Heartland Institute

The Heartland Institute


The Heartland Institute is a Chicago-based free market think tank and 501(c)(3) charity that has been at the forefront of denying the scientific evidence for man-made climate change. The Heartland Institute has received at least $676,500 from ExxonMobil since 1998 but no longer discloses its funding sources. The Union of Concerned Scientists found (PDF) that “Nearly 40% of the total funds that the Heartland Institute has received from ExxonMobil since 1998 were specifically designated for climate change projects.” [1]

David Padden founded The Heartland Institute in 1984 and served as its Chairman between 1984 and 1995, co-chairing with Joseph Bast. Padden was also one of the original members of the Board of Directors of the Cato Institute. Padden, a Chicago, IL-based investment banker and then owner of Padden & Company, passed away in October 2011. [13]

Padden also served on the original Board of Directors of another organization founded that year, Citizens for a Sound Economy, which later split into two groups, FreedomWorks and Americans for Prosperity (AFP). The Cato Institute and both of these organizations received their initial seed money from Koch Industries[14]

According to a July 2011 Nature editorial,

“Despite criticizing climate scientists for being overconfident about their data, models and theories, the Heartland Institute proclaims a conspicuous confidence in single studies and grand interpretations… . makes many bold assertions that are often questionable or misleading. … Many climate skeptics seem to review scientific data and studies not as scientists but as attorneys, magnifying doubts and treating incomplete explanations as falsehoods rather than signs of progress towards the truth. … The Heartland Institute and its ilk are not trying to build a theory of anything. They have set the bar much lower, and are happy muddying the waters.” [15]

Murray Energy Funding

Murray Energy bankruptcy filings in 2019 revealed the Heartland Institute received $130,000 from the energy company owned by climate change denier Robert Murray. The filings revealed a wide range of creditors with deep ties to climate change denial including the International Climate Science Coalition, the Competitive Enterprise Institute, and Government Accountability & Oversight. Robert Murray was known for being a major Trump donor, and giving officials a wish list of proposed actions to help the coal industry. See related reporting from The InterceptEnergy and Environment News, and The New York Times. [254], [255], [256]

Other groups funded by Murray Energy include FreedomWorks, the Cato Institute, the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow, and Judicial Watch. As The New York Times noted, Murray continued to fund climate change denial even as his company was going bankrupt. 

2012 Heartland Document Leak

In 2012, leaked documents revealed some of the Heartland Institute’s initiatives and climate change strategy including a tailored high school curriculum. As reported at the New York Times, (“Leak Offers Glimpse of Campaign Against Climate Science) the Heartland Institute would have help from the Charles G. Koch Foundation to “cast doubt on the scientific finding that fossil fuel emissions endanger the long-term welfare of the planet.”  

The documents also discussed “Operation Angry Badger,” which the New York Times described as “a plan to spend $612,000 to influence the outcome of recall elections and related fights … in Wisconsin over the role of public-sector unions.” [2], [3]

Heartland has promoted itself using a partial quote from The Economist that describes Heartland as “the world’s most prominent think-tank promoting scepticism about man-made climate change.” However, the full paragraph in The Economist’s 2012 article provides a more complete picture: “The Heartland Institute, the world’s most prominent think-tank promoting scepticism about man-made climate change, is getting a lot of heat.”

Heartland lost an estimated $825,000 in expected donations, a number of directors and almost its entire branch in Washington, DC shortly after putting up a billboard comparing those who believed in man-made global warming to the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski. At its annual meeting in Chicago, the institute’s president, Joseph Bast, said Heartland had ‘discovered who our real friends are.’ The 100-odd guests who failed to show up for the ‘7th Climate Conference’ were not among them.” [4], [5]

Heartland Institute and Tobacco

In the 1990s, the Heartland Institute worked with the tobacco company Philip Morris to question the science linking second-hand smoke to health risks, and lobbied against government public health reforms. Heartland continues to maintain a “Smoker’s Lounge” section of their website which brings together their policy studies, Op-Eds, essays, and other documents that purport to “[cut] through the propaganda and exaggeration of anti-smoking groups.” [6]

In a 1998 op-ed, former Heartland president Joe Bast claimed that “moderate” smoking doesn’t raise lung cancer risks, and that there were  “few, if any, adverse health effects” associated with smoking. In a fundraising letter to Phillip Morris, Bast wrote to a Phillip Morris executive  that “Heartland does many things that benefit Philip Morris’s bottom line, things that no other organization does.” Later, in 2014 Bast denied that he had claimed cigarettes were not harmful, until confronted with his own op-ed. [7], [182], [8]

Roy Marden, past Corporate Affairs Policy Analyst and Manager of Industry Affairs at Philip Morris, served as a board member at the Heartland Institute from 1996 until 2008. According to Heartland, “The public health community’s campaign to demonize smokers and all forms of tobacco is based on junk science.” Joseph Bast, current President and CEO, was a strong defender of RJ Reynolds brand Camel’s “Joe Camel” campaign, which some have argued (here, and here, for example)  targeted younger children. [9], [10], [11], [12]

President Tim Huelskamp

In June, 2017, The Heartland Institute announced Kansas Rep. Tim Huelskamp would be replacing Joe Bast as president, to begin working starting July, 2017. Bast said he would remain with Heartland as CEO until some time in 2018. Less than two years after starting the role, Huelskamp reportedly resigned from his position in June 2019 with Jim Lakely filing in as interim presidentHeartland did not comment on why Huelskamp left the position. [182][246]

Huelskamp is former chairman of the Tea Party Caucus and a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus. Huelskamp maintains a lifetime score of 5% with the League of Conservation Voters, with a score of 0% in 2016. A full list of legislation sponsored or cosponsored by Huelskamp is available at Congress.gov. According to his voting record tracked at OnTheIssues, Huelskamp has consistently voted against any legislation that would combat fossil fuel emissions or climate change. [183][184], [185], [186]

According to data from OpenSecrets, Huelskamp’s top donor is Koch Industries and he has received the highest lifetime campaign contributions from the Oil and Gas industry, totally over one-quarter of a million dollars. Below are career totals added up by OpenSecrets. [187], [188]

Industry Total   Contributor Total Indivs PACs
Oil & Gas $252,393   Koch Industries $40,900 $3,400 $37,500
Retired $209,441   Watco Companies $36,200 $36,200 $0
Crop Production & Basic Processing $196,178   American Bankers Assn $35,000 $0 $35,000
Republican/Conservative $167,254   B&G Production $34,400 $34,400 $0
Leadership PACs $152,163   House Freedom Fund $34,025 $250 $33,775
Health Professionals $124,755   National Assn of Home Builders $32,500 $0 $32,500
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing $102,850   Russell Stover Candies $32,200 $32,200 $0
Commercial Banks $93,600   Vess Oil Corp $30,000 $30,000 $0
Real Estate $75,310   Hodgdon Powder $28,700 $28,700 $0
Railroads $67,848   Onyx Collection $25,500 $25,500 $0
Agricultural Services/Products $65,700   KMG Tool $24,400 $24,400 $0
General Contractors $59,647   Berexco Inc $23,700 $23,700 $0
Food & Beverage $59,550   National Auto Dealers Assn $22,500 $0 $22,500
Home Builders $58,900   Citizens United $22,000 $0 $22,000
Securities & Investment $55,286   Every Republican is Crucial PAC $20,000 $0 $20,000
Misc Finance $53,250   AT&T Inc $19,500 $500 $19,000
Livestock $51,025   American Medical Assn $19,000 $1,000 $18,000
Insurance $50,613   National Assn of Realtors $19,000 $0 $19,000
Retail Sales $44,700   Ariel Corp $18,900 $18,900 $0
Lawyers/Law Firms $42,422   Ag Services $18,250 $18,250 $0

Tim Huelskamp also a signatory to Americans for Prosperity‘s “No Climate Tax” pledge. The pledge reads as follows:[189]

“I, ________________, pledge to the American people that I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue”

He also told HuffPost that he didn’t believe that climate change was “settled “science.” [190]

I don’t think there’s a scientific consensus on that,” Huelskamp said. “If you want to print that life begins at conception, that’s settled science.”

Alternative for Germany (AfD) & Heartland Institute Connections

In May 2019, Spiegel reported EIKE was working closely with the right populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) party. Spiegel notes that “EIKE is not a scientific institute, but merely an association. There are no legal restrictions on the term ‘institute.’” [244]

On its website, the group argues that climate policy is a ‘pretense’ for leaders to ‘control the economy and the population’ and to “burden people with taxes,” Spiegel ads. “It tries to stir up hatred against the ‘Friday for Future’ demonstrations and against Greta Thunberg, who some EIKE members refer to as ‘Greta Tuna’ or that ‘climate protection hussy.’ As far as institutes go, this one only seems to churn out unsophisticated propaganda.” [244]

Michael Limburg of EIKE claimed by phone that ”EIKE is unaffiliated with any political party.” However, “Limburg himself ran as an AfD candidate in the national election in Gerany and co-wrote a paper for the party’s federal committee on energy policy, which now serves as the basis for the party’s climate policy. EIKE spokesperson Horst-Joachim Lüdecke, a physicist, was invited by the AfD as an expert on multiple occasions.” [244]

Spiegel also highlights EIKE‘s connection to the Heartland Institute, which “which provides EIKE with support at conferences.” When asked about the ties to Heartland, Limburg confirmed that EIKE was “loosely connected” to both Heartland and the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT). Both groups have recieved significant funding from both the oil industry (over $500,000 apiece from ExxonMobil) and right-wing foundations like the Mercers and Koch Family Foundations[244]

Stance on Climate Change

“Probably two-thirds of the warming in the 1990s was due to natural causes; the warming trend already has stopped and forecasts of future warming are unreliable; and the benefits of a moderate warming are likely to outweigh the costs.

“Global warming, in other words, is not a crisis.” [16]

“You may also know us from our work exposing the shoddy science and missing economics behind the global warming delusion. Our videos, books, studies, and international conferences changed the debate and led to the defeat of ‘cap and trade.’” [17]

“Some environmentalists call for a ‘save-the-day’ strategy to ‘stop global warming,’ saying it is better to be safe than sorry. Such a position seems logical until we stop to think: Immediate action wouldn’t make us any safer, but it would surely make us poorer. And being poorer would make us less safe.” [18]

“Unfortunately, global warming is an issue that is well suited to political demagoguery, which can be defined as pandering to misinformed voters and promising unrealistic solutions. Since opinion polls indicate a majority of the public believes warming is happening, politicians might think the safe strategy is to say ‘I believe global warming is a serious problem and I support measures to reduce global warming pollution by supporting renewable fuels and energy efficiency.’ Such politicians should be ‘outed’ for claiming to be smarter than scientists who have studied climate for many years and for using scare tactics to win elections.” [19]

“There is no consensus about the causes, effects, or future rate of global warming.” [20]

Comments Surrounding 2021 Capitol Insurrection

On Jan. 10, 2021, following the Capitol insurrection on Jan. 6, 2021, the Heartland Institute’s social media account retweeted a thread by @jlakely, calling it “A good thread.” The thread compares tech giants’ refusal to do business with Parler, a social media site that had declined to remove specific calls for violence, to the actions of the East German secret police, the Stasi (who were notorious for their embrace of surveillance and extrajudicial executions). [272], [273][274]

The Heartland Institute has also posted on social media about a conspiracy theory known as “the Great Reset,” which the linked website describes as “a multi-faceted plan that seeks to undermine free-market capitalism, redistribute wealth on a global scale, and rewrite the ‘social contract, among many other disturbing things.” [275]

BBC News fact checked the “Great Reset” conspiracy theory here, writing, “the suggestion that politicians planned the virus, or are using it to destroy capitalism is wholly without evidence. So too is the notion that the World Economic Forum has the authority to tell other countries what to do, or that it is coordinating a secret cabal of world leaders.” The conspiracy theory has also been accused of encouraging anti-semitic sentiments. [276], [277]

On Jan. 29, 2021, the Heartland Institute’s social media account retweeted a claim that “The Simulation is spiraling out of control” in response to the news that the Black Lives Matter movement was nominated for a Nobel peace prize:


501(c)(3) Charitable Status

According to Heartland in 2011, “Approximately 1,800 supporters support an annual budget of $6 million. Heartland does not accept government funding. Contributions are tax-deductible under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.” As of June 2015, that number has increased to 8,300 supporters, (budget remains listed at $6 million). [21], [22]

Computer scientist John Mashey filed a complaint in 2012 with the IRS questioning Heartland’s charitable status

“I believe there was a massive abuse of 501c(3),” Mashey said. “My extensive study of these think tanks showed numerous specific actions that violated the rules – such as that their work is supposed to be factually based. Such as there was a whole lot of behavior that sure looked like lobbying and sending money to foreign organizations that are not charities.” [23]

Mashey’s 2012 report on the Heartland Institute (see PDF) also examines the finances and actions of other organizations including the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), and the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (CDCDGC).

According to his report (p. 39), the Heartland Institute has received roughly $395,000 from the tobacco company Philip Morris.

Heartland no longer reveals their individual donors, they explain, because “listing our donors in this way allowed people who disagree with our views to accuse us of being ‘paid’ by specific donors to take positions in public policy debates, something we never do. After much deliberation and with some regret, we now keep confidential the identities of all our donors.” [24]

Greenpeace’s ExxonSecrets reports that the Heartland Institute has received $676,500 from ExxonMobil since 1998. Greenpeace also reports that Heartland received at least $55,000 from Koch Industries. [25], [26]

990 Forms

Heartland Institute as Recipient

The following is based on data from the Conservative Transparency project and from publicly available 990 forms. Not all funding values have been verified by DeSmog. [27]

See the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Heartland Institute funding by year (.xlsx).  [27]

Donor Total Contributions
Donors Capital Fund $21,486,044
Mercer Family Foundation $6,688,000
DonorsTrust $5,398,100
Dunn’s Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking $1,430,000
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $1,215,500
Barbara and Barre Seid Foundation $1,037,977
Schwab Charitable Fund $759,600
Exxon Mobil $561,500
Walton Family Foundation $410,000
Chase Foundation of Virginia $392,500
Barney Family Foundation1 $360,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation $325,000
Searle Freedom Trust $300,000
American Action Network $300,000
Bradley Impact Fund $206,000
Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice $205,100
The Rodney Fund $202,000
Jaquelin Hume Foundation $201,000
Charlotte and Walter Kohler Charitable Trust $190,500
Ed Uihlein Family Foundation $175,000
Stuart Family Foundation $175,000
The McWethy Foundation $125,000
Castle Rock Foundation $110,000
The Rauner Family Foundation $100,000
PhRMA $90,000
JM Foundation $82,000
Armstrong Foundation $72,500
Adolph Coors Foundation $70,000
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $62,578
John William Pope Foundation $55,000
National Association of Manufacturers $52,500
Windway Foundation $47,000
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation $44,000
Robert P. Rotella Foundation $42,500
The Roe Foundation $41,500
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation $40,000
John M. Olin Foundation $40,000
Deramus Foundation2 $35,000
American Petroleum Institute $25,000
Hickory Foundation $23,000
Dodge Jones Foundation $20,500
Huizenga Foundation $19,500
The Robertson-Finley Foundation $18,000
E L Craig Foundation $15,000
Woodhouse Family Foundation $14,500
Hoover Institution $10,000
The Carthage Foundation $10,000
The Challenge Foundation $6,000
Edgar and Elsa Prince Foundation $5,000
Foundation for Economic Education $255
Richard Seth Staley Educational Foundation $200
Grand Total $43,295,354

1Has funded to DonorsTrust, a group that has distributed over $80 million to conservative causes, many of which deny man-made climate change.

2Has funded Philanthropy Roundtable, a spinoff of DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund. They all operate in a similar way to cloak the identity of donors by having donations under the name of DonorsTrust, Donors Capital Fund, or Philanthropy Roundtable.

Heartland Institute as Donor

Heartland Institute donations are listed on their 990 forms up to the year 2010. Current values are not available. [27][28]

Recipient Total
Shimer College $500,000
Moving Picture Institute $250,000
Texas Public Policy Foundation $100,000
Americans for Prosperity Foundation $50,000
Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy $50,000
Evergreen Freedom Foundation $50,000
Maine Heritage Policy Center $50,000
James Madison Institute $50,000
International Climate Science Coalition $45,000
Galen Institute $43,000
Alabama Policy Institute $40,000
Free Enterprise Education Institute $25,000
Africa Fighting Malaria $25,000
Frontier Centre for Public Policy $25,000
Kansas Taxpayers Network $25,000
New Zealand Climate Science Coalition $25,000
Natural Resources Stewardship Project $25,000
Council for Affordable Health Insurance $20,000
Science & Environmental Policy Project $15,000
South Carolina Policy Council $10,000
Grand Total $1,423,000

Koch Funding

According to Greenpeace USA, Koch Foundations contributed $55,000 to the Heartland Institute between 1997 and 2011. [26]

*Original tax forms prior to 1997 are no longer available for verification. If you include these values, the grand total jumps to $100,000 in Koch funding from 1987 to 2011. [26]

Year Charles Koch Foundation Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation Grand Total
*1986 $2,578   $2,578
*1987 $5,000   $5,000
*1988 $5,000   $5,000
*1989 $5,000   $5,000
*1992   $10,000 $10,000
*1995 $10,000   $10,000
*1996 $10,000   $10,000
1997   $10,000 $10,000
1998   $10,000 $10,000
1999   $10,000 $10,000
2011 $25,000   $25,000
Grand Total $62,578 $40,000 $102,578

The Heartland Institute’s leaked 2012 Fundraising Plan states that “The Charles G. Koch Foundation returned as a Heartland Donor in 2011. We expect to ramp up their level of support in 2012 and gain access to the network of philanthropists they work with.”

However, the Foundation since released the following statement: “… the Charles Koch Foundation provided $25,000 to the Heartland Institute in 2011 for research in healthcare, not climate change, and this was the first and only donation the Foundation made to the institute in more than a decade. The Foundation has made no further commitments of funding to Heartland.” [29]

Donors Capital Fund/DonorsTrust

Donors Capital Fund (DCF) and its partner organization DonorsTrust allow donors to fund organizations anonymously. They appear to be a spinoff of the Philanthropy Roundtable, a group run by Whitney Ball, who also launched DonorsTrust.

The Heartland Institute has received large anonymous donations through DCF and DonorsTrust, with a combined total of at least $15,391,794.

See p. 58 of the 2012 Mashey Report for more details.John Mashey also covers DCF on page 65 of his 2012 report. According to DCF‘s website, “Donors Capital Fund is an IRS-approved, 501(c)(3), 509(a)(3) supporting organization that is associated with DonorsTrust, a public charity and donor-advised fund formed to safeguard the charitable intent of donors who are dedicated to the ideals of limited government, personal responsibility, and free enterprise.”

DonorsTrust refers clients to Donors Capital Fund if they expect to open donor-advised funds of over $1,000,000. [30]


DonorsTrust contributed at least $631,250 between 2008 and 2012 to the Heartland Institute: [31]

Source 990 forms:

Year Project  
2007   $500
2008 general operations $11,750
2009 general operations $1,000
  general operations $1,000
  general operations $3,000
  general operations $5,000
  “advertising in response to organization’s emphasis on marketing of research.” $6,500
  general operations $500,000
2010 general operations $250
  general operations $1,000
  general operations $1,000
2012 Seventh International Conference on Climate Change $100,000
  general operations $250
  general operations $500
Grand Total   $631,750

Donors Capital Fund

From 2005 to 2013, DCF contributed at least $16,560,544 to the Heartland Institute. See source 990 forms below: [32]

Year Project  
2005 Individual projects not listed. $550,427
2007 Individual projects not listed. $2,955,437
2008 general operations $2,000,000
  “the global warming research project” $900,000
  “media materials” $100,000
  “staff directed research” $126,000
  “final installment of three-year general ops support” $1,300,000
  “global warming research projects” $184,000
2009 CORE $10,590
  G.W. reporting for one year” $150,000
  “health care project” $190,000
  “Ranthum, Australia and Old projects” $300,000
  general operations $400,000
  $620,940 for “GW-end” and $500,000 for annual support $1,120,940
2010 for the organization’s India Meeting Project $14,150
  general operations $1,650,000
2011 $49,000 for the NIPCC/Climate Change Project and $80,000 for School Choice in TX $129,000
2012 general operations $1,000,000
2013 for Climatism books & DVD projects $100,000
  for the Sri Fi Project ($60,000) and the  New Zealand Project ($20,000) $80,000
  general operations $1,500,000
2015 for general operations $1,800,000
Grand Total   $16,560,544

Anonymous Donor

One Anonymous Donor has contributed a large percentage of Heartland’s budget in past years, with a focus on their global warming projects.

According to the Heartland 2012 Fundraising Plan, the Anonymous Donor made the following contributions from 2007-2011:

Project 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
General Operating $500,000 $500,000 $500,000 $700,000 $350,000
Ramp Up Program $800,000 $800,000 $400,000 $0 $0
Global Warming Projects $1,976,937 $3,300,000 $1,732,180 $964,150 $629,000
Health Care $0 $0 $190,000 $0 $0
School Reform $0 $0 $0 $0 $80,000
Total $3,276,937 $4,600,000 $2,822,180 $1,664,150 $979,000

Illinois auditor reports for 2003-2009 reveal that a single donor (possibly the same individual as the “Anonymous Donor”) contributed the following percentages of outstanding accounts receivable in those years (also see p. 56 of John Mashey’s report):

2004 (PDF — See p. 27) — 74% contributed by two donors.

2005 (PDF — See p. 32) — 74% from one donor.

2006 (PDF — See p. 33) — 25% from one individual.

2007 (PDF — See p. 32) — 38% from one donor.

2008 (PDF — from 2009 — see p. 43) — 58% from one donor.

2009 (see previous, p. 43) — 35% from one donor.

The Anonymous Donor pledged $1,250,000 for 2012, including contributions to the NIPCC Project, Anthony Watts‘ “Weather Stations Project,” and David Wojick‘s “Global Warming Curriculum Project” (See “Actions” for details):

Amount Project
$457,000 General Operating
$194,000 NIPCC Project
$44,000 Weather Stations Project
$100,000 Global Warming Curriculum Project
$105, 000 Cook County Debt Project
$100,000 Operation Angry Badger
$250,000 Additional gift (not determined)
$1,250,000 Total

Renewing 2012 Donors

Reproduced below, from Heartland’s “2012 Fundraising Plan” (p. 22 – 25) is their list of organizations and foundations that they expected to donate in 2012, as well as their donations from 2010-2011.

Note that after this information became public, some donors pulled their support of the Institute. Even more pulled support after Heartland’s Unabomber billboard campaign which asserted that “the most prominent advocates of global warming aren’t scientists; they are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.” [33]

Some donors who no longer fund Heartland include:

  • General Motors Corporation
  • State Farm Insurance
  • Diageo
  • BB&T
  • PepsiCo
  • Eli Lilly & Co.
  • RenaissanceRe
  • XL Group
  • Allied World Assurance Company
  • USAA
  • Bayer
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Verizon
  • Wisconsin Insurance Alliance
  • Credit Union National Association

Original funders included:

Name 2010 Actual 2011 Actual 2012 Projected 2012 as
% of
Allied World Assurance Company Holdings, Ltd. $50,000 $60,000 $40,000 67% FIRE
Altria Client Services Inc.1 $40,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% BTN
Amgen, USA $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Arthur Margulis2 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation $0 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
Association of Bermuda Insurers and
$50,000 $75,000 $50,000 67% FIRE
AT&T for IT&T News $70,000 $30,000 $30,000 100% ITTN
AT&T for CFIRE $0 $0 $10,000 ?? FIRE
Barney Family Foundation3 $50,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% SRN
Bartley Madden $182,277 $216,656 $400,000 185% HCN
Bayer Corporation $0 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
BB&T (John Allison) $16,105 $0 $25,000 ?? ECN
Bernard Baltic Estate $0 $77,807 $0 0% GO
Castle Rock Foundation $0 $0 $40,000 ?? GO
Charles McQuaid $11,000 $1,000 $10,000 1000% ECN
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $0 $25,000 $200,000 800% HCN
Chase Foundation of Virginia4 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
Chris Rufer5 $27,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% GO
Comcast Corporation $10,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% ITTN
Contran Corporation $25,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% ECN
Credit Union National Association $26,500 $30,000 $25,000 83% FIRE
CTIA – The Wireless Association $80,000 $40,000 $40,000 100% ITTN
David Albin $10,540 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Dan Hales $20,560 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
David Herro $35,000 $60,000 $60,000 100% ECN
David Lawson $20,864 $17,000 $15,000 88% GO
Dezenhall Resources, Ltd.6 $15,000 $27,000 $50,000 185% HCN
Diageo $10,000 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
Eli Lilly & Company $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Elizabeth Rose7 $40,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
Eric Brooks $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Farmers’ Insurance (Zurich) $0 $0 $25,000 ?? FIRE
Frank Resnik8 $5,065 $25,000 $30,000 120% GO
Fred Young $10,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
General Motors Foundation9 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% SRN
Genting $0 $0 $0 ?? FIRE
GlaxoSmithKline $30,000 $20,000 $20,000 100% HCN
Gleason Family Foundation10 $0 $50,000 $50,000 100% SRN
Golden Rule Insurance Company $40,030 $250,000 $250,000 100% HCN
Herbert Walberg11 $85,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% GO
HSA Bank $0 $0 $10,000 ?? HCN
International Premium Cigar & Pipe
$0 $0 $10,000 ?? BTN
IronBridge Capital Management, L.P. $40,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
James Fitzgerald12 $10,000 $0 $25,000 ?? SRN
James McWethy $0 $20,000 $20,000 100% ECN
Jaquelin Hume Foundation13 $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? SRN
Jerry and Marilyn Hayden $120,000 $170,000 $170,000 118% GO
John William Pope Foundation $25,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
Kayser Family Foundation $13,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% ECN
KCI $0 $115,000 $0 0% FIRE
Larch Communications, LLC $0 $0 $25,000 ?? BTN
Larry Smead Fund $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Las Vegas Sands (DCI Group) $0 $0 $5,000 ?? FIRE
Leslie Rose14 $65,500 $50,000 $60,000 120% GO
LKQ Corporation $24,500 $0 $150,000 ?? FIRE
Lynde & Harry Bradley Foundation $125,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% ECN
Microsoft Corporation15 $0 $59,908 $10,000 17% ITTN
Mike Keiser $31,000 $25,000 $35,000 140% GO
Milbank Foundation for Rehabilitation $0 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Murray Energy Corporation $100,000 $0 $40,000 ?? ECN
National Cable & Telecommunications Association $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% ITTN
Nationwide Insurance $0 $0 $10,000 ?? FIRE
Norman Rogers $3,570 $10,000 $20,000 200% GO
Nucor Corporation $402,000 $100,000 $50,000 50% ECN
Patrick O’Meara $80,000 $0 $60,000 ??  
Pfizer $130,000 $0 $150,000 ?? HCN
PhRMA16 $20,000 $0 $20,000 ?? HCN
Renaissance ReService Ltd. $90,000 $317,000 $280,000 88% FIRE
Reynolds American Inc. 0$ $110,000 $110,000 100% FIRE
Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment17 $0 $0 $10,000 ?? ECN
Robert Buford18 $21,120 $30,000 $30,000 100% GO
Rodney Fund $10,000 $12,000 $10,000 83% GO
Searle Freedom Trust19 $0 $0 $50,000 ?? ECN
State Farm (Jeff Judson)20 $114,200 $230,000 $95,000 41% FIRE
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 100% FIRE
Susquehanna International Group LLP $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% HCN
Stanley Hubbard $65 $10,000 $10,000 100% ECN
Stuart Family Foundation $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? ECN
Texas Cable Association $0 $0 $5,000 ?? FIRE
The Deramus Foundation $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
The Justice Foundation $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% SRN
The Negaunee Foundation $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% BTN
Philip Friedmann Family Charitable Trust $15,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
The Robert P. Rotella Foundation $5,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% HCN
Time Warner Cable $10,000 $10,000 $20,000 200% ITTN
Triad Foundation, Inc. $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% ECN
USAA21 $0 $45,000 $50,000   FIRE
US Chamber of Commerce $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? LEGAL
Will Wohler $8,000 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
William Dunn22 $150,000 $330,000 $300,000 91% HCN
Wisconsin Insurance Alliance $0 $0 $50,000 ?? FIRE
XL Group $0 $35,000 $0 0% FIRE
Verizon23 $0 $0 $10,000 ?? ITTN
Totals $2,887,896 $3,293,371 $4,145,000 126%  


  1. Altria Group is the parent company of Philip Morris USA.

  2. Appears to have been a Heartland Institute Board Member.

  3. Also funded the Cato Institute in 2006, 2007, and possibly other years.

  4. Funded the Cato Institute in 2006.

  5. Attended a June 2010 Meeting of the Koch Network, aka the “Koch Strategy Meeting.”

  6. A PR company described by SourceWatch as specializing in “’aggressive’ campaigns to defend corporations from complaints by progressive groups.”

  7. Appears to have been a past Heartland Institute Board Member (2009).

  8. Frank Resnik, retired Vice-Chairman of Medline Industries, Inc., was also a past Heartland Institute Board Member.

  9. When originally asked about its funding of Heartland, GM responded: “We support a variety of organizations that give careful and considerate thought to complex policy issues and Heartland is one of them,” Greg Martin, GM’s director of policy and Washington communications said to The Guardian. This was before Heartland’s billboard campaign. [34]

  10. Also funded the Cato Institute in 2006.

  11. Current Heartland Institute Board Member, and member of the Hoover Institution’s Koret Task Force on K-12 Education. The Hoover Institution has received funding from ExxonMobil and Scaife Foundations among others.

  12. Past Heartland Institute Board Member (2009).

  13. Possible connection to ALEC: Gisele Huff, executive director of Jaquelin Hume Foundation, spoke at the 2001 ALEC Task Force Meeting in New York. According to the Conservative Transparency project, the foundation has also funded the Cato Instiute. [35]

  14. Member of the Board of Directors of  the “New Coalition for Economic and Social Change,” an organization with affiliations with the Heartland Institute and a member of the State Policy Network.

  15. According to a statement from Microsoft, this donation “came in the form of software licenses available to ‘any eligible non-profit organization’.” Microsoft continues to support Heartland. Following Heartland’s billboard campaign, Microsoft stated that “The Heartland Institute does not speak for Microsoft on climate change. In fact, the Heartland Institute’s position on climate change is diametrically opposed to Microsoft’s position. And we completely disagree with the group’s inflammatory and distasteful advertising campaign.” Microsoft continues to donate software to Heartland. [36], [37]

  16. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) is an influential lobbying organization in Washington representing 48 pharmaceutical companies.

  17. According to SourceWatch, RISE is a lobbying and public relations trade organization, defends the “urban usage” of pesticides in homes, schools, and landscapes.

  18. Robert Buford is a Heartland Institute Board Member.

  19. Kimberly O. Dennis, President and CEO of Searle Freedom Trust is also on the Board of Directors of the Donors Capital Fund (DCF). DCF and its related Donor’s Trust allow groups and individuals to donate anonymously. DCF is also a key source of Heartland’s anonymous donations. [38]

  20. There is also a “Jeff Judson,” listed as president of Judson & Associates, who is on Heartland’s current Board of Directors and who was the former president of the Texas Public Policy Foundation. A search does not list a connection between a Jeff Judson and State Farm, so this may not be the same individual.

  21. According to SourceWatch, one United Services Automobile Association (USAA) was listed as an American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) supporter, being a “Trustee” level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference.

  22. William A. Dunn runs Dunn Capital Management, Inc. in Stuart, Florida. He has been a Director of the Property and Environment Research Center, the Cato Institute, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI). Dunn’s Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking has supported the Mackinac Center for Public Policy.

  23. According to SourceWatch, Verizon is a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). It is on the corporate “Private Enterprise” board and is State corporate co-chair of Virginia and Wyoming. It has been a member of the ALEC Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force.

Key People

The Heartland Institute has over 800 experts and staff members on their website. View the attached spreadsheet for a complete list of Heartland experts and staff (.xlsx).

Board of Directors

Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2016[153] 2017 2018 Description
Arthur B. Robinson                               Y Y Cofounder, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Brian Singer                           Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Chuck Lang                       Y Y Y Y Y Y Indianapolis, Indiana
Dan Hales Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Winnetka, Illinois
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
James L. Johnston Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
Jeffrey Madden                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Jeré C. Fabick                         Y Y Y Y Y Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Joseph L. Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y President and CEO (stepping down as of July, 2017) [182]
Robert J. Buford                 Y Y Y Y     Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
William S. Armistead                         Y Y Y Y Y Duluth, Georgia
Jeff Judson                     Y Y Y Y       San Antonio, Texas
Jeffrey V. McKinley                         Y Y       Chicago, Illinois
Robert Buford Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y         Y Y       Chicago, Illinois
Arthur Margulis                 Y Y Y Y Y         Chicago, Illinois
Harrison H. Schmitt                   Y Y Y           Albuquerque, New Mexico
Mike Rose                     Y Y           Washington, DC
Paul Fisher     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y           Chicago, Illinois
David H. Padden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y              
Rajeev Bal           Y Y Y Y Y Y              
Richard Collins                   Y Y              
Robert J. Lamendola                     Y              
Elizabeth Rose             Y Y Y Y               San Diego, California
James Fitzgerald   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y               Inverness, Illinois
William Higginson     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y               Chicago, Illinois
Frank Resnik Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y                 Chicago, Illinois
Thomas Walton       Y Y Y Y Y Y                 Detroit, Michigan
Biju Kulathakal               Y                    
Roy E. Marden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y                   Philip Morris Companies
Walter F. Buchholtz         Y Y Y                      
Lee Tooman         Y Y                        
Leslie Rose Y Y Y Y Y Y                        
Lee H. Walker Y Y Y Y Y                          
John Skorburg     Y Y                           American Farm Bureau Federation
Robert E. Russell Jr.     Y Y                           Robert Russell & Associates Inc.
Ross Kaminsky       Y                           Tahoe Trading LLC
David Thornbury Y Y Y                             General Motors Corporation
Al St. Clair Y Y                               Procter & Gamble
John Hosemann Y Y                               American Farm Bureau Federation
Ronald Docksai Y                                 Bayer Corporation


Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 Description
Kevin Leonard                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Creative Director
Diane Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Executive Editor and Finance Manager
Joseph Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director and Senior Fellow
Nikki Comerford           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Associate Publisher and Events Manager
S.T. Karnick           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Publications
Gwendalyn Carver               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Development
John Nothdurft                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Government Relations
Keely Drukala                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Deputy Director of Communications
Matthew Glans                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Policy Analyst
Jim Lakely                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Communications
Latreece Reed                       Y Y Y Y Y Y Executive Vice President
Jay Lehr     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Y Y Y Y Y Science Director
Aaron D. Stover                           Y Y Y Y Corporate Relations Officer
Isaac Orr                           Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
H. Sterling Burnett                             Y Y Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Jesse Hathaway                             Y Y Y Research Fellow and Managing Editor, Budget & Tax News
Justin Haskins                             Y Y Y Executive Editor and Research Fellow
Donny Kendal                               Y Y Graphic Designer
Lennie Jarratt                               Y Y Project Manager, Center for Transforming Education
Lindsey Stroud                               Y Y State Government Relations Manager
Teresa Mull                               Y Y Research Fellow and Managing Editor, School Reform News
Tim Benson                               Y Y Policy Analyst
Veronica Harrison                               Y Y Director of Marketing
Wanda L. Davis                               Y Y Executive Assistant to the President
Peter Ferrara                         Y Y Y   Y Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
Andy Singer                                 Y New Media Specialist
Arianna Wilkerson                                 Y Government Relations
Bette Grande                                 Y Research Fellow
Billy Aouste                                 Y New Media Specialist
Charles Katebi                                 Y State Government Relations Manager
Christopher Talgo                                 Y Marketing Coordinator
Edward Hudgins                                 Y Research Director
Frederick D. Palmer                                 Y Senior Fellow for Energy and Climate. Palmer joined Heartland in January, 2017. Fred Palmer is Peabody Energy’s Senior Vice President of Government Relations. [162], [163]
Herbert J. Walberg                                 Y Senior Fellow, Education
Joseph Davis                                 Y Librarian
Robert G. Holland                                 Y Senior Fellow, Education
Tim Huelskamp                                 Y Former president and CEO. Resigned in June 2019 [246]
Nathan Makla                             Y Y   State Government Relations Manager
Kyle Maichle                             Y Y   Project Manager, Constitutional Reform, The Heartland Institute
Logan Elizabeth Pike                               Y   State Government Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
MaryAnn McCabe                               Y   State Government Relations Manager
Michael Hamilton                               Y    
Steve Stanek           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Research Fellow, Finance Insurance and Real Estate
Robin Knox                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Administrator of Foundation Support, The Heartland Institute
Benjamin Domenech                     Y Y Y Y Y      
James M. Taylor       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y Y     Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Heather Kays                             Y     Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Logan Pike                             Y     State Government Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
Veronica Adkins                             Y     Marketing Manager
Joy Pullmann                       Y Y Y       Research Fellow, Education
Taylor Smith                         Y Y        
Jennifer Pinnell                           Y       Vice President of Development
Conrad Meier Y Y Y Y Y Y             Y         Heartland Institute Staff
Mark Sulkin                         Y         Director of Development, The Heartland Institute
Elizabeth Ow           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y           Graphic Designer
Kevin Fitzgerald Y Y Y Y Y       Y Y Y Y           Vice President
Tammy Nash                   Y Y Y           Media Relations Manager
Alan B. Smith                     Y Y           Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Bruce Edward Walker                     Y Y           Policy Advisor, Technology and Telecom
Bruno Behrend                     Y Y           Senior Fellow, The Heartland Institute
Christian Cámara                     Y Y           Florida Director, Center on Finance, Insurance and Real Estate.
Eli Lehrer                     Y Y           National Director and Vice President.
Julie Drenner                     Y Y           Co-founder, Texas Director, R-Street
Antoinette Blacconeri                       Y           Intern, Government Relations Department
Brandon Arnold                       Y           Director, Government and Institutional Relations, Free To Choose Medicine Project.
Deborah Bailin                       Y           Administrator, Washington, DC Office
Don Brown                       Y           Senior Fellow, Insurance Policy.
John Monaghan                       Y           Legislative Specialist.
Kendall Antekeier                       Y           Writer
R.J. Lehmann                       Y           Public Affairs Director, R Street Institute
Rachel Rivest Dunbar                       Y           Corporate Relations Manager
Vincent H. Galbiati                       Y           Managing Director, Free To Choose Medicine Project
Cheryl Parker Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y             Administrative Assistant, The Heartland Institute
Latreece Vankinscott     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y             Vice President – Administration, The Heartland Institute
Latonya Harris       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y             Computer Systems/Web Site Manager, The Heartland Institute
Maureen Martin           Y Y Y Y Y Y             Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Ralph Conner             Y Y Y Y Y             Local Legislation Manager, The Heartland Institute
Dan Miller Y               Y Y Y             Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Peter Fotos                 Y Y Y             Director of Government Relations, The Heartland Institute
Ben Boychuk                     Y             Policy Advisor, Education
Jesse Buggs                     Y             Administrative Assistant, Center on Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Marc Oestreich                     Y             Legislative Specialist, Coordinator – Heartland Digital
Paul Chesser                     Y             Associate Fellow, National Legal and Policy Center
Rachel Rivest                     Y             Development Assistant, The Heartland Institute
Karla Dial           Y Y Y Y Y               Managing Editor, School Reform News
Tonya Houston               Y Y Y               Administrative Assistant/Database Manager, The Heartland Institute
Brian Costin                 Y Y               Assistant Director of Government Relations, The Heartland Institute
Darrell Moore                 Y Y               Administrative Assistant/Data Entry Clerk, The Heartland Institute
Jeff Emanuel                 Y Y               Managing Editor. Health Care News
John O’Hara                 Y Y               Membership Manager, The Heartland Institute
Lauren Chrissos                 Y Y               Vice President – Development, The Heartland Institute
Zonia Pino                 Y Y               Legislative Specialist, The Heartland Institute
Kristine Esposo                   Y               Corporate Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne             Y Y Y                 Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Cece Forrester               Y Y                 Senior Development Associate, The Heartland Institute
Amy McIntyre           Y Y Y                   Senior Graphic Designer
Steven Titch           Y Y Y                   Independent Policy Analyst
Dane Wendell               Y                   Legislative Specialist
Erin Murphy               Y                   Legislative Assistant
James Rottet               Y                   Legislative Specialist
Jim Eiden               Y                   Legislative Specialist
Michael Van Winkle               Y                   Media Specialist
Trevor Martin               Y                   Government Relations Director
George Clowes Y Y Y Y Y Y Y                     Senior Fellow, Education
Erica Lieberman         Y Y Y                     Executive Assistant
John Skorburg         Y Y Y                     Associate Editor, Budget & Tax News
Sean Parnell         Y Y Y                     Research Fellow, Health Policy
Susan Konig           Y Y                     Managing Editor, Health Care News
Carole Wadley             Y                     Data Entry Clerk/Receptionist
Phylicia Lyons             Y                     Executive Director, Illinois School Choice Initiative
T. Nicholas Tyszka           Y                        
Yolanda Richardson           Y                        
Nikki Saret   Y Y Y Y                         Associate Publisher
Allen Fore         Y                         Vice President – Public Affairs
Ross Van Overberghe         Y                          
Greg Lackner       Y                           Public Affairs Director
Jen Beranek       Y                           Design Assistant
Toria Jones       Y                           Executive Assistant
John R. La Plante Y Y Y                             Research Assistant & Librarian
Lee Alan Lerner   Y Y                             Public Affairs Director
Robin Sikora     Y                             Executive Assistant
Latreece Smith   Y                               Receptionist and Administrative Assistant
Tom Randall   Y                               Managing Editor, Environment News
Bonner R. Cohen Y                                 Senior fellow, National Center for Public Policy Research
Michelle Jones Y                                 Receptionist & Administrative Assistant


*Note, the following is a partial list. It includes notable names from Heartland’s “Journalists Guide” to global warming, their general experts list, policy advisors, as well as their “speakers bureau” which highlights certain policy experts. As noted on the Heartland website, not all of the experts they list maintain a direct relationship with Heartland.

View the attached spreadsheet to see a full list of Heartland Experts year over year (.xlsx).

Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016 2018 Heartland Description
James M. Taylor       Y Y Y Y   Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Jay Lehr       Y Y Y Y   Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Science Director
Dennis Avery                 Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Director, Center for Global Food Issues
Craig Idso                 Y     Y Y Y Y Y Founder and Chairman, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
S. Fred Singer                 Y     Y Y Y Y Y Director, the Science and Environmental Policy Project
Tom Harris                 Y     Y Y Y Y Y Executive Director, International Climate Science Coalition
Steve Goreham                       Y Y Y Y Y Author, Environmental Researcher
Anthony R. Lupo                 Y       Y Y Y Y Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Missouri – Columbia
Anthony Watts                 Y       Y Y Y Y Founder, SurfaceStations.org; WattsUpWithThat.com
Craig Loehle                 Y       Y Y Y Y Principal Scientist, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement
E. Calvin Beisner                 Y       Y Y Y Y National Spokesman, Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation
Fred Goldberg (1942-2016)                 Y       Y Y Y Y Climate Analyst
George Taylor                 Y       Y Y Y Y Former State Climatologist and Faculty Member, Oregon State University
Howard Hayden                 Y       Y Y Y Y Professor of Physics Emeritus, University of Connecticut
Ian Plimer                 Y       Y Y Y Y Professor of Mining Geology, The University of Adelaide
Indur Goklany                 Y       Y Y Y Y Visiting Fellow, American Enterprise Institute
J. Scott Armstrong                 Y       Y Y Y Y Professor, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
John Coleman                 Y       Y Y Y Y Former Meteorologist, KUSITV San Diego
Lord Christopher Monckton                 Y       Y Y Y Y Former Special Advisor, UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Madhav Khandekar                 Y       Y Y Y Y Former Research Scientist, Environment Canada
Marlo Lewis                 Y       Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Myron Ebell                 Y       Y Y Y Y Director, Energy and Global Warming Policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Patrick Michaels                 Y       Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Richard Lindzen                 Y       Y Y Y Y Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Robert Bradley                 Y       Y Y Y Y CEO, Institute for Energy Research
Robert M. Carter (1942-2016)                 Y       Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow of The Heartland Institute
Roy Spencer                 Y       Y Y Y Y Principal Research Scientist, University of Alabama in Huntsville
Stanley Goldenberg                 Y       Y Y Y Y Hurricane Meteorologist, Miami, FL
Timothy Ball                 Y       Y Y Y Y Environmental Consultant and Former Climatology Professor, University of Winnipeg
Václav Klaus                 Y       Y Y Y Y President, Czech Republic
Willie Soon                 Y       Y Y Y Y Astrophysicist and a geoscientist based in Cambridge, MA
Harrison Schmitt                         Y Y Y Y Former NASA Astronaut and U.S. Senator
Patrick Moore                         Y Y Y Y Co-founder, former leader of Greenpeace; Chairman of Ecology, Energy and Prosperity with Canada’s Frontier Centre for Public Policy
Ron Arnold                         Y Y Y Y Executive Vice President, Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
William Kininmonth                         Y Y Y Y Scientist, Australasian Climate Research
Roy Cordato Y Y Y         Y Y   Y Y   Y Y Y Vice President for Research, John Locke Foundation
Norman Rogers                       Y   Y Y Y Author, Founder of Rabbitt Semiconductor
Walter Starck                       Y   Y Y Y Marine scientist and expert on coral reefs
Andreas Prokoph (1965-2016)                 Y         Y Y Y Adjunct Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa
Antonino Zichichi                 Y         Y Y Y Founder and Director, Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture
Art Horn                 Y         Y Y Y Meteorologist, The Art of Weather
Barun Mitra                 Y         Y Y Y Founder and Director, Liberty Institute
Boris Winterhalter                 Y         Y Y Y Senior Marine Research (retired), Geological Survey of Finland
Chris de Freitas                 Y         Y Y Y Associate Professor, University of Auckland
Chris Horner                 Y         Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Christopher Essex                 Y         Y Y Y Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario
Daniel Simmons                 Y         Y Y Y Director of State Affairs, Institute for Energy Research
David Archibald                 Y         Y Y Y Director, The Lavoisier Society
David Bellamy                 Y         Y Y Y Botanist, The Conservation Foundation
David Douglass                 Y         Y Y Y Professor of Physics, University of Rochester
David Wojick                 Y         Y Y Y Former consultant, Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Donald Boudreaux                 Y         Y Y Y Chairman, Department of Economics, George Mason University
Ferenc Miskolczi                 Y         Y Y Y Atmospheric Physicist
Freeman Dyson                 Y         Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies
Gerd-Rainer Weber                 Y         Y Y Y Scientist, German Coal Mining Association
H. Sterling Burnett                 Y         Y Y Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Iain Murray                 Y         Y Y Y Director of Projects and Analysis/Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Ian Clark                 Y         Y Y Y Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa
James O’Brien                 Y         Y Y Y Professor Emeritus of Meteorology and Oceanography, The Florida State University
Joel Schwartz                 Y         Y Y Y Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise Institute
Joseph D’Aleo                 Y         Y Y Y Executive Director, Icecap.us; Co-chief Meteorologist, WeatherBELL Analytics,LLC
Kennith Chilton                 Y         Y Y Y Director, Institute for Study of Economics and the Environment
Kesten Green                 Y         Y Y Y Senior Research Fellow, Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, University of South Australia Business School
Lee Gerhard                 Y         Y Y Y Senior Scientist Emeritus, University of Kansas
Marc Morano                 Y         Y Y Y Executive editor and chief correspondent, ClimateDepot.com
Owen McShane (1941-2012)                 Y         Y Y Y Chairman, Policy Panel, New Zealand Climate Science Coalition
R. Timothy Patterson                 Y         Y Y Y Professor of Geology, Carleton University
Robert Essenhigh                 Y         Y Y Y Bailey Professor of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University
Sallie Baliunas                 Y         Y Y Y Astrophysicist and Senior Scientist, George C. Marshall Institute
Steven Milloy                 Y         Y Y Y Portfolio Manager, Free Enterprise Action Fund
Syun-Ichi Akasofu                 Y         Y Y Y Founding Director, International Arctic Research Center
Thomas Tanton                 Y         Y Y Y Director of Science and Technology Assessment, E&E Legal
Todd Myers                 Y         Y Y Y Environmental Director, Washington Policy Center
Tom Segalstad                 Y         Y Y Y Associate Professor of Resource and Environmental Geology, University of Oslo
Vincent Gray                 Y         Y Y Y Expert Reviewer, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
William Briggs                 Y         Y Y Y Statistical Consultant, New York Methodist Hospital; wmbriggs.com
William Gray (1929-2016)                 Y         Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University
Alan Carlin                           Y Y Y Carlin Economics and Science
Alan Moran                           Y Y Y Past Director, Deregulation Unit at the Institute of Public Affairs
Arthur B. Robinson                           Y Y Y Cofounder, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Brian Valentine                           Y Y Y General Engineer, U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Fred L. Smith                           Y Y Y President and Founder, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Ivar Giaever                           Y Y Y Fellow, American Physical Society
Jan Veizer                           Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Geology, University of Ottawa
John Theon                           Y Y Y NASA Atmospheric Scientist (retired)
Kenneth Haapala                           Y Y Y President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
Kiminori Itoh                           Y Y Y Professor, Yokohama National University
Laurence Gould                           Y Y Y Professor of Physics, University of Hartford
Nir Shaviv                           Y Y Y Professor, Racah Institute of Physics
Peter Dietze                           Y Y Y Energy Advisor and Climate Modeler, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Petr Chylek                           Y Y Y Team Leader, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Paul Driessen                 Y     Y Y   Y Y Senior Policy Advisor, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow and Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
Jerome Arnett Jr.                       Y Y   Y Y Pulmonologist
Joe Bastardi                         Y   Y Y Chief Meteorologist, WeatherBell
Larry Bell                         Y   Y Y Endowed Professor – Space Architecture, University of Houston
Marita Noon                         Y   Y Y Executive Director, Citizen’s Alliance for Responsible Energy
Walter Cunningham                         Y   Y Y Apollo 7 astronaut, author
W. Kip Viscusi       Y Y Y Y Y     Y Y     Y Y Distinguished Professor, Vanderbilt University
Randy E. Barnett Y Y Y         Y     Y Y     Y Y Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory, the Georgetown University Law Center
Richard Ebeling Y Y Y         Y     Y Y     Y Y Distinguished Professor of Ethics and Free Enterprise Leadership, The Citadel
Richard Vedder Y Y Y         Y     Y Y     Y Y Professor of Economics, Ohio University
Brad Rodu               Y     Y Y     Y Y Senior Fellow
Bruce L. Benson               Y     Y Y     Y Y Economics Department Chair, Florida State University
Mark Thornton               Y     Y Y     Y Y Senior Fellow and Resident Faculty Member, Ludwig von Mises Institute
Steve Hanke               Y     Y Y     Y Y Professor of Applied Economics, The Johns Hopkins University
Thomas DiLorenzo               Y     Y Y     Y Y Economics Professor, Loyola University Maryland
William F. Shughart II               Y     Y Y     Y Y Fish Smith Professor in Public Choice, Jon M. Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University
Joseph Bast       Y Y Y Y   Y Y   Y     Y Y Director and Senior Fellow
Wendell Cox       Y Y Y Y     Y   Y     Y Y Wendell Cox, Principal of Wendell Cox Consultancy
John Dale Dunn                 Y     Y     Y Y Physician, Attorney, and Policy Advisor to The Heartland Institute
Cecil Bohanon Y Y Y         Y       Y     Y Y Professor of Economics, Ball State University
Sean Parnell       Y Y Y Y         Y     Y Y Research Fellow, Health Policy
Alan Caruba                       Y     Y Y Founder, The National Anxiety Center
Charles W. Baird                       Y     Y Y Former Professor of Economics, California State University, East Bay
James DeLong                       Y     Y Y Vice President, COO and Senior Analyst, Convergence Law Institute, LLC
Jim Lakely                       Y     Y Y Director of Communications
John Nothdurft                       Y     Y Y Director of Government Relations
Mischa Popoff                       Y     Y Y Author, Is It Organic?
Peter Ferrara                       Y     Y Y Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
James L. Johnston Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y       Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
Thomas Walton Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Y       Y Y Affiliated expert, AEG
Don Coursey       Y Y Y Y Y     Y       Y Y Graduate school of public policy, University of Chicago
Ronald D. Rotunda Y Y Y         Y     Y       Y Y Doy & Dee Henley Chair and Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence, Chapman University
Sam Peltzman Y Y Y         Y     Y       Y Y Emeritus, Business School, University of Chicago
Barry Poulson               Y     Y       Y Y Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of Colorado
Dwight Lee               Y     Y       Y Y William J. O’Neil Professor of Global Markets and Freedom, Southern Methodist University
Gary MacDougal               Y     Y       Y Y Author, former CEO of Mark Controls, former advisor to Illinois governor’s office
George L. Priest               Y     Y       Y Y Edward J. Phelps Professor of Law and Economics, Yale Law School
Richard McKenzie               Y     Y       Y Y Walter B. Gerken Professor of Enterprise and Society, UC-Irvine
Stan Liebowitz               Y     Y       Y Y Director, Center for Analysis of Property Rights and Innovation, University of Texas at Dallas
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne             Y   Y           Y Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Howard Maccabee                 Y           Y Y Founding President, Doctors for Disaster Preparedness
Michael R. Fox (1936-2011)                 Y           Y Y  
Miklos Zagoni                 Y           Y Y Physicist and Science Historian, Eotvos Lorand University (Budapest)
Merrill Matthews       Y Y Y Y               Y Y Resident Scholar with the Institute for Policy Innovation
Richard Stroup       Y Y Y Y               Y Y Adjunct Professor, Poole College of Management, North Carolina State University
Andrew Morriss                             Y Y D. Paul Jones, Jr. & Charlene Angelich Jones Chairholder of Law, University of Alabama
Angela Logomasini                             Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Bartlett Cleland                             Y Y Managing Director, Madery Bridge Associates
Bill Peacock                             Y Y Vice President of Research and Director of the Center for Economic Freedom, Texas Public Policy Foundation
Bonner R. Cohen                             Y Y Senior fellow, National Center for Public Policy Research
Bruce Yandle                             Y Y Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Economics, George Mason University
Charles Battig                             Y Y Retired physician and electrical engineer
Clyde Wayne Crews Jr.                             Y Y Vice President for Policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Donald J. Devine                             Y Y Senior Scholar, The Fund for American Studies
Donn Dears                             Y Y Energy Expert; General Electric executive (retired)
Horace Cooper                             Y Y Senior Fellow
Isaac Orr                             Y Y Research Fellow
Jack Spencer                             Y Y Director, Roe Institute
James E. Enstrom                             Y Y Research Professor, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health
James Wanliss                             Y Y Professor of Physics, Presbyterian College
Jeff Stier                             Y Y Senior Fellow, Consumer Choice Center
Jeffrey Tucker                             Y Y Director of Digital Development, Foundation for Economic Education
Jeré C. Fabick                             Y Y Milwaukee, Wisconsin
John A. Baden                             Y Y Chairman, Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment
John C. Goodman                             Y Y President, Goodman Institute for Public Policy Research
Jonathan H. Adler                             Y Y Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Business Law & Regulation, Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Richard A. Viguerie                             Y Y Chairman, American Target Advertising
Robert Zubrin                             Y Y Founder and President, Pioneer Energy
Russell Cook                             Y Y Contributing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Sally Pipes                             Y Y President, CEO, and Thomas W. Smith Fellow in Health Care Policy, Pacific Research Institute
Sam Kazman                             Y Y General Counsel, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Scott Cleland                             Y Y President of Precursor LLC
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Y         Y Senior Fellow, Education
Benjamin Ginsberg                               Y  
David Deming                               Y Professor of Arts and Sciences, Mewbourne College of Earth and Energy, University of Oklahoma
Holger J. Thuss                               Y President, European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE)
Jon Basil Utley                               Y Publisher, the American Conservative
Kathleen Hartnett White                               Y Distinguished Senior Fellow and Director, Armstrong Center for Energy and the Environment
Michael L. Marlow                               Y Professor of Economics, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo
Tim Huelskamp                               Y President and CEO
Yaron Brook                               Y Executive Director, The Ayn Rand Institute
David Legates                 Y       Y Y Y   Climatologist and Director, Delaware Environmental Observing System
David Tuerck                 Y       Y Y Y   President, Beacon Hill Institute
Robert Balling                 Y       Y Y Y   Professor of Climatology, Arizona State University
John Charles       Y Y Y Y   Y         Y Y   President and CEO, Cascade Policy Institute
Andrei Illarionov                 Y         Y Y   Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Dan Gainor                 Y         Y Y   Vice President, Business & Media Institute
David Schnare                 Y         Y Y   Senior Fellow – Energy and the Environment, Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy
Eric Posmentier                 Y         Y Y   Adjunct Faculty Member, Dartmouth College
Fred Michel                 Y         Y Y   Director, Institute of Environmental Science, Carleton University
Hans Labohm                 Y         Y Y   Guest Teacher, Netherlands Defense Academy
John Christy                 Y         Y Y   Director, Earth System Science Center, University of Alabama – Huntsville
Julian Morris                 Y         Y Y   Executive Director, International Policy Network
Kendra Okonski                 Y         Y Y   Former Environment Programme Director, International Policy Network
Kenneth Green                 Y         Y Y   Senior Director, Energy and Natural Resource Studies, Fraser Institute
Leon Louw                 Y         Y Y   Executive Director, Free Market Foundation
Margo Thorning                 Y         Y Y   Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, American Council for Capital Formation
Paul Chesser                 Y         Y Y   Associate Fellow, National Legal and Policy Center
Randall Cerveny                 Y         Y Y   Associate Professor of Geography, Arizona State University
Richard Courtney                 Y         Y Y   Energy and Environment Consultant
Richard Rahn                 Y         Y Y   Chairman, Institute for Global Economic Growth
Robert Murphy                 Y         Y Y   Economist, Institute for Energy Research
Ross McKitrick                 Y         Y Y   Associate Professor of Economics, University of Guelph
Roy Innis                 Y         Y Y   National Chairman and CEO, Congress of Racial Equality
Yuri Izrael                 Y         Y Y   Vice Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Ann McElhinney                           Y Y   Director and Producer, Not Evil Just Wrong
Jim Martin                           Y Y   President, 60 Plus Association
John H. Sununu                           Y Y   President, JHS Associates, Ltd.
Lawrence Solomon                           Y Y   Founder and Managing Director, Energy Probe Research Foundation
Phelim McAleer                           Y Y   Director and Producer, Not Evil Just Wrong
Sherwood B. Idso                           Y Y   President, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
Ron Scheberle                       Y     Y   Executive Director, American Legislative Exchange Council
Doug Bandow                             Y   Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Gilbert L. Ross                             Y   Former Executive Director, Medical Director, American Council on Science and Health (ACSH)
Henry I. Miller                             Y   Robert Wesson Fellow in Scientific Philosophy and Public Policy, Hoover Institution
John McClaughry                             Y   Vice President, Etahn Allen Institute
John Stephenson                             Y   Director of the Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force at the American Legislative Exchange Council
Jonathan Williams                             Y   Vice President, Center for State Fiscal Reform, American Legislative Exchange Council
Michael F. Cannon                             Y   Director Health Policy Studies, Cato Institute
Randall Holcombe                             Y    
Robert Higgs                             Y   Senior Fellow in Political Economy, Independent Institute
Robert Poole                             Y   Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow, Reason Foundation
Tom Giovanetti                             Y   President, Institute for Policy Innovation
Alfred Pekarek                 Y         Y     Assistant Professor of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, St. Cloud State University
Barry Brill                         Y        
Brian Sussman                         Y        
Christopher Booker                         Y        
David W. Kreutzer                         Y        
Don Easterbrook                         Y        
James Delingpole                         Y        
Jennifer Marohasy                         Y        
Joanne Nova                         Y        
Richard A. Keen                         Y        
Roger Helmer                         Y        
Thomas Wysmuller                         Y        
Eugene Volokh               Y     Y Y         Policy Advisor, Legal Affairs.
Gordon Tullock               Y     Y Y          
Alan B. Smith                       Y         Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
David H. Padden       Y Y Y Y Y     Y            
James M. Buchanan               Y     Y           Center for Public Choice, George Mason University 
Robert B Ekelund Jr.               Y     Y           Lowder Eminent Scholar, Economics Dept. Auburn University
Stephen A. Moses               Y     Y           Center for Long-Term Care Financing
Maureen Martin         Y Y Y     Y             Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Ralph Conner           Y Y   Y               Local Legislation Manager, The Heartland Institute
Benny Peiser                 Y               Social Anthropologist.
Bjorn Lomborg                 Y               Director, Copenhagen Consensus Centre.
Christopher Landsea                 Y               Science and Operations Officer, National Hurricane Center
David Henderson                 Y               Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
G. Cornelis van Kooten                 Y               Professor and Canada Research Chair, University of Victoria.
Gordon Swaters                 Y               University of Alberta.
Henry Linden                 Y               Professor, Illinois Institute of Technology.    
Paul Reiter                 Y               Professor, Institut Pasteur.
Roger Pielke                 Y               Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences.
Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen                 Y               Reader in Geography, University of Hull.
Zbigniew Jaworowski                 Y                
Angela Antonelli       Y Y Y Y                    
Diane Bast       Y Y Y Y                   Executive Editor and Finance Manager
Donald Leal       Y Y Y Y                    
Frank Resnik       Y Y Y Y                   Chicago, Illinois
Jacob Sullum       Y Y Y Y                    
Michael Fumento       Y Y Y Y                    
Robert Buford       Y Y Y Y                   Chicago, Illinois
Robert Levy       Y Y Y Y                    
Ron Utt       Y Y Y Y                    
Steve Hayward       Y Y Y Y                    
Candice de Russy             Y                    
Roy E. Marden       Y Y Y                      

Additional experts lists:

The Heartland Institute released a December 2014 flyer titled “It’s Time to Debate Global Warming (PDF)” where they listed “58 experts who don’t believe global warming is a crisis.” The flyer included many of the most high-profile climate change skeptics listed as “experts” on their website. DeSmog researched those same 58 experts, and has produced a counter-flyer that identifies the extent of peer-reviewed research and background on each. [40][41]

Senior Fellows

Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 Description
George Clowes Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
James L. Johnston     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
Richard Dolinar     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Robert G. Holland       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Dennis Avery         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Vice President & Publisher
Herbert J. Walberg         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Brad Rodu               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Craig Idso               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Paul Fisher               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Ross Kaminsky               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Finance
S. Fred Singer               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Bruno Behrend                   Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Benjamin Domenech                     Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Arthur B. Robinson                           Y Y Senior Fellow
H. Sterling Burnett                           Y Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Joseph Bast                           Y Y Director and Senior Fellow
Anthony Watts                             Y Senior Fellow for Environment and Climate
James Taylor                             Y Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Roger Bezdek                             Y Senior Fellow
Alan B. Smith             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Wendell Cox Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Wendell Cox, Principal of Wendell Cox Consultancy
Lee Walker   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow, Urban Policy
Steven Titch   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Independent Policy Analyst
Brian Wesbury     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Chief Economist, First Trust Advisors L.P
James M. Taylor     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Greg Scandlen         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow, Health Care
Jay Lehr Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Science Director
Peter Ferrara               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
Jeff Judson                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow
Robert M. Carter (1942-2016)                   Y Y Y Y Y   Senior Fellow of The Heartland Institute
Gregory Conley                     Y Y Y Y   Research Fellow
Bette Grande                       Y Y Y   Research Fellow
Maureen Martin Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Y Y   Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Rob Natelson                         Y Y   Senior Fellow in Constitutional Jurisprudence for The Heartland Institute and the Independence Institute
Frederick D. Palmer                           Y   Senior Fellow, Energy and Climate
Horace Cooper                           Y   Senior Fellow
David V. Anderson                         Y     Senior Fellow, Education
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne           Y Y Y Y             Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Don Brown               Y Y             Senior Fellow, Insurance Policy.
Eli Lehrer               Y Y             National Director and Vice President.
John Rutledge     Y Y Y Y Y                 Chairman, Rutledge Capital
Conrad Meier Y Y                           Heartland Institute Staff
Jim Johnston Y Y                           energy and regulation
Merrill Matthews Y Y                           Resident Scholar with the Institute for Policy Innovation
Thomas Roeser Y                             politics

Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) — 2012

The Heartland Institute sponsors the NIPCC, an “international network of scientists who write and speak out on climate change” and contributes approximately $300,000 a year for the group to work on Climate Change Reconsidered (the NIPCC report), according to the Heartland Institute’s 2012 Fundraising Plan (p. 13).

The following individuals are listed in the Heartland Institute’s 2012 Proposed Budget, under the “Personnel Budget” for the NIPCC Project:

$/month Name Chapter Institution Country
$11,600 Craig Idso Senior Editor Center for the Study of CO2 & Global Change USA
$5,000 Fred Singer Co-Editor Science and Environmental Policy Project USA
$1,667 Robert Carter Co-Editor James Cook University and Institute for Public Affairs Australia
$1,000 Madhav Khandekar 1.3 Extreme Events Environment Canada Canada
$1,000 Indur Goklany** 2.5 Economics and Policy U.S. Department of Interior USA
$1,000 Robert Balling tentative Arizona State University USA
$750 Anthony Lupo 1.4 Climate Models University of Missouri USA
$750 Mitch Taylor 2.2 Terrestrial Animals Lakehead University Canada
$750 Susan Crockford 2.2 Terrestrial Animals University of Victoria Australia
$500 Joe D’Aleo 1.3 Extreme Events ICECAP USA
$125 Willie Soon contributor – paid by review Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics USA
$125 Craig Loehle contributor – paid by review National Council for Air and Stream Improvement USA
$125 David Watkins contributor – paid by review Michigan Technological University USA

** Representative Raúl M. Grijalva called for a full Natural Resources Committee hearing (PDF) to probe whether Indur Goklany improperly received payments from the Heartland Institute (including his work on the NRSP Report) while he was working as Senior Advisor to the U.S. Interior Department. 

Below is a full list of past NIPCC Climate Change Reconsidered (CCR) contributors (John Mashey also provides a summary on page 36 of his 2012 report “Fake Science, fakesperts, funny finances, free of tax” ): [43][44], [45], [46][47][48]

  2008 CCR 2009 CCR 2011 CCR 2013 CCR 2014 CCR 2015 CCR
Joseph Bast Editor Editor Editor  
Diane Carol Bast Editor Editor Editor Editor Editor  
S.T. Karnick Editor Editor Editor  
Robert Carter Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
Craig Idso Contributor Lead Author Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
S. Fred Singer Contributor/Editor Lead Author Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
Warren Anderson Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
J. Scott Armstrong –  Contributor/Reviewer Contributing Author  
Dennis Avery Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Franco Battaglia Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
Piers Corbyn Contributor/Reviewer  
Richard Courtney Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Susan Crockford Contributor Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Joseph D’Aleo Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Contributing Author  
Don Easterbrook Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Lead Author  
Indur Goklany Contributor  
Fred Goldberg Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Vincent Gray Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
William Gray Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
Kesten Green Contributor/Reviewer Contributing Author  
Kenneth Haapala Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
David Hagen Contributor/Reviewer  
Klaus Heiss Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Sherwood Idso Contributor Chapter Lead Author Lead Author/Editor  
Zbiginew Jaworowski Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Olavi Karner Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
Richard Alan Keen Contributor/Reviewer  
Madhav Khandekar Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Chapter Lead Author Contributing Author/Reviewer  
William Kininmonth Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Lead Author  
Hans Labohm Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Anthony R. Lupo Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Chapter Lead Author  
Howard Maccabee Contributor/Reviewer  
Michael H. Mogil Contributor/Reviewer  
Christopher Monckton Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Lubos Motl Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Stephan Murgatroyd Contributor/Reviewer  
Nicola Scafetta Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
Tom Segalstad Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Contributing Author Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Harrison Schmitt Contributor/Reviewer  
Willie Soon Contributor Chapter Lead Author  
George H. Taylor Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Mitch Taylor   Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Dick Thoenes Contributor Contributor/Reviewer  
Anton Uriarte Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer  
Gerd Weber Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Timothy Ball Chapter Lead Author  
Willem de Lange Chapter Lead Author  
Sebastian Luning Chapter Lead Author  
Cliff Ollier Chapter Lead Author Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Ross McKitrick Contributing Author  
Roy Spencer Contributing Author  
Joe Bastardi Chapter Reviewer  
Habibullo Abdussamatov Chapter Reviewer  
David Q. Bowen Chapter Reviewer  
Roy Clark Chapter Reviewer  
Vincent Courtillot Chapter Reviewer  
Christopher Essex Chapter Reviewer  
David Evans Chapter Reviewer  
Soren Floderus Chapter Reviewer  
Stewart Franks Chapter Reviewer  
Eigil Friis-Christensen Chapter Reviewer  
Laurence Gould Chapter Reviewer  
Howard Hayden Chapter Reviewer  
Martin Hovland Chapter Reviewer  
James O’Brien Chapter Reviewer  
Garth Paltridge Chapter Reviewer  
Donald Rapp Chapter Reviewer  
Carl Ribbing Chapter Reviewer  
John Shade Chapter Reviewer  
Gary Sharp Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Jan-Erik Solheim Chapter Reviewer  
David J. Barnes Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Raymond Cloyd Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Weihong Cui Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Kees DeGroot Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Robert G. Dillon Contributing Author/Reviewer  
John Dale Dunn Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Henrik Ole Ellestad Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Barry Goldman Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Hoese H. Dickson Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Morten Jodal Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Miroslav Kutilek Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Steven W Leavitt Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Howard Maccabee Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Jennifer Marohasy Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Jim Petch Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Robert J. Reginato Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Paul Reiter Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Walter Stark Contributing Author/Reviewer  
David Stockwell Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Bastow Wilson Contributing Author/Reviewer  
Raphael Wust Contributing Author/Reviewer  

Heartland Institute’s International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC)

Since 2008, the Heartland Institute has hosted their annual International Conference on Climate Change where dozens of climate change skeptics converge to discuss issues and strategies to oppose climate action:

Date: March 2-4, 2008
Location: New York

The conference, titled “Global Warming: Truth or Swindle,” was described as a “gathering of skeptics.” Heartland contends that skeptics lack a “platform from which they can be heard,” as “Their voices have been drowned out by publicity built upon the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an entity with an agenda to build support for the theory of man-made catastrophic global warming.”  

According to conference’s invitation letter, “The purpose of the conference is to generate international media attention to the fact that many scientists believe forecasts of rapid warming and catastrophic events are not supported by sound science, and that expensive campaigns to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are not necessary or cost-effective.” (emphasis added).

RealClimate reported on the conference and concluded it “is not aimed at understanding, it is a PR event aimed at generating media reports.” [49]

ICCC1 Speakers [50]. [130]

ICCC1 Cosponsors [50], [51]

Date: March 8-10, 2009
Location New York

DeSmogBlog researched the funding behind Heartland’s Second International Conference on Climate Change and found that sponsor organizations had received over $47 million in funding from energy companies and right-wing foundations, with 78% of that total coming from Scaife Family foundations:

ExxonMobil (1998-2006):                    $6,199,000
Koch Foundations (1986-2006):          $4,438,920
Scaife Foundations (1985-2006):      $36,868,640

Grand Total:                                    $47,506,560

DeSmogBlog reported on the conference here.

ICCC2 Speakers [52], [129]

ICCC2 Cosponsors [53]

Date: June 2, 2009
Location: Washington, DC


The conference’s theme was “Climate Change: Scientific Debate and Economic Analysis,” to reflect Heartland’s belief that that “scientific debate is not over.” The conference set out to “call attention to widespread dissent to the asserted ‘consensus’ on various aspects of climate change and global warming.” [54]

According to the Heartland Institute, “The purpose of the event is to expose Congressional staff and journalists to leading scientists and economists in the nation’s capital. Senators and Representatives will be invited to speak side-by-side with leading scientists and economists. Allied organizations have been invited to be cosponsors, to help supply speakers and promote the event to their members and supporters.” [55]

ICCC3 Speakers [56]

ICCC3 Cosponsors [57]

Date: May 16-18, 2010
Location: Chicago, IL

The conference’s theme was “Reconsidering the Science and Economics,” and its purpose was “to build momentum and public awareness of the global warming ‘realism’ movement.” [196]

DeSmogBlog concluded 19 of the 65 sponsors (including Heartland itself) had received a total of over $40 million in funding since 1985 from ExxonMobil (who funded 13 of the organizations), and/or Koch Industries family foundations (funded 10 organizations) and/or the Scaife family foundations (funded 10 organizations). [197]


ExxonMobil (1998-2008): $6,588,250 ($389,250 more than reported in 2009)
Koch Foundations (1985-2008): $17,572,210 ($13,133,290 more than reported in 2009)
Scaife Family Foundations (1985-2008): $16,352,000 ($20,516,640 less than reported in 2009*)
Total Funding 1985-2008: $40,512,460

*The Heritage Foundation sponsored the 2009 conference and is notably absent from sponsoring the 2010 ICCC. According to archived funding information at Media Matters, Heritage has received $23,096,640 from Scaife, $2,417,000 from Koch and $565,000 from Exxon between 1998 and 2006.

ICCC4 Speakers [58

ICCC4 Cosponsors [58

Date: October 1, 2010
Location: Sydney, Australia

A “seminar on climate change” that took place following the Pacific Rim Policy Exchange, described as “two days of workshops and brainstorming with free market advocates from the Pacific Rim.” [59]

See the draft agenda (PDF). Videos of the speakers are available at the ICCC website.  [60]

Speakers [61]

Cosponsors [141][123]

Date: June 30-July 1, 2011
Location: Washington, DC

The theme of the conference was “Restoring the Scientific Method,” and based on the premise that “claims of scientific certainty and predictions of climate catastrophes are based on ‘post-normal science,’ which substitutes claims of consensus for the scientific method.”

DeSmogBlog concluded that 17 of the 43 sponsors of the Heartland Institute’s Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, including the Heartland Institute itself, had collectively received over $46 million from either Scaife Foundations, Koch Foundations, or ExxonMobil:

Scaife Foundations (1998-2010): $28,557,000  ($12,205,000 more than 2010*)
Koch Foundations (1998-2009): $11,330,980 ($6,241,230 less than 2010)
ExxonMobil (1998-2010): $6,276,900 ($311,350 less than 2010)
Total Funding (1998-2010): 



*The Heritage Foundation, notably absent from the 2010 ICCC, is a sponsor again for the 2011 ICCC. Heritage has received $14,873,571 from industry sources.

ICCC6 Speakers [62]

ICCC6 Cosponsors [62]

Date: May 21 – 23, 2012
Location: Chicago, Illinois

The Heartland Institute’s Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-7) was designed to follow the NATO Summit taking place in Chicago from May 19 to 21.

The theme of ICCC7 is “Real Science, Real Choices.” Heartland reports it will consist of “concurrent panel sessions exploring what real climate science is telling us about the causes and consequences of climate change, and the real consequences of choices being made based on the current perceptions of the state of climate science.”

DeSmogBlog researched co-sponsors behind the conference and discovered that they had received a total of over $67 Million from ExxonMobil, Koch, and Scaife family foundations:

ExxonMobil (1998-2010):              $7,312,500
Koch Foundations (1986-2010):     $14,391,975
Scaife Foundations (1985-2010):   $45,337,640

Grand Total:                               $67,042,115 

Heartland gives a passing mention to the “global warming scandal” where Peter Gleick obtained Heartland’s documents revealing some of its plans and posting them online. Heartland frames the event as “Fakegate,” given the possibility that one of the documents was faked. However, they continue to redirect the public’s eye away from the information revealed from authentic documents also released. [114]

During Joseph Bast’s closing remarks for the conference, he suggested that the group no longer plans to hold future conferences as it is struggling financially after losing many of its sponsors following their unsuccessful billboard campaign.

Speakers [115]

Cosponsors [63], [122]

Sponsor Sponsorship Level
Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow Gold
Illinois Coal Association Gold
Leadership Institute Gold
Alternate Solutions Institute Silver
Americans for Tax Reform Silver
Australian Libertarian Society Silver
Beacon Hill Institute Silver
Carbon Sense Coalition Silver
Free To Choose Network Silver
Ice Age Now Silver
Independent Institute Silver
Instituto Liberdade Silver
International Climate and Environmental Change Assessment Project (ICECAP) Silver
Junk Science Silver
Power for USA Silver
Reason Foundation Silver
Science and Environmental Policy Project Silver
TS August Silver
Virginia Scientists and Engineers for Energy and the Environment Silver
Cathay Institute for Public Affairs Silver
60 Plus Association Silver
Acton Institute  
African Centre for Advocacy and Human Development  
American Conservative Union  
Americans for Prosperity Foundation  
American Tradition Institute  
Australian Taxpayers’ Alliance  
Austrian Economics Center  
Ayn Rand Center for Individual Rights  
Berlin Manhattan Institute for Free Enterprise  
Capital Research Center  
Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise  
Center for Industrial Progress  
Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change  
Citizens’ Alliance for Responsible Energy  
Climate Realists  
Competitive Enterprise Institute  
Doctors for Disaster Preparedness  
Economic Thinking  
Energy Makes America Great, Inc.  
European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE)  
Freedom Foundation of Minnesota  
Frontier Centre for Public Policy  
Frontiers of Freedom  
Grassroot Institute of Hawaii  
Heritage Foundation  
Institute for Liberty  
Institute for Private Enterprise  
International Climate Science Coalition  
Lavoisier Group  
Liberty Institute  
John Locke Foundation  
Manhattan Project  
George C. Marshall Institute  
Media Research Center  
National Center for Policy Analysis  
New Zealand Climate Science Coalition  
Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine  
Science and Public Policy Institute  

Date: November 30 – December 1, 2012
Location: Munich, Germany

The Heartland Institute partners with the Germany-based skeptic organization EIKE (European Institute for Climate and Energy) to host a combination event of the Heartland Institute’s Eight International Conference on Climate Change, and EIKE‘s the Fifth International Conference on Climate and Energy. [64]

“This conference is more proof, if any were needed, that important issues surrounding the causes, extent, and consequences of climate change remain unresolved in the scientific community,” said Heartland Institute President Joseph Bast.

“The scientific evidence grows stronger each day that we are not facing a global warming crisis, and I look forward to presenting another conference where the scientists themselves will explain the evidence,” said Heartland Senior Fellow James M. Taylor.

ICCC8 Speakers [65], [64]

ICCC8 Sponsors [65]

Date: July 7 – 9, 2014
Location: Las Vegas Nevada, USA

DeSmogBlog Reported on the Heartland Institute’s Ninth International Conference on Climate Change, describing the event’s revival despite Joseph Bast‘s previous declaration that he had “no plans to do another ICCC” after losing funding from many corporate sponsors due to backlash from the unabomber billboard campaign. In order to boost attendance, Heartland joined with the libertarian FreedomFest event. [66], [67], [68]

Heartland ICCC9 speakers included the following, according to the Heartland Institute’s website. Media Matters also covered the speakers in a piece titled “Climate Denial Goes to Vegas.” [70][71]

Co-sponsors to the Heartland Institute’s Ninth International Conference on Climate Change included the following: [69]

Date: July 7 – 9, 2015
Location: Washington DC, USA

DeSmogBlog UK reported on the speakers and sponsors behind Heartland’s ICCC10. DeSmogBlog UK‘s editor Brendan Montague was refused entry into the event and had his media credentials withdrawn.

Gene Koprowski, director of marketing, said he “refused to be drawn into a philosophical debate” when asked whether a think tank claiming to champion personal liberty and press freedom should begin blacklisting members of the media. [72]

The Heartland Institute describes the conference as coving the following “important questions”: [73]

  1. Is it time for Congress to take a fresh look at climate science and examine the economic impacts of past and current laws.
  2. Is it time for Congress to explore better science-based policies for energy and the environment?
  3. In short: Isn’t it time to start over on the question of global warming?

Keynote Speakers [74]

Panelists [74]

Moderators [74]

Cosponsors [121]

Date: December 11 – 12, 2015
Location:  Essen, Germany

The Heartland Institute co-sponsored the Eleventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC11) with the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE). According to the Heartland Institute’s event description, ICCC11 was designed to follow up the Heartland Institute’s trip to Paris for the United Nations’ COP-21:

“We brought a needed discussion to COP-21 in Paris by putting science before ideology,” said Jim Lakely, director of communications at The Heartland Institute. “That conversation continues, in longer form, with another great program with world-renowned scientists and policy experts in Essen. We’re proud to co-host this conference with our friends at EIKE.”[135]

Speakers: [136], [137]


Date: March 23 – 24, 2017
Location:  Washington, DC.

The Heartland Institute’s Twelfth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC12) was held in Washington, DC. with the theme of “Resetting Climate Policy.” The Washington Post reported that the gathering was attended by the Republican mega donors Robert Mercer and his daughter, Rebekah Mercer.  On the first day of the conference, they joined Joseph Bast for the lunch keynote speech where “They listened intently as Patrick J. Michaels, director of the Cato Institute’s Center for the Study of Science, argued that the Obama administration erred in finding that greenhouse gas emissions endanger public health,” reported the Post. [168], [169]

Mother Jones also reported on the conference, noting that the mood was “triumphant and hopeful” in the wake of Trump’s presidency and his plans to roll back EPA regulations. [170]

We’ve been at this for 33 years. We have a lot of people in our network,” Joseph Bast told Mother Jones, “and many of these people are now in this new administration.” Transition staff and new appointees in the Trump administration “occasionally ask us for advice and names of people,” he added. [170]

Bast said that rescinding the EPA‘s endangerment finding on CO2 was the “number one” priority under Trump’s EPA.  [170]

Speakers at ICCC12, either listed on Heartland’s initial conference plan or included in Heartland’s video coverage of the event, included the following: [171], [172]

November 23 – 24, 2018

EIKE hosted its 12th International Conference on Climate and Energy (12. Internationale Klima- und Energiekonferenz), also billed as the Heartland Institute’s 13th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC13). The Heartland Institute‘s sponsorship of the event was also noted in a press release by Heartland’s director of communications Jim Lakely and amplified by the State Policy Network. Video coverage of the event (see day 1) was streamed via EIKE‘s YouTube channel. [236], [237]

Speakers included:


December 3, 2020

Heartland Institute editorial director Justin Haskins wrote an op-ed at The Hill where he claimed, “the evidence is now crystal clear about Biden’s connection to the Great Reset.” Haskins described the Great Reset as a proposal which would “’reset’ the global economy” with justifications for the proposal as “the COVID-19 pandemic (the short-term justification) and the so-called ‘climate crisis’; caused by global warming (the long-term justification).” [271]

“The plan involves dramatically increasing the power of government through expansive new social programs like the Green New Deal and using vast regulatory schemes and government programs to coerce corporations into supporting left-wing causes,” Haskins claimed. [271]

Haskins pointed to a panel discussion hosted by the World Economic Forum, where former Secretary of State John Kerry “firmly declared that the Biden administration will support the Great Reset and that the Great Reset ‘will happen with greater speed and with greater intensity than a lot of people might imagine’” as evidence of Biden’s commitment to the “radical” movement. [271]

April 6, 2020

The Heartland Institute, represented by James Taylor, was signatory to an American Energy Alliance letter to President Donald Trump supporting the Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles Rule which would scrap federal fuel economy mandates under the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program. [270]

Describing CAFE, the letter contends: “Those families and individuals who prefer or need trucks, SUVs, and crossovers pay more to subsidize those who buy smaller vehicles or electric vehicles under the existing mandate. This significant, needless, and unjust cost is a very real regressive tax on American families that has made our country worse off.” [270]

March 6, 2020

E&E News reported the Heartland Institute was laying off staff in what Heartland described as a “reorganization. In a statement, Heartland said it “conducted layoffs of some full- and part-time staff on Friday, March 6.” [265]

“This reduction in personnel and reorganization will make Heartland more efficient and focused,” wrote Jim Lakely, Heartland’s communications director. [265]

“It will put us in a stronger financial position to continue advocating for personal freedom, as well as to continue our important role in educating the public and public officials about climate alarmism, and focus on the science and the significant threat alarmism poses to our economy,” he said. [265]

However, Huffpost earlier reported the layoffs were due to financial difficulties. Huffpost reviewed a screenshot of a text message between Heartland events coordinator Nikki Comerford and a former colleague. [266]

Heartland is broke,” Comerford reportedly wrote in the message. “Frank Lasee spent all of our money in six months including the savings,” she wrote in a text. “They had to lay off more than half the staff today and more coming. What an asshole.”

Heartland confirmed it had made layoffs in a March 8 press release. Lasée did not respond to an initial request-for-comment from Huffpost, however two former employees confirmed the details. [267]

Shortly after, on March 17, 2020, E&E News reported Heartland’s president Frank Lasée was being ousted from his position as president. “He’s being kicked out,” one source said. [269]

February 10, 2020

The Heartland Institute opposed the Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI), a program designed to limit carbon dioxide emissions from the transportation sector. [263]

“It is the opinion of The Heartland Institute that this program will penalize people, especially low-income individuals, for simply living their lives, all in the attempt to decrease global temperatures by an amount so miniscule as to be environmentally meaningless,” wrote Heartland policy analyst Tim Benson. “cap-and-trade programs such as TCI and its sister program, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), do little to reduce carbon dioxide emissions,” he claimed. [263]

Heartland cites a coalition letter “from many of our esteemed sister think tanks” describing TCI as a “poorly conceived, fundamentally regressive, and economically damaging proposal.” [264]

Those think tanks include Americans for Tax Reform, signed by Grover G. NorquistCEO Mike Stenhouse; State Policy Network member, the Maryland Public Policy Institute; Adam Brandon, CEO of FreedomWorks Thomas J. Pyle, representing the Institute for Economic Research[264]

February 2, 2020

Research by CORRECTIV and Frontal21 in Germany uncovered how the Heartland Institute was coordinating with climate change denial groups in Germany including the European Institute on Climate and Energy (EIKE). During the undercover investigation, reported on in German and also translated to English, reporters spoke with James Taylor who revealed some of Heartland’s strategies. The investigation took place in December 2019. [261], [262]

Reporters posed as PR consultants for a Berlin-based strategic communication agency with interest in finding potential donors from Germany in the automotive and energy sectors. Taylor responded later with a written offer “something like a strategy document for a PR campaign in Germany: A campaign that the public will not recognize for what it really is, making it even more effective.” with a goal of “No more prohibitive climate laws. Diesel instead of electric cars, energy from coal instead of wind turbines, industry growth instead of environmental protection.” [261][262]

The event was a “Climate Reality Forum” attended by climate change deniers such as William Happer, Wolfgang Müller of EIKE, and Christopher Monckton among others. [261][262]

In a private interview, James Taylor outlined how best to provide donations. He brought DonorsTrust as one of several US groups best used to keep donations anonymous. [261][262]

Taylor later spoke of the relationship between Heartland and EIKE. He said that Heartland gave a small sum of money to help fund the EIKE conference in late November. [261][262]

In a follow-up call between the reporter posing as an interested party ready to do business with Heartland, and Taylor, the reporter asked whether content could be bought if he were a donor to Heartland. Taylor highlighted a 19-year-old Youtuber from Germany as a promising social media strategy. When asked if a customer would be able to have their content appear in her videos, Taylor hesitated “but doesn’t say no.” [261][262]

“Of course, she would have to agree with and feel comfortable with what is going to be said. And he’s pretty sure that everyone involved wants the same thing.

Mathias: ‘Perhaps we could agree on certain buzzwords. Disseminate certain information.’

Taylor: ‘Absolutely. Key points, keywords, the way to present something.’

Content in exchange for money. It’s like a deal in the advertising industry. The only difference is that the content is political.”

When Taylor sent a formal funding proposal in several hours, it outlined a plan for a possible campaign in Germany. “He describes German climate policy as ‘unwise’. Conventional power plants could be closed and replaced by expensive, unreliable wind turbine systems. Diesel vehicles could be banned.”  [261][262]

These restrictive environmental programs are largely unnecessary,” Taylor wrote. [261][262]

Instead, the Heartland Institute wants to draw attention to projects that “raise German living standards through common-sense environmental stewardship” [261][262]

“For climate change deniers, this means one thing: As few environmental protection measures as possible,” the article summarizes. [261][262]

While there was no explicit mention of EIKE, Taylor said he “works closely with German partners whose ideas are consistently cited by the AfD in the Bundestag” and that Heartland would “proactively explore opportunities to galvanize our friends and allies to advocate in conjunction with our Germany Environmental Issues project.” [261][262]

Taylor then reiterated Donors Trust as a funding vehicle, as well as the National Philanthropic Trust. “Donors fund an account with the organization and then direct the organization how it would like to distribute the funds,” Taylor noted. [261]

German media outlet Deutsche Welle (DW) reported on the story on March 9, 2020. DW noted how Heartland had reportedly worked closely with the Trump Administration, according to James Taylor’s conversation with the undercover journalists. DW also outlined how Heartland has historically made major impacts on climate policy in places such as Australia. [268]

Australian scientist, author and climate analyst Ketan Joshi also commented on the rise of Heartland’s “anti-Greta” Naomi Seibt, whose YouTube influence was advertised to the undercover journalists. [268]

“It’s not about the science,” said Joshi. “It’s about instilling doubt, it’s about making people distrust information that they receive — even if it’s from a trustworthy source.” [268]

January 13, 2020

Heartland Senior Fellow Fred Palmer published an article at the coal mining industry publication CoalZoom describing a plan to form a new group called “Saving US Coal.” The Saving US Coal Campaign is a partnership between CoalZoom and Craig Idso’s Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (CSCDGC/CO2 Science) with donations being funneled through CSCDGC[257], [259], [260]

“’Saving US Coal’ has been created to be the vehicle for turning the tide for the full acceptance of coal in the US energy market by undertaking a campaign to repeal CO2 Endangerment at EPA. That requires a compelling EPA filing, of course, one that proves the benign and beneficial nature of more CO2 in the air based on the incredible work that Craig Idso has carried on for his Dad, Sherwood Idso and mentor, Sylvan Wittwer. However, it also requires creation of a coal coalition, like the Climate council quoted above, and the make-up of that coalition can be learned from coal’s past,” Palmer wrote. [257]

He envisions the group to be a modern equivalent to CEED (the Center for Energy and Economic Development), a coal industry group created to fight against CO2 emissions standards. CEED later merged with another group to form what is now known as the American Coalition for Coal Coal Electricity (ACCCE). As Palmer described it: [257]

“In 1992, CEED was formed to meet the challenge to coal plants due to coal combustion and its CO2 profile and engage at the state level.”

… .

CEED was successful in the 90s and the approach used then can inform for today. Coal’s challenge today at the state level is much more serious than it was in 1992, for the simple reason that the great investor owned utilities in CEED have switched sides and they own the regulated coal plants. But the CEED model never depended on the nature of CEED‘s members, it depended and depends on defending CO2 in defense of Coal. ‘Saving US Coal’ is the only entity that can do this today and its leaders were engaged directly in the 90s with CEED and succeeding years. ‘Saving US Coal’ can perform the same function today as CEED did then in a virtual way.” [257]

Palmer envisions CO2 proponent Craig Idso taking a key role in the new group by promoting benefits of CO2

“Once filed at EPA, ‘Saving US Coal’ will engage virtually at the state level with regulators directly and through NARUC to educate on the benefits of CO2 to the biosphere and the human environment. At the same time Craig will develop additional, original research showing the truth of CO2 which will be distributed as generated to the regulators. By doing so, coal suppliers can then engage directly with the regulators with challenges to the announced closures; rep-opening previous announcements where the plants are still operating is not out of the question.” [257]

He also makes recommendations on coal industry groups that could be encouraged to join the pro-coal coalition: [257]

“Today, there are groups sitting right in front of us and ready to go in coalition, I believe. These include:

Count on Coal through NMA
Friends of Coal in West Virginia, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana and Pennsylvania
RMCMI in Colorado
The American Coal Council
The state coal associations, a very powerful and overlooked resource
Trade press”

Palmer first joined CoalZoom along with Craig Idso, in coordination with Bill Reid, in December 2019 to focus on the initiative with “the ultimate deliverable: repealing the EPA CO2 Endangerment Finding highlighting coal use as the vehicle and Champion that it is and will be.” [258]

December 3, 2019

Heartland co-sponsored a rebuttal to the United Nations’ COP25 climate summit in Madrid. The event, titled “Rebutting the United Nations’ Climate Delusion,” was held in collaboration with the CO2 Coalition, the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), and the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE). Deniers of consensus climate science in attendance included William Happer, EIKE’s Wolfgang Müller, Anthony Watts, Tom Harris, Stanley Goldenberg, and Christopher Monckton. [253]

Heartland’s James Taylor described the event as a “climate reality forum,” and said: [253]

Good news isn’t bad news. […] The evidence for a climate crisis simply doesn’t hold up. And that is not about attacking science, as many people would lead you to believe. It’s performing science, it’s advancing science. And again the news is good news, and that’s excellent for humanity, it’s excellent for people around the world, who would like to escape poverty and not be held down by energy restrictions imposed by the United Nations and national governments.” [253]

William Happer, a former member of President Trump’s National Security Council, opened his presentation with:

We are here under false pretenses, wasting our time talking about a non-existent climate emergency. And It’s hard to understand how much further the shrillness can go, as this started out as global warming, then it was climate change or global weirding, now it is climate crisis and climate emergency, what next, but stick around, it will happen. I hope sooner or later enough people recognize the phoniness of this bizarre environmental cult and bring it to an end.” [253]

October 4, 2019

The Heartland Institute held its 35th anniversary dinner with a theme “Stopping Socialism, Increasing Freedom.” [252]

Media personality Glenn Beck was awarded the Heartland Liberty Prize for 2019. According to Heartland’s interpretation of Beck’s speech, he said Thomas Jefferson “tried to but was unable to free his slaves because he was in debt and slaves were considered property.” [252]

Beck went on to suggest Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species was essentially a treatise on Eugenics: [252]

Beck emphasized the words ‘favored races,’ noting correctly that Darwin’s book increased the popularity and gave an academic legitimacy to the evil of eugenics, which would be embraced by ‘progressives’ in the early 20th century,” Nancy Thorner wrote at the Heartland Institute’s blog. [252]

Then-Heartland-president Frank Lasée said in his opening remarks that the discourse surrounding climate change was “green on the outside and red on the inside.” [252]

The issue is being used by the other side to control every aspect of our lives, as a means to establish Socialism,” he said. “It’s impossible to reach people with closed minds, but we can get the misinformed and uninformed to listen. […] “We are in a battle with evil people who want to have government control our lives.” [252]

September 30, 2019

Heartland published a commentary by Tim Benson in which Benson criticized Minnesota’s plan to adopt California’s auto emissions standards. Citing a 2018 study by the Manhattan Institute, Benson claimed that greater adoption of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) would result in increased pollution and environmental costs, as well as more traffic fatalities. While conceding that the adoption of low- and zero-emission standards would reduce atmospheric CO2, Benson said that the reduction “will have no measurable impact on world climate and thus no economic value.” [251]

September 23, 2019

The Heartland Institute hosted a “climate debate” to coincide with a UN Climate Action Summit taking place in New York. The event was chaired by former Fox News host John Stossel and speakers included Patrick MichaelsDavid Legates and Willie Soon. [250]

The event was live-streamed to coincide with the UN’s Climate Summit and was announced with the tag line: “It’s time for both sides to make the case: What is happening to our climate and what can we do about it?” [250]

Notable quotes from the panel included:

Patrick Michaels: “What we have is a community that is extremely conformist. And certainly the pressures of monopoly funding provided by the federal government for essentially only one side of the issue will ensure that there’s a consensus. And someday something is going to happen to this and 97% of all scientists concerned are going to believe something else.” [250]

David Legates: “Most governments want to keep control, and most governments get bigger and bigger over time. So in this case, this is one easy way of getting bigger, is to have sort of that H.L. Mencken hobgoblin that always comes up in front of you. And carbon dioxide becomes that molecule by which we can take control of your lives, of your efforts, and everything that goes on.” [250]

Willie Soon: “I’m unable to find out what the carbon dioxide is doing to the atmosphere. It is increasing, but it’s not causing any warming.” [250]

My message to all of them is that please don’t cry. I mean, I’ll hold your hand and sing lullabies to you. By 2030 I’ll still be here. Please don’t panic. There’s no such thing as climate catastrophe, these people are talking nonsense. It’s unbelievable that we have to answer all this kind of craziness.” [250]

Carbon dioxide is the greatest gift on planet earth. Put it this way, if we can release more of it, we should have a whole lot more of it, as simple as that. Because according to the satellite data, I mean, we’ve been greening the planet, in a very, very nice way, in a sense, because the planet is a lot greener, the plants are using much more efficient in terms of water, require a lot less use of water. So a drought region becoming green, even in desert, a desert area. These are overall benefits, overall positive effects on the plants, as far as we can tell […] the impact on the temperature, we are unable to find it. I tell you that I’ve been studying this topic very carefully, only wanting to find a result on the impact of carbon dioxide on temperature, let’s say. I really cannot find [it] after 30 years.” [250]

August 26, 2019

The Heartland Institute live-streamed a rebuttal to the UN’s 68th Civil Society Sustainability Conference, which was being held in Salt Lake City, Utah. Heartland’s panel discussion was headlined by James Taylor and featured talks by Richard Keen, Howard Hayden, and Paul Dreissen, among others. [249]

According to the live-stream’s YouTube description, the event was organized to “show how the collectivist climate and sustainability programs promoted by the U.N. would cause more harm than good, especially for the world’s poorest and most disenfranchised people.” [249]

Excerpts from the broadcast included:

James Taylor: “What we see is that carbon dioxide emissions and a modestly warming planet are benefitting the human condition. […] For some reason, the media have gone into the argument that anything that’s warmer is bad. I mean, why? Why should warmer temperatures be badder than colder temperatures? (sic) […]
Twenty times more people die from cold temperatures than from warm or hot temperatures.” [249]

Richard Keen: “So enjoy the climate while it lasts and make enough CO2 to feed a tree, which is what CO2 does. It helps plant life and increases crops.” [249]

Howard Hayden: “Now, the good stuff. Get rid of these utopian delusions. There is so much coal available that nobody worries about running out for at least hundreds of years. Now, hundreds of years is a short time compared to that of civilization, but they don’t even look for coal because nobody even looks for it anymore. There’s enough natural gas in methane clathrates on the continental shelf to last for at least thousands of years. There’s enough uranium to last until the sun turns into a red giant and there’s even more thorium. There’s no shortage of energy and there never will be. What we lack is the will to use it and the freedom to use it.” [249]

Paul Driessen: “The world cannot afford to let delusion, dishonesty, and ideology drive public policies that will determine our future jobs, prosperity, living conditions and civilization. […] Those policies are unjust, inhumane, and eco-imperialistic and lethal. They can no longer be tolerated. And in fact, I’ll go a step further, and I don’t say this lightly or casually. The climate change sustainability agenda that is being advanced by these activists and bureaucrats is eco-fascist, totalitarian and racist.” [249]

July 24, 2019

Heartland’s Director of Communications Jim Lakely denied media credentials to Mother Jones climate reporter Rebecca Leber for a Heartland climate conference held at the Trump Hotel in Washington D.C. on July 25. [248]

In an email sent to Leber, which she posted on her Twitter feed, Lakely explained that his decision to bar her from the event was based on his assessment of Leber’s “habit of repeatedly sliming the esteemed scientists who have presented at our conferences as ‘climate deniers.’” [248]

Read the Tweet thread here:

May 21, 2019

Benny Peiser appeared on a Heartland Institute podcast where he acknowledged a warming climate but claimed that it does not pose a threat to humankind or the environment: [245]

The warming is very gradual. […] There’s no increase in the extent or the number of these extreme weather events. So for the time being we are absolutely fine and there is absolutely nothing to worry about. […] I don’t see any problem in the foreseeable future.” [245]

Peiser also expressed his belief that scientists holding the consensus viewpoint on climate change are stifling debate and displaying autocratic tendencies: [245]

The most troublesome feature is the authoritarian attempts to stifle anyone raising these issues. […] Anyone asking questions is regarded as a hurdle to salvation. […] It is destroying the culture of scientific objectivity and openness.” [245]

May 9, 2019

The Heartland Institute, represented by Tim Huelskamp, signed on to an open letter organized by the American Energy Alliance designed to fight against an electric vehicle tax credit. [242]

The American Energy Alliance has organized a coalition to proclaim in one unified voice that there should be no expansion of the misguided electric vehicle tax credit,” Thomas Pyle wrote in a statement, quoted at The Daily Caller. There is no question that the electric vehicle tax credit distorts the auto market to no gain.” [243]

According to Pyle and others who signed the letter, electric vehicle tax credits “overwhelmingly benefit the rich.” DeSmog’s Koch vs. Clean project has systematically debunked this, among other well-rehearsed talking points and misinformation put forward by industry about electric vehicles. [243]

The letter cites research by the Pacific Research Institute (PRI), a group that has received over $600,000 from ExxonMobil and millions from “dark money” groups DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund

April 5, 2019

Former television meteorologist Anthony Watts, founder of Watts Up With That (WUWT) joined the Heartland Institute as a senior fellow for environment on climate.  According to the Heartland press release: [241]

The people at Heartland are working from a reality-based viewpoint of the climate issue saying in effect, ‘Hey wait a minute, look at this,’ to the people that would follow the path of climate alarmism hook, line, and sinker,” Watts said. “Despite having a tiny fraction of the budget and social media outreach some green organizations have, they have done a fantastic job of countering climate alarmism.

Laughably, my critics have said for years that I have been ‘on the payroll’ of Heartland in some ‘nefarious capacity,’ even though I’ve never been on their payroll. I figure I might as well give these folks something factual to talk about now instead of just innuendo and smear campaigns,” Watts said.

I credit the efforts of Heartland in President Trump’s decision to exit from the Paris Climate Accord,” Watts added. “What reality-based climate skeptic wouldn’t want to be on that winning team? I look forward to being able to help Heartland dispel fear and overreaction to climate hysteria by providing factual essays and research that helps policy makers with climate related decisions.” [241]

Heartland’s president Tim Huelskamp praised Watts as “truly a leader in the climate movement.” [241]

I am honored that he has chosen to join The Heartland Institute,” Huelskamp said. “His energy, experience and scientific expertise will make an enormous, immediate positive impact on the Heartland team.”

Heartland senior fellow James Taylor said: [241]

“I look forward to working with Anthony presenting the compelling scientific evidence on climate change issues that the environmental left and their media allies do their best to ignore and sweep under the rug.”

n 2012, DeSmog exposed the Heartland Institute’s history of funding climate change denial with the help of leaked internal documents. Those documents also revealed Heartland was funding a website for Anthony Watts to “track temperature station data” with a pledge to raise $90,000 in that year. [242]

December 14, 2018

The Heartland Institute released a report written by Willie Soon and Patrick Moore among others criticizing Greenpeace, claiming the group promotes “socialist and anti-capitalist ideals.” According to the authors, “Greenpeace are not actually helping to protect the environment, or exposing real problems.” [240]

December 6, 2018

Attending the 24th UN Conference of the Parties (COP-24) in Katowice, Poland, the Heartland Institute’s James Taylor signed a joint statement with representatives of Poland’s Solidarity labor union challenging the consensus viewpoints held by parties to the convention. [239]

The document states:

We, speaking as one, believe in the restoration of the Scientific Method and the dismissal of ideological dogma at the United Nations. That means a healthy skepticism of data interpretation and policy conclusions and an end to the war on science and scientists by powerful state-backed forces.” [239]

December 4, 2018

The Heartland Institute sent representatives to the 24th UN Conference of the Parties (COP-24) in Katowice, Poland as credentialed NGO-Observers. [238]

Heartland’s Craig Idso, Dennis Avery, and James Taylor held a live-streamed presentation of a report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) titled “Climate Change Reconsidered II: Fossil Fuels.” The presentation also featured a spokesman for the European Institute for Climate and Energy, Horst-Joachim Lüdecke, and EIKE‘s general secretary, Wolfgang Müller. [238]

Heartland’s report was touted as a summary for policymakers, and featured a section on the benefits of fossil fuels to human prosperity, health, and the environment. Heartland claims that their data proves that “humans are not causing a climate crisis.” [238]

In an official statement marking the event, Taylor said:

Each year the verdict becomes stronger and clearer that the scientific evidence debunks global warming alarmism. While the United Nations’ Conference of the Parties frantically searches for reasons to justify its continued existence, The Heartland Institute is proud to present the science that debunks U.N. alarmism.

We will also be presenting examples of real-world evidence contradicting important U.N. climate claims. We will be delivering the truth that the only thing ‘settled’ about the global warming debate is that U.N. climate reports have little credibility. Skeptics present a far better scientific case.” [238]

Video from the event was posted on Heartland’s YouTube channel:

November 2, 2018

Heartland Senior Fellow and “Science Director” Jay H. Lehr testified before New York City Council to “ push back at the notion the Big Apple will be underwater soon due to man-caused climate change.” View the video below, via the Heartland Institute’s YouTube channel: [235]

November 2018

PBS Frontline reported Heartland’s latest plan to distribute a new set of climate change materials to students. Heartland senior fellow James Taylor said he was editing a new “global warming guide” that presents “brief summaries of global warming topics.” While he didn’t provide a title or distribution plan, Taylor did confirm that another mass mailing campaign was under consideration that would target students and teachers. [233]

We’re very excited about it,” said Taylor. “What we’re looking to do is present the science in a format that is accessible and digestible for educators and students.”

Also reporting in early November, Undark examined the actions of another group that has been working to modify the teaching of climate science and other topics in classrooms: the Florida Citizens’ Alliance. The group was behind a Florida textbook bill, HB989, that was signed into law in 2017. The Heartland Institute had reportedly worked with the Florida Citizens’ Alliance in the runup to that bill by posting an analysis of Florida textbooks on their website, and “amplifying the organization’s attempt to remove ‘improper and unbalanced propaganda from the school system.” [234]

September 13, 2018

The Heartland Institute live-streamed a panel discussion designed to counter the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco, as promoted by press release at Watts Up With That. Panelists included Stanley B. Goldenberg, Richard Keen, Tom Harris, Jay Lehr, and was moderated by James Taylor. The event took place at Independent Institute headquarters. [231]

“While Global Climate Action Summit speakers attempt to make the case for heavy-handed government action to restrict carbon dioxide, The Heartland Institute will host interactive panel discussions fact-checking the summit presentations and pointing out the scientific and economic data supporting climate realism,” The press release claimed. [231]

The panelists denied any connection between extreme weather events and climate change. During the first day of the panel, Richard Keen went as far as to say that Arctic sea ice loss might not be a bad thing: [232]

“Somehow people seem to dread the loss of Arctic sea ice. I frankly don’t see that as particularly a bad thing…or a good thing. And it’s happened in the past with no ill effects” Keen said.

Tom Harris described modern CO2 rise as “peanuts” compared to past concentrations (SkepticalScience discusses this common climate change myth here), while Jay Lehr broke in that “there’s nothing bad about carbon dioxide. The more the better.” [232]

Lehr later reiterated a common frame put forward by industry suggesting that renewable energy is damaging for the poor: [232]

“We cannot have a world run by wind and solar and renewable energy. What we’re talking about is making sure that the poor people in this world never advance their standard of living with inexpensive energy.” Lehr said. [232]

See video the first day of the event, titled “Rebutting Alarmism at the Global Climate Action Summit,” below. [232]

Video of the second day of the event below

June 7, 2018

Heartland Institute president Tim Huelkamp addressed a letter to Scott Pruitt supporting his prior statement that human emissions of carbon dioxide are not “a primary contributor to the global warming that we see.” The letter offered materials to counter a Freedom of Information Act request by the Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) demanding the release of “EPA documents that support the conclusion that human activity is not the largest factor driving global climate change.” [228], [229]

We have no doubt that PEER, with the assistance of the judge, is trying to box you in and embarrass you,” Huelskamp wrote. “Fortunately, you do not have to look far to find ‘documents that support the conclusion that human activity is not the largest factor driving global climate change.’” [228]

For these documents, Huelskamp pointed to “Climate Change Reconsidered,” a report compiled by Heartland’s Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) in partnership with the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. “Heartland has submitted these volumes in digital form during EPA comment periods in the past, and we are certain physical copies were also sent to the agency,” he said.  [228]

Among numerous other claims, Huselkamp stated that the NPCC report—which he included a copy of in the letter to Pruitt—contained scientific evidence that:  [228]

  • Summarizes the research of a growing number of scientists who say variations in solar activity, not greenhouse gases, are the true driver of climate change” — See SkepticalScience myth #2.
  • Challenges the IPCC’s claim that CO2-induced global warming is harmful to human health” — SkepticalScience Myth #42.
  • Explains how the sun may have contributed as much as 66% of the observed twentieth century warming, and perhaps more” — SkepticalScience myth #2.

Huselkamp described Climate Change Reconsidered as the work of a “’Red Team‘ that has been working to critique and correct the work of ideological alarmists on the ‘Blue Team’” for more than a decade. “Feel free to cite this material, which contains more than 10,000 footnotes, in your response to the judge or in any other public setting,” Huelskamp concluded. [230]

May 26, 2018

Emails released to the Environmental Defence Fund and the Southern Environmental Law Centre, who had sued to enforce a Freedom of Information Act request, revealed the Heartland Institute was working closely with the Environmental Protection Agency. Huelskamp said in a statement: [227]

Of course The Heartland Institute has been working with EPA on policy and personnel decisions. They recognised us as the pre-eminent organisation opposing the radical climate alarmism agenda and instead promoting sound science and policy.” [227]

John Konkus, EPA deputy associate administrator for public affairs, reached out multiple times to Heartland in the emails, The Guardian reported. In one email, Konkus reached wrote to Heartland’s then-president Joe Bast: “If you send a list, we will make sure an invitation is sent,” requesting recommendations for scientists and economics to attend the EPA‘s public hearing on science standards. Followup emails included invitees from climate change denial groups such as Plants Need CO2, The Right Climate Stuff, and Junk Science[227]

EPA spokesperson Lincoln Ferguson said their communications with the Heartland Institute was just among many working relationships with other groups in order to “ensure the public is informed.” [227]

It demonstrates the agency’s dedication to advancing President Trump’s agenda of environmental stewardship and regulatory certainty,” he said. [227]

View the full searchable FOIA documents here (PDF) and below:


May 8, 2018

A new set of documents released to the Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDCas part of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request revealed details of Pruitt’s plan to engage in a “red team, blue team” expertise on climate change. The documents showed communications between the EPA and a number of corporate-funded conservative think tanks with views that run counter to established science on climate change including the Heartland Institute, the Manhattan Institute, and the CO2 Coalition. [224]

View the original FOIA documents here[224]

According to Benjamin D. Santer, a climate researcher at the Energy Department’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, “The idea that the Heartland Institute should be dictating what E.P.A. does on climate science is crazy.” He added, “They do not have scientific expertise.” [224]

The emails also suggest that the EPA‘s Office of Research and Development, which normally does most of the science work of the Agency, was not active in the discussions.  In one email, a program analyst in the office, Christina Moody, wrote: “We are not involved. The Administrator is the one who wants to do this and I’m guessing his folks are putting it together. [224]

Joe Bast denied that the Heartland Institute holds views outside of the mainstream scientific consensus:  [224]

Our view is that the causes and consequences of climate change are very complex and future climate conditions are probably impossible to forecast,” Bast said in a statement. [224]

April 23, 2018

The Heartland Institute, represented by Tim Huelskamp, was among 22 groups signed on to an open letter asking President Trump to ignore recent criticism of EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. [225]

In a speech to the U.S. Senate, a group of Democratic senators identified the organizations as front groups for the Koch Brothers and other wealthy donors, nicknamed the “Web of Deceit.” The senators outlined how, in addition to funding from the Koch network, many of the groups use untraceable “dark money” funneled through groups like Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust to influence legislation, particularly with regards to climate and pollution.

Senator Whitehouse outlined it as “a web of deceit conceived and bankrolled by the Koch brothers and other self-interested billionaires to advocate for very selfish and unpatriotic policies.” Whitehouse added: “This web of deceit has infiltrated and populated the Trump administration, and it is swamping the interests of everyday Americans. [226]

The full list of pro-Pruitt signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:

January 3, 2018

Heartland President Joe Bast appeared on an episode of the Heartland Institute’s Daily Podcast with H. Sterling Burnett to discuss the past and future of the Heartland Institute including his stepping down as President and CEO and his planned departure from the organization. Bast outlined some of the Institute’s early work on climate change: [223]

[8:10] HSB: “You mentioned climate. Let’s get to that. Under your leadership, the Heartland Institute became a leader and has been recognized as such in the realm of climate science, economics, and policy. Why did the Heartland Institute become so deeply involved in this one issue? What did you see that others didn’t about the importance of climate change as an issue, and what impact has Heartland’s efforts had?”

JB: “Well, Heartland started addressing climate actually way back, ah, 1994…1995. We did our first book that had a chapter on climate change in it. We addressed it primarily from an economic perspective, arguing that the cost of reducing emissions was really high compared to the sketchy evidence that we had about the cost of harms and offsetting benefits. Nobody listened to us. We did three, four, or five I thought really good policy studies on this topic looking specifically for example, at a carbon tax on agriculture, and the studies got almost no attention.

“It turns out the reason they got no attention is because people were afraid of catastrophic climate change. When the building is on fire, people don’t argue or negotiate the price of fire extinguishers; they’re all too busy running for the doors, and so we concluded that we had to put the fire out before we can get a reasonable conversation to take place here. We’ve got to address this underlying fear of catastrophic climate change. So we did a deep dive in 2007; we said, where is this fear coming from? Is it based on sound science? Who are the scientists who are in this debate? Do they need our help? Why aren’t they getting a better hearing? And why aren’t Cato, and Heritage, and AEI, and other think tanks engaged in this part of the debate? 

“And what we learned was that virtually none of the free market think tanks were addressing the science. They weren’t doing that because they felt it wasn’t their job. They’re mostly economists and lawyers and they didn’t want to start getting into the physics of climate change. I respect that. But the result was a gap: there was no free market voice on the climate science debate that was taking place, and that was a critical error on the part of free market activists. Unless we address the science, we are going to lose this debate. 

“So we recruited scientists from all around the country. We ended up producing the series called Climate Change Reconsidered for the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. We had a tremendous impact. I mean, it’s quite remarkable. That book, that series of books, has been cited over 100 times in peer-reviewed articles. The Chinese Academy of Sciences thought so highly of it that it translated it into Chinese and published a condensed volume of Climate Change Reconsidered. 

Bast also claimed credit to the Heartland Institute for both defeating cap and trade proposals, and for President Donald Trump’s views on climate change: [223]

“We, I think we’re responsible—one of two or three groups that could genuinely claim responsibility for defeating cap and trade and carbon tax proposals at the national level for a ten year period, pretty much from 2007 until today. 

I think we’re the reason President Trump discovered, or concluded that climate change is not a real problem and not a crisis facing the country, and that by running on that—by defending coal miners for example—he could appeal to a very big base in the United States. People who expected all along that global warming was junk science, that they would rather have good jobs and inexpensive energy than pursue some liberal dream of, you know, replacing all fossil fuel with wind and solar power.”

“So Trump ran on that. He won, and it’s been remarkable: for the last year, he’s been implementing many of the promises that he made as a candidate.” [223]

Bast said he was “anxious about the future” given the possibility that Hillary Clinton could have won the election, but that Trump’s victory gave the country “a second chance at freedom”:

“Now Donald Trump wasn’t the first choice for most of us. He might not even have been the final choice, but the alternative was truly scary. You know, Hillary Clinton was committed to finishing what Barack Obama started, and that was pretty much destroying the local decentralized education system in America—replacing it with a centralized curriculum. Destroying the decentralized health care system that used to depend primarily on private insurance companies and doctors in private practice. So replacing that with Obamacare, destroying the financial sector.

“I mean all the commanding heights of a free society, President Obama targeted and did major damage for eight years, and for whatever reasons Congress and the courts didn’t seem able to stop him. Hillary Clinton was committed to waging that war for another four years. I’m not sure we could have recovered from that. So we got a second chance at freedom with the election of Donald Trump. Incidentally I decided to step down, now, before the election of Donald Trump, so if anyone is wondering if that influenced my decision it didn’t. But it was a second chance we probably didn’t deserve to preserve freedom in America. It’s very precarious. It is perched on an edge. And so I’m very anxious about the future of freedom,” Bast said.

Finally, Bast said that the Institute needs more money to grow: [223]

“What will Heartland Institute’s role be in that? I am optimistic. I think Heartland is going to grow. There’s a much bigger niche for what we do than what I was able to raise money for to fill. You know, I raised about six million dollars a year for the Heartland Institute. We should be at eight or ten [million]. We should have twenty, twenty five guys working in our, just in our government relations office, working with state legislators, giving them the information that they need, testifying when they need testimony, helping them draft legislation. I mean, this is all exciting stuff that they’re asking us to do and we don’t have the staff to do it. 

So I think under Tim Huelskamp’s leadership we’re going to raise that money. We’re going to expand the staff and fill that niche. So Heartland should be doing well in future years. I only hope and pray that freedom in the United States is going to continue rising while the Heartland Institute is performing its job.”

March 2, 2018

At LibertyCon 2018, Heartland Institute Research Director Edward Hudgins told an attendee (in a conversation recorded at Heartland Institute’s conference booth)

One of the reasons the Trump Administration pulled out of the Paris Accord was because of our materials… Now when Obama was in there, nobody wanted to hear from us. Fortunately, we don’t have him in there and of course members of congress we give this stuff to all the time.”

February 7, 2018

Heartland Institute research fellow Isaac Orr was featured as part of the Heartland Institute’s “The Patriot’s Toolbox Speaker Series,” an event promoting their same-titled new book. Orr also wrote the second chapter of the book. [221]

During his speech, Orr argues against CAFE (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) standards to improve fuel efficiency in cars, claiming that this reduces safety. He also claims biofuels cannot replace oil, that wind and solar get much higher subsidies than coal, natural gas, and oil, and that “global warming is not a crisis.“ [221]

Orr said that the Clean Air Act was very successful in combatting air pollution. He also says that he tends “to believe the numbers that they’re posting here ” when it comes to pollutants. “We’ve been incredibly successful,” Orr said. “The clean air act has done a really good job.” [221]

February 4, 2018

Heartland endorsed a letter co-authored by Willie Soon and Scott Armstrong urging the Natural History Museum to resist calls to remove board member Rebekah Mercer. Mercer’s involvement with the Museum had been widely criticized by environmentalists for her ties to climate science denial. [247]

In the letter, Soon and Armstrong suggested a politically motivated, anti-science bias was behind the calls for Mercer’s ouster:

Make no mistake, the agitators are not defending science from quackery—quite the contrary! They demand that the Museum support a party line, thinly disguised as science.” [247]

Co-signers of the letter also included: [247]

February 1, 2018

Heartland’s Tim Huelskamp discussed the controversial “Energy Freedom Scorecardin a short Heartland Institute video: [220]

“The media went a little nuts about it, because the presume President Trump had this list in his hands all through his first year in the White House,” Huelskamp said, adding “Maybe he did, maybe he didn’t.” [220]

Huelskamp went on to describe a few of the items on the scorecard, including Trump’s approval of the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines.  Other items Huelskamp mentions include the cancelling of the Clean Energy Plan, which he claims, “the latest climate science shows is not remotely justified,” rolling back restrictions on fracking, opening up land to oil and gas drilling. [220]

He describes the Paris Climate Agreement as “Nothing more than a scheme to redistribute the wealth of the west to third-world kleptocrats at the UN” and the Social Cost of Carbon as “another trick of the left to destroy the fossil fuel industry and hamstring the United States.” [220]

Huelskamp adds Trump’s decision to open the Arctic Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling is “sensible policy.” [220]

January 2018

The Heartland Institute came to the defense of former marketing director Eugene Koprowski after he faced legal action over allegedly stalking a woman who worked with him. “Heartland’s contrarian skepticism on policy issues has extended to sexual harassment itself,” Huffpost reported, noting that Heartland had also defended Republican presidential hopeful Herman Cain against harassment accusations in 2011. [218]

The 2011 Heartland article was titled “Women Crying ‘Sexual Harassment’ Should ’Man Up.’” In 2017, Heartland also republished a Newsman op-ed that accused female employees at Fox News of making “disingenuous” sexual harassment allegations. [219]  

Heartland’s Joe Bast released a statement claiming no wrongdoing on the part of Heartland: [218]

The Heartland Institute is being targeted because our mission is fighting for a smaller, less-intrusive government and advancing free markets and greater individual liberty,” Bast said. “Our opponents in this debate cannot win on the merits of their arguments, so they stoop to circulate lies about our dedicated staff. Shame on them, and no, we will not stop until freedom is rising again.” [218]

December 27, 2017

Writing at The Heartland Institute’s blog, Joe Bast made a number of “corrections” to a story written by Neela Banerjee at Inside Climate News titled “How Big Oil Lost Control of Its Climate Misinformation Machine.” Firstly, according to Bast, the billboard campaign Heartland released in 2012 featuring an image of Ted Kaczynski and the text “I still believe in Global Warming. Do You?” was actually a success. [214], [215]

When Heartland introduced the campaign in 2012, their release included with the following statement: [216]

“The people who still believe in man-made global warming are mostly on the radical fringe of society. This is why the most prominent advocates of global warming aren’t scientists. They are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.”

Heartland pulled the billboard after an outcry from supporters and opponents alike. It had run for “exactly 24 hours.” [217]

“This provocative billboard was always intended to be an experiment. And after just 24 hours the results are in: It got people’s attention,” Bast wrote in the 2012 Heartland press release announcing the cancellation of the billboard. [217]

“We know that our billboard angered and disappointed many of Heartland’s friends and supporters, but we hope they understand what we were trying to do with this experiment. We do not apologize for running the ad, and we will continue to experiment with ways to communicate the ‘realist’ message on the climate,” Bast wrote in 2012. [217]

Following the campaign, a number of corporations begant to cut their ties with Heartland, and numerous critics denounced Heartland. Shortly after, at the Heartland’s 2012 International Conference on Climate Change, Joe Bast announced that Heartland would not be holding any more conferences and was struggling to pay its bills. Heartland has held several more ICCCs since then. [5], [67]

Writing in 2017, Bast claimed the billboard had actually been a success:

“The billboard hit its target hard, as good satire does. It broke a news blackout that environmentalists and the legacy media had imposed on Heartland and other groups that challenged the Gore-Obama dogma on global warming. Far from hurting Heartland, as Banerjee claims, it saved us: 2012 was a breakthrough year for us with record funds raised, record media attention, and record attendance at our events.” [214]

“That year also marked the moment Heartland’s views on climate change moved from marginal to mainstream.” [214]

Bast then claimed that Banerjee’s statement “isn’t true” that “Hundreds of millions of dollars from corporations such as ExxonMobil and wealthy individuals such as the billionaires Charles and David Koch have supported the development of a sprawling network, which includes Heartland and other think tanks, advocacy groups and political operatives.” [214]

“ExxonMobil did contribute around $50,000 a year to Heartland for about a decade,” Bast added, but it was “never more than 5% of our annual budget.” [214]

November 21, 2017

Heartland’s CEO and former president Joe Bast spoke with Michael Bastasch of The Daily Caller, followingThe Washington Post’s reporting on Heartland’s closed-door meeting in Houston, Texas. [212][213]

Bastasch said that Jim Lakely, Heartland’s communication director, had claimed the article was an effort to delegitimize Heartland and its work.

The tone of it is that the climate realist right isn’t happy with Trump’s progress,” Lakely told the Daily Caller News Foundation. “Nothing could be further from the truth.” [212]

Bast had similar comments, saying “the left demonizes us” while pointing to the publishing of Heartland’s leaked 2012 budget documents as an example. According to Bast, Heartland also never specifically told the EPA who to pick as part of a climate “Red Team.” [212]

I have never met Scott Pruitt,” Bast said. “We’ve always tried to remain arm’s length from politics. It’s never been a priority for us to engage in politics.” 

The real way we measure our impact is through public opinion surveys,” Bast said, referring to Heartland’s surveys on public global warming attitudes. 

However, Bast did admit to a relationship with former White House chief strategist Steve Bannon, telling Bastasch that he talked frequently with Bannon regarding orders to combat climate policies, like urging Trump to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement. [212]

Steve was an important channel for us to the White House,” Bast said. “[..] It’s changed with Steve Bannon leaving.” [212]

Bast also said that Heartland’s new president, Tim Huelskamp, “has been invaluable to finding new allies in the administration,” Bastasch wrote. [212]

November 15, 2017

The Washington Post obtained an “Energy Freedom Scorecard,” that was distributed at a closed-door meeting at a Houston hotel. At the private meeting, sponsored by the Heartland Institute, activists discussed the actions of the Trump administration to roll back environmental regulations. [206]

The scorecard lists several items as “done” including withdrawing implementation of the Waters of the U.S. rule, “Dramatically reduce government funding of environmental advocacy groups,” “Withdraw from the Paris Accord” and also withdrawal from the Clean Power Plan. [206]

David Schnare noted that they work working to place allies in key White House positions and other areas that guide federal policy: [206]

There are ways to get names in, and we’ve used every door and window and crack in the wall we can use,” Schnare.

Heartland Institute spokesman Jim Likely confirmed that they had created the scorecard.

Items listed as “not done” include completely removing federal tax credits for wind and solar producers, withdrawing from the UN‘s Framework Convention on Climate Change, and ending funding for “the United Nation’s Biased Climate Change Programs, in particular the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.” [206]

View the original at The Washington Post:


Energy Freedom Score Card
(as of October 15, 2017)

Mission Statement: Affordable, reliable, and plentiful energy enables us to protect the environment while also creating jobs and the goods and service she need. Expensive and unreliable energy, like the kind produced by ethanol and commercial wind and solar companies, destroys jobs and harms the environment.

Fossil fuels are the foundation of economic growth and prosperity. Taxing them or making them more scarce causes economic growth to slow, makes food and other essential goods more expensive, and many of the good things we take for granted are lost.

We owe it to future generations to leave the world a better place than we found it. Renewable energies don’t protect the environment. They actually harm it by being less efficient and more land-intrusive than fossil fuels.



1. Rein in EPA

Repeal unnecessary regulations affecting air and qater quality and energy production, end the abuse of science, end subsidies to leftist groups.


Withdraw implementation of the Waters of the U.S. rule.

Pruitt announced new EPA policy to end sue and settle.

Dramatically reduce government funding of environmental advocacy groups, including funds delivered to such groups through the “sue and settle” scam.

Some regs on coal-powered generation have been removed or delayed. Others are up for reivew.

Roll back recent EPA regulations on ozone, small particles, and other air pollutants that are based on discredited epidemiology and toxicology.

Trump ended terms of many long-time members of science advisory boards ith conflicts of interest.

End conflicts of interest on scientific review boards.

Pruitt’s withdrawal of the CPP said there are no health effects below EPA‘s standard for PM-2.5.

Formally end the use of the “linear no-threshold assumption” in determining safe levels of exposure to pollutants.

Trump said Obama’s preliminary approval of higher CAFÉ standards will be reviewed.

Roll back Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, which result in the deaths of thousands of car and truck passengers every year, needlessly increase the price of new cars, and favor foreign car manufacturers


End the use of “secret science” by EPA and other regulatory agencies.


End reliance on near-zero risk ratios.


Enforce the Data Quality Act with respect to the junk sicence promoted and funded by EPA on air pollution and toxicology.


Congress should repeal the Delaney clause, which essentially commits the FDA and other government agencies to an impossible zero risk standard.

2. Repeal Global Warming Regulations


Withdraw from the Paris Accord and stop funding the Green Climate Fund.


Retract and rescind “social cost of carbon” estimates and stop including them in required cost-benefit analysis of new regulations


Withdraw/repeal the Clean Power Plan

Pruitt has announced plans for a Red Team, progress has been slow

Create a President’s Council on Climate Change charged with cutting through the politics and bias that infected climate science and policymaking during the Obama administration and advising the President on what policies to repeal and what policies to pursue.

At least some research grants are being cancelled, the president’s budget called for a 30% cut to EPA budget.

Dramatically reduce goverment funding of climate research pending the findings of the new President’s Council on Climate Change. When funding for such research resumes, require that equal amounts go to studying natural and man-made climate change.


Withdraw from the UN‘s Framework Convention on Climate Change


Stop basing military planning and strategies on the predictions of flawed climate models.


Support legislation repealing Obama’s Executive Order 13693, which requires the Department of Defense to create a number of climate change programs and policies


End funding for the United Nations’ biased climate change programs, in particular the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

3. End Climate Profiteering

End subsidies, tax credits, feed-in tariffs, regulatory carve-outs, and mandates that benefit wind, solar, and ethanol producers yet produce no environmental benefits.

Some states have frozen renewable energy mandate targets, some have considered repealing existing mandates, but progress is slow.

Repeal state Renewable Power Mandates (RPMs) where they exist and oppose their opion in states that don’t currently ahve them.

A DOE proposal to FERC would start to level the playing field between coal and renewables. See footnote below.

Have FERC grant higher rates to coal generation to recognize the important role they play in provide base-load energy.

Trump’s budget proposed moving forward with Yucca Mountain

Remove regulatory obstacles to the expansion of nuclear power and open the nuclear waste storage facility at Yucca Mountain.

Trump froze current ethanol production minimum rather than raising it.

Abolish the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) program, which mandates that refiners add ethanol to gasoline.


End federal tax credits to wind and solar producers.


Convice state PUCs not to implement “zombie” Obama-era regulations and subsidies that lead to the premature closing of coal-powered generation


Hold solar and wind power producers to the same environmental protection standards as are applied to coal and natural gas power generators.

4. Use It, Don’t Lost It

Achieve “energy dominance” by maximizing U.S. production of fossil fuels. End excessive restrictions of exploration, development, and production of fossil fuels on public lands as well as private lands.

DONE Approve Keystone XL and other pipelines blocked by President Obama.
Some restrictions have been withdrawn, Interior is reducing size of some national monuments.
Roll back unnecessary regulations on hydraulic fracturing, mining, and oil and gas exploration offshore and on federal lands.
Trump ended an Obama-era anti-fracking rule, states are debating restrictions on fracking.
Repeal unnecessary restrictions and state bans on fracking.
STARTED Expand U.S. exports of coal, liquefied natural gas, and oil as a way to reduce the reliance of allies and other countries on energy imports from Russia and other bad actors in the international community.

November 9, 2017

The Heartland Institute hosted the “America First Energy Conference” at the Marriott Hotel in Houston, Texas. [204]

In a fundraising letter obtained by DeSmog, Fred Palmer said the event would “review the scientific and economic evidence that exposes the fraud inherent in the Obama-era regulation regime” while discussing “the overwhelming benefits of fossil fuels to us all.” With an anticipated 300 to 400 attendees, it would be “similar to the attendance at [the Heartland Institute’s] popular International Conferences on Climate Change.” [202]

 “In particular, we are inviting state legislators, think tank leaders, energy executives, Trump administration political appointees and staff, and policy analysts who write and speak on environment and energy topics,” Palmer said in the letter. [202]

As reported at the Houston Chronicle, speakers notably included two Trump Administration officials: Richard W. Westerdale II of the State Department and Vincent DeVito of the Department of Interior. David Bernhardt, deputy secretary of the Interior Department, was also formerly listed as a Heartland conference speaker, but apparently withdrew. [207]

The Climate Investigations Center put up a parody of the America First Energy conference website, complete with profiles on the individual speakers and highlighting their corporate funding and ties to groups such as the Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC). [208]

Listed speakers included current and former industry representatives such as Heath Lovell, VP of Public Policy for Alliance Coal, former Peabody Energy senior VP Fred PalmerICCC speakers like Jim Inhofe (who, while not there in person, gave a video address to the conference), Craig Idso, and Joe Bast; and former Trump Transition team members Myron Ebell and David Schnare. [209]

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt also gave a video address to the conference, saying “we want to celebrate what’s been going on this last year with respect to the changes that have taken place in Washington D.C.” He goes on to list off the “tremendous change with respect to regulatory reform” under Trump: [210]

 “Just to update you a little on what we’ve been doing: we’ve been providing clarity, regulatory reform in areas that matter. We’ve withdrawn the Clean Power Plan and we’re providing, you know, certainty and clarity there. We’ve withdrawn the Waters of the United States rule, that very terrible rule that created uncertainty across the marketplace […]” 

“I want to say to you at the Heartland Institute,” Pruitt said. “Thanks for what you’re doing to advance energy, thank you for what you’re doing to advance natural resources. We’ve been blessed immensely as a country. To whom much is given, much is required. And when you have tremendous natural resources from coal, to natural gas, to oil, to generate electricity in a very cost-effective way, we should celebrate that and be good stewards. And that’s something we ought to embrace.” [210]

The full list of speakers is posted on the event’s website, Americafirstenergy.org:  [209]

Name Title Organization
Joe Leimkuhler    
Joseph Bast CEO The Heartland Institute
Roger Bezdek President MISI
H. Sterling Burnett   The Heartland Institute
Clyde Wayne Crews* Vice President for Policy Competitive Enterprise Institute
Kevin Dayaratna Senior Statistician The Heritage Foundation
Hal Doiron Co-founder, The Right Climate Stuff TRCS
Paul Driessen Senior Fellow Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow
John Dale Dunn Physician, Policy Advisor The Heartland Institute
Myron Ebell Director of Energy Policy Competitive Enterprise Institute
James Enstrom President Scientific Integrity Institute
Alex Epstein President and Founder Center for Industrial Progress
Jennifer Fielder CEO American Lands Council
Jason Funes Special Assistant, OIEA U.S. Department of the Interior
Tim Huelskamp President The Heartland Institute
Peter Hartley Professor of Economics, Energy Studies Rice University
Kenneth Haapala President President, Science and Environmental Policy Project
Craig Idso Founder and Former president CO2 Science
Mark Krumenacher Senior Vice President GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc.
Jeff Landry Attorney General State of Louisiana
Jim Lakely Director of Communications The Heartland Institute
David Legates Professor of climatology University of Delaware
Jay Lehr Science Director The Heartland Institute
Nick Loris Herbert and Joyce Morgan fellow The Heritage Foundation
Anthony Lupo Associate Professor University of Missouri -Columbia
Ross Mckitrick Professor of Economics University of Guelph
Steve Milloy Author, Founder of JunkScience.com JunkScience.com
Todd Myers Director of the Center for the Environment Washington Policy Center
John Nothdurft Director of Government Relations The Heartland Institute
Isaac Orr Research Fellow The Heartland Institute
Frederick Palmer Senior Fellow The Heartland Institute
Robert Phalen Professor of Medicine University of California, Irvine
David Schnare Director Free-Market Environmental Law Clinic
Aaron Stover Policy Analyst The Heartland Institute
Richard Trzupek Principal Consultant Trinity Consultants, LLC
Richard Burton Belzer Independent Consultant Economics, Risk, and Information Quality
Alan Chamberlain Chief Geologist Cedar Strat Corp.
Vincent Devito Counselor for Energy Policy U.S. Department of the Interior
Bette Grande Senior Fellow The Heartland Institute
Thomas B. Hayward Admiral, United States Navy (retired) Former Chief of U.S. Naval Operations
Jim Inhofe United States Senator Oklahoma
Heath Lovell Vice President for Public Affairs Alliance Coal
Harry W. Macdougald Attorney Caldwell, Propst & DeLoach, LLP
Scott Pruitt Administrator Environmental Protection Agency
Lamar Smith Chairman, House Committee Science, Space, and Technology
Michelle Smith Vice President, Land The Quiat Companies
David Stevenson Director, Center for Energy Competitiveness Caesar Rodney Institute
Richard W. Westerdale Ii Senior Advisor, Energy U.S. Department of State
Bud Weinstein Associate Director, Maguire Energy Institute Southern Methodist University

The following sponsors were listed as of November 2017: [211]

Sponsor Web URL
Colderside.com http://www.colderside.com/
Ayn Rand Institute https://www.aynrand.org/
Australian Taxpayers’ Alliance http://americafirstenergy.org/sponsors/www.taxpayers.org.au/
Spark of Freedom http://sparkoffreedomfoundation.org/
Competitive Enterprise Institute https://cei.org/
Instituto Monte Castelo https://montecastelo.org/
CO2 Science http://www.co2science.org/
Leadership Institute https://www.leadershipinstitute.org/
Mackinac Center for Public Policy https://www.mackinac.org/
Frontier Centre for Public Policy https://fcpp.org/
Americans for Prosperity Foundation https://americansforprosperityfoundation.org/
Jock Locke Foundation https://www.johnlocke.org/
Caesar Rodney Institute http://www.caesarrodney.org/
Georgia Public Policy Foundation http://www.georgiapolicy.org/
Independent Institute http://www.independent.org/
Texas Public Policy Foundation https://www.texaspolicy.com/
The Heritage Foundation http://www.heritage.org/
Independence Institute https://i2i.org/
Petroleum Connection http://www.petroleumconnection.com/

September 28, 2017

The Heartland Institute held closed door meetings to identify candidates for EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt’s “red team” exercise on climate change, an email from Joe Bast revealed. As E&E News reported, the email and notes provided “a broad look at skeptics’ policy playbook under the Trump administration while exposing stark suspicions about Pruitt.” [205]

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt’s proposal for a Red Team-Blue Team exercise is vague, probably would not be effective, and is unlikely to come about,” Bast wrote in the email. “More likely to occur is a similar exercise directed by the head of another department (NASA, NOAA, or OSTP) with more interest than Pruitt has shown in the scientific debate and more likely to stick around to see the results.”

View Bast’s complete email below:


According to the notes, those present at the meeting included David Shnare who “described how policy can be changed from ‘inside the swamp’ via seven ‘legal points of entry’ such as legal challenges under the Information Quality Act and violations of peer review,” Heartland president Tim Huelskamp, David Legates, Harry MacDougald, and Jim Lakely.

July 2017

Scott Pruitt’s EPA began initial moves to assemble a “red team” designed to combat mainstream climate change science. The administration reached out to the Heartland Institute, the Washington Examiner reported. [198]

“The White House and the Environmental Protection Agency have reached out to the Heartland Institute to help identify scientists who could constitute a red team, and we’ve been happy to oblige,” Jim Lakely, the Heartland Institute’s communications director, told the Washington Examiner

“This effort is long overdue,” he said. “The climate scientists who have dominated the deliberations and the products of the IPCC have gone almost wholly without challenge. That is a violation of the scientific method and the public’s trust.”

The Heartland Institute has been a long proponent of a red team “to critically examine what has become alarmist dogma rather than a sober evaluation of climate science for many years,” Lakely said. “In fact, Heartland has worked closely with a red team that has been examining the science for several years: the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, or NIPCC.”  [198]

According to Climatewire, a senior administration official said that EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt “believes that we will be able to recruit the best in the fields which study climate and will organize a specific process in which these individuals […] provide back-and-forth critique of specific new reports on climate science.” [199]

The official added that the program will use “red team, blue team” exercises to conduct an “at-length evaluation of U.S. climate science.” Climate scientists expressed concern that the “red team, blue team” concept could further politicize research and “disproportionately elevate the views of a relatively small number of experts who disagree with mainstream scientists,” Climatewire also reported. [200]

June 29, 2017

The Heartland Institute announced that Joe Bast would be stepping down as president, to be replaced by Kansas Rep. Tim Huelskamp starting July 2017. Bast said he would remain with Heartland as CEO until some time in 2018. [182]

According to reporting by The Hill, as the new president of Heartland, Huelskamp would continue “pushing for eliminating Environmental Protection Agency regulations and challenging ‘climate change alarmists’ like former President Obama and former Vice President Al Gore; advocate for school choice and voucher programs; and offer assistance to states navigating ObamaCare and the current healthcare fight.” [183]

“I have big shoes to fill given the tremendous leadership of Joe Bast and the Heartland team,” Huelskamp said in a phone interview with The Hill. [183]

Huelskamp is former chairman of the Tea Party Caucus and a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus. [183]

June, 2017

The Heartland Institute sent out mass mailings to grade school teachers suggesting that there is debate in climate change science. The Heartland package included a free, unsolicited book entitled Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming, and an 11-minute DVD, plus a cover letter from Heartland. [191]

How do you teach global warming?” the letter begins. “I am writing to ask you to consider the possibility that the science in fact is not ‘settled.’ If that’s the case, then students would be better served by letting them know a vibrant debate is taking place among scientists on how big the human impact on climate is and whether or not we should be worried about it.” [191]

The “educational” materials were sent to tens of thousands of teachers, with 25,000 planned to go out every two weeks, Joe Bast told PBS in March. [192]

While a Heartland spokesperson told Buzzfeed News that some teachers received the materials positively, others were more skeptical. [193]

It’s just loaded with citations,” Cheryl Manning, a Colorado science teacher at Evergreen High School who received the mailing told Buzzfeed. “But it’s circular. It’s all self-citations. Citing their own stuff instead of citing other people’s work.” [193]

Another science teacher from Georgia wrote an open letter to her colleagues after concluding it contained misleading arguments and logical fallacies: [194]

As someone who has taught college-level (Advanced Placement) environmental science for nine years, served on the Board for the Georgia Science Teachers Association, and has inspired dozens of my students to pursue scientific careers,” she wrote, “I do not take the condition of our planet, the tremendous importance of science education, or the accuracy of the information I purvey in my classroom lightly.” [194]

The mailings prompted a response by Senators Sheldon Whitehouse, Elizabeth Warren, Edward Markey, and Brian Schatz: [191]

The Heartland Institute has disseminated ‘alternative facts’ and fake science at the behest of its industry funders for decades,” the four senators wrote in a June 7 letter to Betsy DeVos, President Donald Trump’s recently appointed Secretary of Education.

In the 1990s, it teamed up with Phillip Morris to challenge facts about the health risks of tobacco,” they wrote. “The tobacco industry’s conduct was found to be fraudulent. Using the same strategies, with funding from the Koch family foundations, ExxonMobil, and other fossil fuel interests, the Heartland Institute now seeks to undermine the scientific consensus about climate change.” [191]

The senators wrote that over 200,000 kindergarten through grade 12 teachers were targeted by the campaign, a number that Heartland’s Joe Bast disputed, saying  there are “considerably less than 200,000” public school science teachers in the U.S. “Didn’t anyone on your staffs fact-check this letter before it was circulated?” Bast wrote.  [191]

According to the National Science Teachers’ Association, which counts roughly 300,000 “science educators” on its mailing lists, the U.S. has over 150,000 high school and middle school science teachers — plus about 1.6 million elementary school teachers who teach science as well as other topics. [195]

We knew the other side, the alarmist side, was already being discussed so our goal was to try to get both sides discussed by having something from more of the realist side in the discussion,” said Lennie Jarratt, who has managed the book’s distribution for Heartland. “I believe it ended up being a little over 250,000 that went out to teachers,” he added.

Drew Ising, a biology and environmental science teacher who received the Heartland materials, spoke with KCUR: [201]

We have our science expertise. We have our familiarity with sound teaching,” Ralph said. “And so it’s really frustrating to think that there’s a group of people out there investing time and money to try and create discord in our profession, because by and large science teachers know better than this.” [201]

June 1, 2017

According to The Illinois Review, Joe Bast was attended the Rose Garden event for Donald Trump’s announcement his decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Climate Agreement[177]

“Although The Heartland Institute has been subject to many attacks from so-called global alarmists, after Joe Bast’s presence was spotted in the Rose Garden an effort was made to harm President Trump by attacking Heartland’s Joe Bast,” The Illinois Review wrote. [177]

Bast, writing at the Heartland Institute’s blog, said “I was honored to be invited, and view it as a sign that our efforts for the past 20 years on the climate change issue have not gone unnoticed.  But the left noticed my attendance as well, and so this week they tried to hurt President Trump by attacking me.” [178]

In the article, Bast also penned a response to four U.S. senators who had mailed U.S. Department of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos asking for correspondence between the Heartland Institute and her department. Bast’s June 8 letter reads: [179], [180]

“For the record, The Heartland Institute has contacted nearly all members of the Trump cabinet. We have sent extensive information to more than 100 members of the administration explaining who we are, enclosing multiple publications (including books, policy studies, and videos) of most relevance to their positions, and offering to make our extensive network of some 370 policy experts available to provide further assistance. Some have gotten back to us.”  [181]

May 26, 2017

Writing at the Heartland Institute’s blog Somewhat Reasonable, Joe Bast makes a few recommendations on “good short references to the climate debate to share with family and friends over the Memorial Day holiday.” Bast’s article, titled “Happy Memorial Day, You Stupid, Arrogant, Liberal Global Warming Alarmist! [176]

Bast points to an outdated 1922 article on Artic ice as a good “conversation starter” and “a good way to poke a stick in the eye of your global warming alarmist friends.” [176]

“Global warming alarmists often claim the recent Arctic warming is unprecedented or must be due to the human presence. On its face, the 1922 article makes those claims dubious. Closer study reveals they haven’t made the case,” Bast wrote. [176]

Among the “short references” listed by Bast include work by Craig Idso, Robert Carter, S. Fred Singer, Joe Bast (himself), Anthony Watts, and the Heartland Institute’s newsletter. [176]

May 8, 2017

The Heartland Institute, represented by Joe Bast, is listed on an open letter to President Donald J. Trump urging him “to withdraw fully from the Paris Climate Treaty and to stop all taxpayer funding of UN global warming programs.” [173]

DeSmog reported that the 40 groups represented in the letter, including the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), The Heartland Institute, and the Heritage Foundation, have received a combined total of millions of dollars from the Koch Brothers, ExxonMobil, and other industry groups. [174]

Analysis also showed that the groups accepted about $80 million through Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust, two groups that have been confirmed is a key financial source for key U.S-based climate change denial groups. [175]

February 17, 2017

In their quarterly performance report (first quarter, 2017), Joseph Bast writes that “The Heartland Institute’s primary goal over the next four years is to win the global warming war.” [165]

The full report features a prominent image of Rosie the Riveter. DeSmog noted that while “Bast’s litany of commonly debunked arguments against the science and threat of climate change isn’t notable, Heartland’s choice of imagery is proving to be.” [166], [167]

To me, it seems like an obscene appropriation of feminist iconography, and I find it, frankly, offensive,” Sarah Myhre, University of Washington ocean and climate scientist, told DeSmog. “And I looked for a mention of women or women’s lives and there’s no mention of women in the article whatsoever.” [167]

“Bast’s article fails to make a single connection to women among his claims of ‘fake science’ and the scientific community being ‘deeply divided and unsure over the causes and consequences of climate change’,” DeSmog’s Ashley Braun writes. [167]

“Those are the classic tropes that are used to inflame skepticism around the science that underlies climate change, so as to not have to look directly at the very difficult and challenging nature of economic change that is necessary to respond to the science,” Myhre told DeSmog. “I feel like I’ve read this little blurb a thousand times in other places.” [167]

According to Joe Bast, “Global warming isn’t just one of many public policy debates that free-market advocates need to win. It is a war, the most important and most consequential war of our era.” The report goes on to claim that there is no consensus on climate change: [166]

“Most scientists don’t believe computer models can predict future weather patterns or tell us whether global warming is a threat. Real peer-reviewed science shows the human impact on climate is probably too small to measure and not worth trying to prevent or undo,” the report claims. [166]

The report cites Heartland’s own book, Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming, claiming it “zeroes in on the false
‘consensus’ claim and utterly demolishes it.” [166]

Heartland says that, in the coming months, it plans to “meetings with elected officials in 20 states, building on the success of past meetings and capitalizing on the new possibilities for passing legislation thanks to the results of the 2016 elections.” [166]

With Trump’s announcement of abolishing the EPA, Heartland plans to “host a competition later this year for the best ideas for replacing EPA.” [166]

The report concludes with a call to action for donors:  [166]

“Together, we can win the most important public policy battle of our era. The stakes could not be higher, or the opportunity greater. I hope you will join us.”[166]

January 12, 2017

Joseph Bast of the Heartland Institute was a signatory to a January 12, 2017 official letter of support (PDF) for Scott Pruitt, in which numerous groups, including The Heartland InstituteAmerican Energy Alliance (AEA), and others, declared that the Senate should “swiftly approve his nomination” for Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

 Other signatories of the letter included: [164]

January 9, 2017

The Heartland Institute announced that Frederick D. PalmerPeabody Energy’s Senior Vice President of Government Relations, would be joining Heartland as a senior fellow on energy and climate.[162], [163]

Prior to working for Peabody Energy, Palmer was the CEO and general counsel of the Western Fuels Association, and also represented Western Fuels on the board of directors of the National Mining Association. [163]

December 29, 2016

The Heartland Institute announced that climate change denier Art Robinson, founder of the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine (OISM) and man behind the infamous “Oregon Petition,” would join its board of directors. The press release notes that Heartland had also named its Arthur B. Robinson Center on Climate and Environmental Policy in honor of Robinson in 2015. [222]

Heartland Institute President Joseph L. Bast commented, “Art Robinson is as bold and brave a person as I have ever met. Having him join Heartland’s Board of Directors honors us and sends a signal to the world that we will continue to ‘speak truth to power’ on the important issue of climate change as well as the need for educational choice, repealing Obamacare, and other issues as well.” [222]

November 1, 2016

The Heartland Institute promoted a new report by the Pacific Research Institute (PRI) that criticizes President Obama’s Clean Power Plan. [160]

“Under President Obama’s Clean Power Plan, the poorest households could see their electricity costs rise by more than 10 percent of their income,” the Heartland Institute release notes.  [160]

Wayne Winegarden, report author and PRI Senior Fellow writes: [160]

“Poor communities will be hit hard by the Clean Power Plan.  Working-class neighborhoods across the nation could see rising power costs if the Obama Administration’s plan is implemented. I hope that America’s next President will review our findings very carefully when charting our country’s energy future, and pursue free-market policies that will alleviate the problem of energy poverty.” [160]

View the full report here (.pdf). [161]

August 31, 2016

The Heartland Institute hosted a debate between its Science Director Jay Lehr and Professor Scott Denning of Colorado State University who debated film clips from Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth. The debate was to “determine how the movie has fared through the test of time on its 10th anniversary,” writes Nancy Thorner writes at the Heartland Institute’s blog. [158]

View the entire 1.5-hour-long debate below: [159]

July 12, 2016

The Heartland Institute, represented by Joseph Bast, was among 22 groups represented in a “Coalition” open letter pushing back against what the Heartland Institute describes as an “affront to free speech.” The groups are responding to the recent Web of Denial Resolution brought up in the Senate, calling out fossil fuel industry-funded groups denying climate change. [149]

According to the Climate Investigations Center, all but one of the open letter’s signatory organizations have taken money (totalling at least $92 million since 1997) from the “climate denial web” including Koch Brothers’ various foundations, ExxonMobil, and two “Dark Money” organizations, Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund. [152]

Championed by Senators Whitehouse, Markey, Schatz, Boxer, Merkley, Warren, Sanders, and Franken, the resolution condemns what they are calling the #WebOfDenial — “interconnected groups – funded by the Koch brothers, major fossil fuel companies like ExxonMobil and Peabody Coal, identity-scrubbing groups like Donors Trust and Donors Capital, and their allies – developed and executed a massive campaign to deceive the public about climate change to halt climate action and protect their bottom lines.” [150]

The open letter addresses the senators, calling them “tyrants”: 

“We hear you. Your threat is clear: There is a heavy and inconvenient cost to disagreeing with you. Calls for debate will be met with political retribution. That’s called tyranny. And, we reject it.” [151]

The full list of signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:

June 21, 2016

The Heartland Institute hosted an event titled “Fueling Freedom: Exposing the Mad War on Energy” featuring Stephen Moore and Kathleen Hartnett White who “make an unapologetic case for fossil fuels.” The video description reads as follows (video below): [147]

“Fossil fuel energy is the lifeblood of the modern world. Before the Industrial Revolution, humanity depended on burning wood and candle wax. But with the ability to harness the energy in oil and other fossil fuels, quality of life and capacity for progress increased exponentially. Thanks to incredible innovations in the energy industry, fossil fuels are as promising, safe, and clean an energy resource as has ever existed in history. Yet, highly politicized climate policies are pushing a grand-scale shift to unreliable, impractical, incredibly expensive, and far less efficient energy sources. Today, ‘fossil fuel’ has become such a dirty word that even fossil fuel companies feel compelled to apologize for their products. In Fueling Freedom, energy experts Stephen Moore and Kathleen Hartnett White make an unapologetic case for fossil fuels, turning around progressives’ protestations to prove that if fossil fuel energy is supplanted by ‘green’ alternatives for political reasons, humanity will take a giant step backwards and the planet will be less safe, less clean, and less free.” [147]

June 16, 2016

The Heartland Institute was one of the think tanks listed in subpoenas to ExxonMobil organized by a coalition of 17 attorneys general. [143]Joseph Bast responded to the subpoena, calling it a First Amendment right violation, a claim earlier echoed by ExxonMobil’s own legal team. [144], [145]

“This is not only a violation of our First Amendment rights but a clear attempt to discourage funding from businesses of organizations that don’t accept the Obama administration’s take on climate change as absolute truth,” Bast said.

June 3, 2016

Isaac Orr, a Research Fellow for the Heartland Institute, suggests that hydraulic fracturing (fracking) makes air cleaner. According to Orr, “[…] the small, spherical grains of frac sand mined in the Upper Midwest are helping to bring cleaner air to the entire country.” [146]

June, 2016

The Heartland Institute was among organizations named in a Massachusetts subpoena looking for communications between ExxonMobil and organizations denying climate change, reports The Washington Times. [148]

Organizations named in the Massachusetts subpoena include the following: [148]

This latest inquiry by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey is one in a series of investigations into what ExxonMobil knew about climate change and when, started by a coalition of attorneys general in the US. [143] 

March 9, 2016

Authors of the latest NIPCC report, “Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming,” convened at the Heartland Institute’s new Andrew Breitbart Center for Freedom. According to the Heartland Institute’s event description, “Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter and S. Fred Singer offer a detailed analysis of one of today’s most controversial topics:  climate change” and “make a compelling case against claims of a scientific consensus.”

“Probably the most widely repeated claim in the debate over global warming is that ‘97% of scientists agree’ that climate change is man-made and dangerous,” the authors write. “This claim is not only false, but its presence in the debate is an insult to science.” [138]

Notably, the “97% consensus” is supported by the Academis of Science from 80 countries and over 200 worldwide scientific organizations. [139], [140]

View the video below:

March 1, 2016

The Heartland Institute’s president Joseph Bast announced the Andrew Breitbart Center for Freedom, a “public meeting space” that would be located at the Heartland Institute’s new headquarters in Arlington Heights, Illinois. [131]

The launch included a poster honouring the late Andrew Breitbart, describing him as a “fearless defender of freedom and enemy of biased, lying mainstream media,” Right Wing Watch reports. [131]

Breitbart News faced controversy during 2016 election season, nicknamed “Trumpbart” by detractors. The Daily Beast writes “it is widely seen as a credulous purveyor of [Donald] Trump’s angry populist, anti-immigration, anti-Muslim message, and as an enthusiastic booster of the reality show billionaire’s candidacy.” [132]

Right Wing Watch notes that Glenn Beck accused Breitbart News of “having turned itself into an arm of the Trump campaign and likening its executive chairman, Steve Bannon, to Hitler’s propagandist Joseph Goebbels.” [133]

Video of Joseph Bast announcing the new Freedom Center below:

The Heartland Instituteoffers the following description on their website:

“Andrew Breitbart was a genuine American hero. He inspired millions of people to stand up and speak the truth about what is happening in America,” said Joseph Bast, president of The Heartland Institute. “We could not be more pleased to have his name forever affixed to The Heartland Institute. We are honored that his family and friends believe this connection is a suitable addition to his legacy.” [134]

The Heartland Institute also plans a “dedication ceremony” in summer of 2016 which will feature a screening of ‘Hating Breitbart,’ a documentary “about Andrew Breitbart’s enormous impact on the media and the culture that was released one year after his death.” [134]

November 30, 2015

On the first day of the United Nations’ twenty first conference of the parties (COP21) in Paris, the Heartland Institute’s Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) published a book that “emphatically rejects claims of a ‘scientific consensus’ on the causes and consequences of climate change,” reads the Heartland press release. [127]

The NIPCC book is titled “Why Scientists Disagree about Global Warming: The NIPCC Report on Consensus.” Contrary to the book’s premise, multiple studies and surveys have shown that 97 percent or more of actively publishing climate scientists agree that climate warming trends over the past century are due to human activitities (NASA, for example). [128]

The book’s authors include Craig D. Idso of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (CSCDGC), Robert M. Carter of the Institute for Public Affairs (IPA), and S. Fred Singer of the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)The NIPCC itself is sponsored by the CSCDGC, SEPP, and the Heartland Institute. [127]

CSDGC, IPA, and SEPP are all secretive about their funding sources. Still, available data shows they have received significant funding from ExxonMobil, Donors Capital Fund, Scaife, and Koch-related Foundations. Below is a brief summary based on data collected from ExxonSecrets and the Conservative Transparency Project:

Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $90,000 $229,000   $319,000
Donors Capital Fund $283,800     $283,800
Exxon Mobil $100,000   $20,000 $120,000
John M. Olin Foundation   $119,000   $119,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation $100,000     $100,000
Heartland Institute     $15,000 $15,000
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation     $5,000 $5,000
Deramus Foundation $1,000     $1,000
Grand Total $574,800 $348,000 $40,000 $962,800

August 25, 2015

The Heartland Institute co-sponsored the “Affordable Energy Summit 8.0” with the Libertarian Party of Nevada in Las Vegas, where James Taylor was a speaker[124] According to the Affordable Energy Summit’s “Events” webpage, the purpose of the summit was to “discuss the costs of climate change, as well as the fiscal and environmental impact of the so-called ‘Clean Power Plan.’” [125]

The “Events” page of the Affordable Energy Summit’s website goes on to state that the speakers at the National Clean Energy Summit, which took place just one day earlier, “believe that evidence of man-made global warming is enough to justify any action intended to solve the problem, without regard for effectiveness and without any regard for the expense.” [125]

James Taylor wrote in Forbes that, “Unlike the Clean Energy Summit, the Affordable Energy Summit will present the full picture on energy, economics, and the environment.” Taylor asserts that wind and solar power initiatives are “not only prohibitively expensive, but they produce worse environmental damage than the conventional power Obama and Reid seek to vilify.” [126]

March 3-4, 2015

The Heartland Institute issued statements in defense of Willie Soon in the wake of his recently published paper titled “Why Models Run Hot: Results From an Irreducibly Simple Climate Model,” published in January 2015 in China’s Science Bulletin Journal. Co-authors of the paper included Lord Christopher Monckton, Professor David Legates, and Dr. William Briggs.

James M. Taylor’s defense of soon is available here, and one by Robert M. Carter here. Bob Carter is an expert or advisor to over 10 climate skeptic organizations including the Global Warming Policy Foundation, International Climate Science Coalition, Science and Public Policy Institute, Australian Climate Science Coalition, and New Zealand Climate Science Coalition. His background is in geology.  [75][76]

Shortly after the Science Bulletin paper’s release, a number of sources reported on Soon’s connection to fossil fuel funding, including 11 papers he published since 2008 in which ommited disclosure of a potential conflict of interest. In their February 21 article titled Deeper Ties to Corporate Cash for Doubtful Climate Researcher, The New York Times reports how “in at least eight of those cases, he appears to have violated ethical guidelines of the journals that published his work.” [77

As of 2001, the Climate Investigations Center found that Soon had received $1,573,270 in funding, with “known fossil fuel funding” tabulated at $1,248,471. Coal electricity generator Southern Company, Exxon, Donors Trust, the Charles G. Koch Foundation and the American Petroleum Institute have all contributed. [78]

Soon released his own statement (PDF) on March 2, which was published on the Heartland Institute’s website. [79]

April 27/28, 2015

The Heartland Institute sent a team to the Vatican City where they held a press conference in order to “inform Pope Francis of the truth about climate science” and claims to set out a “case explaining why climate science does not justify the Holy See putting its faith in the work of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).”  

Lord Christopher Monckton, Dr Calvin Beisner of the Cornwall Alliance, and Marc Morano from CFACT all spoke at the conference, and the event was further covered by DesMog UK‘s Brendan Montague, who attended. [80]

Rome Heartland Vatican Audience

Nine journalists made up the audience at Heartland’s press conference. Photo by Brendan Montague.

Monckton encouraged the Pope not to make a statement on climate change, saying “You will be kicking the poor in the teeth. Stand back, listen to both sides, and do not take sides in politics.”  Heartland stated their intent was to “dissuade Pope Francis from lending his moral authority to the politicized and unscientific climate agenda of the United Nations.” [81]

Heartland President Joe Bast claims that Pope Francis is being “misled by ‘experts’ at the United Nations who have proven unworthy of his trust,” and that “Humans are not causing a climate crisis on God’s Green Earth – in fact, they are fulfilling their Biblical duty to protect and use it for the benefit of humanity.”

The Heartland Institute’s event included presentations from the following:

  • E. Calvin Beisner, Ph.D., national spokesman for the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation
  • Hal Doiron, former NASA Skylab and Space Shuttle engineer
  • Richard Keen, Ph.D., meteorology instructor at the University of Colorado
  • Christopher Monckton, chief policy advisor to the Science and Public Policy Institute (SPPI)
  • Marc Morano, executive editor and chief correspondent, ClimateDepot.com
  • Tom Sheahen, Ph.D., vice chairman of the Science and Environmental Policy Project Board of Directors
  • Elizabeth Yore, J.D., former General Counsel at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in Virginia

Joe Bast has also stated “Catholics who would put ‘sustainability’ ahead of human freedom are out of step with the most important teachings of their faith.” [82]

The Heartland Institute’s campaign included a series of presentations and press conferences in Rome. Searches for Pope Francis and Climate Change reveal they have also bid on AdWords to direct searches to the Heartland Institute website (see below).

Pope Francis Global Warming

Screenshot taken from Google, May 21, 2015.

July, 2014

At the American Legislative Exchange Council’s (ALEC) annual meeting in Dallas, Heartland Institue President Joseph Bast led a workshop where he argued the following (as reported by the Centre for Media and Democracy): [83]

  • “There is no scientific consensus on the human role in climate change.”
  • “There is no need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and no point in attempting
  • to do so.”
  • “Carbon dioxide has not caused weather to become more extreme, polar ice and
  • sea ice to melt, or sea level rise to accelerate. These were all false alarms.”
  • The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) “is not a credible source of
  • science or economics.”
  • “The likely benefits of man­made global warming exceed the likely costs.”

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) led a workshop at the same meeting called “Climate change talking points 2014.”

October 29, 2014

The Heartland Institute’s “energy and environment experts” commented on the ruling by the Health Board of Brown County, Wisconsin, declaring wind turbines a “human health hazard.”