Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

Manhattan Institute for Policy Research


The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, originally known as the International Center for Economic Policy Studies, was founded in 1978 by Antony Fisher and William Casey and in recent years has promoted climate science contrarianism while defending policies supporting the development of fossil fuels.

Anthony Fisher was influencial in the formation of several other think tanks, including the Atlas Economic Research Foundation, the Fraser Institute, and the London-based Institute of Economic Affairs. William Casey later became President Ronald Reagan’s CIA director. The stated mission of the New York-based Manhattan Institute “is to develop and disseminate new ideas that foster greater economic choice and individual responsibility.” [1][2]

According to the Manhattan Institute’s website, the think tank “produces ideas that are both literally and figuratively outside the Beltway. We have cultivated a staff of senior fellows and writers whose provocative books, essays, reviews, interviews, speeches, and op-ed pieces communicate our message and influence the debate.” [2]

The Manhattan Institute has contended that it is “unclear” whether human activity is causing global climate change: “Despite the certitude with which the media and politicians treat the issue, the science remains muddled.” [6]

Robert Bryce & the Manhattan Institute

Media Matters reports that Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Robert Bryce regularly authors op-eds for mainstream and conservative publications advocating against renewable energy while promoting fossil fuel use. With reference to climate change, Bryce has said: “I don’t know who’s right. And I don’t really care.” In a Wall Street Journal op-ed titled “Five Truths About Climate Change,” Bryce claimed that the “science is not settled, not by a long shot.”[47][50], [51]

Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (CEPE)

The Manhattan Institute previously maintained a section of their website titled the Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (CEPEwhich “seeks to influence today’s energy policy debate by developing and advancing ideas rooted in free-market economic principles.” The Center no longer appears to be in operation. [3]

The Manhattan Instituted listed the following “experts” at CEPE[3]

Stance on Climate Change


MI Senior Fellow Oren Cass produces regular reports and commentary for the Institute on climate change. In a 2016 Issue Brief, Cass wrote: [63]

There is a consensus among climate scientists that human activity is contributing to climate change. However, claims that rising temperatures pose an existential threat to the human race or modern civilization are not well supported by climate science or economics; to the contrary, they are every bit as far from the mainstream as claims that climate change is not occurring or that it will be beneficial. Analyses consistently show that the costs of climate change are real but manageable. For instance, the prosperity that the world might achieve in 2100 without climate change may instead be delayed until 2102.”


According to an archived page of the Manhattan Institute’s “Power & Growth Initiative”:

“The United States is not running out of energy. It is time to appreciate the staggering economic and geopolitical benefits that the development of our vast hydrocarbon resources can bring. It is no overstatement to say that jobs related to extraction, transport, and export of hydrocarbons can awaken the United States from its economic doldrums and produce revenue such that key national needs can be met—including renewal of infrastructure and investment in scientific research.” [5]


As of 2007, MI listed “Energy Myths” on their website. Their ninth “myth” is that “Global Warming Has Accelerated in the Past Fifty Years”:

“To what degree are human-induced greenhouse gases responsible for warming the atmosphere? The answer is unclear. Despite the certitude with which the media and politicians treat the issue, the science remains muddled. Temperatures fluctuate: they go up in some regions, down in others, and may be affected by naturally occurring phenomena, such as El Niño.” [6]

September 6, 2000

The following is an excerpt from the transcript of the Manhattan Institute’s Annual James Q. Wilson Lecture, titled “Public Policy and the Media:  Do We Get the Whole Story?

“No-one doubts that carbon dioxide has increased in the earth’s atmosphere profoundly over the last hundred years. Almost everything else, however, is in doubt. Do greenhouse gasses make the earth warmer? It’s hard to say because eighty percent of the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere followed, but did not precede the increase in the surface temperature that has been measured over the last hundred years. If it caused the increase in temperature, it’s an odd pattern of causality, where the cause follows the effect.” [4]


The following funding data is based on data collected from the Conservative Transparency Project and Media Matters as well as DeSmog’s review of public 990 tax forms. [7][9]

View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Manhattan Institute funding by year (.xlsx). Note that not all values have been verified by DeSmog. [45]

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation$8,351,560
John M. Olin Foundation$6,779,500
Searle Freedom Trust$5,886,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation$5,765,000
William E. Simon Foundation$4,066,200
Diana Davis Spencer Foundation$3,525,000
Smith Richardson Foundation$2,904,966
The TWS Foundation$2,882,896
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation$2,100,000
John Templeton Foundation$1,959,000
Mercer Family Foundation$1,734,225
Ravenel and Elizabeth Curry Foundation$1,696,000
Brady Education Foundation$1,620,000
Gilder Foundation$1,330,300
Walton Family Foundation$1,236,512
F.M. Kirby Foundation$1,142,500
National Philanthropic Trust$1,099,798
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation$1,085,817
Exxon Mobil$1,060,000
Thomas W Smith Foundation$1,009,186
Jaquelin Hume Foundation$1,000,000
Hertog Foundation$983,180
Jewish Communal Fund$939,400
Paul E. Singer Foundation$925,000
Donors Capital Fund$841,770
William H. Donner Foundation$814,000
Scaife Family Foundation$775,000
The Carthage Foundation$693,000
Earhart Foundation$680,000
The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation$475,000
Stuart Family Foundation$453,957
The Randolph Foundation$439,375
The Galbraith Foundation$365,855
Hickory Foundation$301,200
Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation$285,000
JM Foundation$240,000
Castle Rock Foundation$165,000
Armstrong Foundation$134,500
Bradley Impact Fund$117,500
Peterson G Peterson Foundation$115,341
Chase Foundation of Virginia$112,200
Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice$108,000
Abstraction Fund$101,000
Pierre F. and Enid Goodrich Foundation$100,000
Dodge Jones Foundation$83,500
Robert W Wilson Charitable Trust$77,202
Ed Uihlein Family Foundation$75,000
Charles Koch Institute$66,720
The Weiler Foundation$57,500
CIGNA Foundation$50,000
American Natural Gas Alliance$50,000
Sidney A. Swensrud Foundation$50,000
Adolph Coors Foundation$50,000
John William Pope Foundation$50,000
David H. Koch Charitable Foundation$50,000
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation$48,400
Holman Foundation$45,000
State Policy Network$30,000
Deramus Foundation$25,000
The Challenge Foundation$25,000
The Robertson-Finley Foundation$24,000
The Roe Foundation$18,500
Marcus Foundation$16,000
The Hamlin Family Foundation$14,500
Charles and Ann Johnson Foundation$10,000
Atlas Economic Research Foundation$10,000
Kulakala Point Foundation$10,000
The Rodney Fund$10,000
George Edward Durell Foundation$10,000
Cato Institute$7,000
Stiles-Nicholson Foundation$5,000
Albert and Ethel Herzstein Charitable Foundation$5,000
Lowndes Foundation$5,000
The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation$2,500
The Gordon and Mary Cain Foundation$2,000
Tepper Family Foundation$1,000
Lynn & Foster Friess Family Foundation2$1,000
National Christian Charitable Foundation$1,000
National Association of Manufacturers$250
Grand Total$71,498,925

Fossil Fuel Funding

In February, 2012, Gabe Elsner at the Checks and Balances Project asked Robert Bryce about his funding from fossil fuel interests, Bryce refused to answer the question. DeSmog eported here[12][13]

Gabe Elsner explains: 

“I asked Bryce if he had financial ties to the fossil fuel industry after his debate appearance before the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners conference on Monday. Not only did Bryce refuse to answer the question, he also launched into an angry, finger-pointing tirade saying that I’d ‘made up’ the amount of fossil fuel support documented by Manhattan Institute records.”

Video below: 

Gabe Elsner has also launched (designed by Checks and Balances Project) and a petition by 50 journalists echoing the call for The New York Times to lead the industry by creating a disclosure policy for op-ed contributors. Media Matters additionally compiled a comprehensive page on Bryce’s ties to the fossil fuel industry. [47]

Koch Funding

According to Greenpeace, The Manhattan Institute received $3,182,717 from Koch foundations between 1997 and 2017[10]

YearCharles Koch FoundationCharles Koch InstituteClaude R. Lambe Charitable FoundationDavid H. Koch Charitable FoundationGrand Total
1986*   $25,000$25,000
1987*   $25,000$25,000
1999  $25,000 $25,000
2001  $100,000 $100,000
2003  $200,000 $200,000
2004  $200,000 $200,000
2005  $200,000 $200,000
2006  $200,000 $200,000
2007  $200,000 $200,000
2008  $200,000 $200,000
2009  $200,000 $200,000
2010  $200,000 $200,000
2011  $200,000 $200,000
2012$100,000 $175,000 $275,000
2013$198,000   $198,000
2014$166,300$15,200  $181,500
2015$56,362$24,200  $80,562
2016$235,062$9,000  $244,062 
2017$270,093$8,500  $278,593 
Grand Total$1,025,817$39,400$2,100,000$50,000$3,232,717 

Tobacco Industry Funding

SourceWatch found that the Manhattan Institute has sought funding from tobacco companies including Brown & Williamson. The Institute received funding from R.J. Reynolds and in 1991, Lorillard, Inc. budgeted a $4,000 contribution to the Manhattan Institute and contributed the same amount in 1996. Philip Morris budgeted $25,000 for the Institute in 1995. [11]

990 IRS Tax Forms

Key People

Board of Trustees

(* denotes Former Trustee)

Andrew CaderYYYYNew York City
Ann J. ChartersYYYYNew York City
Bruce G. WilcoxYYYYChairman, Management Committee, Cumberland Associates, LLC
Donald G. ToberYYYYChairman of the Board, Sugar Foods Corporation
Fleur HarlanYYYYNew York City
Jay H. NewmanYYYYElliott Management Corporation
Kathryn S. WyldeYYYYPresident & CEO, The Partnership for New York City
Kenneth B. GilmanYYYYNew York City
Kenneth M. GarschinaYYYYPrincipal, Mason Capital Management
Lawrence J. MoneYYYYPresident
Maurice R. GreenbergYYYYChairman & CEO, C.V. STARR & Co., Inc.
Michael J. FedakYYYYVice Chairman. New York City.
Nathan E. Saint-AmandYYYYNew York City
Paul E. SingerYYYYChairman of the Board.Elliott Management Corporation.
Ravenel CurryYYYYEagle Capital Management, LLC
Richard Gilder*YYYYChairman Emeritus. Gilder, Gagnon, Howe & Co. LLC.
Robert RosenkranzYYYYChairman, Delphi Financial Group, Inc.
Rodney NicholsYYYYNew York City
Roger Hertog*YYYYChairman Emeritus. New York City.
Roger KimballYYYYThe New Criterion
Sean M. FielerYYYYAnalyst, Equinox Management Partners, L.P.
Thomas W. SmithYYYYPrescott Investors
Timothy G. Dalton, Jr.YYYYDalton, Greiner, Hartman, Maher & Co.
William KristolYYYYFounder and Editor, The Weekly Standard
Harvey Golub YYYChairman – Miller Buckfire & Co., LLC
Nick Ohnell YYYOhnell Family Foundation
Rebekah Mercer YYY 
Anthony P. Coles  YYDLA Piper
Donald G. Smith   YNew York City
Michael A. Kaufman   YMAK Capital
Thomas E. McInerney   YBluff Point Associates
Charles H. BrunieYYY Chairman Emeritus. Brunie Associates.
Daniel LoebYYY Third Point, LLC
David Malpass  Y Encima Global, LLC
Clifford S. AsnessYY   
Dietrich WeismannYY   
Frank J. MacchiarolaY    
Peter M. FlaniganY    
Thomas F. McwilliamsY    

Recently-Deceased Trustees

Frank J. MacchiarolaYYY 
Peter M. FlaniganYYY 
William Tell, Jr.YYY 
Dietrich Weismann YY 
Charles H. Brunie  YChairman Emeritus. Brunie Associates.

Manhattan Institute Staff

Alan FensterYYYYResearch Assistant
Antonio RiveraYYYYEquipment Manager
Brian AndersonYYYYEditor, City Journal
Dan GearyYYYYSenior Development Officer
Debbie EzzardYYYYEvents Coordinator
Howard HusockYYYYVice President, Research & Publications
Marilou DavidYYYYController
Michael BarreiroYYYYVice President, Operations
Michael DotsikasYYYYDirector, IT
Patricia RondinelliYYYYAssistant to the President
Paul BestonYYYYManaging Editor, City Journal
Peter PappasYYYYAssociate Director, IT
Taisha CamachoYYYYEvent Director
Tatyana KustasYYYYDirector, Web Services
Alison S. Mangiero YYYSenior Director, Adam Smith Society
Alissa Yi YYYManager, Operations & Conferences, Adam Smith Society
David Kimble YYYManaging Editor, Publications
Joanna Faranda YYYOffice Manager, Development
Leigh Harrington YYYVice President, Communications & Marketing
Matt Toyer YYYDeputy Director, Development
Michele Jacob YYYDirector, Media Relations
Aaron Ricks  YYOnline Content Editor
Charlyce Bozzello  YYProgram Officer, Adam Smith Society
Howard Dickman  YYExecutive Managing Editor
Jamie Meggas  YYSenior Graphic Designer
Jennifer Tanner  YYWeb Designer
Rebecca Sidial  YYReceptionist
Sarai Mason  YYAssistant to the Controller
Seth Barron  YYProject Director, NYC Initiative
Troy Senik  YYVice President, Policy & Programs
Alan Farnham   YDevelopment Editor
Alena McGonigle   YProgram Officer, Adam Smith Society
Ann Browning Hollingsworth   YRegional Development Officer
Bradley Anhouse   YDigital Marketing Manager
Brian Stewart   YDirector, Media Relations
Gregory Fitton   YMarketing Communications Manager, Adam Smith Society
Jeff Peacock   YProgram Manager, Adam Smith Society
Jessica Phillips Tyson   YDevelopment Officer, Policy Initiatives
Lawrence Mone   YPresident
Philip Sabella   YDevelopment Officer, Membership & Special Events
Rachel O’Brien   YMedia Manager, State & Local
Tara-Marie Lynch   YDirector, Marketing
Theodore Stephan   YDevelopment Associate
Vanessa C. Mendoza   YExecutive Vice President
Charles SahmYYY Director, Education Policy
James CoplandYYY Senior Fellow & Director, Legal Policy
Jessica PerryYYY Director, Development
Lawrence J. MoneYYY President
Matthew HennesseyYYY Associate Editor, City Journal
Paul HowardYYY Senior Fellow & Director, Health Policy
Vanessa MendozaYYY Executive Vice President
Alex Armlovich YY Policy Analyst
Ben Boychuk YY Associate Editor, City Journal
Dean Ball YY Policy Manager, State & Local Policy – Strategic Manager
Isaac Gorodetski YY Director, State & Local Policy
Katherine Lazarski YY Senior Media Manager
Michael Toscano YY Development Officer, Policy Initiatives
Molly M. Harsh YY Director, Programs, Adam Smith Society
Robert Sherwood YY Broadcast Outreach Manager
Abigail Salvatore  Y Communications Associate
Carolyn Gorman  Y Project Manager
Casimer Crane  Y Development Associate
Diana Furchtgott-Roth  Y Senior Fellow & Director, Economics21
Jack Solowey  Y Project Manager, Health Policy
James Velasquez  Y Editorial Manager
Leonard Sadosky  Y Communications Manager, Adam Smith Society
Margaret O’Keefe  Y Project Manager, Proxy Monitor
Marin Schlossberg  Y Development Officer, Membership & Events
Preston Cooper  Y Policy Analyst, Economics21
Rafael Mangual  Y Project Manager, Legal Policy
Rebecca Calhoun  Y Project Coordinator, NYC Initiative
Elaine RenYY  Senior Graphic Designer
Jared Meyer Y  Fellow
Judah Bellin Y  Associate Editor
Leslie Gonzales Y  Receptionist
Natalie Nakamura Y  Communication Associate
Nichole Adrian Y  Development Officer
Stephen Eide Y  Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership
Yevgeniy Feyman Y  Fellow. Deputy Director, Health Policy.
Alison SmithY   Director, Center for the American University.
Ben PlotinskyY   Managing Editor, City Journal.
Bridget CarrollY   Press Officer.
Chantilly CobbY   Editorial Assistant.
Clarice SmithY   Director, Media Relations.
Jaclyn KielyY   Development Officer.
Kasia ZabawaY   Deputy Director, Communications.
Lindsay Young CraigY   Vice President, Communications & Marketing.
Mary Ellen MillettY   Office Manager, Empire Center.
Matthew OlsenY   Press Officer.
Michael AllegrettiY   Director, Center for State and Local Leadership.
Raymond NiemiecY   Press Officer.
Timothy HoeferY   Director, Empire Center for New York State Policy.

Manhattan Institute Experts

Brian C. AndersonYYYYEditor, City Journal.
Diana Furchtgott-RothYYYYSenior Fellow & Director, Economics21
Fred SiegelYYYYSenior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
George L. KellingYYYYSenior Fellow
Guy SormanYYYYContributing Editor, City Journal.
Heather MacDonaldYYYYThomas W. Smith Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Howard HusockYYYYVice President, Research & Publications
James R. CoplandYYYYSenior Fellow. Director, Legal Policy.
Judith MillerYYYYAdjunct Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Kay S. HymowitzYYYYSenior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Michael Knox BeranYYYYContributing Editor, City Journal.
Myron MagnetYYYYEditor-at-Large, City Journal
Nicole GelinasYYYYSenior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Peter D. SalinsYYYYSenior Fellow.
Richard A. EpsteinYYYYVisiting Scholar
Robert BryceYYYYSenior Fellow
Stephanie HesslerYYYYAdjunct Fellow
Steven MalangaYYYYSenior Fellow. Senior Editor, City Journal.
Ted FrankYYYYAdjunct Fellow
Theodore DalrympleYYYYDietrich Weismann Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal
Victor Davis HansonYYYYContributing Editor, City Journal.
Oren Cass YYYSenior Fellow
Yevgeniy Feyman YYYFellow. Deputy Director, Health Policy.
Aaron M. Renn  YYSenior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Charles Upton Sahm  YYDirector, Education Policy.
E. J. McMahon  YYSenior Fellow
Edward L. Glaeser  YYSenior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Jacob L. Vigdor  YYAdjunct Fellow.
Jason L. Riley  YYSenior Fellow.
Jim Manzi  YYSenior Fellow
John Tierney  YYContributing Editor, City Journal.
Lawrence J. Mone  YYPresident
Mark P. Mills  YYSenior Fellow
Max Eden  YYSenior Fellow
Tom Coburn  YYAdvisor, Project FDA.
Daniel DisalvoYY YSenior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Peter W. HuberYY YSenior Fellow, Center for Medical Progress
Charles W. Calomiris Y YAdjunct Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Alex Armlovich   YPolicy Analyst
Beth Akers   YSenior Fellow
Brian Riedl   YSenior Fellow
Chris Pope   YSenior Fellow
Marcus A. Winters   YSenior Fellow
Stephen Eide   YSenior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership
Ben BoychukYYY Associate Editor, City Journal
Paul HowardYYY Senior Fellow & Director, Health Policy
Sol SternYYY Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Adam White YY Adjunct Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Jared Meyer YY Fellow
Josh B. McGee YY Senior Fellow
Scott Winship YY Walter B. Wriston Fellow
Andrew von Eschenbach  Y Chairman, Project FDA.
Isaac Gorodetski  Y Director, State & Local Policy
Andrew KlavanYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (Los Angeles
Avik RoyYY  Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Claire BerlinskiYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (Paris
Edmund J. McmahonYY  Senior Fellow, President
Edward GlaeserYY  Senior Fellow and Contributing Editor, City Journal (Boston)
Harry SteinYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Herbert LondonYY  Senior Fellow, Center for the American University (New York City)
Jacob VigdorYY  Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (North Carolina)
James ManziYY  Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (Boston
James PieresonYY  Senior Fellow, Director
Joel KotkinYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (California)
John H. McwhorterYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
John LeoYY  Senior Fellow, Center for the American University (New York City)
Lester BrickmanYY  Visiting Scholar, Center for Legal Policy (New York City)
Luigi ZingalesYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (Chicago)
Marcus WintersYY  Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Peter ReinharzYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Richard GreenwaldYY  Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (Newark
Rick BakerYY  Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (St. Petersburg
Stefan KanferYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal
William J. SternYY  Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Aaron Renn Y  Senior Fellow and Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Andrew C. Von Eschenbach Y  Chairman, Project FDA (New York City)
Charles Sahm Y  Director, Education Policy
Jason Riley Y  Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Mark Mills Y  Senior Fellow, (New York City)
Richard C. Dreyfuss Y  Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (Pennsylvania)
Stephen D. Eide Y  Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Christopher PapagianisY   Managing Director, e21.
Russel SykesY   Senior Fellow, Empire Center for New York State Policy.


March 15, 2019

A Manhattan Institute-funded online magazine published a commentary that appeared to sympathize with some of the statements made in the manifesto of the Christchurch, New Zealand mass murderer, whose shooting spree took the lives of 50 individuals on March 15, 2019. [68]

Bruce Bawer, who has a reputation for publishing Islamophobic commentaries in the Manhattan Institute’s City Journal, said of the shooter’s manifesto:

It is, at least in part, an expression of rage about the steady repopulation of Europe by believers in an alien ideology and practitioners of a radically foreign culture—a legitimate concern, though by no means a legitimate excuse for Tarrant’s actions.” [68]

May 2018

The Manhattan Institute published a report, “Short Circuit: The High Cost of Electric Vehicles,” by Jonathan Lesser that alleges that electric cars pollute more than gas-powered vehicles and relies on cherry-picked data and projections. The report has been debunked repeatedly, and has been criticized for citing unscientific papers by think tanks and surveys and ignoring peer-reviewed science that undermines the report’s arguments. 

Politico published a commentary by Lesser, titled “Are electric cars worse for the environment?,” which promoted the report. 

March 2018

The Manhattan Institute announced a lecture and new report by senior fellow Oren Cass.  The lecture is titled “Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate The Costs Of Climate Change.” [60]

The event was originally scheduled for March 7, 2018, but was “cancelled due to anticipated inclement weather” with a new date set for March 20. [61], [62]

“What kind of disruptions should Americans anticipate from climate change? According to the studies that have informed federal policy, the scenario is dire: increased deaths from extreme heat and air pollution, as well as reduced economic productivity. In a groundbreaking new report, however, MI senior fellow Oren Cass argues that the situation is not nearly so grim,” the event description read, adding “the long-term costs of climate change are being consistently overstated while too little energy is being devoted to plans for adaptation.” [60]

Cass released the report on March 11, with an accompanying article in The Wall Street Journal titled “Doomsday Climate Scenarios Are a Joke.” In the WSJ article, Cass argued that estimates of the cost of climate change come from “laughably bad economics,” and that adaptation is the answer to climate-change related deaths. [64], [65]

“If you imagine society is static and incapable of innovation, the prospect of climate change must be terrifying,” Cass wrote at WSJ. He reiterated this focus in the conclusion of the full Manhattan Institute report: [66]

“[C]orrelation-based temperature-impact studies that produce very high estimates of the economic and social costs of projected climate change—meanwhile ignoring or downplaying the possibility of adaptation and obscuring the inaccuracy of underlying estimates—are distinctly unhelpful,” Cass concluded.

Skeptical Science has noted that the cost of preventing global warming is relatively cheap when compared to the accelerating costs of climate-change-related damages. With regards to adaptation, mass species extinctions of the past have also been strongly linked to climate change.

Cass presented his report on March 20, 2018: [67]

June 2016

The Manhattan Institute (MI) released a report titled “Missing Benefits, Hidden Costs: The Cloudy Numbers in the EPA‘s Proposed Clean Power Plan” (PDF). [57]

There are few benefits, which have been massively overestimated, and huge costs, which have been massively underestimated […] from a cost benefit perspective, there’s simply no justification for the EPA’s Clean Power Plan,” reads the report. [57]

The MI contends that the Clean Power Plan will have “will have no measurable impact on world climate. And if those emissions reductions have no measurable impact on world climate, they will not have any measurable impact on world GDP, either.” [57]

The report’s author, Jonathan A. Lesser, is president of Continental Economics and “has over 30 years of experience working for regulated utilities, government, and as an economic consultant.”  [57]

May 4, 2016

The Manhattan Institute released a report titled “What Happens to an Economy When Forced to Use Renewable Energy?” (PDF) written by Robert Bryce. [58]

Bonner R. Cohen promoted the new study at the Heartland Institute. He writes that policies to combat climate change in Europe “have led to soaring electricity costs for residential and commercial customers, leading the authors to recommend the United States reject similar policies.” [59]

“To avoid the kinds of results seen in Europe, U.S. policymakers at the federal and state levels should be required to do rigorous cost-benefit analyses before imposing renewable-energy mandates,” Robert Bryce said. “U.S. policymakers must also consider the impact higher energy costs will have on overall employment and industrial competitiveness.” [59]

April 2016

Oren Cass wrote a Manhattan Institute report titled Who Pays the Bill for the Obama Climate Agenda?” (PDFclaiming that “President Obama’s climate agenda represents an enormous tax increase on low- and middle income Americans, nearly tripling the federal tax burden on the poorest households.” [55]

“[T]he policy pays only lip service to ‘action’ on climate change and will not affect the trajectory of global greenhouse-gas emissions or temperatures,” Cass claimed.  [55]

October 16, 2015

The Manhattan Institute’s Center for Energy Policy and the Environment released a report titled “Leading Nowhere: The Futility and Farce of Global Climate Negotiations” (PDF) on the Paris COP21 Climate Change negotiations. [53]

Oren Cass, MI senior fellow, suggested that “The U.S. Congress should pass a resolution preemptively rejecting any agreement that omits enforceable developing-nation commitments to emissions reductions or that transfers substantial wealth to the developing world.” [54]

“Whatever ineffectual ‘deal’ may emerge from the Paris talks will only underscore what has been true all along: no negotiated agreement will significantly reduce global emissions of CO2. The U.S. Congress should pass a resolution preemptively rejecting any agreement that omits enforceable developing-nation commitments to emissions reductions or that transfers substantial wealth to the developing world. Constraining the options in Paris to either a genuine and enforceable agreement, or no agreement, will have a valuable, clarifying effect on the future of international climate policy,” Cass wrote. [53]

August 2015

The Manhattan Institute has strongly opposed President Obama’s Clean Power Plan. Diana Furchtgott-Roth, senior fellow and director of Economics at the Manhattan Institute wrote in the National Review that the Clean Power Plan as “a way of punishing the stated that did not vote for Obama.” [20]

In the same article, Furchtgott-Roth questions whether carbon dioxide should be mitigated:

“The question to ask is why any of this is necessary. […] Carbon dioxide is not a pollutant. Everyone breathes it out every day. It even helps the growth of trees and other greenery.” [20]

Oren Cass, another senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute (who also served as Mitt Romney’s domestic policy adviser during the 2012 presidential campaign), described the Clean Power plan in a statement republished at Politico New York:

“It is an illegal overreach that claims power never given to the E.P.A. and bullies both states and private businesses. […] Its primary effects will be to disrupt markets and drive up costs, handing victories to politically-favored ‘green’ industries and sending the bill to consumers.” [21]

Cass also went on the On Point radio show in Boston to discuss the Clean Power Plan (CPP):

Cass claimed that the CPP would have no impact on climate: “For no actual impact on climate change, what we get is something that’s, I think, pretty radical,” he said.

July 2015

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research released a report titled “Less Carbon, Higher Prices:  How California’s Climate Policies Affect Lower-Income Residents” (PDF).  [22]

The report suggests that renewable energy sources have caused electric prices to rise, leading to “energy poverty” in low income households. They suggest that California should do a cost-benefit analysis of renewable energy sources, and poses the question:

“Do the benefits of California’s proposed GHG reductions—which, even if realized, will negligibly affect global emissions and climate—outweigh their considerable and rising cost to local businesses and households, particularly low-income Californians?”

Report authors Robert Bryce and Jonathan Lesser discussed their report in The Orange County Register:

“In short, California’s renewable energy mandates and climate change policies may make wealthy coastal residents feel virtuous, but those policies are having a disproportionate economic impact on the poor,” they write. [23]

The Manhattan Institute Report was heavily promoted in Conservative media, and has appeared in numerous papers and other sources including Investors Business DailyFox & Hounds, and the Breitbart

June 22, 2015

The Manhattan Institute’s Robert Bryce wrote a column in the National Review titled “The Poor Need More Energy: What BP Knows and Pope Francis Doesn’t,” where he  maintained that the best, low-cost energy source for developing countries is coal. [24]

According to Bryce, “[Pope Francis’s] new encyclical on climate change, Laudato Si’ (Be praised), shows a shallow understanding of global energy use and, in particular, of how energy consumption is soaring among the people he claims to care most about: the poor.” 

“But if developing countries are going to prepare for possible changes in the climate, they will have to get richer so they can afford to deal with any calamities that may occur. And how will they get richer? The answer is obvious: by consuming more energy. And for countries throughout the developing world, the lowest-cost energy is still coal,” Bryce writes. [24]

September 18, 2014

DeSmogBlog reports how Lisa Murkowski (AK) and Tim Scott (SC) worked with the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research to fashion a white paper opposing the EPA‘s new power plant emissions standards. [25]

According to The Hill, a representative from Murkowski’s office said that the Senators will be speaking about “the economic, political, and social consequences of allowing energy insecurity to rise in America.” [26] 

The paper put forward the theory that government regulations and environmental safeguards are costing American consumers too much money and destroying jobs. Murkowski and Scott introduced the paper at a September 18 Manhattan Institute event titled “Is Energy Insecurity on the Rise in America?” [27]

July 7, 2013

Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Diana Furchtgott-Roth published an article in The Globe and Mail titled “Quebec tragedy reminds us pipelines are safest way to transport oil” that pushing to speed up the Keystone XL pipeline after an oil train explosion. [29]

“After Saturday’s tragedy in Lac-Mégantic, Que., it is time to speed up the approval of new pipeline construction in North America. Pipelines are the safest way of transporting oil and natural gas, and we need more of them, without delay,” she wrote.

DeSmogBlog reports that Furchtgott-Roth has been advocating on behalf of the oil industry in one form or another for more than 25 years. She has also worked as an economist at the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the industry-funded American Enterprise Institute (AEI). [30]

August 2011

According to records on file at the Center for Media and Democracy’s (CMD) SourceWatch, Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Paul Howard, spoke at the 2011 American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) Annual Conference in a Workshop titled “Rationing By Any Other Name: Medicare’s Independent Payment Advisory Board.” [11]

CMD offers the following description of the American Legislative Exchange Council:

ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC‘s operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve ‘model’ bills.”

More information is available at

June 7, 2011

Robert Bryce, the Manhattan Institute’s Senior Fellow for their “Center for Energy Policy and the Environment” ran an Op-Ed in The New York Times titled “The Gas Is Greener.” [31]

DeSmogBlog reports how Bryce suggests that fracked shale gas and nuclear are more environmentally preferable energy options to solar and wind power. Bryce had published a similar article in the Wall Street Journal earlier that week. DeSmog also notes how the New York Times failed to state the “clear conflict of interest” of the fossil-fuel funded Manhattan Institute. [32], [33]

Bryce’s argument was debunked by the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), which points out a number of factual errors and omissions in the Manhattan Institute representative’s piece. Climate Progress also debunked Bryce’s claims in detail. [34],[35]

After DeSmogBlog initially contacted The New York Times regarding these conflicts of interest, the Checks and Balances Project picked up the issue, using Bryce as an example of the “disturbing trend of special interests surreptitiously funding ‘experts’ to push industry talking points in the nation’s major media outlets.” DeSmogBlog further reported on this issue here. [36]

April 2009

The Manhattan Institute has released multiple editions of its report “Energy and the Environment: Myths and Facts” by Drew Thornley. Its second edition was released in April, 2009. 

The report includes a list of “myths” including how “Humans are the main drivers of the greenhouse effect which is likely to cause global warming.” [37]

According to the Institute’s press release (PDF), “Thornley concludes that policymakers should focus on energy policies based on facts that meet our needs today without creating liabilities for us tomorrow.” [38]

The executive summary for the report describes it as a “primer for educators, journalists, and public officials—for concerned citizens generally.” [39]

April 10, 2008

The Manhattan Institute hosted “the skeptical environmentalist,” Bjorn Lomborg, for a speech in New York City, DeSmogBlog reported. [40]


Sponsored THE BOTTOMLESS WELL: The Twilight Of Fuel, The Virtue Of Waste, And Why We Will Never Run Out Of Energy by Manhattan Institute senior fellow Peter W. Huber and by Mark P. Mills. [41]

The book argues that the “quantity of raw fuel matters less to energy security than our ability (both technological and political) to extract the fuel. In this passage, they make the counter-intuitive point (one of many in this book) that energy consumption, rather than limit our supply of energy, actually increases it.” [42]

Manhattan Institute Contact & Location

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research listed the following contact information in its website as of May, 2016: [56]

Manhattan Institute
52 Vanderbilt Ave.
New York, NY 10017
(212) 599-7000

Social Media


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  5. Manhattan Institute’s Power & Growth Initiative,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  6. Max Schulz. “MYTH 9: GLOBAL WARMING HAS ACCELERATED IN THE PAST FIFTY YEARS,” Energy & The Environment: Myths & Facts ( Archived September 5, 2015. URL
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  13. Brendan DeMelle. “Accountability Moment: Manhattan Institute’s Robert Bryce Squirms And Evades Question on Fossil Fuel Funding,” DeSmogBlog, February 9, 2012. 
  14. Manhattan Institute Board of Trustees,” Manhattan Institute. Archived September 4, 2015. URL
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  20. Obama’s ‘Clean Power Plan’ Punishes Workers, Consumers, and States That Voted for Romney,” National Review, August 10, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  21. Scott Waldman. “Obama emissions plan has roots in New York debate,” Politico New York, August 4, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  22. Jonathan A. Lesser. “Less Carbon, Higher Prices:  How California’s Climate Policies Affect Lower-Income Residents” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, July, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. 
  23. Robert Bryce and Jonathan Lesser. “Renewable energy mandates same as a tax on the poor,” The Orange County Register (Opinion Section), July 26, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  24. Robert Bryce. “The Poor Need More Energy: What BP Knows and Pope Francis Doesn’t,” National Review, June 22, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  25. Farron Cousins. “Republican Senators Push Manhattan Institute’s Dirty Energy Propaganda Paper,” DeSmogBlog, September 16, 2014. 
  26. Timothy Cama. “Senators tackle energy cost impacts,” The Hill, September 12, 2014. Archived September 4, 2015. URL
  27. Is Energy Insecurity on the Rise in America?” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, September 18, 2014. Archived October 31, 2014. Video no longer available.
  28. Contact Information,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  29. Diana Furchtgott-Roth. “Quebec tragedy reminds us pipelines are safest way to transport oil,” The Globe and Mail, July 7, 2013. archived September 5, 2015. URL
  30. Kevin Grandia. “Shameful: Keystone XL Proponent Using Deadly Lac-Megantic, Quebec Oil Train Tragedy To Promote Pipeline,” DeSmogBlog, July 8, 2013. 
  31. Robert Bryce. “The Gas Is Greener,” The New York Times (Opinion Pages), June 7, 2011. URL
  32. Brendan DeMelle. “Manhattan Institute Op-ed Exemplifies Why NY Times Should Require Disclosure of Financial Conflicts,” DeSMogBlog, June 16, 2011.
  33. Robert Bryce. “America Needs the Shale Revolution,” The Wall Street Journal (Commentary Section), June 13, 2011. URL
  34. Tom Gray. “Fact check: Bryce stumbles on land use, sound, steel, benefits,” Into the Wind (The AWEA Blog), June 8, 2011. Archived June 12, 2011. URL
  35. Stephen Lacey. “’Small IS Beautiful’! Robert Bryce Pushes Nuclear Power by Quoting Famous Author Who Called It ‘an Ethical, Spiritual, and Metaphysical Monstrosity’,” ThinkProgress, June 10,2 011. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  36. Brendan DeMelle. “Journalists Ask NYTimes To Set Disclosure of Conflicts Policy For Op-Ed Contributors,” DeSmogBlog, October 11, 2011.
  37. Myth 10,” Energy & the Environment Myths & Facts Second Edition, April, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015. URL
  38. (Press Release) “New Report! Energy and the Environment: Myths and Facts Second Edition” (PDF), Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, April 20, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015. 
  39. Executive Summary,” Energy & the Environment Myths & Facts Second Edition, April, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015. URL
  40. Mitchell Anderson. “Bjorn Lomborg and the Anti-Climate Crowd,” DeSmogBlog, April 10, 2008.
  41. THE BOTTOMLESS WELL: The Twilight Of Fuel, The Virtue Of Waste, And Why We Will Never Run Out Of Energy,” Manhattan Institute. Archived September 5, 2015. URL
  42. The Bottomless Well: How Energy Consumption Creates More Energy,”, November 16, 2011. Archived January 4, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. URL
  43. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research,” State Policy Network. Archived September 4, 2015. URL:
  44. Independent Task Force on Immigration and America’s Future,” Migration Policy Institute. Archived September 4, 2015. URL
  45. Manhattan Institute,” Conservative Transparency. Search performed May 3, 2016. 
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  48. About: Board of Trustees,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 3, 2016. URL
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  50. Robert Bryce. Power Hungry: The Myths of ‘Green’ Energy and the Real Fuels of the FuturePublicAffairs; First Edition edition (April 27, 2010). URL
  51. Robert Bryce. “Five Truths About Climate Change,” Wall Street Journal, October 6, 2011. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
  52. About: Staff Directory,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 3, 2016. URL
  53. Oren Cass. LEADING NOWHERE: The Futility and Farce of Global Climate Negotiations” (PDF), Energy Policy & The Environment Report No. 19 (October, 2015). Manhatan Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
  54. Oren Cass. “Leading Nowhere: The Futility and Frace of Global Climate Negotiations,” Manhattan Institute, October 16, 2016. Archived May 4, 2016. URL
  55. Oren Cass. “Who Pays the Bill for the Obama Climate Agenda?” (PDF), the Manhattan Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
  56. About,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 29, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. URL
  57. Jonathan A. Lesser. “Missing Benefits, Hidden Costs: The Cloudy Numbers in the EPA‘s Proposed Clean Power Plan” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, June, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
  58. Robert Bryce, “What Happens to an Economy When Forced to Use Renewable Energy?” (PDF), The Manhattan Institute, May 4, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
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  65. Oren Cass. “Doomsday Climate Scenarios Are a Joke,” The Wall Street Journal, March 11, 2018. URL:
  67. HAPPENING NOW: @oren_cass presents his new paper on climate research, ‘Overheated’” He was introduced by @BrianAcity,” Twitter post by user @ManhattanInst, March 20, 2018. Archived .png on file at Desmog.
  68. Rob Galbraith. “Hedge fund-backed think tank Manhattan Institute publishes blog post sympathizing with killer the day after Christchurch attack,”, March 21, 2019. Archived March 20, 2019. URL:

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