Western Energy Alliance

Western Energy Alliance (WEA)


The Western Energy Alliance (WEA) represents over 300 member companies “engaged in all aspects of environmentally responsible exploration and production (E&P) of oil and natural gas in the West,” according to its website. It is located in Denver, Colorado.1About the Alliance,” Western Energy Alliance. Archived August 4, 2020. Archive URL:

WEA was founded in 1974 as the Independent Petroleum Association of Mountain States (IPAMS). It changed its name to Western Energy Alliance in 2010. Then-executive director Marc W. Smith told Leslie Haines of Oil and Gas Investor that the new name “better reflects who we are.” Oil and Gas Investor paraphrased Smith as suggesting “some anti-drilling interests in the region wrongfully assumed the old name implied that members were actually willing to drill on mountain tops.”2Why IPAMS was renamed Western Energy Alliance,” HartEnergy, July 12, 2010. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

According to an archived version of its website, WEA’s advertised services included:3About Us,” Western Energy Alliance. Archived June 1, 2012. Archive URL:

  • “Comprehensive representation in Washington and across the West focusing on: access to government lands for exploration and production, federal agency permitting, air and water quality, reform of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Endangered Species Act (ESA), wildlife conservation, health and safety, taxation, and other issues.”
  • “Established relationships with lawmakers and their staffs is fostered by regular trips to Washington, D.C. to meet with Congress and the Administration.”
  • “Policymakers view Western Energy Alliance as a valuable resource on all issues related to oil and natural gas development in the Intermountain West.”
  • “Western Energy Alliance Speaker Series luncheons, frequent symposia, workshops, and conferences focus on regional, national, and global outlooks, marketing, transportation, technology, and other current issues.”
  • “Western Energy Alliance publishes the highly regarded Wildcatter Weekly, an executive summary of the week’s events impacting natural gas and oil producers in the Intermountain West.”
  • “Western Energy Alliance provides networking opportunities with others conducting business in the same areas. Service companies, financial institutions, accounting and law firms, and E & P companies are all part of the Intermountain West petroleum community.”

WEA has historically lobbied against restrictions on the oil and gas industry,4Eric Lipton and Hiroko Tabuchi. ”Driven by Trump Policy Changes, Fracking Booms on Public Lands,” The New York Times, October 27, 2018. Archived September 1, 2020. Archive URL: including environmental protections for the greater sage grouse, which would prevent the expansion of oil and gas development on federal lands. WEA has suggested that “Oil and natural gas provide a net benefit to the environment,” while it praised former President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw the US from the Paris Climate Agreement, saying it “conflicted with the administration’s plans to increase American development of the energy that actually powers the country.”5Kathleen Sgamma. “Good News from Paris,” Western Energy Alliance, June 2, 2017. Archived September 1, 2020. Archive URL:

Western Wire

WEA runs Western Wire, a joint initiative6Arvind Hickman. “FTI Consulting investigates claims its employee posed as journalist in Monsanto trial,” PR Week, May 21, 2019. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL: with FTI Consulting—a communications firm known for its pro-fracking Energy In Depth (EID) campaign on behalf of the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA).7Lisa Graves.“‘Energy In Depth’ – A Reporters’ Guide to Its Founding, Funding, and Flacks,” PR Watch, December 28, 2012. 8Brendan DeMelle. “‘Energy In Depth’ Was Created By Major Oil and Gas Companies According to Industry Memo“ DeSmog, February 17, 2011.

DeSmog reported on a 2009 industry memo titled “Hydraulic Fracturing Under Attack,” showing that Energy In Depth “would not be possible without the early financial commitments” of major oil and gas interests including BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (now owned by ExxonMobil), and several other large oil and gas companies that provided significant funding early on.9Brendan DeMelle. “‘Energy In Depth’ Was Created By Major Oil and Gas Companies According to Industry Memo“ DeSmog, February 17, 2011.

WEA launched Western Wire in 2017 as the “go-to source for news, commentary and analysis on pro-growth, pro-development policies across the West.”10About Us,” Western Wire. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL: Its managing editor is Michael Sandoval, who formerly worked as senior energy policy analyst and investigative reporter at the Independence Institute. Aaron Johnson, WEA’s vice president of public affairs, also serves as an editor. Matt Dempsey, Western Wire’s opinion editor, is also managing director of strategic communications at FTI Consulting.11Matt Dempsey,” FTI Consulting. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

Dempsey worked under Senator James Inhofe for over 7 years as his press secretary (2003–2008) and later communications director (2008–2010), according to LinkedIn.12Matthew Dempsey,” LinkedIn. Accessed October 27, 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

There is significant overlap with Western Wire staff and FTI Consulting staff. Examples below:

NameWestern Wire PositionFTI Consulting Position
Michael SandovalManaging EditorDirector of Strategic Communications
Matt DempseyOpinion EditorManaging Director of Strategic Communications
Elena ConnollyStaff WriterSenior Consultant, Energy & Natural Resources
Erin MundahlStaff WriterPublic Affairs Consultant, Energy

Western Wire faced controversy when EarthRights International said its General Counsel Marco Simons, who was representing Colorado communities in climate change litigation against Exxon at the time, was contacted by two “Exxon-sponsored consultants posing as journalists.” Audio and a transcript of that call is available at the EarthRights website.13Exxon Sends Undisclosed Agents to Question Opposing Counsel About Colorado Climate Litigation,” EarthRights International, January 15, 2019. Archived August 19, 2020. Audio .mp3 and .pdf transcript on file at DeSmog. Archive URL:

During that call, Michael Sandoval of FTI Consulting/Western Wire responded to Simons’ questions. A section of that transcript below, with Michael Sandoval of FTI Consulting/Western Wire, Marco Simons of EarthRights, and Matt Dempsey of FTI Consulting/Western Wire:

Marco Simons: Before we get started, I, I wonder, was wondering if I could 
get a little more information about Western Wire?

Sandoval: Sure.

Simons: So, my understanding is that Western Wire is a project of the Western 
Energy Association, um –

Michael Sandoval: Yeah, Western Energy Alliance, yeah. 

Simons: The Western Energy Alliance, right. Um, and it’s staffed by, primarily by staff of FTI Consulting, um –

Sandoval: Yeah.

Simons: Although one of the, one of the staff members is, is from WEA itself. Um, and, 
so, presumably that’s, that’s FTI Consulting on a contract to, under a contract to 
Western Energy Alliance, is that right?

Sandoval: Yes.

Simons: And correct me if I’m wrong, but Western Energy Alliance includes Exxon as 
one of its members, is, is that, is that right?

Sandoval: I don’t know.

Simons: You don’t –

Sandoval: I’m not privy to the membership of, of the Western Energy Alliance.

Simons: Okay. Well, it does include an executive from Exxon on its board, right?

Sandoval: Yeah.

Simons: So, I’m just assuming that Exxon’s one of its members. I guess I’m just concerned from a conflicts perspective that if you’re being funded by an organization that you don’t know their members, how do you, I guess, ensure, you know, lack of conflicts from a journalistic integrity point of view?

Sandoval: My colleague Matt Dempsey’s here, as well, and can answer some questions.

Simons: Sure.

Matt Dempsey, FTI Consulting/Western Wire: I just walked in the door. It sounds like you’re asking some questions about the membership of the Alliance. Is this being done in – are you asking questions as a lawyer as part of representing Boulder? Or is this for your own personal information? We’re – we’re ready to proceed on an interview about the case, but if this is something else, we need to know that now.

Simons: I – I’m just trying to figure out whether, uh – obviously if you’re representatives of Exxon in any fashion, I can’t talk to you, um, because, you know, Exxon is represented by counsel in the litigation.

Western Wire editor Aaron Johnson released a response, saying “We have been transparent and forthright about Western Wire’s pro-industry perspective.” He wrote at the Western Wire website: “Recently, Washington D.C. lawyers representing the City of Boulder contested the legitimacy of the news outlet. They published a blog post and that piece was picked up by Climate Liability News. The assertions made by these two entities, which are not transparent with their own funders, are misleading.” (Climate Liability News reporting can be viewed here).14Aaron Johnson. “Editor’s Note,” Western Wire, January 26, 2019. Archiver August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

WEA Lobbying

Data exported from the United States House of Representatives lobbying disclosure database shows that WEA hired the American Capital Group to lobby on a number of issues, with a grand total of nearly $25 million from 2012 to 2020. Also see the Western Energy Alliance’s lobbying profle at disclosure and contribution search of the United States Congress. Search performed August 2020. Archived data on file at DeSmog.

Year and Topics LobbiedTotal
Grand Total$985,000

Stance on Climate Change


According to the WEA’s website:16Regulatory,” Western Energy Alliance. Archived August 4, 2020.

“Oil and natural gas provide a net benefit to the environment. Countries with greater access to reliable, affordable energy not only have higher standards of living, but also cleaner environments and healthier populations. Increased use of natural gas electricity generation leads to lower levels of air pollution and offers a tangible solution for climate change. Fuel switching to natural gas in the electricity sector is the number one reason the United States has reduced greenhouse gas emissions more than any other country since 2005.”

December 12, 2019

WEA President Kathleen Sgamma via Twitter:


“Colorado #climatechange activists get caught spreading #FakeNews, but this leaves unchallenged an obviously made-up ‘statistic’ that 99.9% of scientists say we’re in a ‘climate emergency.’ Real scientists don’t engage in such loaded language.”

July 31, 2018

WEA’s Kathleen Sgamma via Twitter:

Sgamma Tweet - Finally recognition that the "cures" for  #ClimateChange could be worse for the world's poor than the symptoms


“Finally a recognition that the ‘cures’ for #ClimateChange could be worse for the world’s poor than the symptoms. Now we need a recognition that “green” energy policies are often worse for the environment than theoretical impacts in the distant future.…”

June 2, 2017

Sgamma wrote at the Western Energy Alliance‘s blog, praising President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement:17Kathleen Sgamma. “Good News from Paris,” Western Energy Alliance, June 2, 2017. Archived September 1, 2020. Archive URL:

“Western Energy Alliance applauds President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris climate accord. The unratified treaty conflicted with the administration’s plans to increase American development of the energy that actually powers the country […].”

“At a time like this, I like to remember how much more effective the oil and natural gas industry is at providing a real solution to climate change than any international treaty such as Paris or Kyoto; government policy like a carbon tax or cap-and-trade; or renewable subsidy.

“Our industry is responsible for 62% of the greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the electricity sector, compared to just 38% for wind, solar and other non-carbon generation, according to the Energy Information Administration.

“Our industry is the number one reason the United States leads the world in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

“That’s right. The United States provides actual leadership on climate change by reducing more greenhouse gases than any other developed country. Leadership is not worrying about upsetting other countries because we pull out of an agreement that would hamstring our economy and possibly (or not) avoid a mere 0.2 degrees C of warming by 2100.

“Climate alarmists and others looking to fundamentally reorient society don’t like to admit it, but the oil and natural gas industry has done more to reduce greenhouse gas emissions than any government climate change policy, which is why our success is ignored by most of the media and mainstream environmental groups. The orthodoxy is about government control of the economy in the guise of the environment. We provide the exact opposite solution–the private sector operating in a free market, delivering an environmental and energy benefit at the lowest price. “

May 31, 2017

WEA’s Kathleen Sgamma via Twitter:

March 7, 2017

WEA President Kathleen Sgamma tweeted an article by Chris Horner for the Competitive Enterprise Institute, pushing for Trump to follow through on withdrawal from the Paris Climate Treaty:

Sgamma tweet-Trump Should Keep Promise, Withdraw from Paris Climate Treaty

January 30, 2013

WEA’s then-vice president of government and public affairs Katherine Sgamma appeared in an interview with E&E News where she suggested natural gas was the primary reason for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the US:18Western Energy Alliance’s Sgamma discusses future of Interior’s fracking rule,” E&E News, January 30, 2013. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

Monica Trauzzi: “We’re heard strong indicators from both the President and inside Congress that there will be a focus on addressing climate change over the next four years. How should the administrative square those goals with the goals that it has to expand federal exploration and development?”

Katherine Sgamma: “Well, I think if you look at natural gas in particular, the reason that the United States has significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions on path towards those Kyoto goals of 1990 emissions rates, and it’s because of natural gas, because we have switched over a considerable portion of our electricity generation from coal to natural gas. And so we’re the only industrialized country that has seen significant drop in greenhouse gases, and it’s because of natural gas. So it’s definitely easy to square those two together, because the more natural gas we produce domestically, we can export it overseas, we can use it here at home, and it’s clean burning, and it reduces greenhouse gas emissions.”

June 4, 2013

WEA’s Katherine Sgamma has advocated for a “free-market approach” to global warming policy. She wrote at National Journal:19Kathleen Sgamma. “American IS Leading the Way,” National Journal, June 4, 2013. Archived June 15, 2013. Archive URL:

“Which parts of the world are leading the way on energy production and global-warming policy? Clearly the United States. Through technological innovation and private-sector investment, the US is threatening the energy dominance of OPEC and Russia, with all the associated positive geo-political implications. Along with the increased production comes job and economic growth; the oil and natural gas industry is responsible for one out of every five new private-sector jobs and contributes $1.1 trillion to U.S. GDP annually.

“We’re also leading on global warming policy. Because of abundant natural gas, the United States has increased natural gas electricity generation which has enabled us to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions to 1992 levels. No other industrialized countries have come close to meeting Kyoto-style GHG reductions targets, and we did it through thousands of market decisions, not top-down federal government fiat.

“That free-market approach has enabled the US to avoid the mistakes of Europe, where misguided “green” energy policies have caused more harm than good by saddling consumers and industry with high energy costs without delivering real environmental benefits. For example, Germany is actually increasing GHG emissions while, as Bjorn Lomborg reports, spending $110 billion for 37 hours of delay in global warming by the end of the century. Clearly that is a bad cost-benefit ratio that is harming German consumers and making its industry considerably less competitive.

“Luckily, America’s adversarial democracy enabled us to avoid making the same mistakes as Europe and other countries by avoiding signing onto the Kyoto treaty and adopting similar big government policies such as cap-and-trade. There are those on this blog who will lament that we’re falling behind other countries by not adopting more government imposed “investment” strategies in green energy. How many more Solyndras do we need before we convince everyone that that type of government policy is also misguided? There are plenty of examples overseas as well. Spain and Germany again come to mind, where taxpayer money has been wasted on non-sustainable subsidies to energy sources that can’t compete in the market, saddling consumers with high-priced energy and taxpayers with debt. We’re lucky that we have a strong democracy with a solid free-market tradition that has enabled us to avoid those same command-and-control policies that continue to fail. Other countries should follow.”


According to funding records at the Conserative Transparency project, from 2008 to 2009 the Western Energy Alliance recieved at least $81,000 in funding from the American Petroleum Institute while it was still operating under the name Independent Petroleum Association of Mountain States (IPAMS).20Independent Petroleum Association of Mountain States,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 5, 2020.

Membership in the WEA also has a range of costs depending on the size of the member company.

990 Forms

Key People

View the attached spreadsheet for details on sources, all listed affiliations, compensation, and additional information on the Western Energy Alliance people year over year (xlsx).

The following is based on information collected from listings at the WEA/IPAMS website via Internet Archive combined with listings in publicly available 990 forms:

Board of Directors

Name2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018Most Recent Listed AffiliationDescription
Aaron Johnson                   Y Vice President of Public Affairs
Alan Harrison   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        WilliamsBoard of Advisors
Alex Campbell          Y Y        Enduring Resources, LLCAdvisor
Alexandra Tune            Y Y Y      Treasurer thru 7/2013
Amanda Rovira               Y Y   Anadarko Petroleum CorporationDirector
Andy Franklin   Y Y Y Y             Marathon Oil Co. 
Andy Hendricks        Y Y          SchlumbergerAt-Large
Andy Logan        Y Y Y Y        Logan Petroleum, LLCAt-Large
Art Krasny           Y        Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.Board of Advisors
Barry Winstead   Y Y Y Y Y            Burlington Resources 
Barth Whitham        Y Y Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Enduring ResourcesDirector
Beth McBride  Y                 Legacy Energy Corp.Utah/Idaho
Betty Dieter     Y Y             Fidelity Exploration & Production 
Bill Bergner   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y         Berco Resources, LLCAt-Large
Bill Cadman                 Y Y Whiting Petroleum CorporationDirector
Bill Jones       Y Y Y Y Y        Pioneer Energy, Inc.At-Large
Bill Picquet        Y Y Y Y        Ultra PetroleumAt-Large
Blaine Parrott Y Y                 Koch Oil Co. 
Bob Davis   Y Y Y Y     Y        Patara Oil & GasBoard of Advisors
Bob Fielding  Y Y Y Y Y             Wellogix, Co-ChairTechnology Committee Co-Chair
Bob Plowman          Y Y Y Y Y Y    Halliburton Energy ServicesDirector
Bob Reid       Y            eVsNatural Gas Subcommittee Co-Chair
Bob Swann Y Y Y Y Y Y             Swann Exploration Co. 
Bob Unger     Y Y             J. M. Huber Corp. 
Brad Johnson                 Y Y YUltra Petroleum, Inc.Director
Brad Miller          Y Y Y Y Y Y    Anadarko Petroleum Corporation2013 – 2014 Chairman
Brent Miller         Y Y Y        Whiting Petroleum CorporationNorth and South Dakota State Vice President
Brent Wulf       Y            Nabors Drilling USA, LP 
Bret Sumner              Y Y Y Y Y Beatty & Wozniak, P.C.Vice Chair, Government & Public Affairs
Brian Fakharzadeh                   Y Vice President of Development & Operations
Brian Jeffries       Y            Western Gas ResourcesNatural Gas Subcommittee Co-Chair
Brian Kissick   Y Y Y Y Y            Koch Exploration Company, LLC 
Brian Macke          Y Y        Delta Petroleum CorporationBoard of Advisors
Brian Searles Y Y Y Y               The Petroleum Place, Inc. 
Brian Tooley   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y          Welborn Sullivan Meck & Tooley, P.C.At-Large
Brian Wold           Y        Williams Production RMT CompanyVice President
Brook Simmons                Y Y Y Y Director
Bruce Bowman       Y Y Y Y Y        Fidelity Exploration & Production CompanyAdvisor
Bruce Kelso        Y Y Y Y        Berry PetroleumAt-Large
Bryan Pratt          Y         Ehrhardt Keefe Steiner & Hottman PCTax Subcommittee Chair
Bud Isaacs Y Y Y Y Y Y             RIM Operating 
Carol Bickerton       Y            Questar Market ResourcesCommunity Outreach Committee Chair
Carter G. Mathies Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y         Arista Midstream ServicesAt-Large
Chad Calvert              Y Y Y Y Y YNoble Energy Inc.Director
Charles Searle Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Guaranty Bank and Trust CompanyAdvisor
Charles Stanley     Y Y  Y Y Y Y        QEP Energy CompanyVice President
Charlie Sizemore                Y Y Y YPioneer Natural ResourcesDirector
Chris Carter        Y Y Y Y   Y Y    J-W Energy CompanyDirector
Christian Rhinehart                 Y Y Y Director
Chuck Farmer            Y Y Y Y    Saga PetroleumDirector
Chuck Pollard       Y Y Y          Petro-Canada Resources (USA) Inc.At-Large
Cole T. Chandler Y Y                 Klabzuba Oil and GasMontana
Cornelius Dupré       Y Y Y Y Y        Dupré Energy Services, LLCAdvisor
D.J. Lay       Y Y Y Y Y        Cimarex Energy Co.Advisor
Dale Fritz              Y Y    DevonDirector
Dale Larsen          Y Y        Calfrac Well Services CorpAdvisor
Dan Amidon               Y Y Y Y PDC Energy, Inc.Director
Dana Johnson          Y Y        Enerplus Resources (USA) CorporationBoard of Advisors
Danny Jimenez          Y Y   Y Y Y Y  Craig EnergyDirector
Daria Mahoney          Y Y        U.S. BankBoard of Advisors
Darin MacDonald       Y            Sanjel (USA) Inc. 
Darrell Jones     Y Y             The Petroleum Place 
Daryll Howard          Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Fuse Energy2016-2017 Chairman
Dave Banko   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Banko Petroleum Management, Inc.Director
Dave Kornder       Y            Noble Energy 
David Heinz Y Y                 CMS Oil & Gas 
David Miller       Y Y Y          EnCap Investments, LLCAt-Large
David S. Petrie Y Y Y Y Y Y Y            EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc. 
David Searle       Y Y Y Y Y        Marathon Oil CompanyBoard of Advisors
David Tameron                   Y Director
Dick Weber     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        B.J. ServicesBoard of Advisors
Dominic Bazile        Y Y Y Y        Central ResourcesAt-Large
Don DeCarlo Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      DevonDirector
Don Law        Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      Director
Don McClure        Y Y Y Y Y Y      EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.Director
Don Spence     Y Y Y            Merit Energy Company 
Don Wallette   Y Y Y Y             ConocoPhillips 
Donald Wolf Y Y Y Y Y Y Y            Aspect Energy LLCVice President
Doug Rogers        Y  Y Y       Y YBasic Energy ServicesDirector
Doug York     Y Y             St. Mary Land & Exploration Co. 
Dru Bower-Moore               Y Y Y  Devon Energy CorporationDirector
Duane Zavadil Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Bill Barrett CorporationDirector
Ed McLaughlin          Y Y        Petro Canada Resources (USA) Inc.At-Large
Eric Dillé        Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y EOG ResourcesDirector
Eric Greager                  Y EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.Director
Eugene C. Kozlowski Y                  Makoil, Inc.Nevada/Arizona
Frank Muscara     Y Y Y Y Y Y         Wells Fargo Bank N.A.Vice President
Frank Yates  Y                 Yates Petroleum Corp.New Mexico
Fred Barrett   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Bill Barrett CorporationVice President
Gabrielle Sitomer                   Y Director
Gary Davis   Y Y Y Y             Hat Creek Energy LLCAdvisor
Gary McGee   Y Y               Devon Energy Corporation 
Gary Packer       Y Y Y          Newfield Exploration CompanyVice President
Geoff Solich     Y Y Y Y Y  Y        SFC Energy PartnersBoard of Advisors
George Solich Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      Cordillera Energy Partners III, LLCDirector
Greg Morzano       Y Y Y Y Y        Liberty Energy Holdings, LLCBoard of Advisors
Greg Pulliam                Y Y Y YXTO EnergyDirector
Greg Ruben       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      El Paso Western PipelinesDirector
Hilary Dussing Y Y                 Tom Brown Inc.Wyoming
Hugh Schaefer Y Y Y Y               Hugh V. Schaefer 
J.C. Ridens        Y Y          Forest Oil CorporationAt-Large
Jack Ekstrom     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  Whiting Petroleum CorporationImmediate Past President
Jack Wold       Y   Y Y        YWold Oil Properties, Inc.Director
Jagadeesan Sethuraman           Y        Whiting Petroleum CorporationRegulatory Committee Chair 
James Lightner Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Beacon E&P Company, LLCBoard of Advisors
James Schroeder       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Mesa Energy PartnersAdvisor
James Stewart   Y Y Y Y             Schlumberger 
Jason Buehler          Y Y        IMA, Inc.Advisor
Jay Neese       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     QEP Resources, Inc.Director
Jay Ottoson            Y Y Y Y Y Y Y YSM EnergyDirector
Jay Prudhomme          Y Y        Merit Energy CompanyBoard of Advisors
Jay Still       Y Y Y          Pioneer Natural ResourcesVice President
Jeff Lang       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Alcova ResourcesVice Chair, Events
Jeff Schwarz              Y      Director
Jerry Barnes       Y Y Y Y         Williams Production RMT CompanyVice President
Jerry Hoffman     Y Y             Berry Petroleum Co. 
Jim Abercrombie       Y            Dominion Resources 
Jim Brown   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Whiting Petroleum CorporationBoard of Advisors
Jim Dobson Y                  Andex Resources LLC 
Jim Dodson  Y                 Andex Resources LLC 
Jim Felton        Y Y          Bill Barrett CorporationUtah State Vice President
Jim Kleckner       Y Y Y Y Y        Anadarko Petroleum CorporationBoard of Advisors
Jim Piccone              Y Y Y Y Y Resolute Energy CorporationDirector
Jim Powers          Y         Denver Mineral & Royalty CompanyAt-Large
Joe Icenogle          Y Y        Fidelity Exploration & ProductionBoard of Advisors
Joe Jaggers  Y Y Y Y Y Y            Williams ProductionVice President
Joe Lima       Y Y Y Y Y        SchlumbergerBoard of Advisors
John Benton          Y Y        El Paso E&P Company, L.P.Vice President Crude Oil Markets
John Byrom           Y        DJ SimmonsNew Mexico State Chair 
John Harpole     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    Mercator EnergyAdvisor
John Kelso  Y                 Evergreen Resources Inc.Public Relations
John Klee     Y Y             The Petroleum Place 
John Ludwig  Y Y Y Y Y  Y Y          Enrisk ServicesAt-Large
John T. McDougal          Y Y        Energy TransferBoard of Advisors
John Vering           Y        Black Hills Exploration and ProductionBoard of Advisors
Jonny Brumley       Y Y Y Y Y        Enduro Resource PartnersAt-Large
Kathleen Schroder              Y Y Y Y Y YDavis Graham & Stubbs LLPDirector
Kathleen Sgamma                  Y Y President
Kelly Price     Y Y Y Y Y          BJ ServicesAt-Large
Kent Holsinger                 Y Y Holsinger Law, LLCSecretary
Kevin Bailey          Y Y        CameronBoard of Advisors
Kevin Collins   Y Y                Banking & Finance Subcommittee Chair
Kevin Norris        Y Y          E2 Business ServicesNatural Gas Committee Chair
Kimberly Mazza        Y Y          Pioneer Natural ResourcesCommunications Committee Chair
Kimberly Rodell                  Y Y Director
Krista Johnson       Y            Western Gas Resources 
Krista Mutch     Y Y             Western Gas ResourcesVice President Government Affairs
Kurt Doerr   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y         EOG Resources, Inc.At-Large
Larry Parnell          Y Y        Bill Barrett CorporationAdvisor
Larry Van Ryan       Y Y Y Y Y        McElvain Oil & Gas PropertiesAt-Large
Lem Smith        Y Y Y Y   Y Y Y Y  EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.Director
Lisa Winn              Y Y Y   XTO EnergyDirector
Logan Magruder Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Macquarie TristoneVice President
Lynn Belcher   Y Y               Westport Oil & Gas Company 
Marc W. Smith       Y             Executive Director
Mark Erickson   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y         Gasco Energy, Inc.At-Large
Mark Grummon     Y Y Y            Samson 
Mark Sexton Y Y Y Y Y Y             Evergreen ResourcesVice President
Mark Thompson          Y Y        U.S. BankBoard of Advisors
Martin Fleming        Y Y          Noble RoyaltiesAt-Large
Martin Wigley              Y Y Y Y   President thru Nov.
Mary Laitos Y Y                 Welborn, Sullivan, Meck & TooleySecretary
Mary Viviano   Y Y Y Y             EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) 
Matt Wurtzbacher Y Y                 Forest OilMembership
Matthew Thompson               Y Y Y Y QEP Resources, Inc.Director
Matthew Vezza                Y    Director
Michael Batzer   Y Y               Fidelity Exploration & Production Co. 
Michael Decker           Y       Y YBadlands Energy, Inc.Director
Michael O’Shaughnessy          Y Y        Lario Oil & Gas CompanyBoard of Advisors
Michael Smith          Y Y        QEP ResourcesUtah State Chair 
Michael Wozniak   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Beatty & Wozniak, PCAt-Large
Mike Bock   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y          Merrill LynchAt-Large
Mike Brunstein          Y Y        SchlumbergerBoard of Advisors
Mike Crisman     Y Y Y            Bear Paw Energy 
Mike Helwig               Y Y Y  Ultra Petroleum, Inc.Director
Mike Kennedy   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.At-Large
Mike Nuss       Y Y Y          Ensign International Energy Services, Inc.At-Large
Murphy Markham          Y Y        EnCap InvestmentsAdvisor
Nancy McDonald     Y Y             EnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.Community Outreach Committee Chair
Neal A. Stanley Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Great Western Oil and Gas CompanyVice President
Nick Schoville                Y Y  Anadarko Petroleum CorporationDirector
Pamela Roth          Y Y        YWPX EnergyDirector
Patrick Hanley           Y   Y Y Y Y Y Hein & AssociatesTreasurer
Paul Debonis Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Keane GroupBoard of Advisors
Paul J. Zecchi Y Y         Y        Central ResourcesAt-Large
Paul Sheppard          Y         BJ ServicesAt-Large
Pete Stark          Y Y        IHS Inc.Board of Advisors
Peter Dea   Y Y   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      Chairman thru 7/2013
Peter Mueller               Y Y    Director
Phil Cook              Y      Director
Phil Schlagel          Y Y        Anadarko Petroleum CorporationBoard of Advisors
Phil Stalnaker        Y Y Y Y        Cabot Oil & Gas Corp.At-Large
Philip Doty     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      Ehrhardt Keefe Steiner & Hottman PCTreasurer
Phillip A. Kriz Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Evertson Oil Company, IncNebraska StateVice President
Pierce Norton        Y Y          ONEOK PartnersAt-Large
Porter Bennett          Y Y Y Y Y Y    Ponderosa AdvisorsAdvisor
Porter Trimble   Y Y               Merit Energy Company 
Ralph Reed Y Y Y Y Y Y             Tall Grass Energy 
Randy Bolles        Y Y Y Y     Y Y Y DevonDirector
Randy Pharo       Y Y Y Y Y        SM EnergyAt-Large
Ray Lechler Y Y Y Y Y Y Y            Plains Marketing, L.P. 
Ray Singleton   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Earthstone Energy, Inc.Board of Advisors
Rebecca Watson          Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Welborn Sullivan Meck & Tooley, P.C.Secretary
Rene Moin       Y            Rim Operating, Inc. 
René Morin        Y Y Y Y        Rim Operating, Inc.Board of Advisors
Rich Eichler       Y Y Y Y Y        Hart Energy PublishingAdvisor
Rich Frommer        Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Great Western Oil and Gas Company, LLCFirst Vice Chairman
Rich Gan                 Y Y YWells Fargo Bank, N.A.Director
Rick Grisinger Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    Y Y Y Y YHalliburton Energy ServicesDirector
Rick Hayley Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y          Cameron CorporationAt-Large
Rick Hodges   Y Y               Exco Resources 
Rick McCullough           Y        Petroleum Development CorporationVice President
Rick Robitaille     Y Y Y            Anadarko Petroleum 
Rick Ross       Y Y           Whiting Petroleum Corp.North and South Dakota Vice President
Rob Bilger       Y Y Y          Tristone CapitalAt-Large
Rob Swanson               Y Y Y  RAS & AssociatesDirector
Robert Cohen Y                  Insurance Management Associates 
Robert Harber                   Y Director
Robert J Clark Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        3 Bear Energy, LLCAdvisor
Robert Jornayvaz Y                  III, Intrepid Production Corp.Utah/Idaho
Robert L. Bayless, Jr. Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Robert L. Bayless, Producer LLCBoard of Advisors
Robert Parks                   Y Manager Gov
Robert R. McBride Y                  Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation 
Robert S. Boswell Y Y Y Y Y Y             Forest Oil Corp. 
Rod Mellott   Y Y Y Y Y            Orion Energy Partners 
Roger Biemans  Y Y Y Y Y Y            EnCana Oil & Gas (USA), Inc.Vice President
Roger Parker     Y Y Y Y Y          Delta Petroleum CorpAt-Large
Roger Reinmiller   Y Y Y Y Y            Fronterra Integrated Geosciences LLCChair
Ron Boone   Y Y               St. Mary Land & Exploration Company 
Scot Woodall       Y            Forest Oil Corporation 
Scott Butler  Y Y Y Y Y Y            Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation 
Scott Gutberlet              Y Y    QEP Resources, Inc.Director
Scott Hobbs   Y Y Y Y             Peak Energy Ventures, Co-ChairNatural Gas Subcommittee Chair
Scott Key        Y Y          IHS Inc.At-Large
Scott Moore          Y Y        Anadarko Petroleum CorporationBoard of Advisors
Scott Zimmerman   Y Y               JM Huber 
Shane Henry            Y Y      WilliamsDirector
Shane Schulz          Y Y        YQEP Energy CompanyDirector
Shawn Reed       Y Y Y Y Y        Crescent Consulting, LLCBoard of Advisors
Shea Loper                 Y Y YEnCana Oil & Gas (USA) Inc.Director
Sheridan Swords          Y Y        ONEOKBoard of Advisors
Stan Sprinkle Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Sprinkle & Associates LLCBoard of Advisors
Stephen Barnes        Y Y Y Y        Breck Energy CorpAdvisor
Stephen Bell     Y Y             Cimarex Energy 
Stephen Flaherty                 Y Y Halliburton Energy ServicesDirector
Stephen Harpham          Y Y        Forest Oil CorporationAt-Large
Steve Bain          Y Y        Welborn Sullivan Meck & Tooley, P.C.Board of Advisors
Steve Durrett       Y            US Exploration 
Steve Fallin Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Duncan Oil, Inc.Board of Advisors
Steve Frazier       Y Y Y Y         Klabzuba Oil & GasAt-Large
Steve Hulse        Y Y Y Y        Nabors Drilling USA, LPBoard of Advisors
Susan Aldridge                Y Y Y Anadarko Petroleum CorporationDirector
T. Greg Merrion        Y Y Y Y        Merrion Oil & GasBoard of Advisors
Tad Herz          Y Y        Cordillera Energy Partners III, LLCBoard of Advisors
Ted Brown   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y      Noble Energy IncDirector
Tekla Taylor               Y Y Y Y Peakview Resources, LLCDirector
Terry Dobkins        Y Y          Antero ResourcesAt-Large
Thomas Mac McDaniel       Y            Schlumberger 
Thomas Sheffield          Y Y Y Y Y Y    Pioneer Natural ResourcesDirector
Tim Hopkins   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Entek EnergyBoard of Advisors
Tim Rasmussen       Y            MDU Resources/Fidelity E & P CoChair
Tim Wigley              Y Y Y Y  Western Energy AlliancePresident
Timothy A. Ficker Y Y Y Y Y Y             KPMGTreasurer
Todd Berryman Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Bank of the WestAdvisor
Todd Ennenga       Y Y Y Y Y        Energy North AmericaAt-Large
Todd Flott        Y Y          Merit Energy CompanyAt-Large
Todd Tipton     Y Y Y            Devon Energy Corporation 
Tom Clayson              Y Y Y Y  Samson ResourcesDirector
Tom Crowe       Y Y Y Y Y        J-W Operating CompanyNGV Subcommittee Chair
Tom Dyk Y Y                 Tom Brown Inc. 
Tom Foncannon Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y        Bank of Oklahoma, N.A.Board of Advisors
Tom Hedrick        Y Y Y         Wells Fargo Bank N.A.At-Large
Tom Jepperson           Y        Questar Natural ResourcesAt-Large
Tom Price Y Y Y Y Y Y             El Paso Western Pipelines 
Tom Tyree       Y Y Y Y Y        Vantage Energy, LLCBoard of Advisors
Tony Best        Y Y Y Y        SM EnergyBoard of Advisors
Tony Marino   Y Y Y Y             Dominion Exploration, Canada 
Tony Mayer Y Y Y Y Y Y             Captiva Resources 
Tripp Kerr          Y Y        Noble Energy Inc.Board of Advisors
Tuss Erickson          Y Y        Ensign United States DrillingBoard of Advisors
Vaughn Vennerberg       Y Y Y Y Y        XTO EnergyAt-Large
Ward Polzin       Y Y Y Y Y        Tudor Pickering Holt & Co.Board of Advisors
Will Matthews              Y      Director
William (Bill) Griffin        Y Y          El Paso E&PL.P.At-Large
William Lancaster Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    YGMT Exploration Company, LLCDirector


Aaron Johnson              Y Y Y Y Y Y YVice President of Public Affairs
Andrew Bremner    Y Y Y Y Y Y           Staff. Director of Government Affairs
Ann Priestman     Y               Knowledge and Information Manager, IPAMS-GTI Information Center. Staff
Becca Ness          Y          Events Coordinator
Brian Fakharzadeh               Y Y Y Y Y YVice President of Development & Operations
Brian Meinhart             Y Y      Policy Analyst
Carla J. Wilson Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y            Director of Communication
Deena McMullen    Y Y Y              Manager of Government & Public Affairs for MT, WY, ND. Staff
Donna Parker         Y           Assistant to the Executive Director
Gina Brooke                 Y Y Y YManager of Administration & Events
Gina Mateo           Y Y Y Y Y Y    Office Manager
Grant D. Melvin    Y Y               Manager of Government & Public Affairs for UT, CO, NM. Staff
Jon Bargas         Y Y          Director of Public Affairs
Jon Haubert          Y Y Y Y       Manager of Communications
Karyn P. Grass Y Y                  Executive Director
Kate Noble                    YRegulatory Analyst
Kathleen Eccleston      Y Y Y            Director of Public & Industry Affairs
Kathleen Sgamma         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y YPresident
Lindie Woodruff   Y                 Manager of Community Relations
Logan Macmillan   Y                 Manager of Lands and Environment
Marc W. Smith Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y          Executive Director
Natalie Garner   Y Y Y               Director Of Member Services
Natalie Willms      Y Y Y Y           Staff. Director of Member Services
Paul G. Gagnon Y Y                  Director of Technology Transfer
Ray Gorka Y Y Y  Y               Technology Transfer Agent, IPAMS-GTI. Staff
Rebecca Shirley Y Y                  Director of Membership Communications
Robert Harber Y                   Director
Ryan Streams                Y Y   Manager of Regulatory Affairs
Sarah S. Cornwell  Y Y  Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Vice President of Finance & Administration
Spencer Kimball         Y Y Y Y Y       Manager of Government Affairs
Stuart Siffring                   Y Regulatory Analyst
Susan Fakharzadeh          Y Y Y Y Y      Vice President of Business Development
Tim Wigley            Y Y Y Y Y    President, Western Energy Alliance
Timothy S. Stewart      Y Y Y Y           Washington Representative
​Tripp Parks                Y Y Y Y YVice President of Government Affairs
Ursula Rick             Y Y      Manager of Regulatory Affairs
Wendy Wollert          Y Y Y Y Y Y     Manager, Events & Membership


March 2022

In an interview in Washington, WEA president Kathleen Sgamma reportedly dismissed the idea of an energy transition.21David Gelles and Lisa Friedman. “There’s a Messaging Battle Right Now Over America’s Energy Future,” The New York Times, March 19, 2022. Archived July 7, 2022. Archive URL:

“We can talk about this idealistic supposed future where there’s no oil, natural gas and coal,” Ms. Sgamma said. “But that’s not the reality.”

“So if we’re going to talk about a transition, let’s find something that we can transition to, because right now we don’t have a technology that can provide all of our needs 24-7. Flat out we don’t,” she said. “So just realistically, we’re going to be here through 2050 and many years after.”

March 9, 2021

The Guardian reported the Western Energy Alliance was behind a report Republicans including Liz Cheney were using to suggest Biden’s policies on oil and gas drilling would damage the economy. Records obtained by Documented and shared with Floodlight and Wyoming Public Media showed WEA had proposed a $114,000 publicly funded study.22Emily Holden. “Republicans’ new favorite study trashes Biden’s climate plans – but who’s behind it?The Guardian, March 9, 2021. Archived March 9, 2021. Archive URL:

In February 2020, WEA sought to help fund the study—but was unable to. It did provide $8,000 in founding to help publicize the report, according The Guardian.

“Now, the Western Energy Alliance is spending thousands more to amplify the warnings in an ad campaign against Biden’s climate policies,” The Guardian reported. “The numbers have been cited dozens of times in local and national newspapers, including in the New York Times in a reference to Wyoming officials’ projections.”

“The data has become core to Republican messaging opposing Biden’s climate plans even as critics suggest the study might exaggerate economic impacts by as much as 85%. The author even appeared at a meeting of the Congressional Western Caucus in February, alongside Cheney.”

WEA first approached the report’s author, Tim Considine, in mid 2019 to request a proposal about his research for state officials.23Emily Holden. “Republicans’ new favorite study trashes Biden’s climate plans – but who’s behind it?The Guardian, March 9, 2021. Archived March 9, 2021. Archive URL:

“Just wanted to let you know that I’m working with the Governor’s office about who will commission and pay for the analysis, so I’m making progress,” Sgamma emailed Considine, according to the records. The Guardian noted, “month earlier, Considine had shared his proposal with Sgamma and then offered to amend it based on her preferences if it would ‘help your fund raising [sic]’.”

Sgamma later defended the study and lack of disclosure of WEA’s involvement.24Emily Holden. “Republicans’ new favorite study trashes Biden’s climate plans – but who’s behind it?The Guardian, March 9, 2021. Archived March 9, 2021. Archive URL:

“The bottom line is we didn’t fund it, and that’s usually where the disclosure comes in,” Sgamma said.

The $114,000 cost for the Wyoming study was publicly funded through the Wyoming Energy Authority and Wyoming State Energy Program. It had been proposed by former lawmaker Eli Bebout. He is president of Nucor Oil and Gas and has received campaign contributions from industry.

July 2020

The New York Times reported that, shortly after President Trump’s inauguration, WEA’s Kathleen Sgamma reached out to the president’s transition team regarding requirements for methane release data.25Lisa Friedman. “New Emails Show How Energy Industry Moved Fast to Undo Curbs,” The New York Times, July 21, 2020. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

“Looks like this will be easier than we thought,” David Kreutzer, an economist with the Heritage Foundation, who coordinated with the Environmental Protection Agency, wrote of cancelling methane reporting requirements on Feb. 10, 2017.26Lisa Friedman. “New Emails Show How Energy Industry Moved Fast to Undo Curbs,” The New York Times, July 21, 2020. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

Three weeks later, the EPA officially withdrew the reporting requirement.27Lisa Friedman. “New Emails Show How Energy Industry Moved Fast to Undo Curbs,” The New York Times, July 21, 2020. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

The email was part of a collection of correspondence and interviews made public by a lawsuit 15 states brought against the EPA over the regulation of methane.28Lisa Friedman. “New Emails Show How Energy Industry Moved Fast to Undo Curbs,” The New York Times, July 21, 2020. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

February 24, 2020

The Western Energy Alliance bought a full-page ad in the New York Times in which 54 oil and natural gas industry executives “forcefully pushed back against months of claims that they are corrupt criminals who should be jailed” with regards to climate change.29Open Letter to 2020 Presidential Candidates,” Western Energy Alliance. Archived March 15, 2020. Archive URL:

“Contrary to the anti-oil and natural gas messages candidates are spreading to voters and the media on the campaign trail, the underlying statement from business leaders is that it ‘would be criminal not to produce oil and natural gas’,” the WEA’s press release reads.30Execs’ Open Letter to 2020 Candidates Promotes Oil & Natural Gas,” Western Energy Alliance, February 24, 2020. Archived April 15, 2020. Archive URL:

“Sen. Sanders calls us criminal and Vice President Biden says he would put us in jail, but it would be criminal not to produce the life-sustaining energy that enables a healthy, safe and modern lifestyle,” said Kathleen Sgamma, president of Western Energy Alliance.

Several sources told DeSmog that WEA’s messaging indicates the industry is desperate to defend its public image.31Dana Drugmand. “Oil Execs, Anxious About Public Support, Claim Halting Fossil Fuel Production Would Be ‘Criminal’,” DeSmog, March 6, 2020.

“As a legal matter this claim is laughable so it’s better thought of as a PR stunt,” said Douglas Kysar, professor of law at Yale Law School. “The oil and gas industry seems to realize that its products are being recognized as deadly by growing portions of the world community and is trying to salvage their image with this ploy.”32Dana Drugmand. “Oil Execs, Anxious About Public Support, Claim Halting Fossil Fuel Production Would Be ‘Criminal’,” DeSmog, March 6, 2020.

“They can see their social license to operate slipping away, and they’re scrambling to hold on as long as they can. They must be scared,” added Geoffrey Supran, a Harvard research associate who studies the history of fossil fuel disinformation. “Propaganda campaigns like this ad are the flagging fossil fuel industry’s predictable response.”33Dana Drugmand. “Oil Execs, Anxious About Public Support, Claim Halting Fossil Fuel Production Would Be ‘Criminal’,” DeSmog, March 6, 2020.

September 24, 2019

WEA President Kathleen Sgamma testified before the House Committee on Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources in a hearing titled “Fossil Fuel Development: Protecting Taxpayers and Eliminating Individual Giveaways.”34“Testimony Before the House Committee on Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources” (PDF), House Committee on Natural Resources, September 24, 2019. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

“Because the consumption of our products indeed does generate greenhouse gases, we’re vilified, yet our products provide overwhelming benefits that outweigh the impact,” Sgamma’s testimony reads. She also criticized proposed legislation to limit industry on federal lands as “duplicative regulatory red tape.”35“Testimony Before the House Committee on Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources” (PDF), House Committee on Natural Resources, September 24, 2019. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

“Why would Congress want to give BLM redundant powers to regulate air quality that is already granted to EPA and the states through the Clean Air Act?” She asked. “EPA rules are applicable on public lands, of course, so why the inefficient duplication? The answer can only be that the bill is following the example of the Obama Administration in doing an end-run around the Clean Air Act and its processes for regulating existing sources properly.”

She also criticized a bonding bill that would address the cleanup of orphan wells by the oil industry claiming that “If bond levels are raised too high, as they are in the bill, it ties up significant amounts of capital in an unproductive capacity, adding another cost that, in combination with all the other costs of operating on federal lands, leads to less production.”

On a bill regarding royalties, she claimed “Raising royalty rates on federal lands will make them even less competitive with adjacent non-federal lands because the federal government, through acts of Congress and Executive Branch policies, has already determined that it would rather extract more in regulatory costs than it can garner in direct royalty revenue.”

June 7, 2018

WEA’s Western Wire published an interview with Roger Pielke, Jr. on “Climate Funding.”

“If we’re worried about the accumulating amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, then for all the politics, for all the noise, for all the heat, it is ultimately a technology problem,” Pielke told the Western Wire. “The problem is, that the climate issue has for 20 years been owned, taken over, by some of the most far-left activists, who have the leading voices on the issue,” Pielke said.36Elena Connolly. “Massive Climate Funding By Wealthy Foundations Failed To Sway Public Opinion,” Western Wire, June 7, 2018. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

October 27, 2018

The New York Times outlined the role that industry lobbyists supporting groups including the Western Energy Alliance and Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) had played in working with the Interior Department under the Trump administration to expand fracking and drilling on public lands. [4]

“A successful push by industry lobbyists has changed internal policies that govern how frequently new federal leases are offered, how quickly drilling permits are approved and how much the companies pay in royalties on oil and gas that they extract from the federal lands. The administration, at the industry’s request, also cut the time the public has to challenge federal land sales.” [4]

“The Interior Department is also moving to ease restrictions that had limited access to certain critical wildlife habitats, such as the mating grounds used by the sage grouse,” The New York Times reported. Protections for the sage grouse have long been opposed by the oil and gas industry, as it prevented industry expansion into many habitat areas. [4]

A July 2017 email from WEA’s president, Kathleen M. Sgamma, argued some protections for the sage grouse were “overly expansive and burdensome.” She added: “These provisions are contrary to the president’s executive order” to promote energy independence. [4]

Documents and emails showed the influence of groups like the Western Energy Alliance. “Yesterday afternoon we, BLM & Solicitor’s Office, had a preliminary discussion on possible settlement conditions with the Western Energy Alliance,” said one February 2017 email from Kathleen Benedetto, a senior advisor at the Bureau of Land Management put in place by Ryan Zinke[4]

The New York Times noted that “The outcome of that meeting became public this year” when a “instruction memorandum” was sent out to field offices directing them to eliminate “unnecessary impediments and burdens” to leasing more federal land to oil and gas expansion. [4]

August 11, 2016

WEA filed a lawsuit in the federal district court for the District of New Mexico asking for the US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to be compelled to lease federal lands for oil and gas exploration. In a blog post on the action, WEA blamed the “Keep-It-in-the-Ground movement” for the slowing of leasing.37Kathleen Sgamma. “Who Needs Keep-It-in-the-Ground? BLM’s Already Doing So,” Western Energy Alliance, August 11, 2016. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

“The Keep-It-in-the-Ground movement is yelling and screaming to coerce BLM into violating the law so that this bureaucratic chokehold becomes a full policy stop. They’ve seen how the Obama Administration is willing to use its pen and phone to rule by fiat and impose policy that flouts Congressional mandate. The time is now for industry to stand up and demand that BLM and the Interior Department follow existing law passed by the representatives of the People.

For that reason, Western Energy Alliance today filed a lawsuit challenging the failure to hold quarterly lease sales to try to compel BLM to do what’s already required by law,” WEA wrote at its blog.38Kathleen Sgamma. “Who Needs Keep-It-in-the-Ground? BLM’s Already Doing So,” Western Energy Alliance, August 11, 2016. Archived August 5, 2020. Archive URL:

View court documents here.

March 17, 2015

WEA was among organizations represented in comments The Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) submitted to the EPA fighting against tightening air quality standards for ozone.39“Attention: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone Docket ID No. OAR–2008–0699” (PDF), IPAA, March 17, 2015. Retrieved from Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

“Assessing the need for a revised Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (Ozone NAAQS) hinges on the quality of the health analysis to determine the ambient concentrations of ozone that create adverse effects and on the implications of control strategies to meet the Ozone NAAQS. IPAA’s analysis of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) material on its proposed revisions to the Ozone NAAQS concludes that EPA fails to justify any change in the current NAAQS,” the comments read. “While EPA has a responsibility to set an Ozone NAAQS at a level to protect public health, it should not act in a manner that imposes unnecessary costs on American citizens.”

The complaint references material produced by IPAA’s “Energy In Depth” PR project as evidence. IPAA claims EID “found considerable flaws in the arguments EPA makes to justify the newly proposed NAAQS options.”  The document suggests in conclusion that “EPA should retain the current Ozone NAAQS because it would be the most cost effective choice for the same health benefits.40“Attention: National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone Docket ID No. OAR–2008–0699” (PDF), IPAA, March 17, 2015. Retrieved from Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

March 2015

WEA and IPAA, represented by the law firm Baker & Hostetler LLP, filed a lawsuit claiming new regulations by the Interior Department’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) were based on “unsubstantiated concerns,” Bloomberg reported. The regulations would require drillers on federal land to reveal the chemicals they use, meet construction standards for wells and safely dispose of contaminated water.41Jim Polson, Mark Drajem and Andrew Harris. “Oil Industry Meets First Federal Fracking Rules With a Lawsuit,” Bloomberg, March 20, 2015. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

According to the Center for Western Priorities, a conservation and advocacy organization, WEA filed its lawsuit one hour after BLM submitted its final rule.42Greg Zimmerman. “OIL AND GAS LOBBY BRAGS ABOUT LITIGIOUS PLAYBOOK, DESPITE DOWNTICK IN ENERGY REGULATIONS DURING THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION,” Center for Western Priorities, May 12, 2015. Archived August 19, 2020. Archive URL:

June 25, 2014

Lobbyist Richard Berman spoke at the Western Energy Alliance’s Annual Meeting in a presentation titled “Big Green Radicals: Exposing Environmental Groups” (PDF), as reported by the New York Times, who was provided a copy of the meeting agenda and a recording of the meeting from a confidential executive who had attended.43Eric Lipton. “Hard-Nosed Advice From Veteran Lobbyist: ‘Win Ugly or Lose Pretty’,” The New York Times, October 30, 2014. Archived September 1, 2020. Archived .pdf of presentation on file at DeSmog. Archive URL:

“You can either win ugly or lose pretty,” Berman said. “Think of this as an endless war. … And you have to budget for it.”

“I get up every morning and I try to figure out how to screw with the labor unions — that’s my offense,” Berman also said in his speech to the Western Energy Alliance. “I am just trying to figure out how I am going to reduce their brand.”44Eric Lipton. “Hard-Nosed Advice From Veteran Lobbyist: ‘Win Ugly or Lose Pretty’,” The New York Times, October 30, 2014. Archived September 1, 2020. Archived .pdf of presentation on file at DeSmog. Archive URL:

Among Berman’s suggestions was to “Use humor to minimize or marginalize the people on the other side.”

During his speech, Berman also outlined how he could route money from oil and gas industry executives to obscure the sources in his campaigns:

“People always ask me one question all the time: ‘How do I know that I won’t be found out as a supporter of what you’re doing?’ ” Mr. Berman told the crowd. “We run all of this stuff through nonprofit organizations that are insulated from having to disclose donors. There is total anonymity. People don’t know who supports us.”45Eric Lipton. “Hard-Nosed Advice From Veteran Lobbyist: ‘Win Ugly or Lose Pretty’,” The New York Times, October 30, 2014. Archived September 1, 2020. Archived .pdf of presentation on file at DeSmog. Archive URL:


According to the IPAMS annual report, in addition to various activities lobbying on federal lands issues and the environment, the group also produced “Earth science and educational videos aimed at elementary school children.”46IPAMS 1998 Annual Report,” IPAMS. Archived June 11, 2000. Archive URL:

Under their list of PR campaigns, they also ran a “Petro Pros” campaign to distribute presentations and kits to elementary school children. It included the following description:

“Through this program, IPAMS volunteers make one-hour presentations – provided by IPAMS – to elementary, middle and high school classrooms. The goal is to enlighten students and teachers of the importance of petrochemicals in their lives. Three teaching } kits~ have been assembled thus far, and Cherry Creek School District officials have already expressed interest.”

Some other selected activities listed for that year included:47IPAMS 1998 Annual Report,” IPAMS. Archived June 11, 2000. Archive URL:

  • “IPAMS lobbied Congress to implement royalty reduction (eco-credits) for voluntary mitigation.”
  • “IPAMS joined forces with an industry coalition to prevent the listing of the Black-tailed Prairie Dog.”
  • “IPAMS coordinated an effort to block Interior’s wilderness re-inventories in Utah and Colorado.”
  • “IPAMS worked to limit EPA involvement in oil and gas operations and sent a letter to EPA’s Carol Browner requesting that the EPA not duplicate state authority to regulate oil and gas operations.”
  • “In October IPAMS successfully petitioned the EPA not to regulate fracing [sic] under the UIC program.”
  • “IPAMS organized an Emissions Trading Conference to explore the possibility of using voluntary market forces to reduce air quality concerns.”


Note that WEA/IPAMS did not consistently provide a membership list to the public and it is currently viewable only to members. While efforts to reproduce clean data have been made from Internet Archive records, discrepancies in naming or logos from WEA/IPAMS year-over-year could have resulted in inconsistencies in the below information.

View the attached .xlsx spreadsheet of WEA and IPAMS Members for source data and reference links.

*Note that in 2010, only a partial listing was available, based on names listed on the IPAMS homepage.


M= Basic Member
BG= “Black Gold” Member
WM= “Wildcatter” Member
SM = “Sustaining Member” – Likely a more recent version of “Black Gold” Member

A-Plus Well Service, Inc       MM
A.G. Andrikopoulos Resources, Inc.MMMMMM MM
About Talent        M
ACI Group, LLC       M 
Adam James International       M 
Advanced Resources International    MM   
Advantage Resources, Inc.MMMMMM   
AEC Oil & Gas (USA), Inc.BGM       
AECOM Environment        M
Aeon EnergyMMMMMM MM
Air Resource Specialists, Inc.       M 
Albrecht & AssociatesMMMMMM   
Allegro Development        M
Allison Drilling Company, Inc.  MMM  M 
Alpha Development CorporationMM       
Alpine Gas LLLP       M 
Altex Oil CorporationMMMMMM   
Amadeus Petroleum Inc.       M 
Amegy Bank N. A./ Vectra Bank Colorado       MM
Amerada Hess Corporation  MMM    
American Capitol Group        M
American Energy Alliance        M
American Energy FinanceMMM      
American Gas Compression Services, Inc.MMMMM    
American National Bank    MM   
Anadarko PetroleumBGBGBGMWMMBGSM 
Anchor Bay Corporation       MM
Anderson Exploration Company        M
Anderson Management CompanyMMMM   MM
Anderson Oil CompanyMMMMMM   
Andex Resources, LLCMM       
Ansbro Petroleum Company  MMMM   
Anschutz Exploration CorporationMMMMM  MM
Antea Group        M
Antelope Energy Company, L.L.C.MMMMMM MM
Antero Resources Corporation     M MM
Aquila MM      
ARCADIS    M    
ARK Directional Services, Inc. U.S.       M 
Armstrong Oil & Gas, Inc.  MMMM MM
Armstrong Resources, LLC & Armstrong Oil & Gas, Inc.M        
Arnell Oil CompanyMMMMMM MM
Arthur Andersen LLPMM       
Ashby Drilling CorporationMMMMM    
Asher Resources Inc.MM     M 
Asher Resources Partnership  MMMM M 
Ashley Glassman       M 
Aspect Energy LLC    MM M 
Aspen Exploration CorporationMMM      
Asset Risk Management        M
Atlas Energy, L.P.       M 
Avison Young       M 
Aviva, Inc.MMMMMM   
Axia Energy LLC       MM
Aztec Energy Corporation  M      
B.J. ServicesMMMMBGM   
B2 Energy, LLC    MM   
Babcock & Brown Energy, Inc.  MMMM   
Badlands Energy, Inc.        M
Baker Atlas  M      
Baker Hostetler LLP       MM
Baker HughesMMMMM BGM 
Balcomb & Green, P.C.     M   
Ballard Petroleum Holdings LLC  MMMM MM
Bank of America Merrill Lynch        M
Bank of Oklahoma, N.A.  MMMM MM
Bank of the West     M MM
Bank One Energy & Utilities GroupM        
Banko Petroleum Management, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Banque ParibasM        
Barbrick Investment Company  MMMM   
Barlow & Haun, Inc.MMMMMM   
Barrett Resources CorporationBGBG       
Barron Investments       M 
Basic Earth Science Systems, Inc.MMMMMM   
Basic Energy Services       MM
Basin Exploration, Inc.M        
Bass Enterprises Production Co.     M   
Bayless      BG  
Bayswater Exploration & Production, LLC       MM
Baytex Energy USA Ltd.       M 
Beacon E&P Company, LLC       MM
Bear Cub Energy LLC  MMMM   
Bear Paw EnergyMMMMMM   
Beatty & Wozniak, P.C.     M MM
Behrens And Associates       MM
Belco Energy Corp.M        
Benchmark Commercial       M 
Benson Mineral Group, Inc.MMMMMM MM
BENTEK Energy LLC       M 
Berco Resources, LLCMMBGBGBGBG   
Berry Petroleum Company  MBGBGBGBGM 
Bestoso Oil & Gas CompanyMM       
BETR Resources, Ltd.MMM      
Big Country Energy Services LLC       M 
Bill Barrett Corporation  MBGBGBGBGSM 
Bird Oil CorporationMMMMM    
Bison Engineering, Inc.        M
BJ Services Company   BG BG   
Bjork Lindley Little PC   MMM MM
Bjork, Lindley, Danielson & Baker, P.C.MM       
Bjork, Lindley, Danielson & Little, P.C.  M      
Black Diamond Minerals, LLC       M 
Black Hills Exploration and Production, Inc.  MMMMBGMM
Blackeagle Energy Services        M
Bonanza Creek Energy, Inc.       MM
BOPCO, L.P.      BGM 
Boulder Oil CompanyM        
Bourland & Leverich Supply Co.M        
Boyt Investment Co.     M   
Bradsby Group       MM
Breck Energy Corp       MM
BreitBurn Management Company, LLC       M 
Breitenbach Petroleum Corporation       M 
Bright Star Energy Services, Inc.   MM    
Broe Companies       MM
Brooke Denver Insurance    M    
Brooks Exploration, Inc.M        
Brownlie, Wallace, Armstrong & Bander ExplorationMMMMMM M 
Brownstein Hyatt & Farber    M    
Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, LLP        M
Bryan Cave LLP       MM
BTA Oil ProducersM        
BTC Oil Properties,LLC   MM    
Bullock Oil Properties MMMMM MM
Burlington ResourcesMMMMMM   
Burns & McDonnell        M
Burns, Wall, Smith and Mueller, PCMMMMMM   
Business Acquisitions, Ltd.M MMM    
Buys & Associates, Inc.MMMMMM   
BWAB IncorporatedMMMMMM   
C & E OperatorsMMMMMM MM
Cabot Oil & Gas CorporationBGBGBGBGBGBGBG  
CACHCO Investments, LLCMMM      
Caerus Oil and Gas LLC       MM
Calfrac Well Services Corp      BGMM
Caliber Midstream        M
Calpine Natural Gas  MMWM    
Calver Resources Inc.  MMM    
Canadian Consulate       MM
Canary, LLC       MM
Captiva Resources, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Carbon Energy CorporationMMMM     
Carbon Natural Gas Company       MM
Cardo CompanyMMMMMM   
Caribou Land and Livestock Montana, LLC  MMMM   
Carl F. SmithMMMMMM   
Carmony Exploration, LLC        M
Cassidy Turley Colorado        M
Castle Rock Resources, LLC    MM M 
Castleton Commodities International       MM
Catamount Constructors, Inc.       MM
Catamount Resources, LLC       MM
Cathedral Energy Services       MM
Catlin Underwriting Agency U.S., Inc.   MM    
Caza Drilling CompanyMMMMM    
CB Richard Ellis     M MM
CBRE       MM
Cenex Harvest States CooperativesM        
Centennial Resource Development, LLC       MM
Central Operating, Inc.MM       
Central Resources, Inc.BGBGMMMM MM
Certek Heating Solutions       M 
Chaco Energy Company       MM
Chandler Energy, LLC MMMMM  M
Charles A. EinarsenMMMMMM   
Chemco, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Cherry Creek Insurance       MM
Chesapeake Energy Corporation       MM
Chevron        M
Chief Well Logging Company M MMM   
Chippewa Resources        M
Chris KennedyMMMMMM   
Cimarex Energy Co.  MMMMBGMM
Ciris Energy Inc.       M 
Cirque Resources LP       MM
Citation Oil and Gas Corp.      BG  
Citi Private Bank       M 
Clanahan, Tanner, Downing & Knowlton, P.C.M M      
Claude C. Corkadel  MMM    
Cliff Stevens  MMM    
Club Oil & Gas, Inc.MM       
CMS Energy Oil & GasMM       
Coastal Oil & Gas CorporationBGBG       
Cody Energy, LLCMM       
Cohort Energy Company  MM     
Coleman Oil and Gas, Inc.M MMMM   
Colliers       M 
Colliers International       MM
Colorado Business Bank       MM
Colorado Interstate Gas  M      
Colorado Tubulars/Aztec Pipe LLC   MMM   
Colton Limited Liability CompanyMMMMMM   
Columbine Logging       M 
Column Commercial Partners       MM
Comerica Bank       MM
Comet Resources, LLC  MMM    
Comet Ridge Resources, LLC       M 
Community Banks of Colorado       M 
Compass Bank    MM   
ComplyWorks       M 
Concho Resources        M
Concord Energy Holdings LLC  MMM  MM
Condor Exploration, LLCMM       
Conley P. Smith Operating CompanyMMMMM  MM
Connelly Exploration Inc.MMMMMM   
ConocoPhillips  MMM  MM
Continental Resources       MM
Corab Resources        M
Coral Production Corp.MMM      
Cordillera Energy Partners LLC MMMWMMBG  
Cornerstone Environmental Resources, Inc.M        
Cornerstone Natural Resources LLC    MM MM
Coronado Oil CompanyMMMMMM MM
Corpac Steel       MM
Corporate Source Office Furniture    MM   
Craig Energy        M
Cramer Oil CompanyMMMMMM   
CRED        M
Credo Petroleum CorporationMMMMMM   
CRESA Partners     M   
Crescent Point Energy       MM
Crow Creek Energy, L.L.C.  MMMM   
Crown Energy Partners, LLC       M 
CSI Recruiting  MMMM   
Cudd Pressure Control, Inc.MMMMMMBG  
D. J. Simmons, Inc.MMMMMM   
D.A. Davidson & Co.        M
D.J. Simmons, Inc.       MM
Dalton Boggs       M 
Danish Flats Environmental Services       M 
David Bradshaw       M 
David Morrison-Commercial real estate broker     M   
Davis, Graham & Stubbs LLPMM MMM MM
Deal Energy Resources       M 
Dejour Energy (USA) Corporation       M 
Deloitte    MM M 
Delta Petroleum CorporationMMMMBGBG   
Dennis A. Oliver & Associates, Inc.  MMM    
Denver Petroleum Club        M
Denver Zoo       M 
Desco Environmental Consultants       MM
Devon Energy CorporationBGBGBGBGBGBGSMSMSM
DGS Law      BG  
DHS Drilling Co.       M 
Diamond Oil & Gas, LLC       M 
Discovery Natural Resources, LLC        M
DJ Resources, Inc.       MM
Dolar Energy, LLC  MMMM   
Dolar Oil PropertiesMM       
Domestic Petroleum CouncilMM       
Dominion Exploration & Production, Inc.MM       
Dominion Exploration Canada Ltd.  MBGBGBG   
Dominion Oklahoma Texas Exploration & Production, Inc.  M      
Don Adams & AssociatesMM       
Don Greenwood  MMMM   
Don Wolf       MM
Don’s Directory, Inc.  MMMM M 
Dorado E&P Partners       MM
Dorado Gas Resources, LLC  MMMM   
Dorsey & Whitney LLPMMMMM  MM
Double Eagle Petroleum Company  M    M 
Douglas CullenM        
Dr. Burdette A. OgleMMMM M   
Drillinginfo       MM
DRM Oilfield Tubulars        M
DTC Energy Group, Inc.       M 
DTZ Americas, Inc.        M
Dudley & Associates, LLC  MMMM   
Dugan Production Corp.MMMMMM   
Duke Energy Field Services, Inc.MMMMWMM   
Duncan Oil, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Dupré Energy Services, LLC       MM
E.C. YegenMMMMMM   
Eagle Environmental Consulting, Inc.        M
Eagle Exploration       M 
Earth Services & Abatement       M 
Earthstone Energy, Inc.       MM
Eaton Metal Products Company LLC       MM
Edgen Corporation    MM   
Edmonds Energy Corp.       MM
EE3 LLC       MM
Ehrhardt Keefe Steiner & Hottman PC  MMMM MM
Eide Bailly LLP       MM
El Paso      BG  
El Paso Corporation   BGBG    
El Paso Field Services  BG      
El Paso Western Pipelines   MMM   
Elevation Digital Media        M
Elk Creek Energy, LLC    MM   
Elk Resources, Inc.     M   
Elm Ridge Exploration Company, LLC       MM
Elm Ridge Resources, Inc.MMBGBGBGBG   
eLynx Technologies, L.L.C.    MM   
Emerald Oil       M 
Emerald Operating CompanyMMMMMM   
EnCap Investments M  MMBGMM
Encore Acquisition Company    MMBG  
Endeavour International Corporation       MM
Enduring Resources, LLC     M MM
EnerCom IncorporatedBGBGMMMM M 
Energy Acquisition Corp.  M      
Energy Ingenuity Co.  M      
Energy IV, LLC       M 
Energy Navigator       MM
Energy Operating Company, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Energy Real Estate Solutions, LLC        M
Energy Search CompanyMMMMMM   
Energy Services Limited Liability Company       M 
Energy Spectrum     M   
EnergyNet  MMMM MM
Enerplus Resources (USA) Corporation       MM
Enerplus Resources Fund      BG  
Enertia Software  MMM    
Enesco        M
England Resources CorporationMMMMMM   
Enron North America Corp.BGM       
Enserco Energy, Inc.MMMMMM   
Ensign Energy Services Inc.      BGMM
Ensign Oil & Gas, Inc.MMMMWM    
Ensign United States Drilling     M   
Entek Energy       MM
enTerra Energy, L.L.C.    MM   
EnVent Energy LLC   MMM MM
EnviroGroup       M 
Environmental Resource Management       M 
Environmental Strategies Corp.  M      
EP Energy       MM
EP Tech  MM     
Equity Oil Company  MMM    
ERM Pipeline, LLC     M   
Ernst & Young    MMBGMM
Escalera Resources Co.        M
ESRI     M   
Eurofins Lancaster Laboratories Environmental Inc.        M
Evans Energy CompanyMMM      
Everest Energy  MMM    
Evergreen Resources, Inc.BGBGBGBG     
Evertson Oil Company, Inc.MMMMMM MM
eVs, LLC   MMM   
Ewing Exploration Company       M 
Exaro Energy III, LLC       MM
Exciter        M
EXCO Resources, Inc.MM   M   
Falcon Petroleum, LLC  M      
Fall Line EnergyMMMMMM   
Fancher Resources, LLCMMMMMM MM
Farleigh Oil PropertiesMMMMMM   
Ferguson Beauregard  MMMM   
Ferguson Energy, Inc.M        
Fidelity Exploration & Production CompanyMMBGBGWMMBGMM
Fifth Third Bank        M
Financial Designs Limited       MM
Find Oil & Gas Co.MMMMMM   
Finley Resources Inc.        M
First Albany Capital    MM   
First Albany Corporation  MMM    
First Energy Services CompanyMM       
First Union Securities, Inc.MM       
First Western Trust Bank       M 
Five States Energy Company, L.L.C.  MMMM M 
Flint Hills Resources, LP  MMMM   
Flood & Peterson InsuranceMM       
FMC Technologies Completion Services       MM
Forest Oil CorporationBGBGBGMMMBG  
Forestar Petroleum Corporation       MM
Foundation Energy Management, LLC       MM
FourPoint Energy, LLC        M
Frank Di Grappa     M   
Frank W. Winegar, TrustMMMMMM   
Franke Greenhouse List & Lippitt LLP       M 
Freberg & Company, Inc.M        
Frontier Oil and Refining CompanyM        
FTS International       M 
Furst Engineering Inc.MMMMM    
Fuse Energy        M
G & H Production Company, LLCMMMMMM MM
G Wiz Systems, Inc.MM       
Gallatin Public Affairs       MM
Gardere & Wynne, LLPMMM      
Garvin Robert       M 
Gary-Williams Energy CorporationMM   M   
GaryWilliams Energy Corporation  MMM    
Gas Research InstituteM        
Gas Technology Institute MMMM    
GasCo Energy, Inc.  MMMM M 
Gasher-Brum Energy Partners Corporation     M   
GE Capital       M 
Gene F. Lang & Co.       MM
Genesis Energy       MM
Genesis Gas & Oil LLC     M M 
George C. Vaught Jr.MM       
George Dolezal, Jr.MMMMM    
George G. Vaught, Jr.  MM M MM
Geosyntec Consultants        M
GeoTrans, Inc.  M      
Gerald QuiatMMMM M   
GES Energy & Natural Resources       M 
Global Infrastructure Partners       MM
GMT Exploration Company LLC       MM
GMT, Inc.  MMMM   
Gold Point Exploration Ltd.     M   
Golder Associates Inc.       MM
Good Earth Minerals LLC    M    
Grand Mesa Operating CompanyMMMMM  M 
Grand Resources, Ltd.MMMMMM MM
Grant Thornton, LLP        M
Great Western Oil and Gas Company, LLC       MM
Greenberg Traurig       MM
Guaranty Bank and Trust Company       MM
Gunlikson Petroleum Inc.       MM
Gunnison Energy Corp  MMMM MM
GWiz Systems, Inc.  MMM    
H.J. KagieM        
H.N. “Dusty” Rhodes M MM    
H&C Colton Co       MM
H2H Group       M 
Halcon Resources Corporation       M 
Haley Engineering Inc.MM       
Hallador Petroleum Co.MMMMM    
Halliburton   BG BGBGSMSM
Halliburton Energy ServicesBGBGBGMBGM   
Hallwood Energy CorporationMM       
Hanifen, Imhoff Inc.M        
Haploos       M 
Harding ESEMMM      
Harris Nesbitt Corp.    MM   
Hart Energy Publishing       MM
Hart Publications, Inc.MMMMM    
Harvey E. Yates CompanyMMMMMM MM
Hat Creek Energy LLC       MM
Hawthorn Oil CompanyM        
Hayden-Wing Associates, LLC       M 
Headington Oil Company MMMM    
Heartland Oil and Gas CompanyMMM      
Hebna Corporation        M
Hein & AssociatesMMMMMM MM
Heinle & Associates, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Helis Oil & Gas       MM
Herbaly Exploration LLC  MMMM MM
Herbaly Petroleum Corp.MM       
Herbrick Agency Oil & Gas Field Insurance     M   
Hewitt B Fox IncM      MM
Hibernia National Bank    MM   
High Country Executive Search       MM
HITT Contracting        M
Hogan & Hartson L.L.P.  MMMM   
Hogan Lovells US LLP       MM
HollyFrontier Corporation       M 
Holme Roberts & Owen LLPMMMMMM   
Holsinger Law, LLC       MM
Hoovler Ventures, LLCMMM      
HRF Exploration & Production  MMM    
HRM Resources, LLC       MM
HS Resources, Inc.MM       
Hub International       M 
Hubbell Exit Strategies, LLC     M   
Hugh V. SchaeferMM MMM   
Hunsucker Goodstein       M 
Hunter Energy LLC       M 
Hunter Stuart Energy Advisors  MMM    
i 2 Construction       MM
IHS      BG  
Impact Energy Resources, LLC       M 
Impact Energy, Inc. MMMM    
Incorr Energy Group LLC       M 
Independent Production Company, Inc.MMMMM    
Industry Infographics, Inc.       MM
Infinity Oil & GasMMMMMM MM
Infinity Oil & Gas of Wyoming  MMM    
Inflection Energy       MM
ING (U.S.) Capital Corp.M        
Inland Oil & Gas CorporationMMMMMM M 
Inland Production CompanyM        
Inland Resources, Inc.  MM     
Insurance Management Associates, Inc.MMMMMM   
Integrated Petroleum Technologies, Inc.M M      
Intoil Inc.MMM      
Intrepid Oil & Gas LLCMMMMMM   
IPAMS-GTI M       
J-W Energy Company       M 
J-W Operating Company    WMM   
J.L. Obourn, Jr. & Co.MMMMMM   
J.M. Huber Corporation  MMWMM   
J&H Marsh & McLennanM        
JACAM Chemical       MM
Jackson Kelly PLLC       M 
JBR Environmental Consultants     M M 
Jenex Petroleum CorporationMMM      
Jet Linx Denver        M
JMI Energy, IncM        
John CranorM        
Jonah Gas Company, LLC  MMMM MM
Jones Lang LaSalle Americas, Inc.       MM
Julander Energy       M 
Julien J. Studley, Inc.   M     
Juneau Energy LLC        M
Jupiter Energy, L.L.C.     M   
K.P. Kauffman Company, Inc.       MM
Kadrmas Lee & Jackson       M 
Keane Group       MM
Keith Lightfield       M 
Ken Farmer Operating, LLC    MM MM
Kennedy Oil  MMM    
Kentta CorporationMMMMMM   
Kerr McGee     BG   
KerrMcGee Rocky Mountain Corporation  MMMM   
Key Energy Services, Inc.       MM
Key Production Company, Inc.M        
Kim Overcash LLCMM     MM
Kinder Morgan, Inc.MMMMM    
Kinney Oil CompanyMMMMMM MM
Kirkpatrick Energy Associates, Inc.M        
Klabzuba Oil & GasacMMMMMM   
Kleinfelder       MM
KLT Gas Inc.  M      
Knapp Oil Corporation       MM
Koch Exploration Company, LLC  MMMM MM
Koch Petroleum Group LPMM       
Kodiak Oil & Gas       M 
Krug & SobelMM       
L. B. Industries, Inc.M        
Lake Fork Resources, LLCMMMMM    
Lamar Light & PowerMMM      
Laramide and Laramide Production LLCMMM      
Laramide LLC   MMM   
Laramie Energy    MM   
Laramie Energy II, LLC       MM
Lario Oil & Gas CompanyMMMMMM MM
Lathrop & Gage L.C.       MM
Lawton L. ClarkMMM      
Layfield Environmental Systems Corporation       M 
LEED Energy Services Corporation  MMMM   
Leede ExplorationMM       
Leede Operating Co., LLC  MMMM MM
Legacy Energy CorporationMM       
Legacy Wealth Partners       M 
Leith Ventures, LLCM        
Lewis, Bess, Williams & Weese P.C.       MM
Liberty Energy Holdings, LLC  MMMM M 
Liberty Gas Marketing    M    
Liberty Oilfield Services       MM
Liberty Resources LLC       MM
Lime Rock Partners   MMM   
Linc Energy       MM
Little Oil & GasMMMMMM   
Locin Oil CorporationMMMMMM   
Lockton Companies, LLC       MM
Logan & Firmine, Inc.MMMMMM   
Lone Mountain Production CompanyMMMMMM M 
Lone Star Steel Company     M   
Longwell Investments  MMMM   
Louis S. Madrid Oil & GasMMMMMM   
LT Environmental, Inc.       MM
Luca Technologies, LLC    MM   
Luff Exploration Company       MM
M & G Drilling Company, Inc.  M      
M & K Oil Company, IncMMMMMM   
M-I SWACO    MM   
M.A. MiceliM        
M.J. England & AssociatesMMMMMM MM
M2M Data Corp.   MM    
M2M Matrix, Inc.  M      
M3 Construction, LLC        M
Macquarie Tristone       M 
Maddox Oil Properties, Inc.MMM      
Madison Energy Advisors, Inc.MMMM M   
Madrid Oil & Gas Properties       MM
Magna Energy Services       M 
Major Gathering CompanyMM       
Major Oil & GasM        
Major Pipeline, L.L.C.  MMM    
MAK-J Energy Partners, Ltd.    MM   
Makoil, Inc.M        
Mallard Resources CompanyM        
Mallon Resources Corp.MMMMM    
Manley & McAdam, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Manti Operating Company     M   
Manx Oil CorporationMMMMMM   
Mar Oil and Gas Corporation       MM
Markus Production, Inc.MMMMMM MM
MarkWest Resources, Inc.MMMM     
Marlin Miles & Company, PCMMM      
Marshall & Winston, Inc.       MM
MasTec North America       MM
McAda Fluids Heating        M
McCartney Engineering, LLC    M    
McElvain Energy, Inc.       MM
McElvain Oil & Gas PropertiesMMMMWMMBG  
McGraw Hill/PlattsMMMMM    
McGriff, Seibels & Williams     M   
McMurry Energy CompanyMM       
Meagher Energy Advisors       MM
Meagher Oil & Gas Properties, Inc.  MMM    
Meany Land & Exploration, Inc.  MMMM   
Medicine Bow Energy Corporation  MMMM   
Melange Associates, Inc.   M     
Melange International, LLC    MM M 
Memorial Resource Development LLC        M
Mendell Petroleum CorporationM        
Mercator Energy, LLC  MMMM MM
Mercer Energy Advisors    M    
Merit Energy CompanyMMBGBGBGBGBGMM
Meritage Energy Partners LLC   MM    
Merrion Oil & Gas       MM
Mesa Energy Partners       MM
Mesa Hydrocarbons, Inc. MMM     
Metro Denver Economic Development Corporation       MM
MGA Communications   MMM   
Michael Lacey     M   
Millennium Energy Group, LLCMM       
Miller Energy Consulting, LLC        M
Miller, Dyer & Co. LLC     M   
Miratech Corporation   MMM   
Montana & Wyoming Oil CompanyM        
Montana Geoscience Foundation  MMM    
Moody Insurance       MM
Morenergy Exploration CompanyM   MM   
Morgan Stanley  MMM    
Mountain Petroleum CorporationMMMMMM M 
Mountain States BioSolveM        
Moye |White       MM
Mull Drilling Company, Inc.MM       
Mustang Resources, LLC        M
N M Rothschild (Denver) Inc.    M    
Nabors Drilling USAMMMMMMBG  
Nadel & Gussman HEYCO, LLC       MM
Nance Petroleum CorporationMMMBGBG    
National Fuel CorporationMMMMMM MM
National Oilwell Varco        M
NationsBank Energy Group DenverM        
Natural Gas Associates of Colorado, LLPMMM      
Natural Gas Fuel CompanyM        
Natural Gas PartnersMMMMMM M 
Nautilus Oil and Gas CompanyMM       
Nerd Gas Company, LLC      BGMM
Netherland, Sewell & Associates   MMM   
New Mexico Oil CorporationMMMMMM M 
New Millennium Resources, Inc.M        
New Prospect Company        M
New Tech Global       M 
Newalta Corp.       MM
Newfield Exploration Company    MMBGSMSM
Newfields LLC       M 
Newmark Knight Frank Frederick Ross       M 
Newpark Drilling Fluid, LLC  MMMM   
NexGen Oil & Gas, LLC       MM
Next Generation Solutions       M 
Nexus Resources LLC       MM
NiCo Resources, LLC       MM
Nielson & Associates, Inc.MMMMMM MM
NMR Holdings, LLC       MM
Noble Energy Inc.      BGSMSM
Noble Royalties, Inc.    BGBG   
North American Petroleum Corporation USA     M   
North Central Oil CorporationM        
North Plains Energy, LLC       M 
Northstar Bank Colorado        M
Norton Rose Fulbright        M
Noshok, Inc.  MMM    
NPC Engineering Group, LLC       M 
Nytis Exploration    MM   
O’Neal Resources Corporation   MM  MM
O&G Environmental Consulting, LLC  MMMM   
Occidental Petroleum Corporation      BGMM
Ocean EnergyM MM     
OfficeScapes        M
OGE Energy Resources     M   
Oilfield Salvage & Service CompanyM        
Old Ironsides Energy, LLC        M
Oneok, Inc.      BG  
Opon LLC        M
Opportune LLP       MM
Optigas, Inc.    MM   
Orion Energy Partners    MM   
Orion-Utah, LLCMMM      
Oso Energy Resources, CorporationM MMMM   
OtterTail Environmental, Inc.        M
Outrigger Energy       MM
P.A. WEISS Executive Solutions        M
P2 Energy Solutions  M      
Pace Global Energy Services    M    
Packers Plus Energy Services Inc.       MM
Paladin Energy Partners  MMMM   
Panther Creek Resources LLCMMMMMM   
Panther Pressure Testers        M
Patara Oil & Gas       M 
Pathfinder Energy Services  M      
Patina Oil & Gas Corporation   BGBGBG   
Patrick A. DohenyMMMM     
Patterson-UTI Drilling Company  MMMM   
Patton Boggs LLP   MMM MM
PBS Energy Production, Inc.       M 
PDC Energy, Inc.       MSM
Peabody Natural Gas  MMMM   
Peak Energy Resources Inc.  MMMM   
Peak Energy Ventures  MM     
Peak Exploration & Production, LLC       MM
Peak Wealth Advisors, Inc.        M
Peakview Energy Company       M 
Pease Oil & Gas CompanyMM       
Pennaco Energy, Inc.MM       
Permits West, Inc.       MM
Peter K. RooseveltM MM     
PETR (logo not visible)  BG      
Petrie Parkman & Co.MMMBGBGBG   
Petrie Partners       MM
Petro-Canada    BG BGBG  
Petroglyph Energy, Inc.MMMMMMBGMM
Petrogulf CorporationMMMMMM MM
Petrol Oil and Gas Inc.     M   
Petroleum Field Services       MM
Petroleum Place BG BGBG    
Petron Development Company       MM
Petros Environmental Group, Inc.       MM
petroWEB       M 
Phillips Petroleum Co.MM       
Phoenix Production CompanyMMMMM    
Pioneer Energy Inc.       M 
Pioneer Energy Services       M 
Pioneer Natural Resources    BGBGSMSMM
Pitts Oil CompanyMMMMM    
Plains Marketing, L.P.MMMMMM   
Plexus Capital, LLC       M 
PLS Inc       M 
Poison Spider Oil Company, LLCMMMMMM   
Polfam Exploration CompanyMMMMMM   
Ponderosa Advisors       MM
Poulson, Odell & Peterson, LLCM MMM   M
Powers Energy Corporation       M 
PRB Transportation, Inc    MM   
Precision Drilling       M 
Premier Data Services MMMMM   
Presco, Inc.    MM   
Preston, Reynolds & Co., Inc.M MM     
Prima Energy Corporation MMMWM    
Prima Exploration, Inc.M MMMM MM
Prima Oil & Gas CompanyM        
Private Oil Industry, Inc.  MMM    
Pruitt Gushee, a Professional Corporation     M   
PYR Energy CorporationMMMMM    
QEP Resources, Inc.       SMSM
Quad Knopf Inc.       MM
Questa Engineering Corporation   MM    
Questar     BG   
Questar Market Resources  MMBG+WMMSM  
R Squared Incorporated    MM   
R.N. Industries       M 
RAS & Associates       MM
RCF Consulting Services, LLC       M 
Read & Stevens        M
Red Sky Resources       M 
Red Willow Production CompanyMMMMMM MM
Redstone Resources, Inc.M MM     
Reed Energy Consulting LLC       MM
Renzenberger        M
Resolute Energy Corporation       MM
Resolute Natural Resources Company    MactioM   
Resource Solutions, LLC  MMMM   
Retamco Operating, Inc.MMM    MM
Rex MonahanMMMM M   
Richard Altman & Company       MM
Richard P. Cullen M MM    
Richardson Operating Company   MMM   
Rim Operating, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Rincon Exploration LLCMMMMMM   
Rio Chama Petroleum, Inc.MMMMM    
RiverRock Energy, LLC        M
Rivington Capital Advisors  MMMM   
RKI Exploration & Production       MM
Robert Garvin    MM  M
Robert L. Bayless, Producer LLCMMMMWMM MM
Robert R. Vanderbeek     M   
Rocking Horse Energy Services       M 
RockPile Energy Services       MM
Rocky Mountain Exploration, Inc.M        
Rocky Mountain Gas, Inc.    M    
Rocky Mountain Operating Co.MMMMMM   
Rosetta Resources Inc.     MBG  
Rosewood Resources, Inc.M       M
Royalty Investment Ltd Inc.       M 
Ryan Exploration   MMM MM
Ryder Scott Company Petroleum Consultants  MMM    
Saga Petroleum      BGMM
SageRider       M 
Salomon Smith Barney, Inc.M        
Samson     BG   
Samson Energy Company, LLC        M
Samson Resources  MMBG+WMMBGMM
Samuel Gary Jr. & Associates     M MM
San Juan Resources, Inc.       MM
Sandefer CapitalM        
Sanjel (USA) Inc.    MMBGMM
Savant Resources LLCMMMMMM   
Savills Studley        M
Sawyer Oil & Gas Company, Inc.MMMMM    
Schneider Oil Corp./GASTRON  MMMM   
Schulein CompanyMMMMMM   
Seitel Data Ltd.    MM   
Semcrude, LP    MM   
Seminole Transportation & Gathering Inc.  MM     
Seneca Resources Corporation   MM    
Sequel Energy, LLC       M 
Sequoyah Resource Partners  MMMM   
SFC Energy Partners       MM
SG Interests, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Shell      BG  
Shell E & P Company  MMMM MM
Sher & Associates MMMMM   
Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P.        M
SI Technologies       M 
Signal Hill Company , LLC       MM
Simpact Oil & Gas LLC  MMMM   
Sisk & Co.  MMM    
Slate River Resources LLC    MM   
Slawson Exploration Company, Inc.       MM
SM Energy       SMSM
Snell & Wilmer LLP        M
Source Rock LLC       M 
Southwestern Energy        M
Southwestern Production Corp.       M 
Sprinkle & Associates LLCMMMMMM MM
Sproule Associates Inc.  MMM    
ST Oil CompanyMMMMMM   
St. Charles Capital       M 
St. Mary Land & Exploration CompanyMMMBGBGBGBG  
Stanford Group Co.M        
Stanley Energy, Inc.MMMMMM   
Star Resources LLCM        
Starquest Learning       M 
Stelbar Oil Corporation, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Stellar Recruitment        M
Stephen Smith, Inc.MMMMMM M 
Stephens Energy Company LLC     M M 
Stephens Production Company        M
Steptoe & Johnson PLLC        M
Sterling Energy Investments, LLC       MM
Stern & Curray LLC       M 
Stewart Petroleum CorporationMMMMMM MM
Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated  MMM    
Stone Energy L.L.C.  MMM    
Stonegate Resources, LLC    MM MM
Storm Cat Energy (USA) Corporation     M   
Strad Energy Services       MM
Strata Control Services       M 
StratCom Advisors LLC   MM    
Studley, Inc.       M 
Suex Corp.M        
Summit Resources, LLC       MM
Summit Services Group       MM
Suncor Energy Inc. MMMMM   
Sundance Energy       MM
Swann Exploration Company  MMMM   
Swift Energy Company       M 
Systems Petroleum       M 
T-K Production Co.MM  MM MM
T-Rex       MM
Tall Grass Energy CompanyMMMMMM M 
Taqa       M 
Taurus, Ltd.MMMMMM   
Tegra Energy Services, LLC  MMM    
Temkin, Wielga & Hardt LLP   MMM   
Tengasco, Inc.        M
Teocali Energy       MM
Termo Company, TheMM       
Tesoro Companies        M
Tesoro Refining and Marketing Company  M      
TestAmerica Laboratories        M
Teton Oil and Gas Corporation   MMM  M
Texas American Resources Company    MM   
TGIF Investments LLC  MM     
The Armstrong CorporationM        
The Bank of Cherry Creek   M     
The Brinkerhoff CompanyMMMMMM   
The Louis Berger Group       MM
The Oil & Gas Asset ClearinghouseBG      MM
The Petroleum Place, Inc.MM MM    
The RETEC Group, Inc.    M    
The Shipley Group    MM   
The Staubach CompanyMMMMMM   
The Termo Company  MMMM   
The Williams Companies, Inc.   BGBGBG   
Thomas J. Sisk and Company, Inc.    MM MM
Thomasson Partner Associates, Inc.    MM MM
Three Crown Petroleum        M
Three Forks Resources, LLC       M 
Thunder Creek Gas Services, LLCMMMMMM   
Tim Glath   MM    
Timberline Energy, Inc.MM       
Timothy Hamilton       M 
Tiorco, Inc.M MMMM   
Tipperary CorporationMMMMWMM   
TK Production Co.  MM     
Tom Brown, Inc.BGBGBGBG     
Tower Energy CorporationM        
Tracker Resource Development     M MM
TransZap, Inc.MMMMMM   
Tricon Geophysics,Inc.   MM    
TrigonSheehan, LLC  MMM    
Trihydro Corporation       MM
Trinity Consultants        M
Trinity Petroleum Management       MM
Tristone Capital     BG   
Tristone Capital & The Oil & Gas Asset Clearinghouse     M   
TriWorth       MM
Trueblood Resources, Inc.    MM MM
Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co.      BGMM
Tundra Resources, LLCMM       
Twin Bridges, LLC        M
UBS Financial Services, Inc.        M
Ultra Petroleum, Inc.M MMMBGBGMM
Unico, Inc.  MMMM M 
Unit Corporation       MM
United Energy Partners    M    
United Energy Trading  MBGM    
United States ExplorationMMMMM    
Universal Oil & Gas, LLC        M
University of Colorado, GEM Program       MM
Upstream Petroleum Management, Inc.       MM
Ute Indian Tribe        M
Valley Operating, Inc.M        
Van Cott, Bagley, Cornwall & McCarthy     M   
Van Gilder Insurance Corp       MM
Vantage Energy, LLC       MM
Vaughey & Vaughey     M MM
Vecta ExplorationMM       
Venoco, Inc.M        
Venture Transport Logistics, LLC    MM   
Vessels Coal Gas, Inc   MMM   
Vesta Commercial Interiors       MM
Vis-Op OilM        
Vista Resources, Inc.  MMMM   
Wachovia Securities  M      
Ward Petroleum Corporation       MM
Waterous & Co.   MBGM   
Weatherford InternationalMMMMMMBGMM
Weaver Boos Consultants, LLC       MM
Weber Law Firm, LLC       MM
Welborn Sullivan Meck & Tooley, P.C.MMMMMM MM
Welldog, Inc.  MMM    
Wellogix, Inc.BGBG MM    
Wells Fargo      BG  
Wells Fargo Bank West, N.A.MM       
Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.  MMWMM MM
Wells Fargo Energy Capital    MM   
Wells Petroleum, Inc.   MMM   
Wellstar CorporationMMMMMM   
West, Inc.       MM
Westcor EnergyMM       
Western Gas Resources, Inc.MMMMWMBG   
Western Interior Energy, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Weston Solutions, Inc.       MM
Westphal Land and Landman Services       MM
Westport Oil & Gas Company, Inc.MMMM     
Westport Resources Corporation   BG     
Wexford Resources, Inc.M        
White Eagle Exploration, Inc.MMMMMM MM
Whiting Petroleum CorporationMMMMBGBGBGSMSM
WHPacific, Inc.       MM
Wildhorse ExplorationMMMMMM   
Wildrose Resources CorporationMMMMM    
William R. Smith M MMM   
Williams  BGMMMBG  
Williams Energy Marketing & TradingM        
Williams Production CompanyMM       
Willis       MM
WillSource Enterprise, LLCMMMMMM MM
Windsor Energy Group    MM   
Wold Oil Properties, Inc.MMMMM  MM
Wolf Energy CompanyMM       
Wolin Associates       MM
Wolverine Energy, L.L.C.MMMMM    
Wolverine Gas and Oil Corporation       MM
Wood Mackenzie, Inc.     M   
Woodmoor Group       MM
Workplace Resource – Herman Miller       MM
WPX Energy       MM
Xpand WorldWide, LLC.        M
Yarmony Energy, LLC       MM
Yates Petroleum CorporationMMMMMM MM
Zimmerman Resources CompanyM        

Contact & Address

According to the WEA website, as of 2021:51About the Alliance,” Western Energy Alliance. Archived August 4, 2020.

Western Energy Alliance
1775 Sherman Street, Suite 2700
​Denver, CO 80203
​(303) 623-0987

Acoording to an archive of the IPAMS website, the group moved to the following address effective December 22, 2004:52IPAMS homepage, archived June 9, 2005. Archive URL:

410 Seventeenth Street

Suite 1920

Denver, CO 80202

The previous address for IPAMS was listed as follows:53Contact Us,” IPAMS. Archived April 4, 2005. Archive URL:

620 Denver Club Building
518 17th Street
Denver, CO 80202

T: 303.623.0987
F: 303.893.0709

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