Rupert Darwall

Rupert Darwall


  • Economics and History, Cambridge University. [1] , [2]


Rupert Darwall is a Consulting Director with the White House Writers Group, where he specializes in the intersection of public policy and finance. [3]

Darwall has also been listed as an “Expert” at the Centre for Policy Studies, and the Texas Public Policy Foundation. [1][12]

Darwall’s writing has appeared in the Wall Street Journal, New York Post, Prospect, and Financial Times. [1]

A 2020 opinion piece in The Hill identified Darwell as a senior fellow with the RealClear Foundation, “a nonprofit affiliate of RealClear Media Group that reports and analyzes public policy and civic issues.” [20]

The Center for Media and Democracy reported the RealClear Foundation has received millions in dollars from right wing megadonors including over $2.7. million from the secretive DonorsTrust and $1 million from its sister group Donors Capital Fund. Other funders include the Thomas W Smith Foundation and the Sarah Scaife Foundation. [21]

Stance on Climate Change

January 28, 2013

In an article titled ”Second-Term Climate Change” in the National Review Online, Darwall wrote:

It was characteristically bold of President Obama in his second inaugural to speak of the overwhelming judgment of science on global warming, given that we are well into the second decade of average global temperatures that indicate no statistically significant warming trend. The temperature standstill was not predicted by climate scientists, leaving them struggling to rationalize its significance […]

Even if climate science is as robust as the president asserts, in the absence of a global agreement on carbon emissions, mandates and subsidies to produce renewable energy will have negligible impact on global temperatures and on the weather. A 1998 study on the effect of the Kyoto Protocol estimated that, if fully implemented, it would delay the rise in global temperatures by four to 14 years over the course of the current century and have a minimal effect on the rise of sea levels. However, the cost of the attempt would be at the expense of the competitiveness of American business and American taxpayers and consumers.” [4]

Key Quotes

September 30, 2013

Darwall wrote in The Wall Street Journal: 

If climate scientists are really as confident in their understanding of the climate as the IPCC‘s 95% confidence headline figure is meant to suggest, they would put a firm date by when the pause must end and temperatures bounce back to what the IPCC claims is the long-term upward trend. All too predictably, the IPCC avoids such a hard-edged test […] The body’s flagrant disregard for the InterAcademy Council’s findings and its reluctance to address the 15-year warming pause are symptomatic of a failure of leadership. The conclusion is unavoidable: The IPCC is unreformable and the Fifth Assessment Report should be the IPCC‘s last.” [5]

September 26, 2013

In a New York Post article titled “Obama administration killing jobs pointlessly,” Darwall wrote:

The environmental laws of the 1970s aimed to clean up America’s air and waters. They were about curbing local pollution and making the environment better for Americans. Cutting carbon-dioxide emissions is completely different. Unless the rest of the world joins in, it’s pointless for America to act by itself. Remember, we’re talking about global warming.

“Acting alone, the sacrifice of blue-collar jobs is entirely about political symbolism and appeasing wealthy green activists.” [6]

June 6, 2013

Darwall wrote a Wall Street Journal article titled  “Global Warming and the Gipper,” where he declared:

Might it be that it was Ronald Reagan and not Barack Obama who began to slow the rise of the seas? That is one conclusion that could be drawn from a new paper by Canadian physicist Qing-Bin Lu of Ontario’s University of Waterloo. Instead of carbon dioxide emissions, Mr. Lu argues that ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halocarbons caused global warming. Thanks to the Reagan administration and the 1987 Montreal Protocol, CFCs have been phased out by developed countries. After a lag, Mr. Lu argues that global temperatures peaked around 2002 and predicts they are set to gradually fall over the next five to seven decades.

“Upholders of the consensus argue that increased carbon dioxide is the only way to explain rising global temperatures. Now there is a competing explanation, with a chronology that better fits the evidence.” [7]

Key Actions

May 2021

Darwall wrote a report for RealClearFoundation which criticised the implementation of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) criteria for businesses, which would allow them to gauge the impact of their investments on environmental sustainability. [39]

The report stated: “The weaponisation of finance by billionaire climate activists, foundations, and NGOs threatens to end capitalism as we know it by degrading its ability to function as an economic system that generates higher living standards,” adding: “This usurpation of the political prerogatives of democratic government invites a populist backlash.”

April 29, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy criticising US President Joe Biden’s strategy for decarbonising the economy by 2050. Claiming that net zero was “a euphemism for economic dislocation and losing your job,” Darwall disputed that reducing emissions was necessary, claiming that the 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on global temperatures had “offered no scientific, economic, or ethical justification for its adoption of the 1.5-degree target.” [42]

Elsewhere in the article, Darwall claimed that: “The 1.5-degree limit has nothing to do with science and everything to do with politics and green ideology,” asserting that it had only been adopted due to an “unscientific PR campaign” by small nations who were dissatisfied by the earlier 2 degrees limit set at the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference.

April 27, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy which argued that decarbonising the economy would lead to a less affluent future. He wrote: “Decarbonization is theft; it takes from current generations in the hope of moderating global warming for unborn generations,” adding: “Producing energy without hydrocarbons costs more and requires more resources. It means slower growth – the bane of Millennials since the financial crash.” Elsewhere in the article, Darwall argued that decarbonisation would “suck the oxygen out of already weakened economies”. [40]

Arguing that the embrace of environmentalism by younger people was indicative of ideological conformism rather than independent thought, Darwall cited a poll by the Global Warming Policy Foundation which showed that despite holding more extreme views on climate change, young people made up a significant proportion of unconcerned respondents. [41]

March 6, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy, crossposted to the Global Warming Policy Foundation, which criticised Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney for stating that investments in renewable energy could offset fossil fuel emissions. Darwall described Carney as a “leading light of the climate-finance oligarchy, positioned at the nexus of politics and finance,” asserting that bankers and politicians were cynically attempting to profit from the political viability of decarbonisation, and did not hold sincere commitments to counteracting climate change. [37]

February 26, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy commenting on power outages which had occurred in Texas following an ice storm. Darwall argued that renewable energy infrastructure had been responsible for the outages, stating: “It doesn’t take a genius to figure out that increasing dependence on weather-dependent, weather-exposed power generation is a formula for grid unreliability and blackouts.” He added: “The catastrophic system failure this month was a disaster waiting to happen. The greater the reliance on wind, the more devastating will be the consequences of the weather not being right when demand surges.” [38]

Darwall also criticised US President Joe Biden’s decision to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement, describing it as “a prelude to more draconian climate policies than envisaged under the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan.”

February 22, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy which claimed that US President Joe Biden’s climate policies would have an inflationary impact on the economy. He stated: “Replacing energy derived from hydrocarbons with wind and solar energy shrinks the economy’s productive potential. Additionally, decarbonizing energy means that it becomes more expensive to make stuff and do things, like heating homes and powering factories.” He added: “by putting more wind and solar on the grid, it makes the grid more fragile and pushes up energy costs, injecting cost-push inflation into the economy.” [35]

Darwall cited a blog post by economist Mark J. Perry from the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) which referred to solar panels and windmills as “inefficient, high cost and intermittent.” [36]

January 11, 2021

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy criticising a report by the CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission), a financial regulator, which predicted the substantial impact that extreme weather could have on the financial system. Darwall described this conclusion as “fear mongering,” and “a travesty.” He added: [31]

the report’s statement that a world racked by ‘frequent and devastating shocks from climate change cannot sustain the fundamental conditions supporting our financial system’ isn’t supported by any evidence – and on examination turns out to be preposterous.”

Darwall cited a paper by climate “lukewarmer” Bjorn Lomborg, which downplayed the severity of climate change-induced extreme weather, stating: “all kinds of disasters are likely to become bigger as there are more people and more wealth in the path of danger.” [32]

December 21, 2020

Darwall wrote an article for Real Clear Energy, characterising Western environmentalists as stooges for the Chinese state, writing: “This pattern, wherein the West’s enemies use the environmental movement – whether NGOs like Greenpeace, foundations, or “concerned scientists,” to undermine Western interests – is now being repeated, this time in respect to China.” Darwall cited a report by ‘China watcher’ Patricia Adams for the Global Warming Policy Foundation, which stated that: “China’s embrace of Western environmentalists is also understandable. To borrow a line attributed to Lenin, these environmentalists are the CCP’s ‘useful idiots.’” [29] [30]

He concluded: “Obsessive focus on climate change threatens the vital interests of the United States by desensitizing national security professionals to geopolitical realities and subordinating them to the illusion of planetary salvation. China and its NGO allies won’t do anything to disabuse them of that illusion.”

October 29, 2020

In an article for Real Clear Energy entitled, “Suckered by Big Wind in the UK”, Darwall commented on Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s plans to power every home with wind energy by 2030. Darwall stated that, “because the government auctions off only as much capacity as it reckons the country needs, it will be forced to let Big Wind off the hook and allow it to charge what it wants. For wind investors, it’s a one-way bet – paid for by electricity consumers and the economy as a whole”. [26]

The article cited a paper by retired University of Edinburgh economics professor Gordon Hughes, written for the GWPF, which argued that, as a result of the Government’s policies, “the ultimate patsy at the poker table is the British public. Given the past record of UK ministers and officials in the energy field, this seems to be the more likely outcome. The only real doubt is how the capitulation will be dressed up and what the implications will be for the UK’s economy.” [27]

The article also cited a paper from Briefings for Britain, a blog composed of academics and climate science sceptics, which was co-written by Hughes and the GWPF’s energy editor and climate science denier Dr. John Constable. The paper stated that it was “demonstrably false” that wind energy prices were falling, arguing that “audited accounts show that far from getting cheaper, wind power is actually becoming more expensive. The failure of the British civil service to detect this fact and, hence, to protect the consumer and taxpayer from the consequences of the looming failure of the renewables sector raises important questions about the analytic competence of the Whitehall machine”. [28]

July 3, 2020

Darwall wrote an article for The Hill criticising an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report which advocated for stabilising global temperatures at 1.5 degrees C by reaching net zero carbon emissions by 2050. He wrote: “Before businesses embark on costly emissions cuts, they should read the fine print of the IPCC’s 1.5°C report. There, they will find a blueprint for the extinction of capitalism as we know it. Indeed, the 1.5°C report is the most ideological of any IPCC report so far.” [33]

Elsewhere in the article, Darwall stated that efforts to decarbonise the economy would lead to “a contraction that makes the Great Depression of the 1930s look like a mild recession,” adding: “There was more rationality to Soviet-style central planning, which at least had the aim of producing something of value rather than producing nothing.”

Darwall also characterised environmental targets as an antidemocratic imposition, writing: “Climate activists who lose at the ballot box seek to politicize private companies and turn them into tools to achieve public-policy ends — ends that rightfully belong in the domain of government.”

May 6, 2020

Darwall wrote an article for The National Review criticising an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report which stated that global warming above 1.5C could lead to islands becoming submerged underwater. Darwall claimed there was “no science behind 1.5°C and the sinking-island hypothesis,” arguing that the report “might as well serve as a blueprint for the extinction of capitalism”. [34]

Elsewhere in the article, Darwall argued that the Net Zero decarbonisation requirement was  “being used to bully American corporations into aligning their business strategies with the Paris agreement and force them to commit to eliminating greenhouse-gas emissions by 2050.”

May 6, 2020

In an article for The National Review, Darwall argued that efforts to limit global warming would require an economic shutdown similar to the COVID-19 lockdown, stating that, “shutting down the whole global economy is the only way of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Centigrade, Yvo de Boer, the former United Nations climate chief, warned in the runup to the 2015 Paris climate conference. Thanks to COVID-19 we now have an inkling of what that looks like”. 

Darwall also argued that, “the moral case for capitalism rests on its prodigious ability to raise living standards and transform the material conditions of mankind for the better. To climate-shame corporations without the sanction of law or regulation will extinguish the economic dynamism that justifies capitalism. Remove its capacity to do so, and we will have entered a post-capitalist era. This is how capitalism ends.” [25]

May 5, 2020

Darwall wrote an article for the Telegraph arguing that the UK’s net-zero emissions target threatened to “derail” the UK’s post-COVID-19 recovery. He wrote: [24]

Fortunately net zero isn’t going to happen whatever politicians here might think. The West’s pre-pandemic emissions account for around one quarter of global emissions. Buying into net zero will turn Europe into a continent of zombie economies, but the rest of the world isn’t going to follow.

The Prime Minister has only one chance to ensure rapid and sustained economic recovery from the lockdown – and that is to scrap every obstacle that stands in the way of economic growth, the biggest of all being the net zero climate noose.” [24]

Darwall also argued that decarbonisation “inflicts costs on the poorest in society” and claimed that computers used by scientists at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have been “running too hot and over-predicting warming since 2000”. [24]

March 29, 2020

Darwall wrote an opinion piece for The Hill in which he argued that the coronavirus pandemic showed that climate change was not a real emergency. [20]

Darwall asserted that the global warming estimates produced by the Toronto climate conference in 1988 had not proven true (they have), reiterated the argument that climate change is on par with the environmental change humans have always adapted to, and accused the IPCC of catastrophizing climate change to push governments to action. [20]

“One thing hasn’t changed and won’t change: Catastrophizing climate change for political ends,” Darwall wrote. “It’s hard to escape the conclusion that the inability to distinguish between a genuine crisis and an imagined one in the midst of the worst pandemic in a century is a manifestation of a collective psychological disorder.” [20]

March 10, 2019

Darwall wrote an article in the Washington Post entitled “When There’s Too Much Sun and Wind,” arguing that the “biggest danger of renewable energy is oversupply.” [19]

November 22, 2018

Darwall authored a report published by the Global Warming Policy Foundation (GWPF), the UK’s most prominent climate science denial group, which was launched at an event in the House of Commons. [22]

The report, titled “The Climate Change Act at Ten: History’s most expensive virtual signal,” argued that the country’s 2008 Climate Change Act was “foolish” and that “if truth is the first casualty of war, the poor are the biggest casualties of the CCA”. [23]

May 9, 2018

The Washington Post reported that, in November, Darwall had forwarded Scott Pruitt an unreleased Competitive Enterprise Institute paper titled “A Veneer of Certainty Stoking Climate Alarm.” Darwall told EPA team aides that his paper was the “best go-to justification for Administrator Pruitt’s red/blue team appraisal.” The information came to light from newly released emails and internal documents from the Environmental Protection Agency. [18]

October 3, 2017

Darwall published a book titled Green Tyranny: Exposing the Totalitarian Roots of the Climate Industrial Complex. Darwall also published an adapted excerpt from the book at the National Review where he asserts that the statement “the science is settled. We must act” is  “unscientific in its premise and authoritarian in its consequence.” [17]

July 5, 2015

Rupert Darwall published an opinion piece in The Wall Street Journal titled, “Obama’s Renewable-Energy Fantasy.” Darwall wrote “there is no rational justification for policies favoring renewables,” and that “there is no objective cost-benefit analysis that could justify the president’s [Obama] target for renewable energy.” [16]

Citing Bill Gates’ June 25, 2015 interview with the Financial Times, Darwall claimed, “current renewables are dead-end technologies.” [15]

They [renewables] are unreliable. Battery storage is inadequate. Wind and solar output depends on the weather. The cost of decarbonization using today’s technology is ‘beyond astronomical,’ Mr. Gates concluded.” [15][16]

Darwall concluded the op-ed by stating “Mr. Obama’s renewable target is a triumph for Shumacher’s Buddhist economics—which amounts to being poor and staying poor. It does not produce jobs, growth or prosperity.” [15]

December, 2014

Rupert Darwall was a contributor to the book Climate Change: The Facts published by the Institute of Public Affairs and featuring “22 essays on the science, politics and economics of the climate change debate.” The Institute of Public Affairs, while not revealing most of its funders, is known to have received funding from mining magnate Gina Rinehart and at least one major tobacco company. [13]

The book includes essays and articles from a range of climate change skeptics, with contributors including the following:

According to Editor Alan Moran in a post at Catallaxy Files blog on Climate Change: the facts 2014, Rupert Darwall “reviews the farce of the 2009 Copenhagen confer­ence and the subsequent mini-conferences. He notes the veto imposed on costly actions by the increasingly important third world nations, con­trasting this with the revolutionary outcome that the IPCC operatives are planning to emerge from Paris in 2015.” [14]

September 25, 2014

Rupert Darwall attends the “At the Crossroads; Energy & Climate Policy Summit” in Houston, Texas, hosted by the Texas Public Policy Foundation and The Heritage Foundation. Darwall presents in “Panel III: History, Politics, and Economics,” with Marc Morano and Stephen Moore. [10]

September 24, 2014

Rupert Darwall presents a lecture on his book, The Age of Global Warming: A History, at The Heritage Foundation’s event:


Rupert Darwall published a report titled, “An Unsettling Climate: Global-warming proponents betray science by shutting down debate,” published by the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, which DeSmogBlog reports as having received $33.1 million in funding from 2003 to 2010, or 6% of the United States’ total income distribution of Climate Change Countermovement Organizations. [11]

September 26, 2013

Rupert Darwall attended the Heartland Institute’s “Heartland Author Series,” and presented his new book The Age of Global Warming: A History

The event page of Heartland’s Author Series described Darwall’s book as the first “to tell the full story of the concerns over global warming and put the movement into its historical context,” including, “how science became the spear carrier of the environmental movement and global warming its most powerful argument […] how politics ‘settled the science’ of global warming in 1992 when the governments of the world agreed to the UN climate change convention at the Rio Earth Summit,” and “why 19th century predictions of eco-doom turned out to be wrong—but are still believed.” [8]


Social Media


According to a search of Google Scholar, Rupert Darwall has not published any climate science research in peer-reviewed journals. [9]


  1. Experts; Rupert Darwall,” Centre for Policy Studies. Archived April 13, 2013. URL
  2. Rupert Darwall,” Zoom Information. Archived September 11, 2014.
  3. Rupert Darwall; Consulting Director,White House Writers Group. Archived December 12, 2017. URL
  4. Rupert Darwall. ”Second-Term Climate Change,” National Review Online, January 28, 2013. Archived September 11, 2014.
  5. Rupert Darwall. “The Political Science of Global Warming,” Wall Street Journal, September 30, 2013. Archived December 11, 2017.
  6. Rupert Darwall. “Obama administration killing jobs pointlessly,” New York Post, September 26, 2013. Archived September 11, 2014.
  7. Rupert Darwall. “Global Warming and the Gipper,” Wall Street Journal, June 6, 2013.
  8. Heartland Author Series: The Age of Global Warming – Rupert Darwall,” Heartland Institute, September 26, 2013. Archived September 11, 2014.
  9. Rupert Darwall,” Google Scholar.
  10. Rupert Darwall. “Speakers,” At the Crossroads; Energy & Climate Policy Summit, Texas Public Policy Foundation, The Heritage Foundation, September 25/26, 2014.
  11. Rupert Darwall. “An Unsettling Climate: Global-warming proponents betray science by shutting down debate,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Summer, 2014. Archived August 24, 2014.
  12. Experts; Rupert Darwall,” Texas Public Policy Foundation. Archived October 15, 2014.
  13. Institute of Public Affairs,” SourceWatch. Accessed May 27, 2015.
  14. Alan Moran. “Climate Change: the facts 2014,” Catallaxy Files, December 16, 2014.
  15. Rupert Darwall. “Obama’s Renewable-Energy Fantasy,” The Wall Street Journal, July 5, 2015. Archived August 12, 2015.
  16. Gates to double investment in renewable energy projects,” Financial Times, June 26, 2015.
  17. Rupert Darwall. “How media bias aids the Left’s totalitarian climate-change crusade,” National Review, November 1, 2017. Archived December 11, 2017. URL:
  18. Emails show EPA turned to climate skeptics to craft ‘red team-blue team’ exercise,” The Washington Post, May 9, 2018. Archived May 15, 2018. URL:
  19. Rupert Darwall. “When There’s Too Much Sun and Wind,” Washington Post, March 10, 2019. Archived March 2019. URL
  20. Rupert Darwall. “The coronavirus pandemic versus the climate emergency,The Hill, March 29, 2020. URL
  21. Alex Kotch. “Koch Foundations Increased Media Investments in 2018,” The Center for Media and Democracy’s PR Watch, November 26, 2019. Archived April 6, 2020. URL:
  22. Ten Years On, UK Climate Change Act Is Harming The Poor,” GWPF, November 22, 2018. Archived July 8, 2020. URL:
  23. Rupert Darwall. “The Climate Change Act At Ten: History’s most expensive virtual signal,” GWPF, November 22, 2018. Archived July 8, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
  24. Rupert Darwall. “Net zero mania threatens to derail our lockdown recoveryTelegraph, May 5, 2020. Archived July 7, 2020. URL:
  25. Rupert Darwall, Net-Zero Greenhouse-Gas Emissions, and Extinction Capitalism, The National Review, May 6, 2020. Archived October 5, 2020. Archive URL:
  26. Rupert Darwall. “Suckered by Big Wind in the UK”, Real Clear Energy, October 29, 2020. Archived November 2, 2020. URL:
  27. Professor Gordon Hughes. “Who’s The Patsy?The GWPF, Archived November 2, 2020. URL:
  28. John Constable and Professor Gordon Hughes. “The Costs of Offshore Wind Power: Blindness and Insight”, Briefings for Britain, September 21, 2020. Archived November 2, 2020. URL: 
  29. Rupert Darwall. “China’s Green NGO Climate Propaganda Enablers,” Real Clear Energy, December 21, 2020. Archived December 22, 2020. URL: 
  30. Patricia Adams. “The Red and the Green: China’s Useful Idiots,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation, December 11, 2020. Archived December 14, 2020. URL: 
  31. Rupert Darwall. “Climate Risk and Financial Stability,” Real Clear Energy, January 11, 2021. Archived January 18, 2021. URL: 
  32. Bjorn Lomborg. “Welfare in the 21st century: Increasing development, reducing inequality, the impact of climate change, and the cost of climate policies (PDF),” Technological Forecasting and Social Change. Archived January 18, 2021. URL: 
  33. Rupert Darwall. “Growth will be a thing of the past if businesses choose ‘net zero’,” The Hill, July 3, 2020. Archived February 8, 2021. URL:
  34. Rupert Darwall. “Net-Zero Greenhouse-Gas Emissions, and Extinction Capitalism,” The National Review, May 6, 2020. Archived February 2, 2021. URL: 
  35. Rupert Darwall. “Biden’s Economy Will Be a Train Wreck,” Real Clear Energy, February 17, 2021. Archived February 22, 2021. URL:
  36. Mark J. Perry. “Biden’s plan to create millions of energy jobs might work, but only because renewables are so labor-intensive and only at a very high cost,” AEI, November 26, 2020. Archived February 22, 2021. URL: 
  37. Rupert Darwall. “Rupert Darwall: The climate agenda is a money-making business for the elites,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation, March 6, 2021. Archived March 8, 2021. URL: 
  38. Rupert Darwall. “Building Back Better Means Blackouts and Fragile Grids,” Real Clear Energy, February 26, 2021. Archived March 8, 2021. URL: 
  39. Rupert Darwall. “Capitalism, Socialism and ESG,” RealClearFoundation. Archived May 17, 2021. URL: 
  40. Rupert Darwall. “Has Climate Change Become a Tool of Social Control?Real Clear Energy, April 27, 2021. Archived May 4, 2021. URL: 
  41. (Press Release). “Perceptions of climate impacts at odds with scientific data,” The Global Warming Policy Forum, April 1, 2021. Archived May 4, 2021. URL: 
  42. Rupert Darwall. “The Net-Zero Shell Game and Joe Biden’s Deceptions,” Real Clear Energy, April 29, 2021. Archived May 10, 2021. URL: 

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