National Association of Manufacturers

National Association of Manufacturers (NAM)


The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) describes itself as the largest manufacturing association in the United States and claims to represent “small and large manufacturers in every industrial sector and in all 50 states” by working “on the front lines of a wide range of policy battles, from immigration reform and labor relations, to energy and the environment, to trade policy and taxes.” [1]

The NAM is actively involved in a range of advocacy programs, which it describes as “grassroots manufacturing outreach and employee engagement efforts” designed to “advance manufacturing policy issues with pro manufacturing legislation.” [2]

The NAM has routinely opposed the Clean Air Act (CAA), regulation of greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Power Plan (CPP), stricter ozone standards, and a wide range of other environmental regulations that it argues would negatively impact industry. [3], [4], [5]

Global Climate Coalition (GCC)

The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) was a member of the Global Climate Coalition (GCC) for over 10 years before GCC disbanded in 2002. The New York Times reported that both NAM and the American Petroleum Institute (API), which was also a GCC member, continued to “lobby against any law or treaty that would sharply curb emissions” after leaving the coalition. [6]

GCC initially started in 1989 as a  project under the auspices of NAM, later reorganizing independently in 1992. In the 1990s version of GCC, its first chairman would be the director of government relations for the Phillips Petroleum Company. Exxon was also a founding member, and on the GCC board, while API also served as a leading member of the coalition. [7]

According to GCC‘s mission statement, it was established to “coordinate business participation in the international policy debate on the issue of global climate change and global warming.” A 1993 press release said GCC was organized “as the leading voice for industry on the global climate change issue.” [8], [9]

Among GCC‘s early board members, Michael E. Baroody, Senior Vice President of the National Association of Manufacturers, was elected interim Chairman of the GCC Board at the beginning of 1992. Other GCC board members at that time included representatives from a range of industry/business associations, oil, natural gas, and chemical companies, and electricity generating companies: [10]

Air Quality Standards Coalition

The NAM coordinated Air Quality Standards Coalition (AQSC), a group formed in 1996 to opposing new air quality standards regulations proposed by the EPA. The group, headed by C. Boyden Gray, came to represent more than 500 members including Texaco, Teneco, Philip Morris, Chevron, and Monsanto. In 1997, the group spent $100 million in attempts to combat rules that the EPA estimated would save 15,000 lives a year. [11]

Writing at The New Republic, Hanna Rosin reported that “[t]he group has been trying to woo the National Governors’ Association since its newly chosen chairman, Ohio Governor George Voinovich, came out against the proposed EPA ruling. When that failed, it tried legal bribes. ‘The NAM has to pony up more cash for the NGA,’ reads the notes of one attendant at a November 1 meeting.” [12]

Rosin also noted a relationship between the AQSC and Citizens for Sound Economy (CSE), which it used “to carry out the ‘grass-roots’ campaign.” However, the CSE kept a “virtuous distance from AQSC: “We are not a part of the coalition; we do not receive funding from them, and we do not work together,” said Brent Bahler, a CSE spokesman. [12]

Rosin reported that, despite this, “CSE footprints show up all over the coalition agenda.” For example, she notes that “CSE officials met with coalition members last April to brief them on their $5 million educational campaign on the EPA rules. They got the American Petroleum Institute to agree to match all donations up to $600,000. Keeping up the appearance of a grass-roots effort by employing CSE is in fact crucial to the coalition. ‘NAM has recognized that re environmental issues, while the war will be won or lost in Washington, the battles will take place out there,’ says one member, according to the notes.” [12]

Manufacturers’ Accountability Project

The NAM quietly launched the Manufacturers’ Accountability Project (MAP) in November 2017 to push back against, among other things, climate-change-related lawsuits affecting the manufacturing industry. They claim that “this coordinated campaign jeopardizes the ability of all manufacturers to continue growing and providing jobs to millions of Americans.” [50], [51]

MAP is led by NAM‘s Manufacturers’ Center for Legal Action (MCLA), with both MAP and the MCLA headed by Linda Kelly who also serves as NAM‘s senior vice president, legal, general counsel, and corporate secretary. Kelly wrote at The Hill, suggesting that attorneys have been dragging manufacturers into “fruitless lawsuits” over climate change concerns and that “[t]hese cases can have devastating impacts on entire industries and the jobs they support.” [53], [54], [56]

We’ve launched what we’ve called the Manufacturers’ Accountability Project and the intention is to push back on the use of lawsuits funded by activists to target manufacturers for a variety of problems, including we’re looking at the climate lawsuits,” Kelly told the Washington Examiner in an interview. [51]

One of the group’s first actions was to go against the investigation by Democratic attorneys general investigating what ExxonMobil knew about climate change, although it also targeted other issues aside from climate change — like opposing rulings for paint manufacturers to be accountable for lead paint in buildings built before 1951. they see as impacting industry’s bottom line. [51]

On February 12, 2018, MAP announced it was launching an ad campaign to attack New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio after de Blasio said he would sue oil companies including BP, Chevron, Conoco-Phillips, ExxonMobil,a nd Royal Dutch Shell in the wake of the devastation caused by climate change. [57][55]

“Mayor de Blasio’s frivolous lawsuit is a farce and a direct threat to the jobs and livelihoods of manufacturing workers in New York and across America,” NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons stated in a February 13 MAP news release. [58]

Cite Hall spokesman Eric Phillips criticized the ad campaign. “Shadowy groups funded by Big Oil won’t keep the mayor from fighting for our planet and city’s future,” he said, quoted by the New York Post. [59]

In January 2019, NAM announced Phil Goldberg of Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P. would join as Special Counsel for the Manufacturers’ Accountability Project (MAP) as part of an effort led by the Manufacturers’ Center for Legal Action (MCLA) to be a “leading voice of manufacturers in the courts.” [60]

The NAM and its Manufacturers’ Accountability Project are the tip of the spear in the fight against the wave of unfounded public nuisance lawsuits targeting America’s manufacturers. The stakes could not be higher for manufacturers as well as the integrity of our legal system,” said Goldberg. 

Goldberg’s firm has a history of representing the tobacco industry, and now offers services to the energy industry for “savvy protection of assets and dogged advocacy in regulatory and litigation matters.” [61], [62]

Stance on Climate Change

February 2016

An approved policy position document adopted at NAM‘s meeting in the winter of 2016 describes the group’s position on “trade-related aspects of climate change”: [13]

“The NAM believes that mitigating the impact of global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions is a significant and important goal for all nations. Any initiatives to achieve this goal, however, must not put American manufacturers at a relative competitive disadvantage. If actions are not taken by all significant emitters, there is substantial risk of carbon leakage that could nullify the effects of unilateral domestic action.” [13]

The document suggests that that industry should be allowed to develop their own climate change solutions, as opposed to government regulation: [13]

“Government should not be in the business of picking winners and losers in the energy space, and must not impede or impair the ability of energy-producing and energy-consuming segments of industry to obtain adequate funding for energy-related investments. The NAM will identify and oppose overly restrictive regulations and the implementation of policies that limit or eliminate energy sources and production.” [13]

It also supports Arctic and offshore drilling: [13]

“Exploration and development of promising areas onshore, offshore and in the Arctic can substantially lower our nation’s energy vulnerability.” [13]

On coal, The NAM is in full support of its continued use and opposes environmental policies that would limit it in any way: [13] 

“Government actions that unreasonably increase the cost of production and use of coal for limited environmental or health benefits are counterproductive. Unbalanced laws and regulations governing air, water and solid waste are currently the most crucial restraint on coal production and the use of coal by industry and utilities. Environmental policies should be reviewed and applied in a manner that balances reasonable environmental objectives with the need to have a diverse fuel portfolio, including continued cost-effective coal use.” [13]

NAM‘s policy document describes renewables as “potential alternatives to traditional fossil fuels,” however disapproves of government subsidies, and implies the supposed unreliability of the power source: [13]

“Significant grid improvements are needed and encouraged to ensure manufacturers have secure, flexible and competitive energy options. As the nation’s energy mix expands and diversifies, government policies must place a priority on energy reliability.” [13]

October 2009

According to a NAM Principles on Climate Change” document, “Successful U.S. greenhouse gas emission reduction policies” will, among other things, “Prioritize the removal of market barriers to achieving energy efficiency and emissions reduction at a net economic gain,” “Reform conflicting or duplicative Clean Air Act and other provisions,” and “Accompany climate policy with policies that expand the production and use of reliable affordable and environmentally sound domestic energy supplies.” [14]


The NAM‘s president Jerry J. Jasinowski wrote an opinion editorial in The Christian Science Monitor titled “Global Warming Treaty: Economic Boom or Bust? Bust – US Jobs and Industries Lost.” In the article, he declared: [15]

“Not only are evaluations of the earth’s temperature mixed, but the computer models that interpret them are questionable. Put simply, the extent to which man-made emissions contribute to climate change has not been proven.”

Jasinowski went on to cite the now-deceased Frederick Seitz, who claimed “ A “disturbing corruption of the peer review process” could “deceive policymakers and the public into believing that the scientific evidence shows human activities are causing global warming.”

Jasinowski concluded that “The treaty won’t work, and should be opposed by those who recognize that economic growth and a sound environmental must go hand in hand.” [15]


The below information is collected from publicly available 990 forms, and from data collected by the Conservative Transparency project. Note that not all individual values have been verified by DeSmog. [16]

See the attached spreadsheet for additional information on National Association of Manufacturers funding by year (.xlsx).

NAM as Recipient

Free Enterprise America$2,500,000
Freedom Partners$1,170,000
American Petroleum Institute$1,163,650
Intel Corporation$1,003,329
Dow Chemical Company$96,119
Norfolk Southern$71,590
Edison Electric Institute$50,000
American Gas Association$50,000
John Deere$16,000
Grand Total$6,374,308

NAM as Donor

American Chemistry Council$790,000
American Justice Partnership$520,000
Manufacturing Institute$300,000
The Manufacturing Institute$200,000
BIPAC Business Institute for Political Analysis$110,000
Heartland Institute$52,500
Third Way$25,000
National Foundation for American Policy$20,000
ACCF Center for Policy$18,000
Council on Competitiveness$13,500
Congressional black Caucus$10,000
Ivy Tech Foundation$10,000
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation$7,000
Five 41 Fund$6,000
St. Jude’s Children Research hospital$6,000
Fountain House$6,000
American Red Cross – Katrina Relief$5,000
Washington Tennis & Educational Foundation$5,000
Tax Relief Coalition$5,000
Congressional Hispanic Caucus$5,000
American Red Cross$5,000
Associated Industries of Kentucky$5,000
Best Friends Foundation$5,000
US Army War College Foundation$5,000
Drug-Free Kids$5,000
Washington Humane Society$5,000
Friends of Adam Smith$5,000
Independent Women’s Forum$5,000
Komen National Race for the Cure$4,000
Washington Scholarship Fund$4,000
Women’s Policy Inc.$3,000
Lupus Research Institute$2,500
Spina Bifida Association$2,500
World Childhood Fund$2,500
Thanks USA$2,500
Arthritis Foundation$2,500
Banneker Institute$2,500
Institute for International Econ.$2,000
Juvenille Diabetes Research$2,000
Coalition to Salute America’s Heroes$1,763
Minnesota Chamber of Commerce$1,500
American Enterprise Institute$1,500
Tax Foundation$1,000
District Sports$1,000
Women in Government Relations$1,000
Coastal America Foundation$1,000
American Jewish Committee$1,000
Kann Trowbridge Foundation$1,000
House DC$1,000
Grand Total$2,198,763

990 Forms

NAM Documents

Below is a collection of notable NAM reports and legal documents on climate, environment, and energy issues.

Key People


Jay Timmons     YYYYYYYYY
John EnglerYYYYY         

Board Chair

David N. Farr            YY
Gregg M. Sherrill          YY  
Douglas R. Oberhelman        YY    
Mary Andringa     YYY      
Michael E. Campbell    Y         
Charles E. Bunch  YY          
John A. Luke Jr.YY            

Board Vice Chair

David T. Seaton            YY
John F. Lundgren          YY  
Gregg M. Sherrill        YY    
Douglas R. Oberhelman     YYY      
Mary Andringa    Y         
Michael E. Campbell  YY          
Charles E. Bunch Y            
James G. BergesY             

Board Representation by Company

View the attached spreadsheet for a complete listing of the National Association of Manufacturers’ Board Members, by individual and company (.xlsx).

Executive Committee

Devon Energy CorporationYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Ace Clearwater Enterprises YYYYYYYYYYYYY
Marlin Steel Wire Products LLC    YYYYYYYYYY
Ball Corporation     YYYYYYYYY
BTE Technologies, Inc.        YYYYYY
Ecolab Inc.        YYYYYY
Neenah Enterprises, Inc.        YYYYYY
Southern Company        YYYYYY
Carolina Color Corporation         YYYYY
Centennial Bolt, Inc.         YYYYY
Cooper Standard Automotive         YYYYY
Ingersoll Rand Company         YYYYY
Modine Manufacturing Company         YYYYY
Snap-on Incorporated         YYYYY
Cargill            YY
Proto Labs, Inc.            YY
Rockwell Automation            YY
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company            YY
Pfizer Inc.    Y   YYYY Y
ToyotaYY      YYYY Y
USG Corporation        YYYY Y
Fresenius Medical Care N.A.             Y
Nucor Corporation             Y
The Dow Chemical Company             Y
TimkenSteel Corporation             Y
The Timken Company YYYYYYYYYYYY 
Fresenius Medical Care    YYYYYYYYY 
C.R. Bard Inc.        YYYYY 
Tenneco Inc.     YYY    Y 
Vermeer  YY    YYYY  
Emerson YY YYYY YYY  
Air Liquide         YYY  
Fluor Corporation         YYY  
SASCO Chemical Group, Inc.         YYY  
Caterpillar, Inc.          YY  
United States Steel Corporation          YY  
Crown Holdings, Inc. YYYYYYYYYY   
Click Bond, Inc.    YYYYYY    
Materion Technical Materials    YYYYYY    
Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.     YYYYY    
JELDWEN, Inc.       YYY    
Hyster-Yale Materials Handling, Inc.        YY    
Arch Coal, Inc.YYY YYYYY     
Sealed Air CorporationYYYYYYYY      
Meritor, Inc. YYYYYYY      
Power Curbers, Inc.   YYYYY      
Arch Chemicals, Inc.     YYY      
Bayer Corporation     YYY      
Squires-Belt Material Company     YYY      
NACCO IndustriesYYYYYYY       
YRC Worldwide Inc.  YYYYY       
DowY  YYYY       
Great Plains Energy Incorporated     YY       
American Electric PowerYYYYY         
Illinois Tool Works, Inc. YYYY         
Kansas City Power & Light Company YYYY         
Altec, Inc.  YYY         
Sony Electronics Inc.  YYY         
FMC Corporation   YY         
PPG    Y         
Terra Industries Inc.    Y         
Al-jon Mfg, LLCYYYY          
Xerox CorporationYYYY          
DuPont YYY          
MWV  YY          
Shell  YY          
Falcon Plastics, Inc.YYY           
Intel CorporationYYY           
AGCO CorporationYY            
Pacific Plastics & EngineeringYY            
Pine Hall Brick Co., Inc.YY            
Albemarle CorporationY             
American Axle & ManufacturingY             
Crown Cork & Seal Company, Inc.Y             
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc.Y             
Maytag CorporationY             
New Vista EnterprisesY             
Owens-Illinois, Inc.Y             
Purafil, Inc.Y             
UNOVA, Inc.Y             
Wainwright Industries, Inc.Y             

Board Members by Company

American Axle & ManufacturingYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Bommer Industries, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Control Technology, IncYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
E&E Manufacturing Co., Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Merck & Company, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Phoenix Closures, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Smithfield Foods, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
The Procter & Gamble CompanyYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
The Sherwin-Williams CompanyYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Trinity Industries, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Waste Management, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Windham Millwork, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYYY
ALOM Technologies Corporation YYYYYYYYYYYYY
Ford Motor Company YYYYYYYYYYYYY
Quality Float Works, Inc. YYYYYYYYYYYYY
UnitedHealth Group Incorporated YYYYYYYYYYYYY
Pine Hall Brick Co., Inc.Y YYYYYYYYYYYY
The Boeing Company  YYYYYYYYYYYY
Eli Lilly and CompanyYY YYYYYYYYYYY
Intel CorporationY  YYYYYYYYYYY
Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc.Y  YYYYYYYYYYY
Atlas Machine and Supply, Inc.   YYYYYYYYYYY
Bishop-Wisecarver Group   YYYYYYYYYYY
General and Automotive Machine Shop, Inc.   YYYYYYYYYYY
Lockheed Martin Corporation   YYYYYYYYYYY
Penske Corporation   YYYYYYYYYYY
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP   YYYYYYYYYYY
WESCO International, Inc.   YYYYYYYYYYY
Brady CorporationYYY YYYYYYYYYY
Diamond Casting & Machine Co. Inc.YYY YYYYYYYYYY
General ElectricYYY YYYYYYYYYY
Saint-Gobain CorporationYYY YYYYYYYYYY
Glier’s Meats, Inc.    YYYYYYYYYY
Lincoln Electric Holdings Inc.    YYYYYYYYYY
Koch Industries YYY YYYYYYYYY
S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. YYY YYYYYYYYY
Archer Daniels Midland Company     YYYYYYYYY
Grant Thornton LLP     YYYYYYYYY
Kelly-Moore Paint Company, Inc.     YYYYYYYYY
Leggett & Platt Incorporated     YYYYYYYYY
Paulson Manufacturing Corporation     YYYYYYYYY
Porta-King Building Systems     YYYYYYYYY
The L. S. Starrett Company     YYYYYYYYY
BASF Corporation    Y  YYYYYYY
Pella Corporation       YYYYYYY
Reinke Manufacturing Company, Inc.       YYYYYYY
Apogee Enterprises, Inc.     YY YYYYYY
Harley-Davidson, Inc.YYYYY   YYYYYY
Power Curbers, Inc.YYY     YYYYYY
YRC Worldwide Inc. Y      YYYYYY
CF Industries Holdings, Inc.        YYYYYY
Ellwood Group, Inc.        YYYYYY
Kent Corporation        YYYYYY
Microsoft Corporation        YYYYYY
Phillips 66        YYYYYY
Westinghouse Electric Company        YYYYYY
Whirlpool CorporationYY YYYYY YYYYY
Navistar International CorporationY  YYYYY YYYYY
Masco Corporation YY  YY  YYYYY
Carter Products Company, Inc.   YY    YYYYY
Arch Coal, Inc.Y  Y     YYYYY
Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyY        YYYYY
ATI         YYYYY
CNH Industrial         YYYYY
KapStone Paper and Packaging Corporation         YYYYY
Nichols Precision         YYYYY
Vantec, Inc.         YYYYY
WilliamsRDM         YYYYY
A.O. Smith Corporation    YYYYY YYYY
Rayonier       YY YYYY
Brown-Forman Corporation YYYYYYY  YYYY
C.H. Robinson     YYY  YYYY
Click Bond, Inc. YYY      YYYY
Hyster-Yale Materials Handling, Inc.          YYYY
McCormick & Company, Inc.          YYYY
Pacific Allied Products, Ltd.          YYYY
Sukup Manufacturing Company          YYYY
The Marvin Companies          YYYY
The Ohio Manufacturers’ Association          YYYY
The Timken Company          YYYY
United Resource Logistics          YYYY
SAS Institute Inc.    YYYYYY YYY
ArcelorMittal  YYY   YY YYY
AECOM Corporation           YYY
Allergan           YYY
Arbill           YYY
Baker Boy           YYY
Continental Resources, Inc.           YYY
Covestro LLC           YYY
Edward Marc Brands, Inc.           YYY
RSM US, LLP           YYY
WestRock           YYY
Armstrong World IndustriesYYYY YYY YY YY
Bayer CorporationYYYYY    YY YY
Lanxess Corporation        YY  YY
Hillenbrand, Inc.     YYYY   YY
Caterpillar, Inc.YYYYY       YY
Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.  YYY       YY
Crown Holdings, Inc.Y           YY
AK Steel Corporation            YY
Andeavor            YY
ATMOS360, Inc.            YY
BDO            YY
Deere & Company            YY
Delphon Industries, LLC            YY
Dixie Chemical Company, Inc.            YY
Eagle Manufacturing Company            YY
EnCana Corporation            YY
GenMet            YY
Jamison Door Company            YY
JHK Ventures: VRS and Metanold            YY
Karsten Manufacturing Corporation            YY
Lakeside Foods, Inc.            YY
Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals            YY
Matrix 4, Inc.            YY
Milliken & Company            YY
Montana Manufacturing Association            YY
NCI Building Systems, Inc.            YY
Novartis            YY
Phillips Manufacturing, Inc.            YY
Solar Atmospheres, Inc.            YY
Superior Industries International, Inc.            YY
The Fertilizer Institute            YY
The Plastics Industry Association            YY
Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce            YY
Corning IncorporatedYYYYYYYYYYYY Y
The Belden Brick CompanyYYYYYYYYYYYY Y
Altria Group  YYYYYYYYYY Y
Union Pacific CorporationY  YYYYYYYYY Y
American Electric PowerY    YYYYYYY Y
Alcoa     YYYYYYY Y
HUSCO International, Inc.         YYY Y
Ashland Inc. YYYYYYYYY Y Y
Energy Transfer Partners, L.P.           Y Y
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. YYYYYY YYY  Y
Norfolk Southern CorporationYYYYYYYYYY   Y
Air Liquide     YYYY    Y
Novelis Inc. YYY YYY     Y
Schneider Electric    Y  Y     Y
VermeerYY           Y
ABB Inc.             Y
American Wire Producers Association             Y
Amphenol Corporation             Y
Beam Suntory Inc.             Y
Coastal Windows Inc.             Y
CRH Americas Products             Y
Dominion Energy             Y
ElectroCraft             Y
EY             Y
Gear Motions, Inc.             Y
Hoerbiger Compression Technology Holding             Y
Huntington Ingalls Industries, Inc.             Y
Johnson & Johnson             Y
Johnson Controls International PLC             Y
MacLean-Fogg Company             Y
Newpark Resources, Inc.             Y
Nissan North America, Inc.             Y
Staub Manufacturing Solutions             Y
The Mosaic Company             Y
United Technologies Corporation             Y
Waters Corporation             Y
Welbilt, Inc.             Y
Fortune Brands, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYY 
Hialeah Metal Spinning, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYYY 
Hannay Reels, Inc. YYYYYYYYYYYY 
Johnson Controls, Inc.Y YYYYYYYYYYY 
Hoerbiger Corporation of America   YYYYYYYYYY 
Globe Manufacturing Company, LLC    YYYYYYYYY 
Oldcastle, Inc.Y   YYY YYYYY 
Arizona Public Service Company        YYYYY 
BP        YYYYY 
Emergent BioSolutions, Inc.        YYYYY 
Nucor CorporationYYY YYYY YYYY 
Dover CorporationY        YYYY 
Meritor, Inc.         YYYY 
Heritage Plastics, Inc.          YYY 
The Aluminum Association          YYY 
FMC CorporationYYY  YYYYY YY 
USG CorporationYYYYYYYY    Y 
Adient US LLC            Y 
Arconic            Y 
Industrial Gases Americas, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.            Y 
Bison Gear and Engineering CorporationYYYYYYYYYYYY  
Kanawha Manufacturing CompanyYYYYYYYYYYYY  
McLanahan CorporationYYYYYYYYYYYY  
Metal Essence, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYY  
Strainrite, Inc.YYYYYYYYYYYY  
W. R. Grace & CompanyYYYYYYYYYYYY  
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation   YYYYYYYYY  
Al-jon Mfg, LLCY    YYYYYYY  
Rockwell Automation     YYYYYYY  
AFIMAC        YYYY  
Brunswick Corporation        YYYY  
Teradata Corporation     YYY YYY  
American Iron and Steel Institute         YYY  
Donaldson Company, Inc.         YYY  
Eagle Energy Exploration, LLC         YYY  
Mississippi Manufacturers Association         YYY  
PolyOne Corporation         YYY  
Remy International         YYY  
Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.         YYY  
Big Ass Solutions          YY  
Montana Chamber of Commerce          YY  
4Front Engineered Solutions, Inc.           Y  
Allen Edmonds Corporation           Y  
Luminant           Y  
Fisher BartonYYYYYYYYYYY   
Con-way Inc.  YYYYYYYYY   
Peabody Energy Corporation  YYYYYYYYY   
The Manitowoc Company, Inc.YYY YYYYYYY   
McGladrey LLP     YYYYYY   
CA Botana International, Inc.        YYY   
Faurecia        YYY   
Eastman Chemical CompanyYYYYYYYY YY   
John Crane Group         YY   
Sempra Energy         YY   
Wacker Neuson Corporation         YY   
General MotorsYYYYYYYYY Y   
Materion Technical MaterialsYYYY      Y   
Dominion Resources Services, Inc.          Y   
FCA US LLC          Y   
Harsco CorporationYYYYYYYYYY    
United States Steel CorporationYYYYYYYYYY    
Cameron International Corporation YYYYYYYYY    
Halliburton YYYYYYYYY    
Daktronics, Inc.    YYYYYY    
Valmont Industries, Inc.    YYYYYY    
Connecticut Business and Industry Association     YYYYY    
Donovan Heat Treating Company     YYYYY    
Kennametal Inc.     YYYYY    
Lord Corporation     YYYYY    
New England Wire Technologies     YYYYY    
NewPage Corporation     YYYYY    
Vulcan Materials Company     YYYYY    
Energy Future Holdings Corp.    YYY YY    
American Forest & Paper Association        YY    
Council of Industry of Southeastern NY        YY    
ChryslerYYY Y    Y    
American Cleaning Institute         Y    
Davis Boat Works, Inc.YYYYYYYYY     
SAP America, Inc.YYYYYYYYY     
Williams-Pyro, Inc.YYYYYYYYY     
FMC Technologies, Inc. YYYYYYYY     
Harris Corporation YYYYYYYY     
Ingersoll Rand Company YYYYYYYY     
Sealaska Corporation YYYYYYYY     
Case New Holland Inc.Y YYYYYYY     
Ryder System, Inc.  YYYYYYY     
H.J. Heinz Company   YYYYYY     
Snap-on Incorporated   YYYYYY     
Trumpf, Inc.   YYYYYY     
The Schwan Food Company YY YYYYY     
Centennial Bolt, Inc.    YYYYY     
Allegheny Technologies IncorporatedYYYY YYYY     
McLaughlin Gormley King Company     YYYY     
Missouri Association of Manufacturers     YYYY     
Modine Manufacturing Company     YYYY     
Northeast PA Manufacturers & Employers Association     YYYY     
Rush-Co     YYYY     
Society of Chemical Manufacturers & Affiliates     YYYY     
The Babcock & Wilcox Company     YYYY     
Baker Hughes Incorporated       YY     
Carolina Color Corporation       YY     
JBT Corporation       YY     
Sanofi     YY Y     
Longview Fibre CompanyYY      Y     
Sealed Air CorporationY       Y     
Calgon Carbon Corporation        Y     
Hyundai Motor America        Y     
Minnesota Chamber of Commerce        Y     
Nanocerox, Inc.        Y     
SCHOTT North America, Inc.        Y     
Squires-Belt Material Company        Y     
Cigna CorporationYYYYYYYY      
Flowserve CorporationYYYYYYYY      
Goodrich CorporationYYYYYYYY      
Metal Products CompanyYYYYYYYY      
Southern CompanyYYYYYYYY      
Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. YYYYYYY      
AT&T  YYYYYY      
Compass Minerals International  YYYYYY      
HNI Corporation  YYYYYY      
Muscatine Foods Corporation Y YYYYY      
ToyotaY  YYYYY      
BTE Technologies, Inc.   YYYYY      
Indiana Manufacturers Association, Inc.   YYYYY      
Louisiana Association of Business & Industry   YYYYY      
Master Marine, Inc.   YYYYY      
C.R. Bard Inc.    YYYY      
Pfizer Inc.YYYY YYY      
ITT Corporation  YY YYY      
Sony Electronics Inc. Y   YYY      
Ecolab Inc.Y    YYY      
APUs By Rex LLC     YYY      
Constellation Energy Group     YYY      
Employers Group     YYY      
IntraPac Group     YYY      
JKH Group/Citizens for Affordable Energy     YYY      
Metals Service Center Institute     YYY      
Midmark Corporation     YYY      
Neenah Enterprises, Inc.     YYY      
Novo Nordisk     YYY      
RockTenn       Y      
Smiths Group       Y      
Albemarle CorporationYYYYYYY       
Cooper Industries, Inc.YYYYYYY       
Universal Forest Products, Inc.YYYYYYY       
Valspar CorporationYYYYYYY       
HP YYYYYY       
JELDWEN, Inc.   YYYY       
International Sign Association    YYY       
Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation    YYY       
Temple-Inland Inc.    YYY       
Illinois Tool Works, Inc.Y    YY       
AREVA Inc.     YY       
Associated Industries of Florida     YY       
Cerner Corporation     YY       
Smith & Wesson Holding Corporation     YY       
Sun Products Corporation     YY       
Wil-Rich, LLC     YY       
Ameren CorporationYYYYY         
Ball CorporationYYYYY         
BearingPoint, Inc.YYYYY         
Form-Cove Mfg. Co., Inc.YYYYY         
Garner IndustriesYYYYY         
Henry Brick Company, Inc.YYYYY         
Hudapack Metal Treating, Inc.YYYYY         
Liberty Mutual GroupYYYYY         
Murphy Oil CorporationYYYYY         
Praxair, Inc.YYYYY         
Raven Industries, Inc.YYYYY         
RSM McGladrey, Inc.YYYYY         
Western Products, Inc.YYYYY         
Bunge North America YYYY         
Hiler Industries, Inc.Y YYY         
Pacific Plastics & EngineeringY YYY         
AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP  YYY         
Entergy Corporation  YYY         
Mack Trucks, Inc.   YY         
McDermott International Inc.   YY         
Plumbing Manufacturers Institute   YY         
Precision Metalforming Association   YY         
Schering-Plough Corporation   YY         
SPX Corporation   YY         
AlixPartners, LLC    Y         
Linn Energy, LLC    Y         
Radix Wire Company, Inc.    Y         
RRI Energy, Inc.    Y         
Terex Corporation    Y         
Aon ConsultingYYYY          
Cabot CorporationYYYY          
Crane Co.YYYY          
Dayton Rogers Manufacturing Co.YYYY          
Dixie Printing & Packaging CorporationYYYY          
Erie Molded Plastics, Inc.YYYY          
Fresenius Medical CareYYYY          
Jordan Industries, Inc.YYYY          
King Pharmaceuticals, Inc.YYYY          
Lucent Technologies, Inc.YYYY          
Nordic Group of Companies, Ltd.YYYY          
Rohm and Haas CompanyYYYY          
Roosevelt Paper CompanyYYYY          
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber CompanyYYYY          
Washington Group International, Inc.YYYY          
Aleris International, Inc. YYY          
Capital Associated Industries, Inc. YYY          
Duke Energy Corporation YYY          
Intermatic, Inc. YYY          
International Sleep Products Association YYY          
ProLogisY YY          
MMI Products Inc.  YY          
SATYAM Computer Services  YY          
Sun Chemical Corporation  YY          
Mountain States Employers Council Y Y          
EmersonY  Y          
American Society of Employers   Y          
FirstEnergy Corp.   Y          
LyondellBasell Industries   Y          
Marlin Steel Wire Products LLC   Y          
Terra Industries Inc.   Y          
The Gates Corporation   Y          
Trane Inc.   Y          
Alliant Energy CorporationYYY           
Anheuser-Busch Companies IncYYY           
California Manufacturers & Technology AssociationYYY           
Columbia Falls Aluminum CompanyYYY           
Illinois Manufacturers’ AssociationYYY           
Miles Fiberglass & CompositesYYY           
National Starch & Chemical CompanyYYY           
Revere Copper Products, Inc.YYY           
Riverdale Mills CorporationYYY           
The Management Association of IllinoisYYY           
W. L. Gore & AssociatesYYY           
American Standard Inc YY           
Exelon Corporation YY           
Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries YY           
International Truck and Engine Corporation YY           
Marlow Industries YY           
UGS Corp. YY           
BacardiY Y           
Burlington Northern Santa Fe CorporationYY            
Environmental Industry AssociationsYY            
Exide TechnologiesYY            
Minerals Technologies, Inc.YY            
New Mexico Association of Commerce and IndustryYY            
New Vista EnterprisesYY            
Owens-Illinois, Inc.YY            
Philip Morris USAYY            
Rochester Business AllianceYY            
Solectron CorporationYY            
Air-Conditioning & Refrigeration Institute Y            
Arch Chemicals, Inc. Y            
Greater Reading Chamber of Commerce & Industry Y            
IPSCO Enterprises Inc. Y            
Mittal Steel USA Y            
The Linde Group Y            
Ace Clearwater EnterprisesY             
American Standard CompaniesY             
Association of Home Appliance ManufacturersY             
Belton Industries, Inc.Y             
BSI, Inc.Y             
Ceridian CorporationY             
Chubb & SonY             
Cinergy Corp.Y             
Delphi CorporationY             
Eastman Kodak CompanyY             
Edison Price Lighting, Inc.Y             
Falcon Plastics, Inc.Y             
GKN Automotive, Inc.Y             
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc.Y             
International Steel Group, Inc.Y             
Irex CorporationY             
Kansas City Power & Light CompanyY             
Kerr-McGee CorporationY             
Lenox, Inc.Y             
LSI Logic CorporationY             
Manpower Inc.Y             
Maytag CorporationY             
Menlo WorldwideY             
Motorola, Inc.Y             
NACCO IndustriesY             
National Association of ManufacturersY             
National Fruit Product Company, Inc.Y             
NCR CorporationY             
Nypro Inc.Y             
OGE Energy Corp.Y             
Phelps Dodge CorporationY             
Purafil, Inc.Y             
SBC Communications, Inc.Y             
Schwans Consumer Brands North AmericaY             
The Gillette CompanyY             
The Manufacturers AssociationY             
The Toro CompanyY             
TRW Automotive, Inc.Y             
UNOVA, Inc.Y             
Varied Investments, Inc.Y             
Visteon CorporationY             
Xerox CorporationY             


Phil Goldberg, special counsel to NAM’s Manufacturer’s Accountability Project, was featured in an article at The Guardian which outlined his attempt to postpone a University of Hawaii conference discussing recent lawsuits against the oil industry in the spring of 2019. [70]

In 2019, Goldberg wrote to the university that the event “does students and the general public a significant disservice” for not including representatives from the oil industry. Denise Antolini, a professor of law and then-associate dean at the university, replied to Goldberg: [70]

“Your request to disrupt our public event was quite surprising, especially coming from far across the continent, from someone I’ve never heard of, on behalf of a private client with an apparently direct financial interest in chilling debate about climate litigation.”

While the conference proceeded, The Guardian reported Golberg “had managed to pressure Antolini into reciting his objections to the conference in her opening statement” and also “convinced the university to post his blogs on its website alongside a letter published by the Honolulu Star-Advertiser denouncing the meeting for daring to suggest there was a solid legal case against the oil companies.” [70]

“Goldberg is leading a charge in local media to discredit those suing the fossil fuel industry as a ‘fringe litigation movement’ conspiracy of opportunistic politicians, environmental extremists and money-grasping lawyers who pose a threat to the American way of life,” The Guardian noted. [70]

March 27, 2019

In an op-ed for Politico, NAM vice president of energy and resources policy Ross Eisenberg defended his organization’s opposition to the proposed Green New Deal, describing it as:

an unrealistic set of proposals that has incited a messaging war over a pile of issues that have very little to do with the environment.” [67]

Eisenberg praised the work of the manufacturing sector in reducing emissions and suggested that further progress could be made with or without an act of Congress. He suggested a number of actions that could be achieved through legislation, including the continued utilization of all available carbon resources complemented by further innovation in carbon capture technologies. [67]

Citing competition as NAM’s primary focus in influencing governmental climate policies, Eisenberg concluded:

We’re going to drive a hard bargain so that we can keep creating more solutions and expanding on our progress: Our barometer is that manufacturers in America must stay competitive in the global economy. That requires realistic, practical policies that we can implement while we continue to do the things that make the manufacturing sector strong.” [67]

March 19, 2019

Axios reported that a coalition of oil and cas companies formed the prior year, titled the Energy Advance Center (EAC), would begin working under the National Association of Manufacturers. [68]

Axios reported last year that, while “EAC‘s detailed policy goals are not clear …  it backs allowing companies to receive the tax credit without submitting a monitoring plan to the Environmental Protection Agency.” [69]

Companies represented in the coalition at its formation included:

January 26, 2018

Former White House Advisor Lindsey de la Torre joined the NAM as Executive Director of their Manufacturers’ Accountability Project, and Special Counsel to the Manufacturers’ Center for Legal Action (MCLA). One of the primary goals of the Accountability Project has been to push back against climate change lawsuits affecting industry. [52]

Lindsey’s arrival could not come at a more crucial moment, with a growing number of public officials joining activists and plaintiffs’ lawyers in a misguided campaign to target manufacturers across the country,” said NAM Senior Vice President and General Counsel Linda Kelly. [52]

January 2019

The National Association of Manufacturers hired Phil Goldberg, managing partner of the Washington, D.C., office of Shook, Hardy & Bacon, as special counsel to help MAP fight against climate change lawsuits filed against oil companies. [63], [64]

Goldberg formerly worked as a lobbyist for the coal industry, and his law firm Shook, Hardy & Bacon has a history of defending the tobacco industry. [65], [66]

Sharon Eubanks, a former Department of Justice lawyer who has worked on cases against the tobacco industry, compared MAP‘s fight of climate litigation suits to tobacco:

It’s very similar what they’re doing, only the tobacco industry at least didn’t come right out and say ‘We’re going to target these lawsuits directly.’ They did so indirectly. But NAM and MAP, they’re like, ‘We’re targeting the lawsuits.’” [64]

September 29, 2017

The NAM partnered with North America’s Building Trades Unions to create the Coalition for Regulatory Innovation. The Coalition, was created shortly before President Donald Trump’s “Cut The Red Tape Day” speech, underlining the president’s deregulation agenda, reported the Washington Examiner. [47] 

We launched the Coalition for Regulatory Innovation to help Americans understand this thicket of state and federal rules and champion common-sense reforms that remove unnecessary burdens on the economy. The coalition will highlight some of the most misguided rules and outline principles for reform,” the group said. [47] 

National Association of Manufacturers President Jay Timmons and North America’s Building Trades Unions President Sean McGarvey announced the Coalition in a September 28 Op Ed. Initial members included: [48][49]

May 23, 2017

As reported by the Climate Investigations Center and DeSmog, NAM attempted to withdraw from a federal climate lawsuit 18 months after it had moved to intervene on the case. The lawsuit, filed in 2015 by the non-profit Our Children’s Trust, claimed that the federal government has a “public trust” obligation under the constitution to protect the climate. The suit was filed by plaintiffs aged 9 to two from across the united states, as well as climate scientist James Hansen and Earth Guardians. [17], [18]

The NAM motion to withdraw came on May 22, around the same time it was ordered to produce documents relating to its activities related to climate change. NAM, along with the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) and the American Petroleum Institute (API), first intervened in the case in November, 2015. [19]

What is noticeably absent from these withdrawal motions is the reason why the fossil fuel industry wants to leave the case,” Philip Gregory, a lawyer for the young plaintiffs said, as reported by Reuters. NAM spokeswoman Jennifer Drogus said in an email that “We no longer feel that our participation in this case is needed to safeguard industry and our workers.” [20]

Climate Investigations also reported on the Trump administration’s attempts to halt the case, pending review by a higher court. [18]

August 2016

Scientific American reported that the NAM, along with the American Petroleum Institute and the US Chamber of Commerce, were among groups opposing a new rule proposed by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to increase environmental disclosures. The move would focus on extracting more information from companies on climate change. [21]

NAM‘s Director of Tax Policy, Christina Crooks, said:

The disclosures that public companies, public manufacturing companies, must file are already really lengthy and burdensome and overwhelm not only the issuers […] but also their shareholders,” Crooks said. [21]

March 2016

The NAM released a pamphlet opposing the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforecement’s (BSEE) proposed Well Control Rule), which would impose stricter safety requirements on offshore oil and gas drilling. [22]

“These expansive new requirements on offshore oil and gas drilling […] could curtail oil and gas production in the Gulf of Mexico, threatening jobs for the manufacturers that supply and use this energy,” the NAM document claims. [22]

The document cites 2015 research done for the industry-funded American Petroleum Institute (API)[22]

February 9, 2016

In a statement celebrating the U.S. Supreme Court’s industry motion to stay the Clean Power Plan, NAM President and CEO Jay TImmons noted the role of “manufacturers’ leadership” in the decision: [23]

“Manufacturers’ leadership in the courts helped secure this important victory at the Supreme Court. The administration’s burdensome and costly regulation creates uncertainty, threatening our global competitiveness and ability to create jobs and economic opportunity,” Timmons said. “Today’s decision by the Supreme Court is one step towards overturning this overreaching rule, and the Manufacturers’ Center for Legal Action will continue to fight this legally questionable regulation in the courts.”

June 24, 2015

The NAM released a letter of support for H.R. 2042, the Ratepayer Protection Act of 2015, which would extend compliance dates of the EPA‘s greenhouse gas emissions regulations rule of existing power plants. According to the NAM letter, “Implementing the EPA’s proposed GHG rule will hurt domestic manufacturers’ competitiveness, threatening growth and the livelihood of manufacturing employees.” [24]

December 2015

The National Association of Manufacturers’ Center for Legal Action filed its second lawsuit against the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over the part of the Clean Power Plan (CPP) that would regulate new power plants. The NMA‘s first lawsuit, which it filed earlier in 2015, focused on existing power plants. [25], [26]


The NAM orchestrated an anti-ozone regulation campaign, which included a range of national and state-wide campaign videos. In one video, NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons claims that the “Ozone Standard will kill American jobs”: [27]

July 8, 2015

The NAM issued a statement opposing an amendment to H.R. 2822, the Department of the Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2016, which would regulate hydrualic fracturing (fracking) on federal and Native American lands. [28]

June 19, 2015

In a letter to President Barack Obama, The NAM and a number of other industry groups expressed “deep concern with the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed rule to lower the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone.” [29]

The PDF document lists Greg Bertelsen as the author, former Senior Director, Energy and Resources Policy, at the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and currently Senior Vice President of the Climate Leadership Council. [30]

December 26, 2014

The NAM, in conjunction with the US Chamber of Commerce and the American Tort Reform Association, filed a brief as amici curiae in support of the BP oil company in a case involving damages from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. [31]

July 2014

NERA Economic Consulting, the same group behind a report cited by Donald Trump in supporting his decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate agreement, prepared a report for NAM titled “Assessing Economic Impacts of a Stricter National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Ozone.” [32], [33]

The study examines the economic costs of the EPA‘s new proposed ozone standards. The report claims that “ the potential emissions control costs would reduce U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by $270 billion per year on average over the period from 2017 through 2040.” [33]

NERA has produced numerous reports for the energy industry and has accepted millions of dollars in donations from major corporations and industry groups, including ExxonMobil, the American Petroleum Institute. NERA also has a long history of working with the tobacco industry. [34], [35]

January 30, 2014

According to a 2014 press release, The NAM served as co-chair, alongside the U.S. Chamber of Commerce‘s Institute for 21st Century Energy, of a group titled the “The Partnership for a Better Energy Future.” [36]

“The Partnership for a Better Energy Future, which comprises groups representing consumers and businesses from sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture, refining and mining, will serve as the leading voice in support of a unified strategy and message in response to the Obama Administration’s GHG regulatory agenda,” the press release notes. [36]

NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons commented: [36]

To remain competitive in a global economy, manufacturers need an ‘all-of-the-above’ energy strategy to ensure they have access to affordable and reliable energy,” said NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons. “Unfortunately, this Administration seems to believe that the only way to reduce GHG emissions is to eliminate fossil fuels from our economy. Manufacturers believe we can use these and other fuels while reducing our emissions. We must convince the Administration to make better choices as it begins to regulate GHGs. Through this coalition, we hope to do so.” [36]

Other notable coalition members included the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE), American Petroleum Institute, Illinois Coal Association, National Mining Association, and many other industry groups. View the full list of members at the coalition’s website, [37]

February 26, 2013

NERA Economic Consulting prepared a report for the NAM titled “Economic Outcomes of a U.S. Carbon Tax.” The report concludes that “the potential fiscal benefits from the use of carbon tax revenues do not change the major potential trade-offs in carbon policy, which are that emissions reductions have a net cost and that deeper emissions cuts are increasingly costly.” [38]

May 2013

The NAM released a report on Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Regulations, claiming that “There are few, if any, limits on the EPA’s new authority” under the Clean Air Act.” The document suggests a “simple legislative solution” to amend Section 165 of the Clean Air Act to exclude greenhouse gasses. [39]

June 2012

The NAM, along with other pro-industry groups including the American Petroleum Institute (API), American Chemistry Council, American Forest & Paper Association, the U.S. Chamber of CommerceAmerican Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM), and numerous others submitted comments opposing the EPA‘s proposed regulation of greenhouse gases through the proposed New Source Performance Standard (NSPS). [40]

“For the reasons described below, we urge the EPA to withdraw this proposal given the already significant adverse consequences of the proposal on industry, and to engage instead—if at all—in a process with all interested stakeholders as to whether and how the EPA should approach GHG regulation through NSPS before proposing rules that have an immediate and harmful impact,” the letter reads. [40]

The conclusion describes the EPA‘s proposed GHG rule as “unlawful,” and suggests “ The EPA should immediately withdraw the proposed rule.” [40]

June 23, 2009

The NAM submitted comments to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPAon the proposed endangerment finding on greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act. According to the letter, regulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) under the Clean Air Act “will provide no net benefits to environmental quality, but will result in serious risks to our nation’s short-term economic recovery and long-term international competitiveness.” [3]


The American Council for Capital Formation (ACCCF)  worked on a joint research project with the National Association of Manufacturers “on the impact of ‘America’s Climate Security Act of 2007’ on the U.S. Economy,” ACCCF‘s 2009 990 form reported.

The joint study claimed that the Lieberman-Warner climate change bill would “reduce U.S. gross domestic product by up to $210 billion per year by 2020.” View the full report here (PDF). [41], [42]

September 1997

The NAM, Air Transport Association of America, American Petroleum Association, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, and the United Mine Workers of America sponsored a nation-wide advertising campaign to push the Clinton administration to reject a worldwide climate change treaty, The Washington Times reported. [43]

The campaign included radio spots, print ads in newspapers, a website (, and a toll-free phone number (888-54FACTS). The ads included warnings of a 50-cent-per-gallon gasoline tax. [43]

Kelly Sims, a director of science policy at Ozone Action, described the warning as “totally distorted.” “No one has talked about a gas tax,” she said, adding that the groups are “trying to scare the public before there’s anything to be scared about.” [43]

By September 1997, coalition members reported they had already spent $3 million on the ads, and planned to spend $13 million or more in total. [43]

“We should avoid the herd mentality that says. ‘Sign first ask questions later,’” said NAM President Jerry Jasinowski. [43]


According to an archived December 1997 New York Times piece, NAM met earlier in that year to “to map out a strategy for broadening opposition to a new [climate] treaty.” As part of that effort, it decided to look to the labor movement. “The most obvious ally for industry was the United Mine Workers of America,” John H. Cushman Jr. wrote in the column. As “coal gives off more carbon dioxide than any other fuel” and so emissions limits would “hit that union hardest.” [44]

According to the Congressonal Record, NAM president Jerry Jasinowski testified that the proposed treaty “[…] would hurt America’s manufacturers, workers and families with little or no environmental benefit since new restrictive policies in the U.S. simply would force the flight of U.S. investment to developing countries. Millions of Americans would lose their jobs and American manufacturers would take a severe hit in the marketplace.” [45]

Contact & Address

National Association of Manufacturers [1]

733 10th Street NW
Suite 700
Washington, DC 20001

Toll Free: (800) 814-8468 
Phone: (202) 637-3000
[email protected]

Social Media


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  3. COMMENTS on PROPOSED ENDANGERMENT AND CAUSE ORC ONTRIBUTE FINDINGS FOR GREENHOUSE GASES (GHGs) Under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers, June 23, 2009.
  4. Manufacturers Lead Legal Challenge to Clean Power Plan,” National Association of Manufacturers, October 23, 2015.
  5. “Dear Mr. President:” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers, June 19, 2015.
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  18. Dan Zegart. “Trump Administration Pressing for Appeal, Dismissal of Climate Lawsuit,” Climate Investigations Center, March 9, 2017. Archived September 22, 2017. URL
  19. Case 6:15-cv-01517-TC Document 163 (PDF).], [Case 6:15-cv-01517-TC Document 15 Filed 11/12/15  (PDF).
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  22. “Proposed Well Control Rule COSTS MANUFACTURER Jobs and Economic Growth” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers. Document created March 17, 2016
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  24. “Dear Representatives” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers, June 24, 2015.
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  27. Ozone Regulations,” National Association of Manufacturers. Archived September 27, 2017. URL:
  28. “Dear Representatives:” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers. July 8, 2015.
  29. “Dear Mr. President:” (PDF), June 19, 2015.
  30. Greg Bertelsen,” Climate Leadership Council. Archived September 27, 2017. URL:
  31. IN RE: DEEPWATER HORIZON” (PDF), Case: 14-31299 Document: 00512883029 Date Filed: 12/26/2014.
  32. Graham Readfearn. “Tobacco To Fossil Fuels: Tracing the Roots of Trump’s Claims on Paris Climate Deal,” DeSmog, June 1, 2017.
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  35. Search of Truth Tobacco Industry Documents library at UCSF. Performed September 2017.
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  37. Our Members,“ Partnership for a Better Energy Future. Archived September 27, 2017. URL
  38. “Economic Outcomes of a U.S. Carbon Tax” (PDF), NERA Economic Consulting, February 26, 2013.
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  40. Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions for New Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units, Docket ID No. EPAHQOAR–2011–0660; FRL–9654–7, 77 Fed. Reg. 22,392 (April 13, 2012)” (PDF), National Association of Manufacturers, June 25, 2012.
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