TaxPayers' Alliance

TaxPayers’ Alliance


The TaxPayers’ Alliance (TPA) is a British organisation that campaigns for a low tax society and greater transparency with taxpayer money. It was founded in 2004 by Matthew Elliott, subsequently Chief Executive of the official pro-Brexit campaign Vote Leave, and Andrew Allum, a partner at L.E.K Consulting. Alongside climate science denial think tank the Global Warming Policy Foundation, the TPA is part of the network of right-wing lobby groups based at 55 Tufton Street. [1], [2], [3], [4]

The TPA claims to have the support of over 90,000 grassroots activists campaigning for public spending cuts, and was described by Atlas CEO Brad Lips as having become “a force of nature in a relatively short amount of time.” With close links to frontbench Conservatives and business leaders, a number of TPA policy recommendations have been taken up, such as reforming stamp duty, cutting beer duty, and cutting public spending. [1], [5], [6]

The group has traditionally opposed government measures to combat climate change, supporting the abolition of the Climate Change Levy, which incentivises businesses to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions, and Air Passenger Duty, the UK‘s only tax on air travel. The group has also campaigned against increases in fuel duty. [15], [25]

The TPA belongs to an international coalition of anti-tax, free-market campaign groups called the World Taxpayers Associations. Other members include the Australian Taxpayers’ Alliance, Americans for Tax Reform, the Austrian Economics Center and the Canadian Taxpayers’ Federation. In 2015, it was listed as a member of the Cooler Heads Coalition, a climate science denial organisation run by the US-based Competitive Enterprise Institute, but no longer appears on its website. [20], [21]

Politics and Economics Research Trust (PERT)

The TPA has received a significant amount of its funding through a charity called the Politics and Economics Research Trust, founded by Matthew Elliott in 2004. By 2009, PERT had donated more than £500,000 to the TPA and an investigation was launched by the Charity Commission following allegations that PERT was channelling funds tax-free to a political group in possible breach of charity law. The investigation did not find evidence to support the allegation but warned that its reputation risked being damaged “if its relationship with the [TPA] is not properly managed”. [16]

In 2015, PERT was found to have given 97% of its grants to pro-Brexit groups, principally the TPA and Business for Britain, also founded by Elliott. The TPA received £300,000 from the charity in 2013 alone. A further Charity Commission investigation was launched which concluded that PERT had failed to put “formal grant agreements in place, and did not have processes to monitor research projects the charity had funded”. [17], [18]

Stance on Climate Change


The TaxPayers’ Alliance Manifesto, published shortly before the 2010 General Election, includes the following recommendation: [7]

Abandon the wasteful 2020 renewables targets and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme so that families aren’t hit with big rises in energy bills.”


The Taxpayers’ Alliance does not disclose its exact funding sources but some details have emerged over the years. In 2018, for example, the Guardian revealed that the group’s US-based fundraising arm had provided it with at least $286,000 from unknown donors between 2013 and 2016. $100,000 of funding had come from a “billionaire-founded religious trust incorporated in the Bahamas”. [19]

In 2009, a Guardian investigation found that the Midlands Industrial Council, a longstanding group of wealthy, Brexit-supporting Conservative Party donors, had donated around £80,000 to the group. The MIC currently includes Lord Bamford, chair of JCB, and Lord Edmiston, chair of the car importer International Motors. [23], [24]

Other donors include Malcolm McAlpine, director of the construction giant Sir Robert McAlpine, and David Alberto, who founded the serviced offices company Avanta and provides the group with office space on Tufton Street. [23]

The Taxpayers’ Alliance financial filings history can be found via Companies House UK.

Key People

Staff & Board

Name 2004 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Description
Mike Denham       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Economist
Lee Rotherham         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
Emma Bennett           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Finance Director
John O’Connell           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chief Executive
Rory Meakin                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
Dominique Lazanski             Y Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Last Press Label and GSMA
Mark Wallace       Y Y           Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
Milly Skriczka                     Y Y Y Y Y Development Manager
Simon Cook                     Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
Sara Rainwater         Y Y   Y Y Y     Y Y Y Operations Director
Ben Ramanauskas                           Y Y Policy Analyst
Chloe Westley                           Y Y Campaign Manager
Duncan Simpson                           Y Y Policy Analyst
Harry Fone                           Y Y Grassroots Campaign Manager
Andrew Allum Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y Chairman
James Roberts                             Y Political Director
Jeremy Hutton                             Y Policy Analyst
Phil Basey                             Y Editorial Director
Steven Edginton                             Y Digital Campaign Manager
Alex Wild                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Research Director
James Price                         Y Y   Campaign Manager
Jan Zeber                         Y Y   Policy Analyst
Theo Hutchinson                           Y   Policy Analyst
Harry Davis                       Y Y     Campaign Manager (Communications)
Meg Hanks                         Y     Operations Manager
Shahmir Sanni                         Y     Campaign Manager (Digital)
Jonathan Isaby               Y Y Y Y Y       Chief Executive
Lee Canning                 Y Y Y Y       Wales Coordinator
Dia Chakravarty                   Y Y Y       Political Director
Harry Fairhead                     Y Y       Policy Analyst
Jordan Devi Taylor                     Y Y       Campaign Manager (Digital)
Katherine Gray                     Y Y       Operations Manager
Jennifer Salisbury Jones                     Y         Policy Analyst
Matthew Elliott Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y           Founder
Tim Newark               Y Y Y           Bath & South West Coordinator
Andy Silvester                   Y           Campaign Manager (Communications)
Sonia Khan                   Y           Campaign Manager (Grassroots)
Matthew Sinclair     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y             Chief Executive
Andrew Allison             Y Y Y             National Grassroots Coordinator
Robert Oxley               Y Y             Campaign Manager
Eleanor Mc Grath                 Y             Campaign Manager
Henry Zarb                 Y             Islington Coordinator
Emma Boon           Y Y Y               Campaign Director
Chris Daniel             Y Y               Policy Analyst
Maria Fort         Y     Y               Scheduling and Outreach Director
Florence Heath Y Y Y   Y Y Y                 Co-Founder
Sara Rainwater-Lane             Y                 Operations Director
Fiona McEvoy     Y Y Y Y                   West Midlands Campaign Agent
Jennifer Dunn           Y                   Policy Analyst, Transport and the Environment
Tim Aker     Y Y Y                     Grassroots Coordinator
Ben Farrugia       Y Y                     Policy Analyst, Public Services
Susie Squire         Y                     Campaign Manager
Eben Wilson Y Y Y Y                       Managing Director, Main Communications Ltd
Saul Rowe Y Y Y Y                       Volunteer
Corin Taylor     Y Y                       Research Director
Neil Booth Y Y                           Graphic design

Advisory Council

Name 2005 2008 2010 2019 Description
David B. Smith Y Y Y Y Economist and Author
Eamonn Butler Y Y Y Y Director of the Adam Smith Institute
James Tooley Y Y Y Y Professor of Education Policy at Newcastle University
Kevin Dowd Y Y Y Y Professor of Finance and Economics at the Durham University Business School
Patrick Minford Y Y Y Y Professor of Applied Economics at the Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University
Ruth Lea Y Y Y Y Economic Adviser at Arbuthnot Banking Group
Stephen Davies Y Y Y Y Head of Education at the Institute of Economic Affairs
Tim Congdon Y Y Y Y  
Dominique Lazanski       Y Last Press Label and GSMA
Emma Dean       Y Political consultant
James Bartholomew       Y Journalist & Author of The Welfare State We’re In and The Welfare of Nations; director of the Museum of Communist Terror
Jordan Williams       Y Executive Director of the New Zealand Taxpayers’ Union
Mike Denham       Y Economist
Stephen Herring       Y Head of Taxation at the Institute of Directors
Tim Andrews       Y Executive Director of the Australian Taxpayers’ Alliance
Troy Lanigan       Y President and CEO of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation
Charles Hanson Y Y Y   Economic Consultant
Dennis O’Keeffe Y Y Y   Formerly University of Buckingham (now deceased)
Elaine Sternberg Y Y Y   University of Leeds
Gabriel Stein Y Y Y   Lombard Street Research
John Blundell Y Y Y   Distinguished Senior Fellow, Institute of Economic Affairs
Keith Boyfield Y Y Y   Keith Boyfield Associates
Keith Marsden Y Y Y   Economic Consultant, United Nations
Kenneth Minogue Y Y Y   London School of Economics
Madsen Pirie Y Y Y   Adam Smith Institute
Michael Mosbacher Y Y Y   Social Affairs Unit
Helen Evans     Y   Director, Nurses for Reform
Tim Evans     Y   Former President, Libertarian Alliance
Alan Walters Y Y      
Norman Barry Y Y     Formerly University of Buckingham (now deceased)
James Sproule Y       Head of Research, Augusta & Co. plc

Business Supporters

According to an archive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance website, between November 2004 and December 2005, “just under 150 businessmen and opinion formers signed two TaxPayers’ Alliance letters to the Financial Times, and to the Daily Telegraph. The Financial Times letter concluded that Britain “cannot afford not to cut taxes – and to discipline spending growth accordingly”: [8]

Name Description
A.R. Tanner Chairman, Tanners Wines Ltd
Adam Afriyie  
Alistair Craig CPS Research Fellow
Allen Sykes Former MD, Consolidated Gold Fields
Andrew Allum Chairman
Andrew Langley Managing Director, Juniper Products Ltd
Andrew Roberts Historian
Anthony Coombs Group Managing Director, S&U Plc
Anthony de Normann Managing Director, Aldenham Ltd
Anthony Fuller Chairman, Fuller Smith and Turner Plc
Anthony Good Chairman, Cox & Kings
Ashley Unitt Chief Technical Officer , NewVoiceMedia Ltd
Benjamin Slade Chairman, Shilstar Holdings
Brian Goswell Chairman, ISS Group Plc
Brian Pettifer Chairman and Chief Executive, Pettifer Group Ltd
Cameron Buchanan Managing Director, Harrisons of Edinburgh Ltd
Charles Cameron Managing Director, Jefferies International Ltd
Chris Kelly Chairman, Keltruck Ltd
Chris Woodhead Former HM Chief Inspector of Schools
Christopher Foyle Chairman, Air Foyle Ltd
Christopher Shale Chief Executive, Oxford Resources
Constantine Folkes Chairman and Chief Executive, Folkes Holdings Ltd
Damon de Laszlo Chairman, Economic Research Council
Dan Lewis Director of Environmental Affairs, Stockholm Network
David Briggs Managing Director, Dawson Music
David Harvey Chairman, Small Business Council, Centre for Policy Studies
David Myddelton Cranfield School of Management
David Newlands Chairman, Tomkins Plc
David Ord Managing Director, The Bristol Port Company Ltd
David Shaw Chairman, Sabrelance Corporate Partners Ltd
David Soskin Chief Executive Officer,
Don Hanson Chairman, Eiger Capital Ltd
Eben Wilson Managing Director, Main Communications Ltd
Edgar Miller Managing Director, Palladian Ltd
Edmund Gartside Chairman, Shiloh Plc
Elaine Sternberg University of Leeds
Eric Nichols  
G Grimstone Chairman, Grimstone Foundation
G H C Wakefield Former Chairman of J & H Marsh & McLennan
Gabriel Stein Lombard Street Research
Gary Mond Managing Director, Redcliffe Training Associates Ltd
Gary Ramsey Director, Jefferson Engineering Ltd
George Guise Prime Minister’s Policy Unit, 1986-90
Gerald Frost Editor, eurofacts
Gerald Kaye Development Director, Helical Bar Plc
Gerard Lyons City Economist
Giles Shepard Chairman, Searcy Tansley & Co. Ltd
Graeme Leach Chief Economist, Institute of Directors
Grahame Berkeley Chairman, Berkeley Burke Holdings Ltd
Henry Angest Chairman and CEO, Arbuthnot Banking Group plc
Howard Flight Director, Investec Asset Management Ltd
Hugh Trevor-Jones Chairman, Lowe & Fletcher Ltd
Iain Breese Chairman, Westler Foods Ltd
Ian Milne Director, Global Britain
James Sproule Head of Research, Augusta & Co. plc
Jamie Borwick Chairman, Modec Ltd
Jeremy Bradshaw Managing Director, Gryphon Partners Ltd
Jill Kirby Chair, Full Time Mothers
John Blundell Director General, Institute of Economic Affairs
John Craven Chairman, Lonmin Plc
John Dembitz Chairman, Dembitz & Associates
John Hickman Chairman, Kingston Estates Ltd
John Littlewood Former Group Director, S G Warburg
John Marks Director, Educational Research Trust
John Taylor Chairman Taylors Bulbs
John W Leavesley Director, The Leavesley Group
John Wilford Managing Director, Rave Communications Ltd
Jonathan Bass Managing Director, Incentivated Ltd
Jonathan Hodge Managing Director, Carlyle Trust
Keith Boyfield Keith Boyfield Associates
Keith Hodgkinson Chief Executive, Chloride
Keith Marsden Economic Consultant, United Nations
Kenneth Minogue London School of Economics
Kim Jaberi Chairman and Managing Director, Karins Group of Companies
Kit Hunter Gordon Managing Director, The Summit Group Ltd
Laurence Wilshere Managing Director, Quansboro Plastics Ltd
Lord Blackwell President, Blackwell Ltd
Lord Chadlington Group Chief Executive, Huntsworth Plc
Lord Derwent Deputy Chairman, Hutchison Whampoa (Europe) Ltd
Lord Hodgson of Astley Abbotts Chairman, Nova Capital Management
Lord Kalms President, DSG International plc
Lord Pearson of Rannoch Chairman , PWS Holdings Ltd
Lord Salisbury  
Lord Vinson Director, Fleming High Income Growth Trust plc
Malcolm H.D. McAlpine Director, Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd
Malcolm Scott Chairman , Dunalastair Estates
Margot James European President, Ogilvy Healthworld UK Ltd
Mark Nicholson Associate Director, Fitch Ratings
Mark Weinberg President, St James Place Capital Plc
Martin McElwee Head of Research, Bow Group
Matthew Elliott Founder
Michael Ames Chairman, Crimson Ltd
Michael Bett Chairman, Micro Technology Plc
Michael Brent Managing Director, Trimite Ltd
Michael Cobham President, Cobham Aerospace
Michael Craig-Cooper Former Director, National Bank of Kuwait
Michael Heller Chairman, London & Associated Properties Plc
Michael Mander Former Chairman, Institute of Directors
Michael Miller Managing Director, Harris & Sheldon Group Ltd
Michael Webster Director, Gorkana Ltd
Mike Killingley Chairman, Beale plc
Neville Baxter Chairman, RH Freight Ltd
Nicholas Finney Chairman, Waterfront Partnership
Nick Markham Chief Operating Officer, Top Up TV Ltd
Nick Seaton Chairman, Campaign for Real Education
Nigel Mobbs Chairman, Slough Estates Plc
Oliver Wright Former Ambassador in Washington
Patrick Barbour Non Executive Director, Microgen plc
Patrick Evershed Chairman, New Star Fund Managers
Patrick Minford Professor of Applied Economics at the Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University
Paul Carter Managing Director, Expocentric Ltd
Paul Weeks Managing Director, Wicken Fen Foods
Peter Baker The Front Bench Club
Peter Grant Non Executive Director, Cadogan Estates Ltd
Peter K Hargreaves CEO, Hargreaves Lansdown Plc
Peter Knight Chairman, Phoenix plc
Peter Linacre Chairman, Massive Ltd
Peter Morgan Former Director-General, Institute of Directors
Peter Shirley Managing Director, Midland Chilled Foods Ltd
Robert Diamond Chief Executive, Diametric Ltd
Robert Wickham Senior Partner, Ibbett, Moseley Group
Robin Clark Chairman Taylor Clark Plc
Rocco Forte Chairman, Rocco Forte Hotels
Roger Scruton Philosopher
Ronald Grierson Former Vice Chairman, GEG
Ronald Halstead President, Engineering Industries Assocation
Rupert Hambro Chairman, J O Hambro Ltd
Ruth Lea Economic Adviser at Arbuthnot Banking Group
Sara Pearson Chief Executive, The SPA Way Ltd
Saul Haydon Rowe Principal, Devon Capital LLP
Sean O’Brien Chairman, Telstar Music Group Ltd
Simon Camamile European Director, Jones LaSalle
Simon Hill Chief Executive, Letterstone plc
Stephen Catlin Chief Executive, Catlin Underwriting Agencies Limited
Stuart Lyons Chairman, The Wensum Company Plc
Stuart Wheeler Chairman, IG Group Plc
Tim Congdon  
Tim Ingram Chief Executive, Caledonia Investments
Toby Baxendale Chairman and CEO, Seafood Holdings Ltd
Tom Cowie Life President, Arriva plc
Victoria Mitchell Consultant Director, Savills Plc
W T J Griffin Former Chairman, GT Management Plc
Walter Eltis Emeritus Fellow, Exeter College
William Hargreaves Joint Managing Director, Sisis Equipment
William S James LCF Rothschild Securities Ltd
Anthony Bamford Chairman, J C Bamford Excavators Ltd
Keith C. Miles  


February 4, 2021

John O’Connell, Chief Executive of the Taxpayers’ Alliance, was quoted in The Daily Mail criticising reported new carbon taxes on meat, cheese and gas heating as part of the government’s pledge to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050. He said: “New eco taxes would leave slim pickings for struggling families, who rely on cheap energy and food to heat their homes and put dinner on the table,” adding: “Ministers must ease the burden on Brits before any green tax hikes.” [27]

The article also quoted a spokesperson from agribusiness lobbying group the National Beef Association, who claimed that “Britain’s meat industry is given a lot of unfair criticism over its environmental impact.” 

March 18, 2020

In a blog post titled “Why a carbon tax would be bad for Britain,” Sam Packer, the TPA’s media campaign manager wrote: [26]

The fact remains that the free market is the only feasible means of reducing carbon emissions. The magic of the market is that it adapts to what consumers want. As the public in the west has grown more wary of pollution, it has dropped drastically. The incredible tale of human development in the past two centuries is one in which consumer capitalism is the main character. Reductions in carbon usage is the next chapter, provided governments do not curtail these efforts with excessive interference.” [26]

January 19, 2020

Taxpayers’ Alliance research director Duncan Simpson was quoted in a Sunday Times article on EU car emissions regulations. The article, which cited criticism from car manufacturer Volkswagen that the rules would lead to the demise of small, petrol-powered cars, quoted Simpson as saying: “It is a plainly unfair system that sees better-off electric vehicle owners getting a series of cross-subsidisations.” [22]

April, 2018

In an article for CapX, an analyst for the TaxPayers’ Alliance dismissed fossil fuel divestment as harmful to the taxpayer and ineffective. [9], [10]

April, 2017

The TaxPayers’ Alliance signed a letter published in The Telegraph calling for the removal of renewable energy subsidies by 2020 and the expansion of the shale gas industry, alongside other right wing think tanks also located in 55 Tufton Street. [11]

October, 2016

The TaxPayers’ Alliance attends the Conservative Party Conference, co-hosting a fringe event with American climate science denying pressure groups the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) and the Heritage Foundation. [12]

The event was aimed at promoting a new and ‘freer’ trade deal between the UK and US once the UK has left the European Union, and hints at what the groups may lobby the British government for in the future. [12]

August 2011

TaxPayers’ Alliance director Matthew Sinclair published the book Let Them Eat Carbon, claiming that climate policies in the UK are inefficient, and that money for such policies only funds special interests. [13]

Related Organisations

Early versions of the TaxPayers’ Alliance website described it as an “’umbrella group’ to a number of like minded organisations committed to lower taxes.” In 2008, those groups included Isitfair, Surrey Tax Action Group, Tax Relief, the Association for British Drivers, and Bruges Group. [14]

Member 2006 2008 2009 2010
Avanta (Supporter)       Y
Harrow Council Tax Campaign Y   Y Y
Is It Fair Y Y Y  
NewbridgeMatters       Y
Response2Route       Y
Save Bathampton Meadows       Y
Tax Relief Y Y Y Y
TaxpayerUK Y      
The Association for British Drivers Y Y Y Y
The Bruges Group Y Y    
The Drivers’ Alliance     Y Y
The No to the Bike Parking Tax Campaign     Y Y
The Solihull Ratepayers Association     Y Y
The Surrey Tax Action Group (STAG) Y Y Y Y
Traveltax   Y    

TaxPayers’ Alliance shares an address with a range of think tanks occupying 55 Tufton Street. Resident groups include or have included:

Contact & Address [4]

TaxPayers’ Alliance
55 Tufton St

Tel: 020 7998 1450
Media: 07795 084 113

Social Media


  1. Our history,” Taxpayers’ Alliance. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  2. Matthew Elliott,” Brexit Central. Archived December 7, 2018. URK:

  3. Andrew Allum,” L.E.K. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  4. Contact us,” TaxPayers’ Alliance. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  5. Policy victories,” TaxPayer’s Alliance. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  6. Beer Duty,” UK Parliament Hansard Volume 592 (Feb 5, 2015). Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  7. “TaxPayers’ Alliance Manifesto” (PDF)TaxPayers’ Alliance. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  8. The TaxPayers’ Alliance – About,” The TaxPayers’ Alliance. Archived April 4, 2008. URL:

  9. Jan Zeber. “Divesting from oil companies is pointless posturing,” CAPX, April 23, 2018. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  10. Opinion: Divestment is Not Just ‘Pointless Posturing’, It Will Save Taxpayers Cash,” DeSmog, April 30, 2018.

  11. Kyla Mandel. “Brexit Climate Deniers Launch Coordinated Attack Against Green Regulations Ahead of Election,” DeSmog, May 1, 2017.

  12. Victoria Seabrook. “Climate Science Denying US Neocon Groups Promote ‘Simple’ and ‘Freer’ Trade with UK at Tory Party Conference,” DeSmog, October 5, 2016.

  13. Let Them Eat Carbon,” Wall Street Journal, August 19, 2011. Archived January 18, 2019. URL:

  14. Alliance Members,” The Taxpayers’ Alliance. Archived March 28, 2008. URL:

  15. RT if you want the following taxes scrapped: TV Licence Fee Capital Gains Tax Corporation Tax Vehicle Excise Duty Stamp Duty Land Tac Apprenticeship Levy Inheritance Tax Soft Drink Industry Levy Air Passenger Duty Climate Change Levy,” Tweet by @the_tpa, July 23, 2019. Retrieved from Archived .png on file at DeSmog.

  16. Robert Booth. “Taxpayers’ Alliance receipt of £500,000 donation leads to Charity Commission warning,” Guardian, February 23, 2011. Archived October 22, 2019. URL:

  17. Daniel Boffey. “Charity alleged to have illegally funded Brexit campaign groups,” Guardian, December 12, 2015. Archived October 22, 2019. URL:

  18. Case Report: Politics and Economics Research Trust (1121849),” Charity Commission, February 9, 2017. Archived October 22, 2019. URL:

  19. Rob Evans, David Pegg, Felicity Lawrence. “Taxpayers’ Alliance received over £223k in foreign donations,” Guardian, November 20, 2018. Archived October 22, 2019. URL:

  20. About us,” World Taxpayers Associations. Archived May 20, 2019. URL

  21. Contributors,” Cooler Heads Coalition. Archived November 27, 2015. URL:

  22. Nick Rufford. “Electric vehicles: Small petrol cars set to vanish from Britain,” Sunday Times, January 19, 2020. Archived January 23, 2020. URL

  23. Robert Booth. “Who is behind the Taxpayers’ Alliance?Guardian, October 9, 2009. Archived March 18, 2020. URL

  24. Christopher Hope, Peter Dominiczak. “Conservative donors prepare to sink £5million into Brexit campaign amid anger about pro-EU leaflet,” Telegraph, April 12, 2016. Archived March 18, 2020. URL

  25. Annual Review 2019,” TaxPayers’ Alliance. Archived June 30, 2020. URL 

  26. Sam Packer. “Why a carbon tax would be bad for Britain,” TaxPayers’ Alliance, March 18, 2020. Archived July 8, 2020. URL:

  27. Martin Robinson. “Tax raid on your lifestyle! Boris Johnson is considering a new carbon tax that could see the price of mince rise 40% to more than £5, four pints of milk by 21% to £1.32 and push up the cost of gas heating,” The Daily Mail, February 4, 2021. Archived February 8, 2021. URL: 

Related Profiles

APCO Worldwide Background APCO has been described as “one of the world's most powerful PR firms.” [1], [2] According to its agency profile at O'Dwyers, “APCO Worldwide is a...
Hugh W. Ellsaesser Credentials Ph.D., Meteorology. [1] Background Hugh W. Ellsaesser, born in 1920, is a meteorologist by training and retired “guest scientist” at the Lawren...
Alfred (Al) Pekarek Credentials Ph.D., University of Wyoming (1974). [1]B.A. University of Minnesota-Twin (1965). [1] Background Alfred (Al) Pekarek is a former ass...
Benny Josef Peiser Credentials Ph.D. , University of Frankfurt (1993). Peiser studied political science, English, and sports science. [1], [2] Background Benny Peiser is a sports ...