SecondStreet.org

SecondStreet.org

Background

SecondStreet.org was founded by Troy Lanigan and Mark Milke in 2017. In 2018 it obtained the seed funding to hire its president, Colin Craig and was publicly launched in February 2019, “After a short period of capacity building that included development of a student internship program,” its 2022 “Case for Support” and annual report outlined.1“Case for Support 2022” (PDF), SecondStreet.org, 2021. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

According to Saskatchewan corporation records, the nonprofit now known as SecondStreet.org initially had the name of the Cartwright Centre, or Centre Cartwright. The Cartwright Centre was incorporated on May 11, 2016 with its first directors listed as Adam Allouba.2Certificate of Incorporation for the Cartwright Centre, Corporation number 974885-7, Industry Canada, May 11, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Adam Allouba chairs the board of the Institute for Liberal Studies, a partner/member of the Atlas Network.3Our Board,”SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/0jxR9

The Cartwright Centre’s purpose, as submitted to Industry Canada with its articles of incorporation, was “To initiate, conduct and foster discussion about public policy relating to ideas and values consistent with Canada’s classical liberal traditions of economic opportunity, choice and personal responsibility and to conduct research concerning such public policy.” Corporations Canada records show the Cartwright Centre submitted a request to change its name to SecondStreet.org on October 4, 2018.

According to its website, SecondStreet.org explores how “government policies impact everyday Canadians.” SecondStreet.org describes its mission as to “tell the stories of ordinary Canadians and their families, and show how public policy choices harm or help their prosperity, freedom and lives.” The group has regularly produced policy briefs and polls opposing carbon taxes in Canada.4ABOUT SECONDSTREET.ORG,” SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/H4sKY

SecondStreet.org is a Canadian member of the US-based Atlas Network, a group that has been described as the “Johnny Appleseed of antiregulation groups” that helps support free-market and conservative think tanks across the United States and 95 countries including Canada. The Atlas Network has received funding from Koch-related foundations, over $1 million from ExxonMobil, and millions from “Dark Money” donors groups like DonorsTrust.5Secondstreet.org,” Atlas Network. Archived May 16, 2021. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/aqCzB

The Atlas Network listed SecondStreet.org as one of its “Smart Bets” for 2022 for its work “inform Canadians about health reform options” such as “allowing patients the additional option of purchasing insurance using non-government providers.”6Announcing Atlas Network’s 2022 Smart Bets,Atlas Network, November 4, 2021. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/iV9VS

Both of SecondStreet.org’s publicly listed founders have close connections to the Canadian Taxpayers Federation. When SecondStreet.org was founded, Rabble.ca reported”the links between the new organization and the self-described ‘tax watchdog’ are numerous and tight enough it’s hard for an outsider to see where the CTF ends and SecondStreet.org begins.” The groups initially shared an address, and SecondStreet.org contracted some CTF staff as contributors. “most people involved with SecondStreet.org will have had involvement with the CTF at one time or another,” Lannigan said in an email to Rabble.ca.7David J. Climenhaga. “Prominent funder of right-wing groups helps bankroll new think-tank,” Rabble.ca, January 7, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/l6nek

Troy Lanigan’s LinkedIn profile describes him as “president of both the Canada Strong and Free Network (formerly the Manning Centre); Manning Foundation and CEO/Founder of a new storytelling think tank SecondStreet.org that I run with Colin Craig who serves as the organization’s president.” He also served on the board of the Institute for Liberal Studies.8Troy Lanigan,” LinkedIn. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Lanigan’s profile at the Canada Strong and Free Network also notes he is a member of the Atlas Network’s Council of Mentors and serves on the board of directors of the Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms.9TROY LANIGAN,” Canada Strong and Free Network. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/iqOxA

Troy Lanigan was the president of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation for more than 10 years, until December 2018, and also chaired the World Taxpayers Associations until May 2019. Lanigan worked at CTF in various other roles as early as June 1992. He was BC director/spokesperson for the Federation at the same time as now-Alberta-premier Jason Kenney served as the Canadian Taxpayers Federation president, according to the Canadian register of lobbyists.10CANADIAN TAXPAYERS FEDERATION / JASON KENNEY, PRESIDENT,” Registration number 779982-12516. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

The Canadian Taxpayers Federation describes itself as “a federally incorporated, not-for-profit citizen’s group dedicated to lower taxes, less waste and accountable government.” The group has been described as “tight-lipped about the sources of its own funding and support” and is itself a member of the Atlas Network.11What Does the Canadian Taxpayers Federation Get From Its Right-Wing US Partner?The Tyee, July 5, 2018. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/QDUk7

The group’s other listed founder, Mark Milke, was most recently12About,” Mark Milke. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL:https://archive.ph/SE0kB the executive director of research for the Canadian Energy Centre, also called the “Energy War Room,” an organization created by Jason Kenney’s UCP government to investigate what it described as “domestic and foreign-funded campaigns against Canada’s oil and gas industry.” 13Tom Olsen. “The Canadian Energy Centre aims to tell Canada’s energy story,” Canadian Energy Centre, December 10, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/14ITW

Lanigan described Milke as a “former colleague at the CTF” who has “also worked with the Fraser Institute and other think tanks.” Together, Milke and Lanigan worked together to “cobble together a business plan for a new organization. SecondStreet.org would be dedicated to policy research but presented through the experiences and stories of the people affected by public policies.”14The story behind SecondStreet.org,SecondStreet.org, February 22, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/s9Oa1

As a provincial corporation, the CEC would be largely immune to Freedom of Information requests, claiming environmental groups would use them as a “strategic advantage to the very foreign-funded special interests the CEC is looking to counter.”15Michelle Bellafontaine. “Alberta energy war room not subject to freedom of information rules,” CBC News, October 10, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/7h1Xp

Milke also described himself as “the lead architect of the United Conservative Party election platform and principal policy advisor to UCP leader Jason Kenney” in 2019.16About,” Mark Milke. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL:https://archive.ph/SE0kB

Stance on Climate Change

December 3, 2021

“Governments could help Canada’s carbon-tech sector grow by first acknowledging that humans will be using oil and gas products for decades to come, if not longer. Rather than put a lid on the sector, governments could welcome the oil and gas industry’s ingenuity, creativity and long-standing support for carbon tech,” SecondStreet.org president Colin Craig wrote in the Financial Post.17Colin Craig. “Colin Craig: Things to do with CO2,” Financial Post, December 3, 2021. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/kGZpO

Funding

Donner Foundation

Incorporation Documents

According to corporate registry files from Saskatchewan, SecondStreet.org was an “Inactive (Struck Off)” entity as of August 30, 2021. It was registered October 16, 2017 and formerly went under the name of the Cartwright Centre.18Incorporation documents on file at DeSmog.

Key People

Board of Directors

Name2019202020212022Description
Adam AlloubaYYYYChairman
Adam DaifallahYYYYDirector
Ken Azzopardi*YYDirector
Scott Hennig*YYDirector
Steven MuchnikYYYYDirector
Tracy JohnsonYYYYDirector
Walter RobinsonYYYYDirector

Staff

Name201920212022Description
Colin Craig*YYYPresident
Heidi McKillopYYContributor
James SkinnerYCommunications Director
Kris Sims*YYYContributor
Mark Milke*YFounder and Senior Fellow
Melanie Harvie*YYYExecutive Secretary
Paige MacPherson*YYContributor
Troy Lanigan*YYYFounder and CEO

*Staff and directors at SecondStreet.org also currently or formerly affiliated with the Canadian Taxpayers Federation (CTF).

Adam Allouba

Chairs the board of the Institute for Liberal Studies, an organization that has been a partner/member of the Atlas Network.19Our Board,”SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/0jxR9

Adam Daifallah*

Former chair and director of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation.20Eaton named CTF chair,Canadian Taxpayers Federation, January 14, 2020. Archived March 10, 2021. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/y8ODVManaging partner at HATLEY Strategy Advisors, a public affairs firm based in Montreal.21Our Board,”SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/0jxR9

Scott Hennig*

President and CEO of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation since January 2019, former vice president of communications, and former Alberta director.22Scott Hennig,” Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Archived March 11, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/R1raW

Tracy Johnson

Restaurant owner, including Bitter Sisters Brewing in Calgary, Alberta where she is a co-founder.23Episode 24 – Jill & Tracy Johnson, Co-Founders – Bitter Sisters Brewing Co.Iheart radio, May 17, 2021.

Steven Muchnik

Formerly owned several manufacturing/baking businesses.24Board,” SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/OrqVK

Walter Robinson*

Has served as a national spokesperson for the Canadian Taxpayers Federation,25WALTER ROBINSON,” Canada Strong & Free Network. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL:https://archive.ph/JoIGR and was also listed as a federal director in 1997, according to Canadian lobbying records.26CANADIAN TAXPAYERS FEDERATION / WALTER ROBINSON, FEDERAL DIRECTOR,” Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/43pNg

Robinson’s LinkedIn shows he worked as a senior director of government and stakeholder affairs at Pardue Pharma Canada from 2015 to 2020. He founded GSD-X-WJR (Getting Strategy Done by WJR) in September 2020.27Walter Robinson,” LinkedIn. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Ken Azzopardi*

Board member of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation and was its chief executive officer from 1996 to 2009.28Ken Azzopardi,” Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/mI72R

Troy Lanigan*

President of the Manning Centre, now Canada Strong & Free Network, appointed in April 1, 2019. Part-time CEO of SecondStreet.org. He was president of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation for 10 years and held various roles with CTF prior to that.29TROY LANIGAN,” Canada Strong & Free Network. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/iqOxA

Lanigan is a member of the Atlas Network‘s Council of Mentors, and is a board member of the the Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms and Institute for Liberal Studies.30TROY LANIGAN,” Canada Strong & Free Network. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/iqOxA

He was the past president of the World Taxpayers Associations, “an umbrella group of approximately 60 taxpayer organizations on six continents – purposed for networking, best practices exchange, regional forums and support for new organizations.”Lanigan is a member of the Atlas Network‘s Council of Mentors, and is a board member of the the Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms and Institute for Liberal Studies.31TROY LANIGAN,” Canada Strong & Free Network. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/iqOxA

Colin Craig*

SecondStreet.org president. According to his LinkedIn, Craig was former Alberta director of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation (2017–2018), prairie director (2009–2015) and Manitoba director (2008–2009). He was the director of strategic communications for the Manning Centre from 2015 to 2017.32Colin Craig,” LinkedIn. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

James Skinner

SecondStreet.org communications director. According to his LinkedIn, Skinner was previously communications and engagement advisor for the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) from 2018 to 2019.33James Skinner,LinkedIn. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Melanie Harvie*

Executive vice president of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation.34Melanie Harvie,” Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Archived March 16, 2021. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/dS588

Heidi McKillop

Former director of communications for SecondStreet, she went on to form at ASN Productions Ltd. She directed A Stranded Nation, a documentary promoting the Canadian natural oil industry and starring, among others, Cody Battershill, the founder of pro-tar-sands advocacy group Canada Action.35A Stranded Nation,” IMDB. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/ede8J

According to her LinkedIn, McKillop is “motivated in changing the negative public narrative of Canadian energy development.”36Heidi McKillop,LinkedIn. Archived March 16, 2022.

Kris Sims*

British Columbia director of the Canadian Taxpayers Association and previously a “founding reporter for Sun News Network” where she served as Atlantic bureau chief and national reporter from 2011 to 2015.37Kris Sims,” Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/QNIyo 38Kris Sims,” LinkedIn. Accessed March 2022. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Paige MacPherson*

Associate director of education policy for the Fraser Institute, a Koch- and Exxon-funded libertarian think tank based in British Columbia. She was previously the Alberta Director and Atlantic Director for the Canadian Taxpayers Federation, reporter with Sun Media, and also worked with the Atlantic Institute for Market Studies.39Paige MacPherson,” Fraser Institute. Archived March 16, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/Lqaec

Mark Milke*

Former Alberta director of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation. Mark Milke was also a research director for the climate change denial group, the Frontier Center for Public Policy (FCPP). He was a senior fellow with the Fraser Institute from 2010 to 2015 and has had papers published by a range of industry-funded conservative think tanks in the US such as the American Enterprise Institute, the Competitive Enterprise Institute, and the Heritage Foundation.40Mark Milke,” Fraser Institute. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/oOURw

Actions

March 16, 2022

SecondStreet.org released a video titled “Canada Can Stop Funding Russia’s War Machine!41Canada Can Stop Funding Russia’s War Machine!” YouTube video uploaded by user “SecondStreetOrg,” March 16, 2022. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

“Many observers, including SecondStreet.org, noted that Canada was well-positioned to develop and export more natural gas and oil, helping the world to reduce its dependence on Russia,” SecondStreet.org suggested in the video description.

February 28, 2022

SecondStreet.org president Colin Craig published an op-ed at the Toronto Sun claiming “Radical environmentalists have helped Putin.” 42Colin Craig. “Radical Environmentalists Have Helped Putin,” Toronto Sun, March 1, 2022. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/vZ42u

“If you’re appalled by Vladimir Putin’s actions in Ukraine, consider how radical environmentalists in Canada helped enable the dictator,” Craig wrote.

He claimed that Canada could have exported more of its energy beyond North America, reducing the reliance on Russian oil, however “companies in Canada have tried building more pipeline, but radical environmentalists and governments have opposed these projects.”

Craig cited the Energy East pipeline, which proposed to transport oil to Eastern Canada and then overseas, the Northern Gateway pipeline in British Columbia, and the Keystone XL pipeline to transport more oil to the US.

He also cited a Twitter post by Energy Citizens, 43Five LNG projects located east of Ontario with a total export capacity of 29 Bcf/d have been proposed, and none were built. Canada could already be exporting LNG to Europe if we had supported any of those projects.” Tweet by user “@Energy_Citizens,” February 23, 2022. Archived .png on file at DeSmog.a group created by the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP), suggesting five natural gas pipeline projects were not built, but “Canada could already be exporting LNG to Europe if we had supported any of those projects.”

May 2021

SecondStreet.org collaborated with the Canadian Constitution Foundation, Canadian Taxpayers Federation, Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms, and Montreal Economic Institute to create an e-book titled “Life after Covid.”44“Life After Covid: What’s next for Canada?” (PDF), Canadian Constitution Foundation, Canadian Taxpayers Federation, Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms, Montreal Economic Institute, and SecondStreet.org. May 2021. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

SecondStreet.org president Colin Craig later promoted the book 45EXCH Call 21 May #2: Getting to a Fear Free COVID Recovery,” YouTube video uploaded by user “Canada Strong and Free Network,” May 27, 2021.in an exchange call with the Canada Strong and Free Network (Former Manning Center) and the Coalition of Concerned Manufacturers & Businesses of Canada.

Colin Craig and SecondStreet.org’s chapter was titled “Economic growth through less government” and included claims that stalled natural resource projects in Canada :

“While environmental extremists often celebrate the cancellation of natural resource projects in Canada, in many cases these cancellations have simply led to job losses without any environmental benefit. In some cases, they may have even caused more harm for the environment,” Craig claimed. “If governments worked to create a more investor-friendly regulatory environment, some of these projects could potentially be resurrected.”

March–April 2021

SecondStreet.org commissioned a public opinion poll by the market research firm Leger on the carbon tax46Colin Craig. “POLICY BRIEF: Poll shows significant concerns with federal carbon tax plan” (PDF), SecondStreet.org, March 2021. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. and then suggested the findings indicated “Canadians still don’t want it.”

“The data suggests Canadians don’t agree with the idea of raising the carbon tax every year for nine years,” SecondStreet.org president Colin Craig was quoted in the press release.47(Press Release). “NEW POLL: Supreme Court Said Carbon Tax Legal – But Canadians Still Don’t Want It,SecondStreet.org, March 29, 2021. Archived March 10, 2021. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/Di5o1 “Opposition grows when people understand the carbon tax will mean an extra $20 to fill up their car with gas or hundreds more each year to heat their homes.”

The poll questions themselves included statements in the questions like “a typical car owner would pay more than $20 in carbon taxes for each tank of gas on top of other fuel taxes,” while the answers included wording like, “I support this plan. It’s important to dissuade people from using gasoline to help with climate change” or “I don’t support this plan. We pay enough in taxes and there are better ways of helping the environment.” Screenshots below from SecondStreet’s policy brief.48Colin Craig. “POLICY BRIEF: Poll shows significant concerns with federal carbon tax plan” (PDF), SecondStreet.org, March 2021. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

SecondStreet.org released a second poll in April about a “Climate Reset” related to Covid, suggesting “a majority of Canadians want governments to be focussed on fighting COVID-19 and returning things to normal rather than looking at restructuring the economy with higher carbon taxes, rebates, regulations and subsidies to address climate change.”

“Canadians are done with COVID and want a return to normal rather than governments looking to restructure the economy right now,” said SecondStreet.org President Colin Craig in the press release. “These results are similar to our recent findings that showed strong opposition to the federal government’s ambitious plan to keep raising the carbon tax. However, that doesn’t mean there isn’t appetite to fight climate change. The data suggests people are looking for other options.”

This poll, conducted from March 17–24, also used the market research firm Leger. The poll questions included leading statements, like suggesting increased Canadian natural gas production and exports will “create jobs in our country while helping the environment.”49Colin Craig. “POLICY BRIEF: Poll shows Canadians want focus on COVID, not climate reset” (PDF), SecondStreet.org, April 2021. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

Example questions below, as portrayed in the Policy Brief:

The policy brief concluded:

“The data suggests Canadians want governments to focus on fighting COVID-19 right now. A majority of Canadians are opposed to restructuring our economy and phasing out natural gas. This research also shows Canadians continue to see natural gas exports as an opportunity to reduce global carbon dioxide emissions.”

April 29, 2020

SecondStreet.org commissioned a Leger poll and then claimed it showed “a majority of Canadians don’t have the same views towards the oil and gas sector that anti-oil environmental protestors often advocate.”50(Press Release). “Poll: Canadians not-so-extreme about oil,” SecondStreet.org, April 29, 2020. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/vhWi4

It also released a video promoting the result.

Below are screenshots of the poll wording:

April 2020

Harley Sims, also an author at True North, wrote a SecondStreet.org policy brief titled “The implications of keeping oil in the ground.”51Harley Sims. “POLICY BRIEF: The implications of keeping oil in the ground” (PDF), SecondStreet.org, April 2020. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

The report concluded, “Whereas some environmental groups argue that governments must “keep it in the ground” in order to avert disaster, the data makes it clear that turning off the taps will ensure disaster.”

It also quoted fossil fuel proponent Alex Epstein in the conclusion:

“As Alex Epstein has argued: ‘Reducing fossil fuel consumption by 95% would starve the modern mechanized agricultural industry of the energy necessary to continue its work producing affordable, abundant food—the consequence of which would be massive human malnourishment and starvation.’

“Alternatives to some oil and gas products are available, but only in very modest amounts, and in many cases only because oil and gas make them possible in the first place.”

Much of the report takes on a sardonic tone, suggesting what protestors who want to keep oil in the ground would have to do to avoid using it in their lives. For example:

“[T]hose who are concerned about using oil products could reduce their own personal demand by, for example, ceasing to fly, no longer using cars and buses, and giving up their cell phones and other discretionary products that are made in part with petroleum.”

[…]

“[P]rotestors could set their thermostats to just above freezing (so their pipes don’t burst) and wear additional layers of clothing [in winter]. “

[…]

“Protestors could also forego purchasing products that may be convenient, but aren’t essential: cell phones and computers and sunglasses to name a few.”

March 9, 2020

SecondStreet.org president Colin Craig wrote in the Calgary Herald that “Canada is committing economic suicide right now when it comes to natural resource development” by cancelling major oil, gas, or ming projects. 52Colin Craig. “Opinion: Cost of cancelled projects is equal to building a new arena every day for a year,” Calgary Herald, March 9, 2020. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/lJoof

“[T]he environmental gain from cancelling these projects is negligible,” Craig claimed in the article. “By cancelling oil, gas and mining projects in Canada, all we’ve done is shift production of these resources to other countries — countries that don’t take the same care as our nation does with the environment.”

September 24, 2019

Colin Craig, SecondStreet.org’s president, wrote an article in the Financial Post titled “Leaving Canada’s oil in the ground doesn’t only hurt the economy — it hurts the environment, too.53“Colin Craig. “Leaving Canada’s oil in the ground doesn’t only hurt the economy — it hurts the environment, too,” Financial Post, September 24, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/YCASg

“First, environmentalists may not like it, but the world is forecast to continue using oil for many years to come,” Craig wrote.

“[O]ne could argue the environment is actually worse off by shifting production from Canada to countries that have lower environmental standards,” he wrote. “[A]s long as the world is going to consume oil and gas products, Canada should get a piece of the action. If we don’t, we not only miss out on enormous economic benefits, we could actually hurt the environment.”

Contact & Address

SecondStreet.org’s initial address was 265-438 Victoria Avenue E, Regina, Saskatchewan. This overlapped with the address for the Canadian Taxpayers Federation.

Troy Lanigan said in an email that this was “a temporary and part-time arrangement” as “SecondStreet.org will be contracting some CTF staff as contributors to get started. The same address for example is because we are contracting the CTF’s controller to help with financial reporting et. al.55David J. Climenhaga. “Prominent funder of right-wing groups helps bankroll new think-tank,” Rabble.ca, January 7, 2019. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/l6nek

As of 2022, SecondStreet listed the following mailing address:56CONTACT,” SecondStreet.org. Archived March 10, 2022. Archive URL: https://archive.ph/028gD

360 – 4246 Albert Street
Regina, SK
S4S 3R9

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