Alexandra Liddy Bourne

Alexandra Liddy Bourne

Alexandra Liddy Bourne



Alexandra “Sandy” Liddy Bourne a senior policy advisor at the Heartland Institute where she addresses energy and environmental regulation.

She was the Heartland Institute’s vice-president for policy and strategy from 2006 until December 2008 and acted as Heartland’s Washington DC media spokesman and liaison to Heartland’s Legislative Advisors (elected officials), donors, and allies.3Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne,” The Heartland Institute. Archived March 5, 2021. Archive URL:

Bourne was the past director of the Energy, Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture Task Force for the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and advisor to the ALEC Homeland Security Working Group.4Alexandra Liddy Bourne,” National Center for Policy Analysis. Archived January 29, 2019. Archive URL:

She is the former Director of the Energy, Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture Task Force, ALEC Member, Virginia Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Bourne authored the 2004 ALEC publication “‘Sons-of-Kyoto’ Legislation: Greenhouse Gas Regulation in the States,” where she argued that the Kyoto Protocol and the movement behind it threatened to ruin the free market system and turn the global economy over to a “carbon cartel.”

Stance on Climate Change

January 2004

Alexandra Liddy Bourne wrote the following in the synopsis of her 2004 ALEC “Sons-of-Kyoto” report:5Alexandra Liddy Bourne. “Sons of Kyoto: Greenhouse Gas Regulation in the States” (PDF), American Legislative Exchange Council, January 2004. Retrieved from

“Regardless of the scientific uncertainty and the economic costs, there is an orchestrated movement to force the federal government and the American public to implement Kyoto-like registration and develop a cap and trade carbon emission system. Ultimately, this system will create a national energy tax in the short term and has implications that may harm free trade in the future. The legacy that we may hand over to future generations is not one of individual choices in a free market system, but one of lost opportunities in a global market controlled by a carbon cartel.”6Alexandra Liddy Bourne. “Sons of Kyoto: Greenhouse Gas Regulation in the States” (PDF), American Legislative Exchange Council, January 2004. Retrieved from

Key Quotes

June 23, 2009

Bourne made the following comments on the EPA’s proposed endangerment finding on greenhouse gas emissions, reported The Heartland Institute:

“This is poor methodology and a dangerous precedent to use to protect public health in that it directs resources to potential threats and outliers in data as opposed to current environmental threats that are having a significant detrimental effect upon human health. There is no direct evidence that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have had a significant impact in respiratory diseases or cardiovascular diseases.”7Comments of Alexandra Liddy Bourne, R.N., M.S.N, on EPA’s Proposed Endangerment Finding,” The Heartland Institute, June 23, 2009. Archived December 17, 2019. Archive URL:

Key Deeds

April 2008

In 2008 Bourne announced that the implementation of climate legislation would burden the Southern States and lead to “another Civil War here in a short period of time, because the cost is going to go up.”8Heartland VP: ‘Yankee taxes’ on global warming will lead to ‘another Civil War’,” ThinkProgress, April 15, 2008. Archived June 16, 2021. Archive URL:

March, 2008

Bourne was a speaker at the Heartland Institute’s First International Conference on Climate Change.9Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne – ICCC1,” International Conferences on Climate Change. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

March 2004

Bourne was a speaker at a NCPA Briefing on Global Warming titled “What Do We Really Know vs. What We Are Told.” Other speakers included prominent climate change deniers David Legates, Myron Ebell, and Patrick Michaels.10NCPA Earth Day Briefing on Global Warming: ‘What Do We Really Know vs. What We Are Told’,” U.S. Newswire, April 20, 2004.

June 2000

Bourne directed ALEC’s environmental task force and the “Environmental Literacy Improvement Act” was approved and created by ALEC in June of 2000.11Heartland Institute and ALEC Partner to Pollute Classroom Science,” Polluter Watch, March 30, 2012.


Social Media


A search of Google Scholar reveals that Alexandrea Liddy Bourne has never published an article in a peer-reviewed journal on any subject.

The following citation is the only item listed (referencing an article originally published with the American Legislative Exchange Council):

  • Alexandra Liddy Bourne. “Sons of Kyoto: Greenhouse Gas Regulation in the States” (PDF), American Legislative Exchange Council. Republished by the Heartland Institute.

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