policies continues.”136For Top White House Environment Job, Trump Taps Carbon Dioxide Fan,” EWG, October 13, 2017. Archived October 13, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CdZqE

October 10, 2017

Trump’s appointed EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt signed a proposed rule to begin withdrawal from the Clean Power Plan, Reuters reported:137EPA chief to sign rule on Clean Power Plan exit on Tuesday,” Reuters, October 9, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/vKmSz

Here’s the president’s message: The war on coal is over,” Pruitt announced earlier at a gathering with coal miners in Hazard, Kentucky.138EPA chief to sign rule on Clean Power Plan exit on Tuesday,” Reuters, October 9, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/vKmSz

The official EPA press release announced the repeal of what it described as “the so-called ‘Clean Power Plan (CPP)’”:

After reviewing the CPPEPA has proposed to determine that the Obama-era regulation exceeds the Agency’s statutory authority. Repealing the CPP will also facilitate the development of U.S. energy resources and reduce unnecessary regulatory burdens associated with the development of those resources, in keeping with the principles established in President Trump’s Executive Order on Energy Independence,” the press release read.139EPA Takes Another Step To Advance President Trump’s America First Strategy, Proposes Repeal Of ‘Clean Power Plan‘,” United Stated Environmental Protection Agency. October 10, 2017. Archived October 10, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/0HcBp

As the New York Times reported, the decision is a “personal triumph for Mr. Pruitt, who as Oklahoma attorney general helped lead more than two dozen states in challenging the rule in the courts.”140Lisa Friedman and Brad Plumer. “E.P.A. Announces Repeal of Major Obama-Era Carbon Emissions Rule,” The New York Times, October 9, 2017. Archived October 10, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/E5cEn

August 2017

DeSmog reported that Robert Powelson, newly appointed commissioner to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), previously received gifts from the energy and utility sector while working as a state regulator. In his position at the FERC, Powelson would be regulating those sectors at a federal level.141Itai Vardi. “Trump’s New FERC Commissioner Rob Powelson Accepted Gifts from Energy Industry as State Regulator,” DeSmog, August 15, 2017.

June 1, 2017

Donald Trump officially announced that the U.S. would withdraw from the Paris Accord,142Sharon Kelly. “Trump Abandons Paris Climate Deal At Bidding of Fossil Fuel Interests,” DeSmog, June 1, 2017. effective November, 2020, one day after the 2020 election.143Tim Marcin. “Trump’s Paris Agreement Decision Takes Effect One Day after the 2020 Election,” Newsweek, June 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/n0Kvj

The United States will withdraw from the Paris climate accord,” Trump said, “but begin negotiations to re-enter either the Paris accord or an entirely new transaction on terms that are fair to the United States and its businesses, workers and taxpayers.”

We’ll see if we can make a deal that’s fair,” he added. “If we can, that’s great. If we can’t, that’s fine.”

View text of Trump’s full statement on the Paris Climate Accord at the White House website.144Statement by President Trump on the Paris Climate Accord,” The White House: Office of the Press Secretary, June 2, 2017. Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iXqob

Shortly before the press conference began, CNN reported that the White House had told Congress of the decision.

We will initiate the process, which, all told, takes four years in total,” White House energy policy adviser and former fossil fuel lobbyist Michael Catanzaro told Congressional staffers in a conference call just before Trump’s speech. “But we’re going to make very clear to the world that we’re not going to be abiding by what the previous administration agreed to.”

Reuters reported that Trump had misunderstood research that he had cited as justification for withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement. Trump had said during the speech that even if fully implemented, the Paris agreement would not have a large impact:

“Even if the Paris Agreement were implemented in full, with total compliance from all nations, it is estimated it would only produce a two-tenths of one degree Celsius reduction in global temperature by the year 2100,” Trump said. 

“Tiny, tiny amount.”

According to White House documents reviewed by Reuters, Trump’s statement was attributed to research by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in a April 2016 study titled “How much of a difference will the Paris Agreement make?145Emily Flitter. “Trump misunderstood MIT climate research, university officials say,” Reuters, June 2, 2017.  Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/D4xPV 146Mark Dwortzan. “How much of a difference will the Paris Agreement make?” MIT News, April 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/xW3zo

Erwin Monier, one of the study’s authors and a a lead researcher at the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, said “We certainly do not support the withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris agreement,”147Emily Flitter. “Trump misunderstood MIT climate research, university officials say,” Reuters, June 2, 2017.  Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/D4xPV

“If we don’t do anything, we might shoot over 5 degrees or more and that would be catastrophic,” said John Reilly, the co-director of the program. He also noted that MIT‘s scientists were not offered a chance to explain their work, and were not contacted by the White House.148Emily Flitter. “Trump misunderstood MIT climate research, university officials say,” Reuters, June 2, 2017.  Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/D4xPV

DeSmog looked deeper into Trump’s sources, and found that when Trump claimed “onerous energy restrictions” would be placed on the U.S., he was citing figures from the National Economic Research Associates (NERA). NERA is the same group that had carried out a study for the tobacco industry in the 1990s that concluded there wasn’t a link between tobacco advertising and smoking levels.149Graham Readfearn. “Tobacco To Fossil Fuels: Tracing the Roots of Trump’s Claims on Paris Climate Deal,” DeSmog, June 1, 2017.

The NERA study claiming that the Paris agreement would “cost” America 2.7 million jobs was funded by the American Council for Capital Formation (ACCF) and the U.S Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber has been described as “Big Tobacco’s Staunch Friend in Washington,”150Danny Hakim. “Big Tobacco’s Staunch Friend in Washington: U.S. Chamber of Commerce,” The New York Times, October 9, 2015. Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/is17R while ACCF has received over $1 million from oil giant ExxonMobil.151American Council for Capital Formation,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed June 2, 2017.

An AP Fact Check noted that the study “makes worst-case assumptions that may inflate the cost of meeting U.S. targets under the Paris accord while largely ignoring the economic benefits to U.S. businesses from building and operating renewable energy projects.”152Michael Biesecker and Paul Wiseman | AP. “AP FACT CHECK: Trump’s shaky claims on climate accord,” The Washington Post, June 1, 2017. Archived June 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/IF3cP

March 24, 2017

President Trump announced that he had approved the Keystone XL pipeline, reversing the pervious decision by former President Barack Obama to reject it. While Trump said the project would create 28,000 U.S. jobs Reuters noted that a 2014 State Department study had predicted just 3,900 construction jobs and 35 permanent jobs would be created by the project.153Jeff Mason and Ethan Lou. “Trump greenlights Keystone XL pipeline, but obstacles loom,” Reuters, March 24, 2017. Archived October 27, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RTdEJ

As DeSmog Canada reported, despite Trump granting the presidential permit required to build the pipeline, this does not guarantee it will be built.154James Wilt. “Three Reasons Why Keystone XL May Never Get Built,” DeSmog Canada, March 14, 2017.

“It’s going to be an incredible pipeline, greatest technology known to man or woman.  And frankly, we’re very proud of it,” Trump said in the official announcement of the pipeline’s approval.  “When completed, the Keystone XL pipeline will span 900 miles – wow – and have the capacity to deliver more than 800,000 barrels of oil per day to the Gulf Coast refineries.  That’s some big pipeline.”155Remarks by the President in TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline Announcement,” The White House, Archived October 27, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/TcQgG

February 24, 2017

Trump was a speaker at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). View the complete video at The New York Times.156“Full Speech: President Trump at CPAC,” The New York Times, February 24, 2017. Archived March 6, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

CPAC is sponsored by conservative and pro-industry groups, including The Heritage Foundation, Fueling U.S. Forward, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), Leadership Institute, Capital Research Center, Charles Koch Institute, FreedomWorks, America Rising, American Petroleum Institute, American Enterprise Institute (AEI)Independent Women’s Forum, and many others.“CPAC 2017 Sponsors,” cpac.conservative.org. Archived March 6, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/SKFRU

February 2017

As reported by GreenWire,157Robin Bravender. “Energy lobbyist expected to land key White House slot,” E&E News, February 7, 2017. Archived February 22, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YymAY Trump chose climate change denier Mike Catanzaro, who is also a lobbyist for oil and gas companies Noble Energy,158LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# ​361180101. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Devon Energy,159LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 361180088. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Encana Oil and Gas,160LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300851398. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM),161LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300851249. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. and Hess Corporation,162LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300848782. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. as a top energy policy aide.163Steve Horn. “Trump Names Industry Lobbyist and Climate Science Denier Mike Catanzaro as Top White House Energy Aide,” DeSmog, February 8, 2017.

As DeSmog reported, Catanzaro served as a top energy aide during Trump’s presidential campaign. According to GreenWire, he is expected to serve as special assistant to Trump for energy and environmental issues under the umbrella of the White House National Economic Council.164Steve Horn. “Koch Industries and Fracking Lobbyist Mike Catanzaro To Lead Trump Energy Team,” DeSmog, October 4, 2016. 165Robin Bravender. “Energy lobbyist expected to land key White House slot,” E&E News, February 7, 2017. Archived February 22, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YymAY

January 25, 2017

Trump’s team announced that the Atlantic Coast pipeline would be among the White House’s top priorities for infrastructure projects.166Report says Trump has Atlantic Coast Pipeline among infrastructure priorities,” The News Virginian, January 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Zkpyg

DeSmog reported that it was surprising that there was only one pipeline project to be in the list of 50. The Atlantic Coast pipeline was proposed by a partnership among Dominion Resources, Duke Energy, and Southern Gas Company.167Steve Horn. “Trump Team Has Ties to Atlantic Coast Pipeline Now Being Pushed by White House,” DeSmog, February 6, 2017. 

The full list, titled “Priority List: Energy and National Security Projects,” includes various highway and rail expansions, airport upgrades, hydro and wind power projects, new transmission lines, and the Atlantic Coast, which would carry natural gas obtained via hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”).168Priority List – Emergency and National Security Projects 121416m” DocumentCloud file contributed by Greg Linch, McClatchy Washington Bureau. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

January 20, 2017

DeSmog reported that, after President Donald Trump assumed power in the White House, the climate change section of the White House’s website was removed. Journalist Brian Kahn of ClimateCentral.com was the first to point this out on Twitter.169Steve Horn. “Trump’s White House Website Now Only Mentions ‘Climate’ in His Plans to Ax Obama’s Policies,” DeSmog, January 20, 2017.

The new web section does mention environmental protection, but the word “climate” appears only once, and only in reference to the administration’s plans to do away with President Obama’s Climate Action Plan.170Steve Horn. “Trump’s White House Website Now Only Mentions ‘Climate’ in His Plans to Ax Obama’s Policies,” DeSmog, January 20, 2017.

December 19, 2016

While Donald Trump claimed that he had no need for the Koch Brothers, DeSmog mapped out the extensive links between the Trump Administration and Koch affiliates and business associates:171Ben Jervey. “The Trump Administration Is Filling Up With Koch Allies,” DeSmog, December 19, 2016.

December 10, 2016

Trump picked ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson, who—as Desmog reported—has close personal and company ties to Russia and its President Vladimir Putin.172Steve Horn.  ”Exxon CEO Rex Tillerson Tapped for Secretary of State Despite Close Ties to Russia, Putin,” DeSmog, December 10, 2016.

If the goal is to drain the swamp in D.C., Tillerson might not be your man; Exxon’s business plan continues to require raising the level of the ocean to the point where Foggy Bottom will be well underwater,” said 350.org founder Bill McKibben in a press release. “But this is certainly a good way to make clear exactly who’ll be running the government in a Trump administration — just cut out the middleman and hand it directly to the fossil fuel industry.”

Rex Tillerson was sworn in as Secretary of State on February 1, 2017 after being confirmed by the Senate earlier the same day.173Nicole Gaouette. “Tillerson sworn in as secretary of state,” CNN, February 1, 2017. Archived February 8, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Wzcj4

December 8, 2016

Bloomberg reports on a memo by President-Elect Trump’s transition team requesting a list of employees and contractors who attended United Nations climate meetings. Information sought included agency loan programs, research activities, and the basis for statistics regarding the Obama administration’s social cost of carbon metrics.174Catherine Traywick and Jennifer A Dlouhy. “Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2016. Archived December 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zsyMo

Catherine Trywick at Bloomberg notes that “there is a fear that people who worked on climate policy under Obama could be targeted under the Trump administration, because some of the names who have been floated as cabinet members are very hostile towards climate change and environmental concerns.”175Catherine Traywick and Jennifer A Dlouhy. “Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2016. Archived December 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zsyMo

Senator Ed Markey responded by sending a letter to Trump, warming that the punishment of agency workers carrying out policies his administration disagrees with “would be tantamount to an illegal modern-day political witch hunt, and would have a profoundly chilling impact on our dedicated federal workforce.”176Catherine Traywick and Jennifer A Dlouhy. “Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2016. Archived December 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zsyMo

Energy Department employees said they had been unsettled by the information request by Trump’s team.177Catherine Traywick and Jennifer A Dlouhy. “Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2016. Archived December 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zsyMo

It’s certainly alarming that they would be targeting specific employees in this way,” said Michael Halpern, deputy director of the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists. “Scientists are looking at this with some suspicion, because many of the people who have been chomping at the bit to dismantle federal climate change science programs are now deeply embedded in the transition.”178Catherine Traywick and Jennifer A Dlouhy. “Trump Team Memo Hints at Big Shake-Up of U.S. Energy Policy,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2016. Archived December 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zsyMo

December 7, 2016

Trump nominated former Oklahoma attorney general Scott Pruitt to run the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).179Ken Kimmell. “The Man Who Sued the EPA Is Now Running It,” EcoWatch, February 17, 2017. Archived February 18, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CgKe6 Pruitt was confirmed as administrator of the EPA on February 17, 2017.180Coral Davenport. “Senate Confirms Scott Pruitt as E.P.A. Head,” The New York Times, February 17, 2017. Archived February 18, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/F1jWU Pruitt’s initial committee confirmation vote was to take place on February 1, 2017, but the vote was delayed when Democrats boycotted the planned vote.181Andrew Tarantola. “Who is Scott Pruitt, the new EPA head? Engadget, February 17, 2017. Archived February 18, 2017. Archive.is URL:https://archive.is/nveOF 182Brady Dennis, Chris Mooney, and David Weigel. “Democrats boycott controversial EPA nominee Scott Pruitt’s committee confirmation vote,” The Washington Post, February 1, 2017. Archived June 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/XrB32

At the time of Pruitt’s nominationDeSmog reported on Pruitt’s history working with oil, gas, and utility companies could affect his confirmation.183Coral Davenport and Eric Lipton. “Trump Picks Scott Pruitt, Climate Change Denialist, to Lead E.P.A.” The New York Times, December 7, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Mwqop 184Graham Readfearn. “Donald Trump Confirms Climate Science Denier and Fossil Fuel Industry ‘Stenographer’ Scott Pruitt to Lead EPA,” DeSmog, December 7, 2016.

DeSmog mapped Pruitt’s extensive ties to the fossil fuel industry:185Ben Jervey. “Mapping EPA Nominee Scott Pruitt’s Many Fossil Fuel Ties,” DeSmog, January 13, 2017.

December 1, 2016

The Intercept reports that Donald Trump’s first pick for the NASA transition team is Christopher Shank, a climate change denier who previously worked with Rep. Lamar Smith. Shank has criticized NASA for the scientific data it releases, saying in a 2015 panel that “The rhetoric that’s coming out, the hottest year in history, actually is not backed up by the science — or that the droughts, the fires, the hurricanes, etc., are caused by climate change, but it’s just weather.”186Allen Brown. “Global Warming Research in Danger as Trump Appoints Climate Skeptic to NASA Team,” The Intercept, December 1, 2016. Archived January 9, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/pS0w8

September 22, 2016

Donald Trump was a keynote speaker at the “Shale Insight 2016” conference, featuring major companies from the oil and gas industry.187Sharon Kelly. “Trump Touts Drilling’s Potential, Botches Facts, at Shale Industry Conference,” DeSmog, September 23, 2016.

It’s great to be with so many of my friends,” Trump began. “Oh, you will like me so much.”

Do you know all of my life, that business has never had problems, but in the last seven or eight years, it’s been tough,” Trump said. “With the EPA, with all of the difficulties you’re going through.”188Sharon Kelly. “Trump Touts Drilling’s Potential, Botches Facts, at Shale Industry Conference,” DeSmog, September 23, 2016.

DeSmog‘s Sharon Kelly notes that, despite’s Trump’s statement, the Marcellus shale industry barely existed eight years ago.

America is sitting on a treasure trove of untapped energy,” Trump told the crowd. “Some $50 trillion in shale energy, oil reserves and natural gas on federal lands, in addition to hundreds of years of coal energy reserves. It’s all upside for this country.”189Sharon Kelly. “Trump Touts Drilling’s Potential, Botches Facts, at Shale Industry Conference,” DeSmog, September 23, 2016.

View the full video of Trump’s speech below:

The Washington Examiner reported that, at the conference, Trump backed off of his prior statement that he would eliminate the Environmental Protection Agency as part of his plan to eliminate the federal budget deficit.190Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

“I will refocus the EPA on its core mission of ensuring clean air, and clean, safe drinking water for all Americans,” Trump said at the conference. “I believe firmly in conserving our wonderful natural resources and beautiful natural habitats. My environmental agenda will be guided by true specialists in conservation, not those with radical political agendas.”191Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

Trump cited a study by the industry-funded Institute for Energy Research (IER), declaring that opening up federal land to oil and gas drilling could contribute to $20 trillion in economic activity over the next 40 years. Trump also promised to open up drilling on the coasts:192Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

“Our energy policy will make full use of our domestic energy sources, including traditional and renewable energy sources,” Trump said.193Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

Trump also said that he would further open up the Marcellus and Utica shale regions to hydraulic fracturing (fracking).194Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

“The development of the Marcellus and Utica shales will fundamentally change the economic landscape of this region and our country, bringing extraordinary new prosperity to millions,” Trump said.195Kyle Feldscher. “Trump backs off plan to eliminate EPA,” Washington Examiner, September 22, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aOnLB

May 17, 2016

In an interview with Reuters, Donald Trump promised that he would renegotiate or pull America out entirely from the Paris Climate Agreement:196Emily Flitter and Steve Holland. “Exclusive: Skeptical Trump says would renegotiate global climate deal,” Reuters, May 18, 2016. Archived November 17, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/1ahVF

“I will be looking at that very, very seriously, and at a minimum I will be renegotiating those agreements, at a minimum. And at a maximum I may do something else,” Trump told Reuters.

“But those agreements are one-sided agreements and they are bad for the United States.”

Trump said that he did not belive China would adhere to its pledge under Paris:

“Not a big fan because other countries don’t adhere to it, and China doesn’t adhere to it, and China’s spewing into the atmosphere,” he said.

The Obama administration pledged to cut emissions by 26 to 28 percent by 2025 over 2005, while China promised to halt emissions increases by 2030. 

“This is another example of Trump’s dangerous lack of judgment and the very real impacts it could have for all of us,” said Gene Karpinski, president of the U.S.-based environmental group League of Conservation Voters.

May 26, 2016

Trump spoke about his “America First Energy Plan,” promising that during his first 100 days in office he would “rescind all the job-destroying Obama executive actions including” his landmark climate regulations, “cancel the Paris Climate Agreement,” and “stop all payments of US tax dollars to UN global warming programs.”197AN AMERICA FIRST ENERGY PLAN,” Donaldjtrump.com, May 26, 2016. Archived December 7, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/IAiio

Trump detailed his “100 day action plan” as follows:

  • “We’re going to rescind all the job-destroying Obama executive actions including the Climate Action Plan and the Waters of the U.S. rule.
  • We’re going to save the coal industry and other industries threatened by Hillary Clinton’s extremist agenda.
  • I’m going to ask Trans Canada to renew its permit application for the Keystone Pipeline.
  • We’re going to lift moratoriums on energy production in federal areas
  • We’re going to revoke policies that impose unwarranted restrictions on new drilling technologies. These technologies create millions of jobs with a smaller footprint than ever before.
  • We’re going to cancel the Paris Climate Agreement and stop all payments of U.S. tax dollars to U.N. global warming programs.
  • Any regulation that is outdated, unnecessary, bad for workers, or contrary to the national interest will be scrapped. We will also eliminate duplication, provide regulatory certainty, and trust local officials and local residents.
  • Any future regulation will go through a simple test: is this regulation good for the American worker? If it doesn’t pass this test, the rule will not be approved.”

March 3, 2016

Trump attended the 11th GOP candidate’s debate in Detroit where declared that, as part of proposed tax cuts, he would cut the “Department of Environmental Protection,” by which he presumably meant the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The full quote below, as noted by The Washington Post:198Team Fix. “The Fox News GOP debate transcript, annotated,” The Washington Post, March 3, 2016. Archived February 22, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5323d

CHRIS WALLACE (MODERATOR): “Mr. Trump, your proposed tax cut would add $10 trillion to the nation’s debt over 10 years, even if the economy grows the way that you say it will. You insist that you could make up for a good deal of that, you say, by cutting waste, fraud, and abuse.”

TRUMP: “Correct.”

WALLACE: “Like what? And please be specific.”

TRUMP: “Department of Education. We’re cutting Common Core. We’re getting rid of Common Core. We’re bringing education locally. Department of Environmental Protection. We are going to get rid are of it in almost every form. We’re going to have little tidbits left but we’re going to take a tremendous amount out.”

We have various other things. If you look at the IRS, if you look at every single agency, we can cut it down, and I mean really cut it down and save. The waste, fraud, and abuse is massive.”199Team Fix. “The Fox News GOP debate transcript, annotated,” The Washington Post, March 3, 2016. Archived February 22, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5323d

Funding

Top Campaign Contributors

The Center for Responsive Politics’ OpenSecrets.org lists Donald Trump’s top campaign contributors in 2016:200Top Contributors, federal election data for 2016 cycle,” OpenSecrets.org. Accessed November 16, 2016.

CONTRIBUTORTOTAL
Murray Energy$102,659
Alliance Coal$66,679
Bank of America$48,269
Wells Fargo$45,803
US Army$44,765
US Government$43,306
US Air Force$38,534
Jennmar Corp$38,046
American Airlines Group$37,509
US Navy$35,350
US Dept of Defense$32,673
XPO Logistics$31,541
Realogy Corp$31,213
US Postal Service$30,684
Berkshire Hathaway$30,540
Lockheed Martin$28,855
Boeing Co$27,033
US Dept of Veterans Affairs$26,984
Morgan Stanley$25,415
United Continental Holdings$25,331

Outside Spending

Trump’s 2016 campaign was made successful through a range of support from corporations, labor unions, and other groups. Below is a summary of Committees who supported Trump, based on data from Opensecrets.org:201Independent Expenditures, Donald Trump, 2016 cycle,” OpenSecrets.org. Accessed November 19, 2016.

Supported Trump

CommitteeSupport
Get Our Jobs Back$500,101,66
Great America PAC$245,275,32
NRA Institute for Legislative Action$8,760,028
Rebuilding America Now$40,95,641
Save America From it’s Government$34,15,288
45 Committee$31,23,687
National Rifle Assn$18,37,094
Adams, Stephen$1,008,982
Future in America$698,263
Tea Party Patriots Citizens Fund$602,948
2016 Cmte$519,330
Phyllis Schlafly’s Eagle PAC$219,368
RALLYPAC$191,634
Citizens United Super PAC$169,471
National Right to Life$127,685
Patriots for Trump$122,463
USA Business Freedom PAC$89,000
Our Voice Matters$76,300
Conservative Action Fund$68,093
Committee for American Sovereignty$64,000
Restore American Freedom & Liberty$59,000
America Speaks PAC$52,247
TrumPAC$48,620
Victory 2016$45,500
Making America Great Again Llc$39,370
60 Plus Assn$33,979
Right to Life of Michigan Victory Fund$32,027
Amish PAC$31,112
American Horizons$31,000
Mountaineers Are Always Free PAC$25,740
Bukowsky$21,595
Kenneth A Lanci$20,070
JAN PAC$19,000
National Right to Life Victory Fund$18,987
Committee to Restore America’s Greatness$16,000
Texas Republican Congressional Cmte$15,000
Agron$13,225
Susan B Anthony List$12,000
Republican Party of Williamson County$11,170
Republican Hindu Coalition$11,103
Missouri Right to Life Victory Fund$10,591
Republican National Cmte$10,000
John R Davis Jr$10,000
America’s Renewable Future Inc.$8,362
Conservative Liberty Coalition$7,500
Wade, John Evan II$6,716
Republican Party of Ventura County$6,402
Rodrigues$5,996
Food Policy Action$5,833
Campaign for Working Families$5,745
Service Employees International Union$4,580
Art of the Deal$3,400
Marlowe, Mark Anthony$2,978
REPUBLICAN PARTY OF PETERS TOWNSHIP$2,403
New Jersey Right to Life$2,401
Conservative Freedom Fighters$2,249
Save The American Way$2,220
Stop Hillary PAC$2,000
Florida New Majority$2,000
null$1,500
People and Politics$1,250
Kentucky Tomorrow$1,003
Black Conservatives Fund$1,000
Right to Life of Michigan$896
Vocal Citizens$835
Conservative Strikeforce$500
Club for Growth$376
Avaaz Foundation$9

Assets & Personal Finances

According to public date on file at OpenSecrets.org detailing Donald Trump’s personal finances. The 92-page report (PDF) details Trump’s affiliations with over five hundred companies.202“Executive Branch Personnel Public FInancial Disclosure Report (OGE form 2783)” (PDF), FEC, July 15, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Retrieved from OpenSecrets.org.

While Trump did not release his tax returns for public scrutiny, citing an ongoing audit, he said that his financial disclosures more than made up for the fact:203Donald Trump says his financial disclosures more than make up for lack of releasing tax returns,” PolitiFact, September 7, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/XvBry 2047 Things We Learned From Donald Trump’s Personal Financial Disclosure Form,” ABC News, May 18, 2016. Archived November 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qM4Cp

“I released the most extensive financial review of anybody in the history of politics,” Trump said. “It’s either 100 or maybe more pages of names of companies, locations of companies, etc., etc., and it’s a very impressive list, and everybody says that. … You don’t learn much in a tax return.”

The New York Times reported in May 2016 that while Trump has claimed his net worth is more than $10 billion, that figure cannot be verified with the disclosure form provided because the largest range for a single asset’s worth is “over $50 million.”205Gregor Aisch, Alicia Parlapiano, and Karen Yourish. “What’s in Donald Trump’s 104-Page Financial Disclosure?” The New York Times, May 18, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/dN980

In September 2020, the New York Times revealed that Trump had paid no income tax in ten of the previous fifteen years and had paid just $750 in federal income tax the year he became President.206Russ Buettner, Susanne Craig and Mike McIntire, “Long-concealed records show Trump’s chronic losses and years of tax avoidance,” The New York Times, September 27, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. 

The investigation, based on tax records that the paper had procured and which extended back for over two decades, also revealed Trump’s businesses reporting significant losses.  In 2018, Trump declared $47.4 million in losses, while between 2000 and 2020 his golf courses alone lost $315.6 million.207Russ Buettner, Susanne Craig and Mike McIntire, “Long-concealed records show Trump’s chronic losses and years of tax avoidance,” The New York Times, September 27, 2020. Archived October 19, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. 

Trump’s Cabinet & Staff (2017)

The New York Times (NYT) reported on the status of Donald Trump’s cabinet, as of March, 2017. As CNN reported, in addition to Cabinet-level positions, Trump has over 4,000 positions to fill with more than 1,200 requiring senate confirmation. Some notable names from the NYT list, combined with updates for more recent resignations or additions, below:208Donald Trump’s Cabinet Is Taking Shape. Here’s the Latest List.” The New York Times, February 20, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/csQsR 209Tracking Trump’s nominations,” CNN. Last updated October 25, 2017. Archived October 25, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5mnHl

The Offical White House Cabinet page also lists Trump’s current Cabinet positions, not all of which overlap with the March 2017 NYT list.210The Cabinet,” www.whitehouse.gov. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RPctz

*Note that DeSmog has not updating these listings since reporting in 2017.

NamePositionStatusOn Official White House Cabinet List
Mike PenceVice President211The Cabinet,” www.whitehouse.gov. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RPctzServingYes
Elaine DukeActing Secretary of Homeland Security212The Cabinet,” www.whitehouse.gov. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RPctzServingYes
Don J. WrightActing Secretary of Health and Human Services213The Cabinet,” www.whitehouse.gov. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RPctzServingYes
Carl IcahnRegulatory CzarAppointed (since resigned)214Carl Icahn drops out of presidential advisory role,” CNBC, August 18, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017.
No
Donald F. McGahn IIWhite House CounselAppointedNo
H.R. McMasterNat. Sec. AdviserAppointedNo
Jared KushnerSenior adviserAppointedNo
Kellyanne ConwayCounselorAppointedNo
Peter NavarroTrade CzarAppointedNo
Reince PriebusChief of StaffAppointed (since resigned)215Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5
No
Sean SpicerPress SecretaryAppointed (since resigned)216Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5
No
Stephen K. BannonChief StrategistAppointed (since resigned)217Maggie Haberman. “Stephen Bannon Out at the White House After Turbulent Run,” The New York Times, August 18, 2017. Archived August 18, 2017.  Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lSyn8No
Thomas P. BossertHomeland Security AdviserAppointedNo
Ben CarsonHousingConfirmedNo
Betsy DeVosEducationConfirmedYes
Dan CoatsD.N.I.ConfirmedYes
David J. ShulkinVeteransConfirmedYes
Elaine L. ChaoTransportationConfirmedYes
James N. MattisDefenseConfirmedYes
Jeff SessionsAtty. GeneralConfirmedYes
John F. KellyHomeland Security (now Chief of Staff, replacing John Kelly)218Dan Merica, Jeff Zeleny, and Jim Acosta. “Anthony Scaramucci out as White House communications director,” CNN, July 31, 2017. Archived October 25, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/DAyh1 219Dan Merica. “Kelly sworn in as Trump’s second chief of staff,” CNN, July 31, 2017. Archived October 216, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5J3C8ConfirmedYes
Linda McMahonSmall BusinessConfirmedYes
Mick MulvaneyO.M.B.ConfirmedYes
Mike PompeoC.I.A.ConfirmedYes
Nikki R. HaleyU.N.ConfirmedYes
R. Alexander AcostaLaborConfirmedYes
Rex W. TillersonStateConfirmedYes
Rick PerryEnergyConfirmedYes
Robert LighthizerU.S. Trade Rep.ConfirmedYes
Ryan ZinkeInteriorConfirmedYes
Scott PruittE.P.A.ConfirmedYes
Sonny PerdueAgricultureConfirmedYes
Steven MnuchinTreasuryConfirmedYes
Tom PriceHealthConfirmed (since resigned)220Kevin Liptak and Miranda Green. “Price out as HHS secretary after private plane scandal,” CNN, Steptember 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/7E8nNNo
Wilbur RossCommerceConfirmedYes
Andrew F. PuzderLabourWithdrewNo
Michael T. FlynnNat. Sec. AdviserResignedNo
Other Notable Positions & Staff   
Mike DubkeWhite House Comm. DirectorResigned221Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5 
James ComeyFBI DirectorFired222Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5 
Sean SpicerWhite House press secretaryResigned223Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5 
Sally YatesUS Deputy Attorney GeneralFired224Grace Hauck. “Priebus latest high-profile departure from Trump admin,” CNN, July 29, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lPeu5 
Anthony ScaramucciWhite House Comm. Director (replacing Dubke)Resigned225Dan Merica, Jeff Zeleny, and Jim Acosta. “Anthony Scaramucci out as White House communications director,” CNN, July 31, 2017. Archived October 25, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/DAyh1 
Sarah Huckabee SandersWhite House press secretaryReplaced Sean Spicer226Sean Spicer, White House press secretary, resigns,” CNN, July 31, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/cLI6J 
Kathleen Hartnett-WhiteChair of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Pending confirmation.227Steve Horn. “Trump Names Climate Denier Kathleen Hartnett-White to Head White House Environmental Council,” DeSmog, October 13, 2017.
 
Robert PowelsonFERC228Itai Vardi. “Trump’s New FERC Commissioner Rob Powelson Accepted Gifts from Energy Industry as State Regulator,” DeSmog, August 15, 2017.Confirmed229(News Release. “Senate Confirms Chatterjee, Powelson to FERC,” FERC, August 4, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/u7Qmt 
Neil ChatterjeeFERC230(News Release. “Senate Confirms Chatterjee, Powelson to FERC,” FERC, August 4, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/u7QmtConfirmed231(News Release. “Senate Confirms Chatterjee, Powelson to FERC,” FERC, August 4, 2017. Archived October 26, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/u7Qmt 

Landing Teams (2016)

E&E News outlined Donald Trump’s landing teams. They report that these so-called landing teams are responsible for “will be responsible for interviewing top government officials and helping to set the new administration’s policy agenda.” Here is a snapshot of what the team looked like on December 16, 2016:232Trump Administration Landing Teams,” E&E News. Archived December 16, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/BnTXa

Commodity Futures and Trading CommissionDescription
Sharon Brown-Hruskadirector of NERA Economic Consulting’s securities and finance practice.
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 
CJ Jordanpresident and CEO of Jordan Management Group LLC.
Paul AtkinsCEO at Patomak Global Partners LLC and former commissioner of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Department of Agriculture 
Brian Klippensteinexecutive director, Protect the Harvest.
Joel Leftwichstaff director on the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee and former PepsiCo lobbyist.
Department of Commerce 
A. Mark Neumancounselor for international trade and global strategies at L Brands Inc.
David Bohigianmanaging director of Pluribus Ventures, former Commerce assistant secretary.
George Sifakisfounder and CEO of Ideagen.
Tom Leppertformer CEO of Kaplan, Inc.
William Gaynorpresident and CEO at Rock Creek Advisors LLC.
Department of Defense 
Bert Mizusawamajor general in the U.S. Army Reserve.
Chris Hasslerpresident and CEO at Syndetics, Inc.
Craig Duehringformer assistant secretary of the Air Force for manpower and reserve affairs.
Dakota Woodsenior research fellow for defense programs at the Heritage Foundation.
David McCrackenfellow at Oak Ridge Strategies Group Inc.
David Trachtenbergowner of Shortwaver Consulting, LLC.
Earl MatthewsU.S. Army.
Justin Johnsonsenior policy analyst for defense budgeting policy at the Heritage Foundation.
Keith Kelloggvice president of strategic initiatives at Cubic Corporation.
Kendell Peasekendell LLC.
Kenneth Braithwaitesenior vice president and executive officer, VHA Mid-Atlantic at Vizient, Inc.
Mark Albrechtchairman of the board of U.S. Space LLC.
Michael Duffeyexecutive director of Republican Party of Wisconsin.
Michael Eganconsultant at the Boston Consulting Group.
Mira Ricardelformer Boeing executive and DOD official.
Sergio de la PenaCEO of de la Pena Consulting LLC.
Thomas Carterexecutive at Elbit Systems of America.
Trae Stephensprincipal at Founders Fund.
Whitney Meyersformerly of the Defense Intelligence Agency.
William Hartzogpresident and CEO at Burdeshaw Associates, Ltd. and former U.S. Army general.
Department of Education 
James Manningself-employed consultant.
Kathleen Madigan Rebarbersenior research scientist at AccountabilityWorks.
Kent Talbertattorney at Kent D. Talbert PLLC.
Thomas Wheelerattorney at Frost Brown Todd, LLC.
Williamson Eversresearch fellow at the Hoover Institution.
Department of Energy 
Daniel Simmonsvice president for policy at the Institute for Energy Research, formerly at the American Legislative Exchange Council.
David Jonaspartner at Fluet, Huber + Hoang, PLLC
Jack Spencervice president of the Institute for Economic Freedom and Opportunity at the Heritage Foundation.
Kelly Mitchellsales executive at Multi-Automatic Tool & Supply Co., outreach vice chair for Mic