James Madison Institute (JMI)
The James Madison Institute (JMI) is a Florida-based 501(c)(3) libertarian think tank founded in 1987 with the mission of keeping “the citizens of Florida informed about their government and to shape our state’s future through the advancement of practical free-market ideas on public policy issues.” 
Notable JMI people include two Gulf Power CEOs: current board member Stan Connally, President & CEO of Gulf Power, and former JMI director Mark Crosswhite, now CEO and President of Alabama Power and former President of Gulf Power. , , 
James Madison Institute’s research advisory council includes James Taylor, the Heartland Institute’s senior fellow for environmental policy. JMI has also supported the Heartland Institute as a sponsor of it’s International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC). 
State Policy Network Member
JMI is a member of the State Policy Network (SPN), a group of free market think tanks designed to “educate the general public and policy makers in every state to embrace market-friendly policies that maximize liberty and opportunity.” 
The State Policy Network donated at least $364,000 to the James Madison Institute between 2002 and 2013. 
Stance on Climate Change
“Today, the scientists and the research associated with global warming have lost the credibility and authority with which they have argued their point. By arguing forcefully and loudly for more than 20 years that the data are “certain” and that the world’s scientific community is ‘unified’ in its belief that global warming is a man-made phenomena and will lead to a global environmental apocalypse, they have destroyed their position as an honest, dispassionate broker of knowledge. They have done a disservice to themselves and to science at large.” 
“[S]tudies suggest that less than half of all published scientists endorse ‘Global Warming’ theory… . we do not yet understand what ‘Global Warming’ is, whether it is a natural occurrence or that human activity is having a direct impact. […] [T]he evidence also shows that the temperature was rising hundreds of years before carbon dioxide levels were rising. This contradicts the theory that rising CO2 levels cause an increase in the earth’s temperature.” 
“Should Florida’s government force the premature abandonment of cost-efficient energy sources, such as oil and natural gas, in favor of less-efficient energy sources like wind turbines and solar panels, the resultant spike in energy prices would be likely to cost far more jobs than the so-called ‘green economy’ would create.”“Therefore, in any calculations of the economic costs and benefits, the economic benefits from, say, allowing more drilling for oil and gas in the Gulf far outweigh the fanciful estimates of the benefits from ‘green’ jobs such as installing solar panels or removing the dead birds and bats killed by wind turbines.” — Past JMI President Bob McClure. 
The following is based on data the Conservative Transparency project collected from publicly available 990 tax forms. Note that not all individual funding values have been verified by DeSmogBlog for accuracy. 
To see additional details, view the attached spreadsheet on the James Madison Institute’s funding by year (.xlsx).
|Year||Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||Charles Koch Institute||Grand Total|
James Madison Institute 990 Tax Forms
|Alyssa Gill||Y||Director of Events and Logistics|
|Amanda Keels||Y||Assistant Director of The Preston A. Wells, Jr. Center for American Ideals|
|Amar Ali||Y||Research Associate.|
|Bennett Bedford||Y||Communications Coordinator|
|Bryan Biba||Y||Development Associate|
|Dana Edwards||Y||Director of Creative & Digital Strategy|
|Daniel Peterson||Y||Director of the Center for Property Rights|
|Don Orrico||Y||Southwest Florida Development Director|
|Francisco Gonzalez||Y||Y||Vice President of Advancement|
|J. Robert McClure, III||Y||Y||President and CEO|
|J. Stanley Marshall||Y||Vice-Chairman JMI. Founding Chairman, The James Madison Institute, Tallahassee|
|Jenny Stone||Y||Donor Relations Manager.|
|Jill Mattox||Y||Y||Foundation Grants Manager|
|Keri Gordon||Y||Administrative Assistant to the President.|
|Laura Ward||Y||Financial Manager.|
|Michael Lovetro||Y||North Florida Development Director|
|Rebecca Liner||Y||Y||Executive Vice President|
|Robert F. Sanchez||Y||Director of Policy.|
|Sal Nuzzo||Y||Vice President of Policy and Director of the Center for Economic Prosperity|
|Samantha Blair||Y||Executive Assistant to the President|
|Scott Sholl||Y||Florida Verve Editor|
|Tanja Clendinen||Y||Director of Communications.|
|Thomas Perrin||Y||Director of Public Affairs.|
|Valerie Wickboldt||Y||Vice President of Communications|
|Will Patrick||Y||Capitol Reporter.|
|William Mattox||Y||Y||Director of the J. Stanley Marshall Center for Educational Options|
Board of Directors
|Allan G. Bense||Y||Y||Chairman. Former Florida House Speaker, Panama City.|
|Charles E. “Chuck” Cobb||Y||Y||Business Leader, Former Ambassador, Coral Gables.|
|Fred Leonhardt||Y||Y||Attorney, GrayRobinson, Orlando.|
|George W. Gibbs III||Y||Chairman and CEO, Atlantic Marine Holding Company, Jacksonville.|
|Glen Blauch||Y||Y||President & CEO, Blauch & Associates LLC, Naples.|
|J. F. Bryan IV||Y||Business Leader, Jacksonville.|
|J. Robert McClure III||Y||Y||Ex-Officio President & CEO, The James Madison Institute, Tallahassee.|
|J. Stanley Marshall||Y||Vice-Chairman JMI. Founding Chairman, The James Madison Institute, Tallahassee|
|J.F. Bryan||Y||Business Leader, Jacksonville.|
|Jeffrey V. Swain||Y||Y||Owner, Performance Video,Tallahassee.|
|John F. Kirtley||Y||Y||Co-founder, FCP Investors & KLH Capital, Tampa.|
|John Hrabusa||Y||Y||Senior Vice President, Human Resources, Publix Super Markets, Lakeland.|
|L. Charles Hilton Jr.||Y||Y||Chairman Emeritus. Businessman and Civic Leader, Hilton Enterprises, Inc., Panama City.|
|Mark Crosswhite||Y||President and CEO, Gulf Power Company, Pensacola.|
|Rebecca Walter Dunn||Y||Civic Leader, St. Petersburg.|
|Robert H. Gidel Sr.||Y||Vice Chairman. Managing Partner, Liberty Capital Advisors LLC, Orlando|
|Stan Connally||Y||President & CEO, Gulf Power, Pensacola.|
|T.E. “Tommy” Bronson||Y||Business Leader, Brooksville.|
|Thomas K. Sittema||Y||CEO, CNL Financial Group, Orlando.|
Research Advisory Council
|Barry Poulson||Y||Y||Professor of Economics, University of Colorado|
|Bradley K. Hobbs||Y||Y||Professor of Free Enterprise, Florida Gulf Coast University|
|Dino Falaschetti||Y||Y||Director of Operations, Mercatus Center at George Mason University|
|Elizabeth Price Foley||Y||J.D., Professor of Law, Florida International University College of Law|
|J. Antonio Villamil||Y||Founder and Principal of The Washington Economics Group, Inc.|
|J.B. Ruhl||Y||Y||J.D., Professor of Law, Florida State University College of Law|
|Jack Chambless||Y||Professor of Economics, Valencia College.|
|James Gwartney||Y||Y||Professor of Economics, Florida State University|
|James M. Taylor||Y||Y||J.D., Senior Fellow of Environmental Policy, Heartland Institute|
|Linda Raeder||Y||Associate Professor of Political Science, Palm Beach Atlantic University|
|Marshall DeRosa||Y||Y||Professor of Political Science, Florida Atlantic University|
|Michael Bond||Y||Y||Senior Lecturer, Department of Finance, University of Arizona.|
|Peter Schweizer||Y||Y||Author and Speaker|
|Randall Holcombe||Y||Y||Professor of Economics, Florida State University|
|Robert Poole||Y||Director of Transportation Policy, Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow, Reason Foundation|
|Sam Staley||Y||Managing Director, DeVoe L. Moore Center at The Florida State University|
|Susan Aud||Y||Research Associate, Milton and Rose Friedman Foundation.|
|Thomas DiBacco||Y||Y||Professor Emeritus of History, American University|
|Wynton Hall||Y||Professor of Speech Communication, Bainbridge College.|
July 18, 2018
The James Madison Institute, represented by Sal J. Nuzzo, was among signatories of a letter supporting an anti-carbon tax resolution from House Majority Whip Steve Scalise (R-La.) and Rep. David McKinley (R-W.Va. 
“We oppose any carbon tax. We oppose a carbon tax because it would lead to less income and fewer jobs for American families,” the letter read. “We support the House Concurrent Resolution in opposition to a job-killing carbon tax and urge members to co-sponsor and support this effort.” 
The resolution would call a carbon tax “detrimental to the United States economy.”E&E News reported it was similar to a measure that passed the House in 2016. Rep. Carlos Curbelo of Florida, co-chairman of the Climate Solutions Caucus, said he would not vote for the resolution. 
“Protecting our environment and economic growth are not mutually exclusive,” he said in a statement. “The resolution presents a false choice.”
April 2, 2016
The James Madison Institute was a presenter at a “free market environmentalism” conference at Florida Gulf Coast University. The event was sponsored by Students for Liberty at FGCU, a student organization created with the help of a donor agreement between FGCU, BB&T, and the Charles Koch Foundation, Liberation News reports. Between 2009 and 2014, FGCU received at least $200,000 from Koch and $600,000 from BB&T. 
Activists interrupted the Koch-funded conference during a keynote presentation title “Friends Don’t Let Friends Ban Fracking.” Other organizations presenting at the conference included the Heartland Institute, and Reason Foundation—two organizations which have also received Koch industry funding. 
The James Madison Institute (JMI) released a “backgrounder” (PDF) on US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) rule to revise the definition of “waters of the United States.” Authors listed are M. Reed Hopper and Mark Miller of the Koch-funded Pacific Legal Foundation. , 
According to JMI, the application of the Clean Water Act ”threatens to unleash a flood of federal regulations over people’s land and their lives, from one end of the continent to the other” and “this power grab will come at a monumental cost to Florida’s economy.” 
According to the EPA, the rule will ensure “waters protected under the Clean Water Act are more precisely defined and predictably determined, making permitting less costly, easier, and faster for businesses and industry.” The rule is grounded in law and the latest science, and is shaped by public input. “ 
“For the water in the rivers and lakes in our communities that flow to our drinking water to be clean, the streams and wetlands that feed them need to be clean too,” said EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy. “Protecting our water sources is a critical component of adapting to climate change impacts like drought, sea level rise, stronger storms, and warmer temperatures – which is why EPA and the Army have finalized the Clean Water Rule to protect these important waters, so we can strengthen our economy and provide certainty to American businesses.” 
In their seasonal journal, JMI issued a plea to Florida state legislators not to bring forward policies on global warming following “Climategate.” 
According to the summer 2010 issue of the James Madison Journal (PDF):
“Today, the scientists and the research associated with global warming have lost the credibility and authority with which they have argued their point. By arguing forcefully and loudly for more than 20 years that the data are ‘certain’ and that the world’s scientific community is “unified” in its belief that global warming is a man-made phenomena and will lead to a global environmental apocalypse, they have destroyed their position as an honest, dispassionate broker of knowledge.” 
The James Madison Institute and the Beacon Hill Institute released a backgrounder opposing Cap and Trade legislation in Florida in the American Clean Energy and Security Act, better known as the Waxman-Markey cap-and-trade bill. According to the publication, any cap and trade proposal would “[I]nflict large negative impacts on the economy of Florida.” 
The James Madison Institute co-produced a report with the Beacon Hill Institute (BHI) on Florida’s climate change action plan. The Beacon Hill/Madison Institute report criticizes a prior report by the Governor’s Action Team on Energy and Climate (GATECC) that studies the issue in November, 2007. 
“Florida cannot afford to ignore the potential adverse impact of those errors because accurate assumptions and credible data are central to a fair evaluation of the costs and benefits of implementing recommendations for reducing greenhouse gases,” the BHI/JMI report reads. 
The report offers the following conclusion, suggesting that “the laws of economics” should be the factor to decide GHG reduction policies:
“Addressing Florida’s response to GHG emissions and energy consumption should be based on a thorough cost-benefit analysis that avoids the methodological issues and errors that permeate previous attempts in other states. Only then can Floridians make an informed decision about what policies, if any, should be enacted to mitigate GHG emissions in a manner that respects the laws of economics.” 
James Madison Institute Contact & Location
As of June, 2016, the James Madison Institute listed the following contact information in its website: 
The James Madison Institute
100 North Duval Street
Tallahassee, FL 32301
Toll Free: 1-866-340-3131
- @JmsMadisonInst on Twitter.
- “James Madison Institute” on Facebook.
- “The James Madison Institute” on LinkedIn.
“Mark A. Crosswhite,” Bloomberg executive profile. Accessed April 7, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Exposed: The Dark-Money ATM of the Conservative Movement,” Mother Jones, February 5, 2013. Archived July 23, 2015. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Iw7IB
“State Policy Network,” Conservative Transparency Project Search. Accessed September 15, 2015. Archive.is URL:
Robert J. Bebber. “‘Climategate’ Provides Lessons for Policy Makers” (PDF), The Journal of the James Madison Institute, Summer 2010.
Robert Bebber. “The Cult of Global Warming” (PDF), James Madison Journal, Winter/Spring 2008.
“Florida Commission Rejects Claim Higher Energy Costs Save Money,” Heartland Institute, November 1, 2009. Archived April 8, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/kY7kD
Randall G. Holcombe . “Renewable Energy Policy: Not as Good as It Sounds” (PDF), Point of View (James Madison Institute Journal), October 2007. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“James Madison Institute,” Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved June 8, 2016.
Bryan Ellis. “Florida activists disrupt pro-fracking Koch-funded conference,” Liberation News, April 3, 2016. Archived April 10, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/MHLLn
M. Reed Hopper and Mark Miller. “’Waters of the United States:’A Case Study in Government Abuse” (PDF), The James Madison Institute, August 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
(Press Release). “Clean Water Rule Protects Streams and Wetlands Critical to Public Health, Communities, and Economy,” The United States Environmental Protection Agency, May 27, 2015. Archived April 8, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/NKqL4
Paul Bachman. “The Economic Effects of Proposed Cap-and-Trade Legislation on the State of Florida” (PDF) The James Madison Institute, December, 2009. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Phase II of Florida’s Plan for Energy and Climate Change:Avoiding the Mistakes Made by Others” (PDF), James Madison Institute, September, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“James Madison Institute (JMI): Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace USA. Archived March 14, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/cDYNE
“41 Conservative Groups Support Scalise/McKinley Anti-Carbon Tax Resolution,” Americans for Tax Reform, July 18, 2018. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog
Nick Sobczyk. “House voting on anti-carbon-tax measure: ‘Pass the popcorn’,” E&E News, July 16, 2018. Archived Aug 2, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.fo/aTP8h
“Teaching opportunities from House Concurrent Resolution 119 (H.Con.Res.119)” (PDF), Citizens’ Climate Lobby, April 30, 2018.
“James Madison Institute,” SourceWatch.
“Deniers:Organisations:James Madison Institute,” ExxonSecrets Wiki.
“James Madison Institute (JMI): Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace USA.