Albert Parker (AKA Alberto Boretti)
- Ph.D. in Energy Engineering, University of Florence (1985-1988). 
- P.E., University of Florence (1984). 
- M. Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, University of Florence (1978–1984). 
Albert Parker, also known as Alberto Boretti, was an associate professor in energy engineering at the University of Ballarat, where he listed his experience working for Fiat on internal combustion engines. Under the name Alberto Boretti, he was also associated with the Missouri University of Science and Technology where he worked as a research professor of mechanical engineering. He does not appear to be currently affiliated with any academic institution. , , 
As DeSmog has previously reported, Parker appears to have published simultaneously under the name Alberto Boretti and Albert Parker, leading to some confusion. In an email exchange with DeSmog‘s Graham Readfearn, Parker refused to comment on his name change or why he had published under alternate names. 
“Dr. Boretti is a higher degree qualified (M. Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, Ph.D. in Energy Engineering) transport and power generation engineer. He has 20 years’ R&D experience in the automotive industry, program and man management competence, strong technical background, teaching ability, proficiency in technical presentation and reporting. He was Mechanical Engineering Professor for 4 years in Italy. He has solid qualifications and research interests in the areas of fluid dynamic, heat transfer and combustion, and a proven ability to teach and to develop research programs. His attention is increasingly focusing on environmental and sustainability issues related to transport, generation of power and cogeneration and the use of alternative fuels.” 
Boretti’s primary experience was the research and development of engines for Fiat. “For what concerns racing, his experience includes R&D of engines developed not only for cars but also for motorcycles by the most successful racing engine departments, namely Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Aprilia and Ducati,” his profile added. 
Over the years, Alberto Boretti/Albert Parker have published a number of papers suggesting that sea level rise is not a serious problem. DeSmog noted that Parker co-published several of his papers with Thomas Watson, who has argued that variations in “magnetism” are responsible for climate change—a theory he developed around the time he was visited by a “gentleman in black,” and saw what he believed may be UFOs. Boretti has also regularly co-published papers with climate change denier Cliff Ollier. 
Albert Parker is listed among “Founding members” of the group Clexit (Climate Exit), where his qualifications are described as ”MSc/PhD engineering A/Prof James Cook University” and “Quality assurance of climate studies.” Under the name Alberto Boretti, he is listed as a member of Principia Scientific International (PSI), a group that has suggested CO2 is not a greenhouse gas. He has also published articles at PSI under the name Albert Parker. , 
Sea Level & Climate Publications
Many of Boretti/Parker’s publications on sea level have been published in the Energy and Environment journal during the years it was managed by climate change skeptic Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen and heavily criticized for its peer review process. Some of his articles have been debunked by Snopes after being circulated in conservative media outlets like Breitbart. 
Since approximately 2015, Parker has also co-authored more than a dozen papers with climate change denier Cliff Ollier, a retired professor at the University of Western Australia. Among those papers, at least five were published in Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, which is an affiliate of OMICS and listed among their “Open Access Journals.” 
DeSmog has reported on the trend of “predatory” publishers like OMICS International promoting so-called “open access” publishing. OMICS faces charges brought on by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for deceptive marketing practices. A FTC press release noted: , 
“According to the complaint, the defendants deceptively claim that their journals provide authors with rigorous peer review and have editorial boards made up of prominent academics when in fact, many articles are published with little to no peer review and many individuals represented to be editors have not agreed to be affiliated with the journals.
“The FTC’s complaint alleges that the defendants do not tell authors submitting papers for publication that, after their online journals accept an article, the defendants charge the authors significant publishing fees and often do not allow authors to withdraw their articles from submission, making their research ineligible for publication in other journals.”
Stance on Climate Change
March 19, 2017
“The warming since 1910 occurred at a nearly constant rate. Over the full length of the long Australian records since the end of the 1800s, there is no sign of warming or increased occurrence of extreme events. The monthly highest and mean maximum temperatures do not exhibit any positive trend. The differences between monthly highest and lowest, or monthly mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures, are all reducing because of urban heat island formation,” Albert Parker and Clifford D. Ollier wrote in a paper abstract, republished by Principia Scientific International. 
November 21, 2013
“The lack of global warming over this century in the measurements of ground and deep oceans temperatures and the lack of positive acceleration in the measurements of sea levels suggest that the climate models have greatly exaggerated the influence of the anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission,” Parker wrote in an article at Principia Scientific International. 
November 6, 2013
“The reason why climate models are failing so badly so quickly is not because of the “variability” in the climate, but because of the overrated effect of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions and neglected natural oscillations,” Parker claimed in a “comment” published at Principia Scientific International. 
November 29, 2010
“Having a look at the temperatures, there has been not too much of a warming since the beginning of this century, and having a better look at the actual trends, temperatures have certainly increased 1970 to 2000, but they have also been increasing 1910 to 1940 with same rate, and have been flat 1940 to 1970 as they are flat since 2000. Therefore, global warming seems to have started in 1910 and not in 1950, with superimposed the multi-decadal oscillations very well knows since they are mentioned already in the ancient Sanskrit script that are often badly misinterpreted as misinterpreted are the sea level oscillations.”
August 7, 2017
Parker co-wrote an article with Clifford Ollier at Principia Scientific International titled “Stable Sea Level Reality Vs. Accelerating Sea Level Fantasies”: 
“The evidence from the measurements does not support the IPCC expectations or the even more alarming predictions by the Californian panels. These claims and the subsequent analyses are too speculative to make them suitable for use in planning or policy making.
The only thing that is sharply accelerating in sea level science are the fantasies,” Parker and Ollier wrote.
April 24, 2013
“i am sorry to see that you are not interested to learn if the sea levels are accelerating or not, but only to deviate from the only issue of interest. i do not play politics and i write in my papers what i see without caring too much of political agendas. sorry can’t presently support any sea level accelerating statement.”
November 23, 2012
“The claim that the sea levels are accelerating since the 1990 is not supported by any measurement of proper length and quality. We should therefore conclude that the local tide gauge results may give a good estimate of the sea level growth in the next few decades, and a lower bound of future sea level rises in 2100 or 2200,” Boretti said in a journal comment. 
DeSmog reported that shortly after the paper was published, climate change denier James Delingpole reported at the right-wing website Breitbart that it was proof that scientists at the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) had been “caught red-handed tampering with raw data in order to exaggerate sea level rise.” , 
At the time, PSMSL rejected the claims by Parker and Ollier. The fact-checking website Snopes also offered a debunking. PSMSL later issued their own response to Parker and Ollier, publishing in the same journal: , 
“The most serious assertion of the authors is that the PSMSL conspires to make [Revised Local Reference data] adjustments in an arbitrary way such that sea level appears to be rising faster than it really is. This assertion was picked up by several websites that are keen to comment negatively on climate-related research. It is an assertion that is completely unwarranted,” Dr. Lesley Rickards, the director of the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, wrote in the journal.”
A spokesperson for PSMSL told DeSmog that MailOnline, another paper that had reported uncritically on the research paper, had approached them for comment, but published their story before the scientists had time to respond. No other outlets had contacted them for comment. 
“Any adjustment applied is never ‘arbitrary’ but is based on documentation of benchmark heights held by the PSMSL stretching back many years. An ongoing job of the PSMSL is to determine whether the adjustments made are correct, especially when new documentation becomes available or if there is a reanalysis of the existing documentation,” the spokesperson wrote.
Parker noted that PSMSL had emailed Parker nearly a week before his paper was published, explaining reasoning for the 2013 review of the data for Aden, Yemen. Rickards’ response also notes that all the data, methodology, and adjustments made by PSMSL are in the public domain. 
When DeSmog asked Parker to respond to the PSMSL article, he did not address questions but rather complained he had not been given adequate time to respond before it was published. 
“Have they received some pressure by somebody interested to suppress the fair peer review? This is certainly a question to pose to the editors. Is the 100 percent consensus only the result of preventing peoples to talk? Or, in tnis [sic] case, authors of peer reviewed and published papers prevented to reply to comments in the same journal?” Parker wrote.
In his email response to DeSmog, Parker also CC‘ed several climate science deniers and journalists, including James Delingpole, The Australian newspaper’s Graham Lloyd, climate science denial blogger Joanne Nova, and News Corporation commentator Andrew Bolt. 
February 17, 2017
Principia Scientific International claimed that the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) had refused to publish one of his Albert Parker’s articles “because PNAS operates a closed door policy towards climate skeptic experts.” 
“We are delighted to post Dr Parker’s detailed takedown,” PSI wrote, followed by Parker’s criticism of PNAS. 
April 1, 2015
An “A. Parker” co-published an article in the controversial Energy and Environment (E&E) journal with C. D. Ollier. The article, titled “Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurements Based on Satellite Observations Differ Considerably from the Consensus Values” suggested that, in Australia, “the observational data show this country is a top sequestering and not a top emitting country” of CO2. 
A 1995 article by Paul Thacker described E&E as a journal skeptics could go to when they are rejected by the mainstream peer-reviewed science publications. “Because this obscure journal packs a powerful political impact, it is often used by researchers to expand on studies and then attack the science of global warming,” Thacker wrote. 
Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen, reader in geography at the University of Hull in England and a climate change denier, was formerly E&E‘s editor. She stepped down from the role after Multi-Science sold the journal to SAGE and adopted a new double-blind peer review policy, DeSmog UK reported. 
DeSmog’s Graham Readfearn emailed Dr Parker to clarify whether he had published articles about sea level rise under different names and when, and why, he had changed his name. He also asked if he accepted the science that human emissions were causing climate change, and why he appeared to be using the names “Boretti” and “Parker” simultaneously. 
“He refused to respond directly to any of these questions, saying only that there was no evidence for an acceleration of sea level rises in the future. I asked again for clarification, but Dr Parker didn’t want to address the questions.” 
He wrote: ‘i am sorry to see that you are not interested to learn if the sea levels are accelerating or not, but only to deviate from the only issue of interest. i do not play politics and i write in my papers what i see without caring too much of political agendas. sorry can’t presently support any sea level accelerating statement.’” 
You can read the whole email thread here.
Alberto Boretti co-published an article in the journal Energy & Environment titled “The Inconvenient Truth: Ocean Level Not Rising in Australia” with Thomas Watson.
- Principia Scientific International (PSI) — Member. 
- University of Ballarat (Now the Federation University Australia) — Formerly listed as Associate Professor at the School of Science & Engineering.
- The University of Melbourne — Senior Research Fellow and Facility Manager, Mechanical Engineering (March 2006 – March 2009). 
- Aprillia — Manager, I. C. Engines (September 2004 – March 2006). 
- FIAT Research Center — Senior Researcher, Electronic Systems (December 1988 – December 1989). 
- University of Modena — Professor, Mechanical Engineering (1994 – 1998). 
- Missouri University of Science and Technology — Former research professor of mechanical engineering. 
Albert Parker/Alberto Boretti does not appear to be active in social media.
Albert Parker has regularly co-published papers with Cliff Ollier suggesting that sea level is not rising, or that temperatures have not been increasing. For example (with OMICS-affiliated journals highlighted): 
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2017, ‘Discussion of the “hottest Year on Record” in Australia’, Quaestiones Geographicae, 36, 1, pp. 79-91.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2017, ‘California sea level rise: Evidence based forecasts vs. model predictions’, OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 149, pp. 198-209.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2016, ‘Coastal planning should be based on proven sea level data’, OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 124, pp. 1-9.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2016, ‘There is no real evidence for a diminishing trend of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation’, Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, 1, 1, pp. 30-35.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Deliberate misrepresentation of the rainfall patterns of Australia: There are no rainfall reductions in Australia caused by the globally increasing anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission’, Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 10, 10, pp. 376-383.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Discussion of Climate variability in south-eastern Australia over the last 1500 years inferred from the high-resolution diatom records of two crater lakes’, Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 10, 8, pp. 291-294.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘The warming of Australia is man-made, but not by carbon dioxide’, Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 10, 5, pp. 172-183.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Cherries, apples and sea levels: Discussion of Neil J. White et al., Australian sea levels – trends, regional variability and influencing factors, Earth-Science Reviews 136 (2014) 155-174′, Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 10, 6, pp. 191-195.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Logical Impossibility of Reconciling Global Warming Alarm with Little Ice Age Temperatures’, Physics Journal, 1, 2, pp. 49-53.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Discussion of Peterson AT, Li X, Niche-based projections of wetlands shifts with marine intrusion from sea level rise: an example analysis for North Carolina (2014) Environ Earth Sci, DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3498-9′, Environmental Earth Sciences, 73, 9, pp. 5213-5218.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Carbon dioxide flux measurements based on satellite observations differ considerably from the consensus values’, Energy & Environment, 26, 3, pp. 457-463.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Venice: Rising water or sinking land?’, Nonlinear Engineering, 4, 3, pp. 161-174.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Sea level rise for India since the start of tide gauge records’, Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8, 9, pp. 6483-6495.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Unreliability of global temperature trends: The circular logic of comparing models with models or with models inspired reconstructions to circumvent lack of validation versus actual measurements’, Nonlinear Engineering, 4, 4, pp. 249-259.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Computer models against empirical evidence for Antarctic sea levels’, Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 11, 4, pp. 120-127.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Discussion of a Modelling Study of Coastal Inundation Induced by Storm Surge, Sea-level Rise, and Subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico: The US Average Tide Gauge is not Accelerating Consistently with the Worldwide Average’, Physical Science International Journal, 7, 1, pp. 49 – 64.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Discussion of Foster & Brown’s time and tide: Analysis of sea level time series’, Physical Science International Journal, 6, 2, pp. 119-130.
- Parker, A., Ollier, C. 2015, ‘Is there a quasi-60 years’ oscillation of the Arctic sea ice extent?’, Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, 2, 2, pp. 77-94.
New Concepts in Global Tectonics (NCGT)
Albert Parker has regularly published in the “NCGT Journal,” a publication distributed by the International Earthquake and Volcano Prediction Center (IEVPC), a group affiliated with John L. Casey, who is also on the NCGT “Editorial Board.” As Media Matters reported, even climate change skeptics have described Casey as a “scam artist.” , , 
NCGT proposes an alternate theory for Earthquakes that it describes as “a radical departure from the plate tectonics-based earthquake model still adopted by world mainstream organizations.” According to NCGT, “earthquake energy (or thermal electromagnetic energy) comes from the outer core. There are good grounds to suspect that this energy release is related to planetary interaction, particularly solar activity and cycles.” 
Parker has publications in the journal’s “Global Warming Corner” almost every issue. Some sample publications below:
- Albert Parker. “Honolulu sea level forecast based on local and global tide gauge measurements,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, V. 5, No. 2 (June 2017).
- Albert Parker. “Sea-level rise acceleration in the northern Mediterranean Sea,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, V. 5, No. 2 (June 2017).
- Albert Parker. “Sea level narratives conflict with tide gauge measurements,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2017).
- Albert Parker. “Without cherry picking, the sea level acceleration is zero in Newlyn,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2017).
- Albert Parker. “The temperature record of Berlin-Dahlem shows a warming only by arbitrary correction,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2017).
- Albert Parker. “The claim of a high rate of sea-level rise for Diego Garcia is based on non-exiting data,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol. 4, No. 4 (December 2016).
- Albert Parker. “Australian temperature measurements disprove engineered products,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol. 4, No. 4 (December 2016).
- Albert Parker. “The latest TMAC report overrated coastal hazards,“ New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol.4, No 3. (September 2016).
- Albert Parker. “Is there any proof extreme events and armed-conflict risks are exacerbated by anthropogenic global warming?” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal. Vol.4, No 3. (September 2016).
- Albert Parker. “Darwin mangroves are not battling a sea level rise of +8.3 mm/year but increasing population and development, “New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol.4, No. 2 (June 2016).
- Albert Parker. “The warming and expanding oceans: observations and models,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol.4, No. 2 (June 2016).
- Albert Parker. “There is no present sea level acceleration in UK and the western European coasts,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, Vol.4, No. 2 (June 2016).
- Albert Parker. “Analysis of sea level in Karachi, Pakistan,” New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, V. 4, No. 1 (March 2016).
Below is a partial list of publications:
- “Is the Sea Level Stable at Aden, Yemen?” Earth Systems and Environment 1:18, (December 2017).
- “Discussion of the ‘Hottest Year on Record’ in Australia‘,” QUAESTIONES GEOGRAPHICAE 36(1) (2017).
- A. Parker & C.D. Ollier. “COASTAL PLANNING SHOULD BE BASED ON PROVEN SEA LEVEL DATA,” Ocean and Coastal Management, Vol. 124, pp. 1-9. (2016).
- Albert Parker. “Analysis of the sea levels in Kiribati A Rising Sea of Misrepresentation Sinks Kiribati,” Nonlinear Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 1. (Feb 2016).
- A. Parker, C.D. Ollier. “Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurements Based on Satellite Observations Differ Considerably from the Consensus Values,” Energy & Environment, April 1, 2015.
- Albert Parker. “Renewable Energy Target for Australia – The Role of Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Waste Biomass Valorisation,” Energy & Environment, September 1, 2015.
- A. Parker & C.D. Ollier. “Carbon dioxide flux measurements based on satellite observations differ considerably from the consensus values,” Energy & Environment, Vol. 26, No. 3 (2015), pp. 457-463.
- A. Parker, M. Saad Saleem & M. Lawson. “Sea-Level Trend Analysis for Coastal Management,” Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 73, pp. 63–81 (2013).
- A. Parker, “PRESENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO SEA–LEVEL–RISE BY THERMAL EXPANSION AND ICE MELTING AND IMPLICATION ON COASTAL MANAGEMENT,” Ocean and Coastal Management, Vol.98, pp. 202-211 (2014).
- A. Parker (2015), “Discussion of the NASA OCO-2 Satellite Measurements of CO2 Concentrations,” Physics Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp. 189-193.
- Alberto Boretti and Thomas Watson. “The Inconvenient Truth: Ocean Level Not Rising in Australia,” Energy & Environment, Vol. 23. Issue 5 (July 1, 2012).
- “Assoc. Prof. Alberto Boretti,” University of Ballarat School of Science & Engineering.
- “Sea-level rise and its possible impacts given a ‘beyond 4°C world’ in the twenty-first century,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, November 29, 2010.
- “SAE International Book Takes You Inside the Workings of a Grand Prix Motorcycle Engine,” PR Newswire, October 31, 2012. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/cdNbn
- Graham Readfearn. “UFOs, Sea Level Rise And The Magnetism Of Climate Science Denial,” DeSmog, April 28, 2013.
- “A Selection Of Member Biographies,” Principia Scientific International. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/4X8D7
- “Posts Tagged ‘Albert Parker’,” Principia Scientific International. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/2Izl0
- Albert Parker and Clifford D. Ollier. “Discussion Of The ‘Hottest Year On Record’ In Australia,” Principia Scientific International, March 19, 2017. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/pxIa1
- Albert Parker. “Another Aussie Junk Science Sea Level Rise Paper Exposed,” Principia Scientific International, November 21, 2013. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/sM6Dl
- Albert Parker. “The Climate Models Sensitivity To Carbon Is Overrated,” Principia Scientific International, November 6, 2013. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/fmZhX
- Albert Parker and Clifford Ollier. “Stable Sea Level Reality Vs. Accelerating Sea Level Fantasies,” Principia Scientific International, August 7, 2017. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/ItREe
- Albert Parker “Re: Journalist- sea-level rise,” April 24, 2013. Retrieved from Readfearn.com. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/ooMze
- “Is the Sea Level Stable at Aden, Yemen?” Earth Systems and Environment 1:18 (December 2017). Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/eIyBE
- Graham Readfearn. “Sea Level Science Agency Publishes Response to ‘Completely Unwarranted’ Attacks from Climate Deniers,” Desmog, February 26, 2018.
- “Tidalgate: Climate Alarmists Caught Faking Sea Level Rise,” Breitbart, December 6, 2017. Archived March 27, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/DrHNW
- Graham Readfearn. “Exclusive: Global Sea Level Data Agency Hits Back After Unfounded Attacks from Breitbart and Climate Science Deniers,” DeSmog, January 4, 2018.
- “Were Scientists Caught Tampering with Raw Data to Exaggerate Sea Level Rise?” Snopes.
- “PNAS Climate Clowns Ripped By Aussie Professor,” Principia Scientific International, February 17, 2017. Archived March 28, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/ar3KZ
- A. Parker and C.D. Ollier. “Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurements Based on Satellite Observations Differ Considerably from the Consensus Values,” Energy & Environment, April 1, 2015.
- Paul D. Thacker. “Skeptics get a journal” (PDF), Environmental Science & Technology, August 31, 2005. Retrieved from RealClimate.
- Mat Hope. “Climate Science Deniers’ Favourite Journal Just got ‘Overhauled’ — And it Could Lead to a Skeptic Shutout,” DeSmog UK, February 23, 2018.
- “ABOUT THE NCGT JOURNAL,” NCGT Journal. Archived April 3, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/7ObiS
- “Hoft runs with global cooling ‘warning’ from ‘scam artist’,” Media Matters, May 15, 2010. Archived April 3, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/6JKO5
- “Must have brass ones…” Junkscience.com. Archived January 8, 2008. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/OALiG
- NCGT JOURNAL Volume 4, Number 4, December 2016. ISSN 2202-0039 (PDF).
- “Clexit now comprises 190 members from 26 counties” (PDF), clexit.net, July 2016.
- “Peer Reviewed Open Access Journals,” OMICSonline.org. Archived April 3, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/NbPo8
- Graham Readfearn. “Climate Denial Group With Trump Admin Ties Is Funding Sea Level Research in Questionable Journals,” DeSmog, January 18, 2018.
- “FTC Halts the Deceptive Practices of Academic Journal Publishers,” Federal Trade Commission, November 22, 2017. Archived April 3, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/pjktI
- “Prof Clifford Ollier,” The University of Western Australia (Clifford Ollier’s Staff Page). Archived April 3, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.li/A3zcB